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Video modes and modelines
      Aspect ratios, x:y
            Pixel aspect ratio
            Anamorphic tricks
      Frame rates, Hz
            Horizontal sync frequencies
      Resolution aspects
            Line counts
            column counts
      Interlacing
      Color depth, bpp
            Pixel encoding, subsampling
                  black/white, 1bpp
                  palette index, 2bpp/4bpp/8bpp
                  RGB, 8bpp/15bpp/16bpp/24bpp/more
                  YCbCr, subsampling
      Sync types
            Signal types
      Limitations and tradeoffs
            Video RAM
                  text-only
                  CPU/GPU speed
            Timings
            VESA timings
                        Pixel clock - magic 2.25 MHz
                        CRT
                        Reduced blanking (RB)
                        Reduced blanking v2 (RB2), DMT timings
                        Overview
                  Timing names
            Display nature
                  Interface bandwidth
                        Cables (TODO: reformat, move section)
                        Colorspaces
                        Internal tiling
                        Embedded
                  Going slow
            Output encoding
                  LVDS
                  Raspberry Pi
      Timing sources
            HDMI
            Reduced blanking
            Sync polarities (VESA)
            vertical lines for aspect ratio signaling (VESA/CVT)
            DV_Timings - linux kernel data structure
                  v4l2_bt_timings
                  DTI timings
                  parallel buses
                  LVDS bit orders
      Control signals
            SPI (serial, smallest displays)
            DPI (parallel)
            LVDS
            DSI/MIPI
            identification
                  MCCS
            backlight control, enable
      Sensors
      modeline formats
                  x11 modeline
                  raspi hdmi_timings reboot-less switch
                  MiSTer video_mode
                  fb.modes
      various clock data
            old video adapters
            signal levels
      Sound sampling, audio samplerates
      Standards
      Sources:
            Legend
            Table
      Common old fixed clock frequencies

Video modes and modelines


Video modelines.
Raw data for raw nerves.
Description of the signals to be done later.

Signal anatomy:
Pixel clock - the heart of display timing, elementary timing unit; everything else counts in the pixel clock ticks
            - time interval of 1/frequency
            - duration of an interval equals number of pixels divided by frequency
Active area - commonly understood as the resolution; the rectangular set of pixels that are visible
Active pixels - the visible part of the line
Active lines - the lines of the visible image
Total area - the active area plus invisible components in the blanking intervals
Total pixels - Htotal - visible part of the line + horizontal blanking interval
Total lines - Vtotal - visible lines + vertical blanking interval
Horizontal blanking interval (HBI) - front porch interval + hsync pulse length + back porch interval; in pixels; timescale in ns
Vertical blanking interval (VBI) - number of front-porch lines + hsync pulse length + back-porch lines; in lines; timescale in us
            - calibration signals, teletext, copy-restriction, and other data commonly in the invisible lines in back porch
Front porch, back porch - period before and after sync pulse
Sync polarity - negative, "-", for falling edge-rising edge (timing on falling edge)
              - positive, "+", for rising edge-falling edge (less common)
Progressive scan - "p", each frame is drawn separately in one go
Interlacing - "i", each frame consists of two halves, showing odd and then even lines
            - half the lines for the same vertical frequency (at half the frame rate) that's critical to flicker, half the data, half the bandwidth
            - introduces various artefacts, lower-quality than progressive scan
            - there is a vertical porch-synch-porch in the middle of the frame, and one extra scanline to shift the half-image
            - the total lines MUST be odd for interlaced modes

Overscan - black pixels/lines on the sides; usually eats into the active area, or maaaaay be taken out of the porches
         - if enabled and nonzero overscan shrinks the available framebuffer, it is the former
         - can be used to force custom resolutions slightly smaller than screen without putzing with display timing

pixel time = 1 / PixelClock
line time  = Htotal / PixelClock
hsyncFreq  = PixelClock / Htotal
frame time = Vtotal * line time
frame rate = PixelClock / ( Htotal * Vtotal )

Translation to modelines:
horizontal (in pixels):
  width      = x part of resolution
  sync start = width + front porch (h)
  sync end   = width + front porch (h) + hsync
  total      = width + front porch (h) + hsync + back porch (h)
vertical (in lines):
  height     = y part of resolution
  sync start = height + front porch (v)
  sync end   = height + front porch (v) + vsync
  total      = height + front porch (v) + vsync + back porch (v)

To confuse things, in the area of TV signals the resolutions are typically listed in active/visible pixels,
but the signal types are often referred to by their total lines.
Hence e.g. a NTSC 720x480@59.94p can be also called 525p, as the 480 visible lines are part of total of 525 lines.
Similarly, PAL 720x576@50p is called 625p.
In the old dying field of SDTV, the more common variants are 525i and 625i, interlaced NTSC and PAL.
Choice depends on the scope of reference - displayed image vs transmitted signal.

NTSC framerates are often weird fractions like 59.94 Hz (p) or 29.97 Hz (i). It used to be 60 or 30 Hz.
Color broadcasting required shifting the frequency by 1/1001 to avoid interference patterns.


Aspect ratios, x:y

also Paper size
RPi is the aspect_ratio ID for Raspberry Pi video configuration. sdtv_aspect matches 1/2/3, undocumented for others.

     ratio    :9     :1     RPi  uses
!     1:1      9      1         square; classic Kodak photos, large-format photos; instagram; shows well in both display orientations; also slide projectors
     32:27    10.6    1.185     compressed for cameras; DVCPRO HD; 640x540, 1280x1080
     14:11    11.455  1.273     photo prints, 14x11"
     19:16            1.1875    "Movietone ratio", 1926-1932 when film converted to sound
!!    4:3     12      1.333   1 common digital cameras; 35mm silent films (24.89x18.67mm), SDTV; still camera photos, Super 35mm, MPEG-2 compression; 320x240, 640x480, 1440x1080, 1600x1200
                      1.37      film, 16mm and 35mm
                      1.375     film, Academy format (22x16mm); old 4:3 made narrower by including audio track
                      1.43      IMAX, 70mm film
!     3:2     13.5    1.5       common digital cameras; NTSC DV; still camera photos, classic 35mm film (36x24mm), DSLR; 4x6" prints; VistaVision film; Game Boy Advance, some tablets; paper format; JIS-B paper formats; DV-NTSC; 720x480, 1920x1280, 2400x1600
!!    5:4     11.25   1.25    4 PAL DV, early 405-line TV; common medium/large-format photos, 4x5"/8x10" prints; once-popular for large CRT monitors, for CAD/DTP; 1280x1024 SXGA, 720x576, 1500x1200
     22:17    11.647  1.294     paper format; US Letter/Carta
      7:5     12.6    1.4       photo prints, 7x5"
              12.726  1.414     paper format; A/B/C-series ISO paper formats (eg. A4), JIS-A
!    14:9     14      1.556   2 14:9 aspect ratio; compromise between 4:3 and 16:9, acceptable on both; used to shoot ads
!!   16:10    14.4    1.6     5 8:5; 16:10 aspect ratio; many tablets, suitable for reading books; for a while common in computer displays, displaced by 16:9; 1280x800, 1440x900, 1680x1050, 1920x1200, 2560x1600, 3840x2400
     28:17    14.824  1.647     paper format; US Legal
!     5:3     15      1.667   6 5:3, European 35mm widescreen; 800x480p, 1280x768p; Super 16mm film; large-format photos; also compromise between 4:3 and 1.85:1 theatrical; 800x480, 1280x768
      7:4     15.75   1.75      early 35mm widescreen, MGM and Warner Bros 1953-1955
!!   16:9     16      1.778   3 "1.78:1", most common widescreen for HDTV; 16:9 aspect ratio; APS-H still camera photos (30.2x16.7mm); MPEG-2; 1920x1080, 2560x1440, 3840x2160, 7680x4320
!    37:20    16.65   1.85      "Flat DCI"; common US cinema ratio for 35mm film (see also 2.39:1), Ultra 16mm; 4-perf or 3-perf; one of most common projections; 1998x1080, 3996x2160
     15:8     16.875  1.875
!   256:135   17.067  1.896     "Full DCI"; DCI/SMPTE digital cinema basic resolution container aspect ratio; supported by Raspi4, 2048x1080, 4096x2160
      2:1     18      2         "Univisium", 18:9; many smartphones, cheap VR displays, most VR cameras; mandated by Netflix and Amazon Video for production; 2160x1080, 4320x2160, 5760x2880
     37:18    18.5    2.056     many smartphones
     39:18    19.5    2.167     Apple iPhone X, Xs, Xs Max, 11, 11 Pro, 11 Pro Max
     11:5     19.8    2.2       70mm standard; 2.21 in MPEG2, rarely used
!    21:9     21      2.333   7 "CEA", some smartphones; a range of nearly-identical ratios, mostly 64:27 and 43:18; 21:9 family is a "CEA aspect ratio" (Consumer Electronics Association)
   1678:715   21.15   2.3469    Cinemascope, ~47:20; 35mm film, classic CinemaScope, Modern Anamorphic, 1957 to 1970; Bollywood standard
!    64:27    21.333  2.370   8 Cinemascope, "21:9"; Ultrawide Cinema; exponential anamorphic scaling, 4:3/16:9/64:27; 21:9 aspect ratio; rare in TVs, common with projectors; 2560x1080p, 3440x1440, 5120x2160, 7680x3240, 10240x4320
!! 1024:429   21.483  2.386     Cinemascope, "2.39"; film, Modern Anamorphic, post 1970; common US cinema ratio (also 1.85:1); 35mm 2-perf, Techniscope; 2048x858, 4096x1716, 8192x3432
     43:18    21.5    2.389     Cinemascope, "21:9" (IT-only); computer monitors; 35mm anamorphic since 1970; "Panavision", "Scope"; 3440x1440, 6880x2880
     12:5     21.6    2.4       Cinemascope, "21:9"; computer monitors; rounded form of 2.39:1. Blu-Ray may use only 800 lines instead of 803 or 804 lines of 2.39, rounding to 2.4; 2880x1200, 3840x1600, 4320x1800, 5760x2400, 7680x3200
     51:20   ~23      2.55      original CinemaScope before sound added in 1954
    ~13:5    ~23.31   2.59      Cinerama at full height
      8:3     24      2.667     "24:9" (IT-only); Super 16 mm full frame output; 2880x1080, 3840x1440, 5120x1920, 5760x2160, 7680x2880, 10240x3840
    ~11:4     24.84   2.76      Ultra Panavision 70/MGM Camera 65; only few movies
      3:1     27      3         APS-P film cameras (P=panorama)
     16:5     28.8    3.2       "32:10" (IT-only); Samsung extra-wide bent display; 3840x1200, 5120x1600, 5760x1800, 7680x2400, 10240x3200
     32:9     32      3.556     "32:9" (IT-only); Samsung/Phillips "Super Ultrawide Displays", 2017; 3840x1080, 5120x1440, 7680x2160, 10240x2880
     18:5     32.4    3.6       36:10; IMAX Ultra-WideScreen 3.6; did not spread; see also ScreenX 270deg
      4:1     36      4         "ultra-widescreen 3.6"; Polyvision, three 35mm 4:3 projected side by side; 4320x1200, 5760×1600, 6480x1800, 8640x2400
     12:1    108     12         Circle-Vision 360deg, for Disneyland (1955); nine 35mm 4:3 projected to cylindrical screen

letterboxing: black horizontal bars above/below
pillarboxing: black horizontal bars left/right
windowboxing: black frame around
cropping: part of image not displayed

TODO: find the timings/modelines
As of May 2013, video timings in this 64:27 aspect ratio are supported by the technical specification that defines video timings for the HDMI interface, CTA 861-F:[4]

1280×720p, anamorphic pixel aspect ratio of 4:3
1680×720p, near-square pixel aspect ratio of 64:63
1920×1080p, anamorphic pixel aspect ratio of 4:3
2560×1080p, square pixel aspect ratio
3840×2160p, anamorphic pixel aspect ratio of 4:3
In November 2016, CTA (formerly CEA) published CTA-861-G[5] with these additional video timings in 64:27, as well as additional frame rates (48 Hz, 100/120 Hz UHD):

5120×2160p, square pixel aspect ratio
7680×4320p, anamorphic pixel aspect ratio of 4:3
10240×4320p, square pixel aspect ratio
All of the above timings are supported at frame rates of 23.97, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 47.95, 48, 50, 59.94, 60, 100, 119.88 and 120 Hz.

Aspect ratio encoding can be made the part of the signal. For analog, there are specifications
for encoding the hints in the vertical blanking interval digital data. For digital, the CVT timings standard
allows encoding of the most common aspect ratios in vertical sync length.

Pixel aspect ratio

Usually, the display is assumed to have square pixels, with 1:1 x-y dimensions. This is not always the case,
especially in the case of CRT screens.

The LCD/OLED/plasma screens are arrays of discrete pixels, individually addressable, size fixed from manufacture.

CRT screens are flat slabs of phosphor, lit with a scanning electron beam. The precise position of beam is controlled
in analog ways, with possible independent adjustments of actual width and height. The tradeoffs between aspect ratio
and usage of screen "real estate" can be chosen by turning knobs. The beam thickness can be sometimes also adjusted,
to make the traces wider (more common with oscilloscopes).

For CRT screens, neither the horizontal nor the vertical resolutions are fixed. The number of lines can vary widely,
from overlapping lines smearing the details to image made of visible discrete horizontal lines with spaces in between.
The number of pixels per line can vary widely, depending only on the achievable modulation rate of the beam,
and can be very arbitrary.

Often, the aspect ratio of physical image and of the horz/vert pixel counts does not match. Then the pixels have to be
counted as non-square, with pixel aspect ratio (PAR) being slightly or far off 1:1. CGA resolution of 640x200
is an example, where 16:5 resolution is shown on 4:3 screen, resulting in narrow tall 1:2.4 (12:5) pixels.

Another common example is the CRT-born analog TV, where at the same height of 480 pixels (NTSC) the line can have usual
720 samples (mapping 3:2 to 4:3 with PAR 8:9, or to 16:9 with PAR 32:27), or 640 samples (for square pixels 1:1 in 4:3,
or PAR 4:3 in 16:9), or 864 samples (9:5 to 4:3 with PAR 20:27, or to 16:9 with PAR 80:81, taken as 1:1; pure multiply
gives 853.333 pixels ideal width, digital handling requires multiple of 16 or ideally 32, 27*32=864).

Anamorphic tricks

Often it is more desirable to process and display data in different aspect ratio. In cinema, widescreen
image can be squeezed onto a 4:3 film field by using anamorphic lens, with different magnification factor
in horizontal vs vertical.

The same trick is used in digital handling. Eg. 1920x1080 is often acquired/stored/handled as 1440x1080 or 1200x1080,
then horizontally scaled by 4/3 or 3/2. Such low-integer ratios are common, friendly to digital scaling and
producing minimal artefacts.



Frame rates, Hz

typical multiples:
  0.5x     1x      1.5x    2x     2.5x     3x      4x       5x      6x      7x      8x      9x     10x
   4.5      9       13.5   18      22.5    27      36       45      54      63     [72]     81      90
   6       12       18    [24]    [30]     36     [48]     [60]    [72]     84     [96]    108    [120]
   8       16      [24]    32      40     [48]     64       80     [96]    112     128    [144]    160
  10       20      [30]    40     [50]    [60]     80     [100]    120     140     160     180     200
          [23.976]         47.952          71.928  95.904
  12      [24]      36    [48]    [60]    [72]     96     [120]   [144]    168     192     216     240
  12.5    [25]      37.5  [50]     62.5   [75]   [100]     125     150     175     200     225     250
          [29.97]         [59.94]          89.91  119.88
  15      [30]      45    [60]     75      90    [120]     150     180     210     240     270     300


c        1                   security cameras
c        5                   some low-end videoconferencing; security cameras; threshold framerate for lie detection
c        7.5                 security cameras, still with low-ish chopping
c        8                   lowest framerate to catch a thief (would 7.5 do?); https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1427639/1/Sasse_ACM_UCL.pdf
c       10                   some low-end videoconferencing; security cameras
c       12                   some multimedia; videoconferencing; lowest barely usable; video begins looking smooth
c       15                   some multimedia; videoconferencing; common for security cameras; some bullet-time 4k cameras
  f     16                   early Lumiere Brothers films
  f     18                   early films
c       20                   multimedia
 t     [23.976]    24/1.001  "23.976p", also "24p"; 24/1.001; NTSC-compatible variant of 24p
 tf    [24]     base         "24p"; film production; originally for nonlinear editing of film-originated data; converts to 4% fast 50Hz by 2:2 pulldown, to 0.1% slow 60Hz by 2:3 pulldown
 t     [25]     base         HD video; PAL native; 50i SDTV; Europe 50Hz-derived framerate
 t     [29.97]     30/1.001  HD video, NTSC-compatible; NTSC native 60i SDTV, 30/1.001; often labeled "30"
 t     [30]     base         HD video; early black/white NTSC; US 60Hz-derived framerates; some old films; less common than 29.97; good security cameras; basic for games
  f     40                   early Edison's films
  f    [48]     2x 24        "48p"; newer film production framerate, twice the 24p; often for 3d movies; some IMAX HD; proposed 35mm Maxivision 48; "The Hobbit"
 t     [50]     2x 25        VESA standard; HD video; PAL native; 50p EDTV; Europe 50Hz-derived framerate
 t     [59.94]  2x 30/1.001  HD video, NTSC-compatible; NTSC native 60p EDTV; 60/1.001; often labeled "60"
ct    ([60])    2x 30        VESA/ATSC standard; HD video; US 60Hz-derived framerate; newer film production framerate; less common than 59.94; some film authoring, "Avatar 2"; computer displays, "eyeburners", common but flicker in peripheral vision; top for most monitors/TVs; best security cameras
c      [72]     3x 24        computer displays, common; some rare film authoring (3x24)
c     ([75])    3x 25        VESA standard; computer displays, very common, said to be usable unlike 60; compatible with both 50 and 60 Hz video
c      (85)                  VESA standard; computer displays; picture flicker-free even in peripheral vision; compatible with 50Hz video
c     [100]     4x 25        computer displays; twice the PAL native; many TVs with 50Hz deinterlace
ct    [120]     4x 30        computer displays, high-end gaming; some film production, 5x24p; UHDTV standard framerate; converts well to all popular frame rates
c     [144]     6x 24        2x 72, needed for triple-flash 3d
       200                   some consumer cameras; may TVs with 60Hz deinterlace
c      240                   some displays, top-end as of 2020; some consumer cameras; some new LCD TVs
       300                   some displays; slo-mo cameras
       960                   some consumer cameras
      1000                   some consumer cameras at reduced size
      1200                   some consumer cameras at reduced size
      2500+                  very high speed cameras

[] - video/movie standard
([]) - VESA standard

Horizontal sync frequencies

  kHz         use
~15           generic RGB/PAL/NTSC arcade monitors, PAL/NTSC TVs; common arcade frequency, interlaced/progressive
 15-38        multisync arcade monitor, Wells Gardner D9800, D9400, D9200
 15.2-15.7    CGA, standard-res
 15.6-16.7    arcade monitor, Hantarex MTC 9110
 15.625       SDTV PAL (NTSC is close), 625/50 video, CGA
 15.7344      SDTV NTSC 59.94 Hz, 525/60 video
 15.750       SDTV NTSC 60 Hz
 21.8         EGA
 24.9         EGA, medium-res
~25           common arcade frequency (EGA?), progressive
 31.25        EDTV PAL, twice 15.625
 31.4688      VGA, 640x480@59.94, high-res; twice 15.7344; common computer boot BIOS freq
~31.5         common arcade frequency (VGA?), progressive
 33.75        HDTV 1080p@60.000
 35.5         XGA
 37.500       VGA, 640x480@75
 43.269       VGA, 640x480@85
~54-82        multisync monitors
~60-62        common in fixed-sync monitors
~62.5         common in monitors
 63           Mac @75, 1024x768
~70           too much for some smaller monitors
~72           common in fixed-sync monitors
62..81        commmon range in fixed-sync monitors
31.5..100+    SVGA
below 29      mostly unsupported on modern hardware; cheat by doublescan, sending each line twice

Multisync monitor
MultiSync=NEC
MultiScan/Multiformat=Sony
SyncMaster=Samsung

[ref]:
The IBM 6091-19i has 4 modes of operation (1-4). The first three are based around 1024 lines of vertical
resolution and are good for "desktop" use (I'm using the 1024x1024 mode under X as you can't get much more
that 1024 Pels across with a 5429 since it's limited to 85MHz clock. As I currently only have 1M ram
that fits neatly with 8bpp too.)

Mode 4 (the mode that was introduced new with the 6091-19i and was not supported in the old 6091-19)
is more interesting for VGA use. It runs 63 kHz horizontal rate, and 120 Hz vertical rate, with a vertical
total of 528. This is a similar geometry to the VGA modes, except about twice the rates. In practice I find
the monitor will sync quite happily with vertical frequencies of 120 to 140 Hz and a bit beyond. (Incidentally
this mode was originally intended for 3-D viewing with LCD shutter glasses synced to the vertical,
and left/right images displayed on alternate frames by software.)

Works between 63 and 82 kHz (63.36, some models also 81.32, 61.10)

Comments on IBM 9515 Monitor
This monitor is not VGA/SVGA but XGA2, as used in IBM PCs with the short-lived MCA bus.
There are said to be ISA (PCI?) cards that drive them, but a friend (ironically, ex-IBM, but not the 'toy computer' end)
who bought a stack of the monitors cheap never found any.
It is near-enough to impossible to convert 'properly' and can't be made to run at the 31.5 start-up
scan-rate without the HOT (Horizontal Output Transistor) dropping dead.


Resolution aspects


Line counts

Few practical limitations on line count.

For TV raw scanlines in interlaced mode, the number has to be odd and easily divisible by a few small numbers
(to accommodate drift of vacuum tube dividers/oscillators).
This results in the numbers of eg. 405, 441, 455, 525, 567, 625, 819, 1125.

Visible lines tend to be a large chunk of this, an even number roughly 80% of the total scanlines
(to give time for vertical retrace, for the electron beam to return). Most common are 480 for 525-scanline NTSC
(486 or similar in some encodings) and 576 for 625-scanline PAL (other slightly higher for some encodings).
The visible part of the image tended to be broadcasted a bit bigger than shown on the TV, the "overscan",
to compensate for variations in real image size. The electron beam was deflected a bit beyond the phosphor screen
edges.

Later higher-resolution standards are often multiples of popular earlier ones. The "magic numbers"
are 240 (480/2), 288 (576/2), and 540 (1080/2).

Many computer display resolutions were derived from the 640x480 NTSC video.


type    count     multiple                           char
                32     48   144   200   240   256   480   576
        64       2    4/3   4/9   0.32 4/15   0.25 2/15   1/9     8x8
        80      2.5   5/3         0.4   1/3  5/16   1/6   5/36    8x10
        96p      3     2    2/3   0.48  0.4         0.2   1/6     8x12     LDTV 96p (small MMS, 128x96)
       120p     3.75  2.5               0.5         0.25          8x15     LDTV 120p, QQVGA (160x120)
       128       4    8/3                     0.5                 8x16
      [144]p    4.5    3     1                            0.25    8x18     LDTV 144p (176x144, 256x144)
TSv    169                                                                 180-line TV, historical, 25fps
TS     180                                                                 scanlines (169 visible), 180-line television system, historical mechanically scanned Nipkow-disc TV, old Germany
       192       6     4                                          8x24     1/2 384
      [200]     6.25               1                              8x25     common old 320x200; 8x25
      [240]p    7.5    5                 1           0.5                   NTSC, common NTSC gaming; LDTV 240p (320x240, 352x240, 426x240)
TS     262.5                                                               half of NTSC 525 scanlines, one interlaced half-field; also 262,263
       272      8.5  17/3
       288p      9     6     2                            0.5     8x36     PAL, CIF/SIF (625); LDTV 288p (480x272); font also 12x24, 16x18
TS     312.5                                                               half of PAL 625 scanlines, one interlaced half-field; also 312,313
       320      10   20/3         1.6               2/3           16x20    480x320 SPI displays, picoprojectors
TSv    343                                                                 historical TV, RCA, USA
       348            7.25                                                 720x348 Hercules graphics card
      [350]                                                       14x25    EGA mode
       352      11   22/3                    1.375 11/15  0.55     8x44
       360     11.25  7.5   2.5   1.8   1.5         0.75          12x30    3x120, 2x180, 720/2, 1080/3; LDTV 360p (480x360, 640x360)
TSv    377                                                                 visible lines in old 405-line TV
TSv    383                                                                 visible lines in old 441-line TV
       384      12     8                      1.5         2/3              768/2, 2x 192
      [400]    12.5  25/3          2                              16x25    old EGA/initial VGA modes; 720x400 established timing
TS     405                                                                 scanlines (377 visible), historical 405-line TV, UK; 3x3x3x3x5
TS     441                                                                 scanlines (383 visible), old 441-line TV, 441-line television system; USA, 1937
TS     455                                                                 scanlines in old 455-line system
TSv   [480]ip   15    10                2    15/8    1    5/6     16x30    480i, 480p; common NTSC and VGA/VESA modes
TSv    483
TSv    484
TSv    485                                                                 old 567-line TV
TSv    486                                                                 4f(sc) line count for NTSC
cs     500                                                                 scanlines, 640x480@75 standard
cs     509                                                                 scanlines, 640x480@85 standard
TS    [525]                                                                scanlines (480 visible), NTSC standard, 640x480@60 standard; 15.734 kHz, 59.94 Hz; 15.750 kHz, 60.00 Hz
TS     540           11.25        2.7               9/8                    1/2 1080
TS     567                                                                 scanlines (485 visible), old experimental broadcast of 567-line television system
       575                                                                 4f(sc) line count for PAL
TSv   [576]ip   18    12     4                      1.2    1      16x36    PAL lines
      [600]    18.75  12.5         3    2.5         1.25 24/25             common VGA/VESA, 800x600; 2x 300, 3x 200, 4x 150
TS    [625]                                                                scanlines (576 visible), 576i50 PAL standard; 15.625 kHz (within 1% of NTSC); divide by 25 to 50.00 Hz
TSv   [720]p   22.5   15     5          3    18/5   1.5                    720p HD; 2x 360, 3x 240, 5x 144, 6x 120, 8x 90; 1280x720; PAL/NTSC sampling standard, for both SDTV and HDTV
TSv    736i                                                                old French 819-line system (737 lines, one is of two halves); 816x736 theoretical resolution
       768      24    16                       3    1.6   4/3              2x 384, 4x 192
       800      25   50/3          4               15/9                    2x 400, 4x 200
TS     819                                                                 scanlines, old French 819-line system
       848     26.5  53/3                                                  widescreen for 480 lines
       858                                                                 "Scope" DCI
       864      27    18     6               27/8  27/15  1.5              3x 288, 6x 144
       900p         18.75  6.25   4.5              15/8  25/16             900p
       960      30    20          4.8   4            2    5/3              2x 480
      1024      32   64/3                      4   32/15 16/9
TSv   1035i                                                                visible lines in Japanese MUSE HDTV; horz pixels 1122(still)/748(moving)
      1050                                         35/16                   2x 525, 3x 350, 6x 175
TSv  [1080]ip 33.75  22.5   7.5         4.5         2.25 15/8              FHD 1080i, 1080p; 3/2 720, 360x3, 180x6, 120x9
TS    1125                                                                 scanlines (1035 visible, 1035i); Japanese [ref: MUSE HDTV]
TSv   1152                                                 2               visible lines in HD-MAC, 16:9; 1152i/25; 576x2
      1200    37.5    25           6    5           2.5  25/12
TS    1250                                                                 scanlines (1152 visible), HD-MAC
      1280      40   80/3         6.4          5    8/3  20/9
      1344      42    28                     21/4   2.8   7/3
TSv  [1440]p    45    30    10          6    45/8    3    2.5              2x 720, 3x 480, 4x 360, 8x 240; 4/3 1080
      1536      48    32                       6    3.2   8/3              768x2
      1600      50  100/3          8               10/3  25/9              2x 800
      1716                                                                 "Scope" DCI, 2x 858
      1800
      1920      60    40          9.6   8    15/2    4   10/3              2x 1920, 4x 480
     [2160]   67.5    45    15   10.8   9           4.5  3.75              4K; 2x 1080
      2304      72    48    16          9.6    9    4.8    4
      2400      75    50          12   10    75/8    5   25/6              2x 1200, 3x 800, 4x 600
     [2880]     90    60    20  14.4   12    11.25   6     5               2x 1440, 3x 960, 4x 720
      3072      96    64               12.8   12    6.4  16/3
      3160    98.75             15.8               79/12
      3200     100  200/3              16          20/3  50/9              4x 800
      3240
      3432                                                                 "Scope" DCI, 4x 858
      4096     128  256/3                     16  128/15 64/9
     [4320]    135    90    30         18            9   7.5               8K; 4x 1080
      4800     150   100          24   18.75        10   25/3
      8640     270   180    60         36    33.75  18    15               8x 1080


column counts

Column counts have more constraints than line counts, in video cards and digital signals. Fewer constraints in analog TV.

Analog signal pixel counts are either approximations from frequency limits, or forced by sampling frequency in digitization.

Early video cards were constrained by character generators. Mostly they used 8 bit wide "basic unit" of timing, which forced
the horizontal resolution to be a multiple of 8.
Some resolutions were a multiple of 9, for 9-bit wide characters (8th bit was usually doubled) which were more legible.

Later developments in digital video led to preferential multiple being 32 or sometimes 16, the macroblock size of the
compression algorithms (this applies to line count as well). Some algorithms (HEVC) use blocks up to 64x64.

Higher-resolutions are often an integer multiple of popular lower resolutions (640, 

count      8   9    32    64    80    640
   64      8         2     1     0.8
  128     16         4     2     1.6  0.2        1/8 1024, 2x 64
  160     20         5     2.5   2    0.25       1/2 320, 2x 80
  240     30         7.5         3    3/8        1/2 480, 2x 120
 [320]    40        10     5     4    0.5        1/2 of 640
 [352]    44        11     5.5   4.4             1/2 PAL
  360     45   40  11.25         4.5  9/16       1/2 720
  384     48        12     6     4.8             1/2 768
  400     50       12.5    6.25  5    5/8        1/2 800
  480     60        15     7.5   6     0.75      1/2 960
 [640]    80        20    10     8     1         NTSC resolution for 1:1 pixels, common VGA, VESA standard, standard TV signal width for 4:3
  704     88        22           8.8             720 without 8 pixels on each side
 [720]    90   80   22.5  11.25  9     9/8       PAL,NTSC CCIR-601 13.5MHz standard sampling; standard TV signal width for 4:3 or 16:9
  768     96        24    12   48/5    1.2       PAL resolution; 4f(sc) sampling of NTSC, active line; 2x 384
 [800]   100        25    12.5  10     1.25      SVGA, 2x 400
  832    104        26    13    10.4
  848    106        26.5  13.25 10.6
  856    107                    10.7
  948    118.5                  11.85            4f(sc) sampling of PAL, active line
  960    120        30    15    12     1.5       2x 480, 0.5x 1920
[1024]   128        32    16    12.8   1.6
 1056    132        33    16.5  13.2
 1064    133       33.25        13.3
 1080    135  120  33.75        13.5
 1136    142        35.5        14.2  71/5
 1152    144        36    18    14.4   1.8       European digital TV format, 2x2 720x576
 1188   148.5 132
[1200]   150        37.5  18.75 15    1.875      HDTV 720p
 1280    160        40    20    16      2        2x 640; standard TV signal width
 1344    168        42    21                     2x 672, 3x 448, 4x 336, 6x 224, 12x 112, 16x 84
 1360    170        42.5        17    17/8       2x 680, 4x 340, 5x 272
 1368    171  152   42.75       17.1             2x 684, 4x 342, 6x 228
 1400    175        43.75       17.5             2x 700, 4x 350, 5x 280, 7x 200, 8x 175
[1440]   180        45    22.5  18      2.25
 1600    200        50    25    20      2.5      2x 800
 1680    210        52.5  26.25 21     21/8
 1792    224        54    28    22.4    2.8
[1920]   240        60    30    24      3        HDTV FHD; 3x 640; standard HDTV 1080i/p
 2048    256        64    32    25.6    3.2      DCI; 2x 1024
[2560]   320        80    40    32      4        4x 640
[2880]   360        90    45    36      4.5      1.5x 1920
 3200    400       100    50    40      5        2x 1600, 4x 800, 8x 400
 3440    430       107.5        43
[3840]   480       120    60    48      6        UHDTV 4K; 2x 1980
 3996         444
 4096    512       128    64    51.2    6.4      DCI 4K; 4x 1024
[4320]   540  480  135    67.5  54      6.75
 5120    640       160    80    64      8        5x 1024
 5616    702  624  175.5
[5760]   720  640  180    90    72      9        3x 1980
 6144    768       192    96                     6x 1024
 6400    800       200   100    80     10        4x 1600, 8x 800
 6480    810  720  202.5 101.25 81     10.125    6x 1080
[7680]   960       240   120    96     12        UHDTV 8K; 4x 1920
 8192   1024       256   128   103     12.8
 8640   1080  960  270   135   108     13.5      4.5x 1920
10240   1280       320   160   128     16        10x 1024
15360   1920       480   240   192     24        15x 1024


Interlacing

Progressive (p) - entire image in single frame
Interlaced (i) - only half of image sent each time, altering between odd and even lines
Progressive Segmented Frame (PsF, sF, SF) - similar to (i) but no changes between even and odd subframe; simple deinterlacing results in progressive

Color depth, bpp

One pixel can be stored in multiple formats, with different bit depth, in bpp (bits per pixel):
  bpp  byte
    1   1/8    black/white; 8 pixels per byte
    2   1/4    4-color, often via palette; 4 pixels per byte (eg. old CGA color)
    4   1/2    1:1:1:I RGB+intensity, 16-color; most common via palette fixed or definable; direct 1:1:1 or 1:1:1:I (RGB+intensity) for old TTL displays
    8     1    2:3:3 RGB bits (4/8/8 levels), 256-color; 256-grayscale; most common with palette instead of direct; 2:3:3 is eg. Rigol DS1052 scope screen raw dump
   15     2    5:5:5 RGB bits (32/32/32 levels), 32768 colors
   16     2    5:6:5 RGB bits (32/64/32 levels), 65536 colors
   18     3    6:6:6 RGB bits (64/64/64 levels), 262144 colors
   24     3    8:8:8 RGB bits (256/256/256 levels), 16777216 colors, "truecolor"
   30     4    10:10:10 RGB bits; 
   32     4    8:8:8:8 RGB+alpha; 32-bit alignment, faster memory access; alpha often ignored/unused
   36     5    12:12:12 RGB bits
   48     6    16:16:16 RGB bits
   64     8    16:16:16:16 RGB+alpha; 64-bit alignment

RGB can alternatively be YCbCr (if digital), or YUV (if analog).

Some videomodes, for displays using composite video (eg. CGA with NTSC/PAL TV-out), come in color/monochrome variants.
The latter allows for suppression of artifact-colors, "parasite" colors appearing on edges.

Pixel encoding, subsampling


black/white, 1bpp

palette index, 2bpp/4bpp/8bpp

RGB, 8bpp/15bpp/16bpp/24bpp/more

YCbCr, subsampling

usual YCbCr digital signal levels for 8/10 bit:
        level   restricted          full
black:    0       16   64         0     0
white:    1      235  940       255  1023
Cb/Cr: -0.5       16   64         0     0
Cb/Cr:    0      128  512       128   512
Cb/Cr: +0.5      235  940       255  1023

restricted ranges give some headroom/footroom for overshoots, handy for processing
restricted ranges allow reserving extra symbols for encoding sync pulses and other data "in-band"

PAL/NTSC SDTV CCIR601 timings: [ref]
              625     525
line:        1728    1716      total samples
video:       1440    1440      translates to standard 720 samples
blank:        288     276      from start of EAV to end of SAV; 4-clock EAV/SAV signals on the sides, rest filled with audio, EDH, data
frontpad:      16       8      inside analog horz blanking, inside digital image; "padding", overscan reserve
frontporch:    24      32
backpad:       24      32      inside analog horz blanking, inside digital image; "padding", overscan reserve

sync signals (EAV/SAV):
first byte:   0xFF.C       12-bit rep of 10bit, last 2 bits zero; in 8bit, last bits ignored
second byte:  0x00.0
third byte:   0x00.0
fourth byte:  0x??.0
    MSB  1    always 1
      6  F    field, 0=even/first, 1=odd/second
      5  V    VBI, 0=signal, 1=VBI
      4  H    0=SAV, 1=EAV - start/end of horz blanking
      3  P3
      2  P2
      1  P1
    LSB  P0

lines:                  625    525    bit value setting
field 1 VBI start       624      1    V=1
field 1 VBI end          23     10    V=0
field 2 VBI start       311    264    V=1
field 2 VBI end         336    273    V=0
digital field start       1      4    F=0
digital field end       313    266    F=1

field vbi horz   P3210  hex
    0   0    0    0000   80   1st/even field, picture, SAV
    0   0    1    1101   9d   1st/even field, picture, EAV
    0   1    0    1011   ab   1st/even field, VBI    , SAV
    0   1    1    0110   b6   1st/even field, VBI    , EAV
    1   0    0    0111   c7   2nd/odd field,  picture, SAV
    1   0    1    1010   da   2nd/odd field,  picture, EAV
    1   1    0    1100   ec   2nd/odd field,  VBI    , SAV
    1   1    1    0001   f1   2nd/odd field,  VBI    , EAV

SDI: NRZI, LSB first
serial sync word 3ff-000-000 (10bit)
values 000..003 and 3fc..3ff should not appear in any data word
bitrates:    Mb/s
4:2:2 D1     270.0
4f(sc) PAL   177.3
4f(sc) NTSC  143.2



Sync types

Synchronization can be provided by several ways:

Signal types


Limitations and tradeoffs

The practical displays and interfaces have several important limitations for what's available and forces tradeoffs.

Video RAM

Memory used to be expensive. Older video cards (and modern embedded devices) are saddled with small amounts
of RAM for the framebuffer which caps available resolution. Color depth can be traded for amount of pixels.
Low color depths are commonly assisted by a palette; the pixel value is a pointer to a table from which the
full-sized RGB values are taken from. Common for 4-bit (16-color) and 8-bit (256-color) modes.

The limitation for the max screen resolution consists of
The multiple of bytes per pixel, pixel_x and pixel_y have to fit into the available memory, while pixel_x
is ideally divisible by some suitable number (usually 8, 16 or 32). This leads to some exotic-looking
resolutions:
This limitation was a common source of resolution-vs-colors tradeoff in early VGA cards.

Some memory controllers require (or are faster with) byte alignment; a read of 4 bytes aligned at 32-bit boundary
requires one memory access while boundary-cross requires two. This often gives a significant speed advantage
to 32-bit color depth, even if a third-more of memory is wasted.

The byte alignment limit is significant for the write-to-framebuffer part of the pipeline, the graphics-making
software. The controller that takes the bytes, digests them and extrudes them into the display bus output,
is usually built to handle it by some sort of caching/processing.

The framebuffer in the video RAM is accessed from two sides
If memory amount allows (not a problem with today's systems where gigabytes are thrown left and right), double
or triple buffering can be used; two or more framebuffers are used at the same time, one is dedicated for the software
to write into, the other for the video controller to read from. This can dramatically reduce tearing
and other artefacts where timings of one interfere with the other.

The moment when the vertical blanking interval is initiated is often signalled by the video controller
via a hardware interrupt. This is often used as timing source for games.

Modern systems often have a dedicated GPU for processing graphics. In addition to "dumb" framebuffer memory,
these allows high-end accelerated 3d graphics and many other functions.

text-only

Some earliest display adapters were text-only. The video RAM was limited to few kilobytes, where the characters
were stored as single bytes (later byte pairs, with attributes like colors or eg. highlight/underline). There
was a character ROM, where the bitmaps (often 8x8, sometimes 8x10 or 8x12) pixels were stored; 8 pixels per line,
n lines per character. The character ROM was used as a lookup table to convert the characters to bitmaps to show
on the output, in real time; only simple logical circuits are necessary.

Later systems allowed reprogramming of portion or all of the character ROM, for custom characters and
semi-graphics.

The same principle is still encountered in the field of embedded electronics, with character LCD displays.
Or in the field of console programming, when the character/attribute matrix is addressed as eg. /dev/vcsX or

CPU/GPU speed

The more pixels that have to be drawn, the more effort for the processor. The product of screen pixels and
frame rate can be considered vaguely constant, as the ceiling of available performance. Another source
of tradeoffs between speed and pixel/color resolution, namely for older games.


Timings

Derived timings:
The same limit pixel output rate can be traded between
The main source of everything is the pixel clock generator. Pixels can't be pushed out from the controller
faster than the fastest clock allows. (Nor slower than the slowest clock setting available allows; this can
be sometimes worked around by using double-scan where pixels and/or lines are sent twice, giving half the pixel
rate for the same clock. Sometimes tripling and quadrupling modes are available.)

The pixel clock can be fixed, have a few values derived from one or more standard crystals, or be customizable
with more or fewer limits by a PLL oscillator from a master clock. (This master clock is said to be best a multiply of
2.25 MHz.) Limits are:
In the past ages, memory chips were slower. A pixel clock fast enough for non-flickery framerate at decent resolution
could easily overwhelm the memories at higher color depth. The memory access rate, per byte, is three times the
pixel clock for 24bpp, and only 1/8 for 1bpp.

CRT monitors require significant time for the deflection coils to reverse polarity (hi, Star Trek) - their inductance
is fairly significant. The horizontal and vertical blanking intervals give this time. A lot of time that could
be spent displaying visible data is sank here. (The lines "wasted" in vertical blanking intervals are often used to
encode various digital data and test signals, in analog TV transmission context.)

LCD screens do not need most of this "ballast time". Reduced blanking intervals ("R", or "RB") can be used;
the times for the porches are lowered, sometimes the sync pulse itself can be shorted down. This allows more visible pixels
(and therefore more resolution and/or more framerate) for the same pixel clock limit.

(Does lower pixel clock give significant savings in power or thermal budget for the GPU/display?)

VESA timings

VESA suggested aspect ratios are 4:3, 16:10, 16:9; 5:4 (1280x1024) and 15:9 (1280x768) are exceptions accepted as established.

Pixel clock - magic 2.25 MHz
Should be integer multiple of 2.25 MHz, a carryover from television standards

2.25 MHz is the least common multiple of line frequency of both PAL and NTSC (143x 525/60 rate, 144x 625/60 rate)
  6x 2.25 = 13.5  MHz, the common samplerate of CCIR-601 standard, minimum multiple for acceptable luminance sampling
1.5x 2.25 = 3.375 MHz, the common 1/4 4:1:1 samplerate for chroma
  3x 2.25 = 6.75  MHz, the common 1/2 4:2:2 samplerate for chroma


CRT
Usual refresh rates are 50, 60, 75 and 85 Hz.

Horizontal counts (active, sync, porches) must be divisible by 8, preferably by higher powers of 2.

For CRT timings, horizontal blanking suggested to be at least 20% of total line time.
Specific value to be calculated by GTF formula.
Horizontal sync pulse suggested to be as close as possible to 8% of total horizontal time.
Trailing edge of sync should be in the middle (so backporch=1/2 horizontal blanking).

For CRT timings, vertical blanking should be at least 550 us.
Vertical front porch is standard to be 3 lines for both CRT and reduced. Can be more for CRT timings.
Vertical back porch should be at least 6 (7?) lines.

Vertical sync length greater than 4 lines is used to signal aspect ratio in CVT timings.

Reduced blanking (RB)
Standard vertical refresh is 60 Hz. Most common for usual LCDs.

Horizontal counts (active, sync, porches) must be divisible by 8, preferably by higher powers of 2.

Horizontal blanking is always fixed to 160 pixels.
Sync width is always 32 pixels, with trailing edge in the middle of the interval.
Therefore the frontporch:sync:backporch is fixed to 48:32:80.

Vertical blanking should be the nearest number of lines that exceed 460 microseconds.
Vertical front porch is fixed to 3.
Vertical sync length greater than 4 lines is used to signal aspect ratio in CVT timings.
Vertical back porch fills the rest of the time; if less than 7, increased to 7

Reduced blanking v2 (RB2), DMT timings
Vertical refresh is usually 60 Hz. Can be more but is most common for usual LCDs.
Required pixel clock resolution is at least 0.001 MHz, to facilitate exact frame rates where needed.
May support the 1/1.001 factor for 60/59.95 Hz ATSC/NTSC selection. NTSC factor is used for
video-optimized target rates.

Standard vertical refresh rate is 60 Hz. Other progressive refresh rates can be used if needed.

Horizontal counts are no longer required to be divisible by 8. Any value can be used.

Horizontal blanking is always fixed to 80 pixels.
Sync width is always 32 pixels, with trailing edge in the middle of the interval.
Therefore the frontporch:sync:backporch is fixed to 8:32:40.

Vertical blanking should be the nearest number of lines that exceed 460 microseconds.
Vertical sync pulse is always 8 lines.
Vertical back porch is always 6 lines.
Vertical front porch is the remainder of time.

Overview
                        CRT               RB                 RB2
refresh rates       50,60,75,85 Hz       60 Hz              60 Hz
h blanking           >20% h-total       160 px              80 px
h front porch         remainder          48 px               8 px
h sync width          8% h-total         32 px              32 px
h back porch         50% h-blanking      80 px              40 px
v blanking          >550 usec          >460 usec          >460 usec
v front porch          3 lines            3 lines           remainder
v sync width        4..7 lines         4..7 lines            8 lines
v back porch         at least6 (7?)  remainder, at least 7   6 lines
h/v sync polarity      - +                + -                + -

Timing names

Component video (RGB, YPbPr):
yyy[i][d]@rr - y-size, i if interlaced/p if progressive, 2 or 4 if pixels doubled or quadrupled
               (for DVI compatibility, to maintain minimum rate), @ refresh rate
               eg. 480i2@30

HDTV video (RGB, YPbPr, YCbCr):
yyy[i]@rr    - y-size, i if interlaced/p if progressive, 2 or 4 if pixels doubled or quadrupled
               (for DVI compatibility, to maintain minimum rate), @ refresh rate
               eg. 1080i@30

Computer displays:
vvvxxrr[a]   - 3-letter vendor (EISA ID) or standard code, first 2 digits of x resolution, refresh rate,
               aspect ratio code (omitted if 4:3)
               standards: DMT, GTF, CEA, EIA, SMT
               vendors: eg. IBM, SUN, VSC
               eg. DMT0685 for Discrete Monitor Timing, 640[x480], 85 Hz


Display nature

The display nature may provide constraints for what is possible to show. Gigabytes of video memory won't buy
any better resolution from NTSC SDTV video screen. Gigahertz of pixel clock won't give better framerate.

Some signal/display standards (PAL, NTSC, TV in general, arcade monitors) come with fixed synchronization frequencies
and frame rates. Others (computer monitors) have a more or less wide range of what they can take.

Interface bandwidth

The maximum amount of data per second can be limited also by the hardware between the screen and the video card.
The max available frequencies that still can be transported without excessive losses or crosstalk can be limited
by the cables; the same principle applies to Cat5e/Cat6 as to HDMI1.4/HDMI2.0 cables. Higher-spec cable of the
same length can transport more of the higher frequencies. (Lower-spec cables of short lengths sometimes can go
above their rating but it is unreliable.)

The bandwidth can be doubled by using two parallel channels for the data. DVI has native support for using two
parallel buses for the RGB data.

The resolution x framerate tradeoff applies here as well; limits are reached for higher framerates for
lower resolutions and vice versa.

Cables (TODO: reformat, move section)
                    TMDS         Gb/s
                     MHz   raw  video
HDMI1.0,1.1,1.2      165   4.95  3.96  1980x1200@60
HDMI1.3              340  10.2   8.16  1920x1080@120, 2560x1440@60, 2160p@30   also 10,12,16 bit "deep color", 3D
DisplayPort 1.0      166  10.8   8.64
HDMI1.4                                1920x1080@120, 3840x2160@24/25/30, 4096x2160@24   also 100Mb ethernet, 3D
HDMI2.0              600  18.2? 14.4
DisplayPort 1.2      300  21.6  17.28  HBR2 mode
DisplayPort 1.3      600  32.4  25.92  HBR3 mode; 4K@120, 8K@30; HDMI2.0, MultiStream Transport
DisplayPort 1.4      600  32.4         adds Display Stream Compression 1.2, 3:1 compression; 8K@60, 4K@120 (10bit color, HDR)
HDMI2.1                   48    42.6   4K@120, 8K@120, 10K@120; "ultra high speed" cables
DisplayPort 2.0           80    77.37



                                       cable Cat.1 tested to 74.25 MHz, Cat.2 to 340 MHz (HDMI)
DisplayPort modes, Gbps per lane (4 lanes):
RBR        1.62
HBR        2.70
HBR2       5.40
HBR3       8.10
UHBR10    10
UHBR13.5  13.5
UHBR20    20

HDMI data island: [ref]
8clk   preamble
2clk   leading guard band
32clk  packet 1
32clk  packet 2...
2clk   trailing guard band
>4clk  
8clk   preamble
2clk   leading guard band
...    active video pixels

TMDS error reduction coding (TERC4), 4bit input word to 10bit transport HDMI TMDS clock data rates: [ref] TMDS bandwidth HDMI MHz Gbps MHz 1.4  74.25  2.22  371.25 1.4  148.5  4.455  742.5 1.4  185.63  5.56  928.15 1.4  222.75  6.68  1114 1.4  297  8.91  1485 2.0  92.81  11.14  1860 2.0  111.38  13.365  2280 2.0  148.5  17.82  2970 2.1  Fixed Rate Link - 3 lanes at 3 or 6 Gbps (9 or 18 Gbps), or 4 lanes at 6,8,10 or 12 Gbps (24,32,40,48 Gbps)
Colorspaces
sRGB            - most common, default; BT.709 primaries; monitors, cellphones, general work, web; D65 whitepoint
scRGB           - like sRGB, allows coordinates below zero and above one; D65 whitepoint
ITU-R BT.601    - CCIR-601; SDTV colorspace, slight differences between 625-line (PAL) and 525-line (NTSC) specs; D65 whitepoint
ITU-R BT.709    - ITU709; HDTV colorspace, similar to BT.601
ITU-R BT.2020   - UHDTV colorspaces, for standard dynamic range (SDR) and wide color gamut (WCG)
P3-DCI          - DCI-P3; HDR video, most common for digital movie projection
P3-D65          - Display-P3; like DCI-P3, but with D65 whitepoint
P3-D60          - ACES Cinema
Adobe RGB(1988) - print prepare
xvYCC
Simplified


Internal tiling
Some highest-resolution displays, eg. early 4K and 5K, are internally architectured as arrays of lower-res displays,
and are connected by several parallel cables to multi-output or multiple video cards.

Some displays, notably 4K, 5K and higher, sometimes work around the interface bandwidth limitation by
internal tiling.

To the computer, the display behaves like two side-by-side 8:9 screens. A 3840x2160 display then behaves to the driver
like two 1920x2160 ones in dualscreen use. This can cause funky behavior with software designed for single-screens.

Embedded
Small embedded displays often use slow serial interfaces (SPI, I2C for the smallest ones). Some have their own
framebuffer memory, usually inaccessible (or impractical) for reading from the host computer; these don't have
to be fed periodically with the entire signal, just the changes will do. In these special cases the display
won't need any special timing (or will, but that gets hidden by its own embedded controller chip).

Larger-resolution displays use direct parallel connection (with 8/15/16/18/24 wires for digital data and
additional signals for pixel clock, hsync, vsync, display-is-active).

At higher pixel clock rates the parallel wiring won't cope well enough anymore (clock skew), or the sheer number
of contacts gets more expensive than the additional silicon (increasingly common). The signals are then serialized
to differential pairs, and sent by one of the many standards (LVDS, MIPI/DSI,...) to the panel.

Going slow

Sometimes an old or special display requires slower clock speed than the given video source can give (Raspberry Pi
less than v4, with your lower limit on the pixel clock PLL limitation, I am looking at YOU).

A cheat is then available. If the software can handle it, insanely wide pixel ratios can be used; a 320x200 resolution
can become 2560x200; one pixel becomes 8, the pixel clock goes up 8 times, PLL limits are happy. The analog signal
does not care how fast we pump the pixels out, it just filters off the frequencies above what it can handle.

(Some monitors, however, can get fried, and do, when fed with wrong sync frequencies. Hercules/MGA vs CGA displays
can bite the dust when connected to the other interface.)

Pixel doubling and quadrupling can be done in some video modes.

Output encoding

The image can be represented in multiple ways. E.g.:
The signal can be carried from the device to the display in multiple ways:

The digital signal can again be encoded multiple ways; RGB with 8 bits per channel is the most common.
Requirements to save bandwidth or to add color resolution may lead to use of eg. 4:2:2 YCbCr instead of full
RGB, a mode available to some interfaces.

LVDS

On multilane digital interfaces, several standard mappings of bits to serial sequences are codified.
(There HAS to be more than one for it to be a proper standard.)
The most common are:

Raspberry Pi

Raspberry Pi allows setting digital output modes for HDMI, by the hdmi_pixel_encoding parameter in config.txt:
The HDMI mode is set by hdmi_group, where

Timing sources

Rounding discrepancies:
Different sources round the frequencies at different decimal lengths. One's 29.3 is another's 29.315 and another's 29.3148.

Many sources use the same calculations, the main ones are:

HDMI

HDMI has two major groups of timings:
Established timings: [ref]
byte 1: Established Timing I
 7    720x400@70Hz    IBM, VGA
 6    720x400@88Hz    IBM, XGA2
 5    640x480@60Hz    IBM, VGA
 4    640x480@67Hz    Apple, Mac II
 3    640x480@72Hz    VESA
 2    640x480@75Hz    VESA
 1    800x600@56Hz    VESA
 0    800x600@60Hz    VESA
byte 2: Established Timing II
 7    800x600@72Hz    VESA
 6    800x600@75Hz    VESA
 5    832x624@75Hz    Apple, Mac II
 4   1024x768i@43.5Hz IBM
 3   1024x768@60Hz    VESA
 2   1024x768@70Hz    VESA
 1   1024x768@75Hz    VESA
 0   1280x1024@75Hz   VESA
byte 3: Manufacturer's Timings
 7   1152x870@75Hz    Apple, Mac II
 6-0 Reserved


Reduced blanking

A lot of time is wasted on the blanking intervals.

With CRT screens the times were needed for the deflection coils to reverse field polarization.

LCD screens do not have this limitation and the times can be cut down significantly,
as far as the shift registers of the display controller can cope.

So called "reduced blanking", labeled "R" or "RB", can significantly lower the pixel clock
and display interface bandwidth, or jam more resolution or framerate into what's available.

Use reduced blanking if possible. Option in CVT timings:

Sync polarities (VESA)

[ref]
hsync  vsync
  -      +     CVT standard CRT
  +      -     CVT reduced blanking
  -      -     non-CVT
  +      +     non-CVT

vertical lines for aspect ratio signaling (VESA/CVT)

[ref]
 0..3   unused by CVT, reserved for existing DMT and GTF
    4   4:3
    5   16:9
    6   16:10
    7   5:4 (1280x1024), 15:9 (1280x768) - special case
    8   reduced blanking timing v2, aspect ratio based on horz/vert active timing
    9   reserved
   10   nonstandard

DV_Timings - linux kernel data structure

https://www.linuxtv.org/downloads/v4l-dvb-apis-old/vidioc-g-dv-timings.html

The timing structure contains all the important data for the timing itself.
The x-windows modelines, framebuffer config files, DTO files, all have these data in some mutually convertible forms.
Hardware specification for embedded panels needs also pin assignments, and polarities for additional DataEnable and PixelClock signals,
and data mapping for serial/LVDS buses (jeida-18, jeida-24, vesa-24).
Other signals can include TE, tearing-effect synchronization signal.

DV timings are a __u32 determining the type of timing struct, and the struct itself.
For now, type == 0 (== V4L2_DV_BT_656_1120) means the BT.656/1120 timings are used; no other alternatives so far.

Structures are described in these linux header files:
linux/videodev2.h
linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h

v4l2_bt_timings

DTI timings

DTI allows specifying the porches/syncs as intervals, as <min typ max> triplets instead of a <value>.
		clock-frequency = <148500000>;
		hactive = <1920>;
		vactive = <1080>;
		hsync-len = <0 44 60>;
		hfront-porch = <80 88 95>;
		hback-porch = <100 148 160>;
		vfront-porch = <0 4 6>;
		vback-porch = <0 36 50>;
		vsync-len = <0 5 6>;

parallel buses

LVDS bit orders

lvds connect config [ref]
     Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3    Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3    Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3    Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3    Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3
 clk tx tx tx t x   LVDS_8BIT_1    LVDS_8BIT_2    LVDS_8BIT_3    LVDS_6BIT
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
  0   0  8 19 27    r0 g1 b2 r6    r2 g3 b4 r0    r2 g3 b4  0    r0 g1 b2  0
  0   1  9 20  5    r1 g2 b3 r7    r3 g4 b5 r1    r3 g4 b5  0    r1 g2 b3  0
  1   2 12 21 10    r2 g3 b4 g6    r4 g5 b6 g0    r4 g5 b6  0    r2 g3 b4  0
  1   3 13 22 11    r3 g4 b5 g7    r5 g6 b7 g1    r5 g6 b7  0    r3 g4 b5  0
  1   4 14 24 16    r4 g5 HS b6    r6 g7 HS b0    r6 g7 HS  0    r4 g5 HS  0
  0   6 15 25 17    r5 b0 VS b7    r7 b2 VS b1    r7 b2 VS  0    r5 b0 VS  0
  0   7 18 26 23    g0 b1 DE --    g2 b3 DE --    g2 b3 DE --    g0 b1 DE --
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
HS = horizontal sync
VS = vertical sync
DE = display enable
Some displays have SEL_LVDS or LVDS_MODE pin that selects between 8bit_1 and 8bit_2.

Differences/similarities:
8bit_1 assigns MSB pairs to lane Y3
8bit_2 assigns LSB pairs to lane Y3
8bit_3 and 6bit have only 6 bits of color, lane Y3 is unused/not present
8bit_3 is identical to 8bit_2, sends bits 2..7
6bit   is identical to 8bit_1, sends bits 0..5
sync/DE have same positions in all schemes

Display color styles:
RGB (most common)
YCbCr

Embedded display types:
RGB              parallel color data
LVDS, DualLVDS   serialized to 4 or 3 lanes
MIPI, DualMIPI   serialized to several lanes
MCU              directly connected to MCU
TVOUT            composite video
HDMI             HDMI output
EDP              Embedded Display Port
LVDS 10bit, DualLVDS 10bit
DP

Output wirings (P for parallel, S for serial):
OUT_P888      24bit screen, on Rockchip chips connect to lcdc D0~D23
OUT_D888_P666 18bit screen, on Rockchip chips connect to lcdc D2~D7, D10~D15, D18~D23
OUT_D888_P565 16bit screen
OUT_P666      18bit screen, on Rockchip chips connect to lcdc D0~D17
OUT_P565      16bit screen
OUT_P16BPP4
OUT_CCIR656   YCbCr, 8/10 bit (Y/Cx multiplexed) or 16/20 bit (YCb/YCr multiplexed)
OUT_YUV_420   YCbCr
OUT_S888x     serial
OUT_S888      serial
8bit multiplexed YCbCr - 8bit bus
10bit multiplexed YCbCr - 10bit bus
16bit YCbCr - 8bit Y, 8bit alternating Cb/Cr
20bit YCbCr - 10bit Y, 10bit alternating Cb/Cr
CCIR656: 8bit 4:2:2 (656 is the spec number, NOT the bits-per-channel)

colorspaces:
COLOR_RGB
COLOR_RGB_BT2020
COLOR_YCBCR
COLOR_YCBCR_BT709
COLOR_YCBCR_BT2020

Pixel clock 0=drive on falling, sample on rising
Pixel clock 1=drive on rising, sample on falling


Control signals


SPI (serial, smallest displays)

DPI (parallel)

DE and PCLK aren't used on parallel-to-analog converters (eg. VGA666 raspi hat)

LVDS

DSI/MIPI

similar to LVDS in principle, more complicated, MIPI standard; similar to CSI/MIPI standard for attaching cameras

identification

Many displays, whether external units or panels, have internal I2C memory with stored block of data

MCCS

backlight control, enable

some related external signals can be present.

Sensors

Popular sensor resolutions were added to the table for easy comparison.

Notes:

modeline formats

common variables:
clocks:
    [pixelMHz]      pixel clock in MHz, with decimal point
    [pixelHz]       pixel clock in Hz (integer, lots of zeroes, don't get too few/many)
    [pixeltimeps]   pixel time in picoseconds (for framebuffer setting); 1000000/pixelMHz, (1000*1000*1000*1000)/pixelHz
horizontal:
    [hres]          active horizontal pixels, what's shown on screen
    [hfp]           horizontal front porch (pixels)
    [hsyncw]        horizontal sync pulse width (pixels)
    [hbp]           horizontal back porch (pixels)
    [htotal]        derived value; total horizontal pixels (hres+hfp+hsyncw+hbp)
vertical:
    [vres]          active vertical lines/pixels, what's shown on screen
    [vfp]           vertical front porch (lines)
    [vsyncw]        vertical sync pulse width (lines)
    [vbp]           vertical back porch (lines)
    [vtotal]        derived value; total vertical lines (vres+vfp+vsyncw+vbp)
various:
    [bpp]           bits per pixel, for framebuffer configs; does not influence video format/frequency,
                    can engage the available-memory/memory-access-speed bottlenecks

Derived:
    [hfreq]         horizontal frequency, in kHz; pixelHz/htotal/1000
    [vfreq]         vertical frequency, in Hz; pixelHz/htotal/vtotal

Limitations:
Pixel clock - limited range of values, and the available resolution/granularity, by the hardware of the video controller.
              Eg. 20-200 MHz, with 2.5 MHz step. Modern PLL generators have fine granularity.
              Some video adapters use single fixed clock, or have a few values to choose from.
Horizontal values - early video controller chips were saving every bit and were tightly coupled with
              character generators. Register values for timings were often in characters, which were
              typically 8 pixels wide. It is therefore common for these values to be an integer
              multiple of 8, older standards even required this.
Frequencies - old fixed-sync monitors required a narrow range of hfreq, and sometimes a little wider range of vfreq.
              More modern multisync monitors give wider range of both.
              Feeding a fixed-sync monitor with too low (or sometimes too high) frequency can smoke the components.
Bandwidth - related to pixel clock. Maximum frequency the cables and electronics can pass through
              without undue attenuation. Minimum and maximum clock frequency the interface can handle.

Maximum limits can be fit within by using reduced blanking times (for non-CRT displays). The general speed limit
can be traded against resolution or framerate. Some modern high-bandwidth interfaces allow runtime compression
or dropping some data (YCbCr with 4:2:2 subsampling is common.)

Minimum limits can be stretched by doubling or quadrupling pixels (sending the same pixel twice or four times in sequence)
and/or by doublescan, sending the whole scanline twice.


x11 modeline

modeline "name" [pixelMHz] \
                [hres] [hres+hfp] [hres+hfp+hsyncw] [htotal] \
                [vres] [vres+vfp] [vres+vfp+vsyncw] [vtotal] \
                [flags]
pixelclock: in megahertz, with decimal points
flags: +hsync/-hsync: horizontal sync polarity
       +vsync/-vsync: vertical sync polarity
       +csync/-csync: composite sync polarity (rare)
       interlace: for interlaced modes, otherwise progressive scan
       doublescan: for doubling the lines ("DS")
       hskew <num>: pixels to skew signal; many drivers don't use it; if right end of line is seen on left side of display, decrease this
       vscan <num>: how many times to paint each scanline; default=1, "doublescan" flag sets this to 2

example (640x480@75, 31.5 MHz clock):
 modeline "640x480@75" 31.5   640 656 720 840   480 481 484 500   -hsync -vsync
example, in different notation:
 Mode "640x480@75"
      DotClock     31.5
      HTimings     640 656 720 840
      VTimings     480 481 484 500
      Flags        "-hsync -vsync"
 EndMode
The section has also options:

raspi hdmi_timings reboot-less switch

hdmi_timings=[hres] [hsyncpol] [hfp] [hsyncw] [hbp] \
             [vres] [vsyncpol] [vfp] [vsyncw] [vbp] \
             [vsyncoffset_a] [vsyncoffset_b] [pixel_rep] \
             [framerate] [interlaced] [pixelHz] [aspectratio]

hsyncpol,vsyncpol: 0 for -, 1 for +
interlaced: 0 for progressive, 1 for interlaced
vsyncoffset_a, vsyncoffset_b, pixel_rep: leave at zero
aspectratio: code for aspect ratio:
   1 = 4:3
   2 = 14:9
   3 = 16:9
   4 = 5:4
   5 = 16:10
   6 = 15:9
   7 = 21:9
   8 = 64:27

example for config.txt (640x480@75, 31.5 MHz clock):
 hdmi_group=2
 hdmi_mode=87
 hdmi_timings=640 0 16 64 120   480 0 1 3 16   0 0 0   75 0 31500000 1
change resolution on the fly via vcgencmd without reboot: Example for CPS II System c vcgencmd hdmi_timings 384 1 0 11 28 224 1 30 0 30 0 0 0 60 0 6400000 1
c tvservice -e "DMT 87"
c fbset -depth 8
c fbset -depth 16

MiSTer video_mode

video_mode=[hres],[hfp],[hsyncw],[hbp],[vres],[vfp],[vsyncw],[vbp],[pixelkHz]

The frequency is in kilohertz; MHz/1000, Hz*1000 [ref]

example (640x480@75, 31.5 MHz clock):
 video_mode=640,16,64,120,480,1,3,16,31500

fb.modes

in /etc/fb.modes file

mode "name"
    # D: [pixelMHz] MHz, H: [horizontal sync freq] kHz, V: [accurate vertical sync freq] Hz
    # just a comment but a good habit to have it there to look-and-see
    geometry [hres] [vres] [hres] [vres] [bpp]
    timings [pixelps] [hbp] [hfp] [vbp] [vfp] [hsyncw] [vsyncw]
    [flag]
    [flag]
    ...
endmode

flags:
    hsync high     for +hsync
    vsync high     for +vsync
    laced true     for interlaced

example:

 mode "640x480-72"
     # D: 31.20 MHz, H: 37.500 kHz, V: 72.12 Hz
     geometry 640 480 640 480 8
     timings 32052 128 24 28 9 40 3
 endmode

various clock data

Pixel clocks (arcades): https://pineight.com/mw/index.php?title=Dot_clock_rates
Main xtals (arcades): https://github.com/MisterTea/MAMEHub/blob/master/Sources/Emulator/src/emu/drivers/xtal.h

old video adapters

type            clock       horz      vert
                2.250                        base granularity of VESA standards, derived from TV industry
NTSC                       15.73426    59.94
NTSC orig                  15.750      60.00
PAL                        15.625      50.00
Hercules       16.000                  50    720x350/720x348
MDA            16.257      18.43       50    720x350
CGA            14.318      15.75       60
EGA RGB        14.318      15.75       60
EGA mono       16.257      18.43       50
EGA RGB        16.257      21.85       60

VGA: 0.7v pp analog video, 75 ohm (RS-343 television standard), separate syncs

drivers for Intel GEM, precursor of Windows 3.0  http://www.seasip.info/Gem/Drivers/video.html

signal levels

              RS-343A          RS-170
          525/60   625/50     (old US)
sync      -0.286   -0.300      -0.40
blank      0      (-0.054)      0
black      0.054    0           0.075
white      0.714    0.700       1.000
total      1.000    1.000       1.4
                 most common

the blank/black differs if "pedestal" ("setup") is used
european system does not use pedestal

negative modulation usually used, so full-white gives zero, full-sync gives full amplitude
 - full amplitude always assured by sync pulses, AGC amps can be used to normalize signal independently on video content

values in volts, assuming 75-ohm load

video cards give output ranges on RGB varying in 0.660, 0.700, or 0.714 volts peak-peak; no problem for analog,
trouble for high-performance digital (clipping can occur)
sync-on-green moves video to 1.000 volts peak-to-peak by adding the pedestal/sync levels

composite sync: horizontal sync XORed with vertical


Sound sampling, audio samplerates

 kHz       bit
 8         8/10/12/16   telephony
 14                 Vertical Interval Multiple Channel Audio System (VIMCAS) sound-in-syncs, stereo/2-channel, 6 scanlines; VISCAS, 1 scanline (talkback, foldback/monitor)
           10       early Sound-in-Syncs, later uses NICAM
 16
 32        14       Near Instantaneous Companded Audio Multiplex (NICAM), early (early 1970s) lossy compression for digital audio
 44.1      16       CD-quality, DAT
 48        16       DAT
 88.2      16/20/24 2x 44.1
 64
 96        16/24    2x 48
 176.4              4x 44.1
 192                4x 48
 352.8     24       8x 44.1; Digital eXtreme Definition (DXD)
2.8224MHz   1       DSD64, SACD, up to 6 channels, sigma-delta
5.6448MHz   1       DSD128 (x2)
11.2896MHz  1       DSD256 (x4)
22.57892MHz 1       DSD512 (x8)

15.734 kHz   NTSC stereo pilot tone
19 kHz       FM radio pilot tone
54.6875 kHz  Zweikanalton/A2 Stereo, PAL analog TV stereo


Standards

ITU-470-6    SDTV baseband - composite (CVBS), S-video
VESA         computer monitors - DMT, CVT, DDWG
CEA-861B     SDTV - YPbPr video
CEA-861C     HDTV - HDMI
SMPTE-259M   SDI
SMPTE-292M-C HD-SDI
Rec.601      CCIR-601, BT.601 - SDTV digital encoding for 525/60 and 625/50, 720 samples per line, YCbCr 4:2:2; reused in MPEG and H.26x
Rec.709      BT.709, ITU709 - HDTV digital encoding for 1035i30 (MUSE, obsolete), 1152i25 (experimental, Europe)
Rec.2020     HDTV, defines 4K (3840x2160) and 8K (7680x4320), at 120p, 119.88p, 100p, 60p, 59.94p, 50p, 30p, 29.97p, 25p, 24p, 23.976p, 10 or 12 bit color, wider gamut
Rec.2100     HDTV, HDR for FHD and more




Sources:

MHi modelines                http://martin.hinner.info/vga/timing.html
arcade/game modelines        http://www.geocities.ws/podernixie/htpc/modes-en.html
MythTV modelines             https://www.mythtv.org/wiki/Modeline_Database
x86 extramodes               https://cgit.freedesktop.org/xorg/xserver/tree/hw/xfree86/common/extramodes
common x11 modelines         https://www.phoronix.com/forums/forum/hardware/graphics-cards/8714-a-listing-of-common-video-mode-lines
VIC=xx EIA/CIA-861 std       table "EIA/CEA-861 standard resolutions and timings" from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_Display_Identification_Data
DMT v1.0 r11                 from source https://gitlab.riscosopen.org/RiscOS/Sources/Video/UserI/ScrModes/-/raw/master/c/tables


Online calculator:
https://arachnoid.com/modelines/

Adapting fixed-frequency monitor:   https://www.repairfaq.org/sam/ffmon.htm
Old monitors database: http://web.archive.org/web/19970619083647/http://www.nashville.net/~griffin/monitor.html
Old monitors database: http://web.archive.org/web/20030627172550/http://www.si87.com/MonitorSolutions/index.html

Video standard timings:   http://what-when-how.com/display-interfaces/format-and-timing-standards-display-interfaces-part-2/
Digital video standards, panel interconnections: http://what-when-how.com/display-interfaces/digital-display-interface-standards-part-1/


asterisked vertical frequencies can be dual, both the 1/1.001 slower NTSC and the full ATSC

Legend

====== = image sensors, less common
=====! = image sensors, important
===== = image sensors
==== = less common resolution
=== = somewhat common resolution
== = very common resolution
===L = somewhat common resolution, total scanlines
==L = very common resolution, total scanlines
H = historical standard
S = directly or slightly indirectly taken from standard
T = television standard, not directly from standards
t = television use
C = computer standard
Ch = computer standard, historical
c = computer use
cf = computer use, fixed-frequency monitors
g = game console use
a = arcade game/monitor use
d = device-specific setting
e = embedded display setting (parallel, LVDS, MIPI...)
l = laptop display setting
value range implies value type: For VESA mode numbers: decimal_number/bit_depth 16col = 16 colors palette (4bit) 256col = 256 colors palette (8bit) 15b = 15bit color, 5:5:5 16b = 16bit color, 5:6:5 24b = 24bit color, 8:8:8 32b = 32bit color, 8:8:8[:8]; last is alpha channel, unused; 32-bit memory alignment, faster access For analog HD signals: "3" in hsync column is three-level signal (zero to -300mV, to +300 mV, back to zero); front porch is pixels to the center edge display pin mappings, standard: https://developer.toradex.com/knowledge-base/display-output-resolution-and-timings-linux https://github.com/BeastRoms-Devices/kernel_realme_RMX1927/blob/master/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/display/panel/panel-lvds.txt spwg 18 jeida-18 spwg 24 vesa-24 jeida 24 jeida-24

Table







a   mame.ini             1368x1024i@28.235  1728   1115      31.4815 - -      54.400       48   208  104     22    4   65        from mame.ini







pixel front back front back Htotal Vtotal hsync vsync clock porch hsync porch porch vsync porch mode name res pixels lines kHz pol pol MHz pix pix pix lines lines lines
===== 16x4 4:1  // thermal camera sensor, MLX90621
===== 8x8 1:1  // ToF camera sensor, 8000 fps
==== 42x11  // Timex Datalink USB, smart watch
==== 16x16  // Microvision, handheld game console
===== 32x24 4:3  // thermal camera sensor, MLX90640
==== ~31x30 4:3  // mechanical scan TV, Konigs Wusterhausen 1932, 12.5 fps, 39 scanlines
==== ~40x30 4:3  // mechanical-scan TV, Switzerland 1932, 16.6 fps; also USSR, 12.5 fps; Germany, 1932, 12.5 fps; Belgium, 12.5 and 16.6 fps
==== 40x30 4:3  // Etch A Sketch Animator
==== ~70x30 3:7  // mechanical-scan TV, Baird, UK 1932, 5 (later 12.5) fps
===== 32x32 1:1  // thermal camera sensor; Cromemco Cyclops image sensor
==== 32x32 1:1  // PocketStation
==== 42x32 ~1:1  // Epson RC-20
==== 48x32 3:2  // GameKing I (GM-218), VMU
==== 64x32 2:1  // small LCD displays, for pushbuttons
==== 128x32 4:1  // small OLED displays; also 120x32, 122x32, 132x32, 144x32, 180x32, 192x32
==== 128x36  // Montblanc e-Strap
==== 60x40 3:2  // Etch A Sketch Animator 2000
==== 150x40 15:4  // Entex Adventure Vision, CRT game console, 1982
==== ~64x48 4:3  // mechanical-scan TV, Doberitz 1932, 25 fps
==== 64x48 4:3  // small OLED displays, for pushbuttons
=== 84x48 7:4  // small LCD displays, eg. Nokia 5110/3310; Nokia 3210 and many other early Nokia Phones
==== 128x48 3:2  // TRS-80 computer
==== ~35x60 3:7  // mechanical-scan TV, France 1932, 12.5 fps
==== ~45x60 4:3  // mechanical-scan TV, Italy 1932, 20 fps
=====! 80x60 4:3  // thermal imagers (older FLiR One); ToF camera sensor, 1000 fps
==== ~83x60 4:3  // mechanical-scan TV, Berlin R.P.Z. 1932, 25 fps
===== 160x60 8:3  // ToF camera sensor, 512 fps
==== 64x64 1:1  // Hartung Game Master
==== 72x64  // Field Technology CxMP smart watch
==== 75x64  // Epoch Game Pocket Computer
==== 96x64 3:2  // Pokemon Mini gaming console; first graphing calculators: Casio fx-7000G, TI-81
==== 102x64 51:32  // Ruputer/onHand PC, Seiko wristwatch computer, 1998; monochrome
== 128x64 2:1  // small LCD/OLED displays, very common for 1bpp graphical LCD and VFD; often I2C/SPI interface, own controller; also 128x65; also transparent OLED
==== 240x64 15:4  // Atari Portfolio, TRS-80 Model 100
a SailorSat usermodes 480x64@60.000  640  262  15.7200 - - 10.061  32  64  64  66  99  33  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 96x65 3:2  // early Nokia colour screen phones
==== 172x72 21.5:9  // small LCD displays
==== 101x80 ~5:4  // Sony Ericsson T68i, T300, T310 and other early colour screen phones
=== 160x80 2:1  // small LCD displays; Arduino TFTs (SPI, own controller), eg. 0.96"; some advertising LED screens
=== SQVGA 16:9  160x90 16:9  // ISDB-T portable video
===== 120x90 4:3  // thermal camera sensor
====Pixelvision 120x90 4:3  // PXL-2000 toy camcorder using audio cassettes
==== 96x96 1:1  // small eink displays, 1.3"; MetaWatch Strata & Frame watches
== SQCIF, MMS-Small 128x96 16:11  // Sub-QCIF; sqcif (ffmpeg); videoconferencing, H.263; smallest generally used color cellphone screen; lowest-res for 3GPP video via MMS
==== 200x96 ~2:1  // small eink displays, 2"; PaPiRus Zero for raspi
====== 100x100 1:1  // Kodak prototype image sensor, 1975
=== 160x100 16:10  // small LCD displays; also 160x104
=== CGA 160x100  // CGA, 16-color; tweak of 80x25 text mode, one character is two pixels; pixel aspect 1:1.2; more details available with ASCII art
==== 160x102 ~8:5  // Atari Lynx
==== 212x104 ~2:1  // small eink displays, 2.13"
==== 312x104 3:1  // some advertising LED screens
=====! 160x120 4:3  // standard small image size; thermal camera sensor
== QQVGA/SQVGA 4:3  160x120p 4:3  // qqvga (ffmpeg); SDTV NTSC, some portable devices, low-res for webcams and slow streaming; ISDB-T portable video
== // lowest common video res; thermal imagers (FLiR One); 0.5x0.5 320x240, 1/4x1/4 640x480
=== QCIF 176x120p 4:3/22:15 // SDTV NTSC; analog security cameras
==== 260x120 19.5:9  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
==== 250x122 ~2:1  // small eink displays, 2.13"
==== 128x128 1:1  // small LCD displays; Arduino TFTs (SPI, own controller); Sony SmartWatch, Sifteo cubes, early color screen phones (square display)
====== 160x128 5:4  // thermal camera sensor
=== 160x128 5:4  // common LCDs of small consumer electronics; Arduino TFTs (SPI, own controller), eg. 1.8"
==== 240x128 15:8  // small LCD displays; text 40x16 (character 6x8) (HP 95LX/100LX/200LX)
==== 296x128 ~21.9  // small eink displays, 2.9" (also flex)
==== 384x128 3:1  // some advertising LED screens
==== 432x128 27:8  // Samsung Gear Fit smartwatch
=== 240x135 16:9  // small LCD displays; Arduino TFTs (SPI, own controller), eg. 1.14"
==== 160x144 10:9  // common for old portable videogames; Nintendo Game Boy (GB), Game Boy Color (GBC); Sega Game Gear (GG)
==== 168x144 10.5:9  // small eink displays, 1.3"; Pebble E-Paper Watch
=====! 176x144 11:9  // standard small image size
== QCIF 176x144 4:3/11:9  // CCITT/ITU H.261 standard; qcif (ffmpeg); viewfinders; videoconferencing, H.261, H.263; 1/3x1/2 PAL; recommended for medium-quality MMS video
=====! 192x144 4:3  // standard small image size
==== 224x144 14:9  // WonderSwan, portable gaming console from 1999
==== 256x144 16:9  // LDTV, Youtube lowest res; 1/10 of 1440p
==== 360x144  // 0.5x0.5 360x288, 0.5x0.25 720x576; PAL CCTV digital video recorder mode
====== 200x150 4:3  // thermal camera sensor
==== 160x152 20:19  // Neo Geo Pocket Color
==== 272x152 ~16:9  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
==== 160x160 1:1  // small LCD displays; Palm LoRes
== HQVGA 240x160 3:2  // smaller electronics, Nintendo Game Boy Advance
ae raspi GBA prototype 240x160@57.720  396  280  16.1616 + + 6.400  54  48  54  50  10  60  4:3; GBA 240:160 (Prototyp) - Rand ist unten; [ref]
==== 256x160 16:10
==== 320x160 2:1  // some advertising LED screens
==== 252x162 14:9  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
===L ?x169  // 180-line historical TV
H ?x169  ? 180  4.5000  2.2us 20us 2.2us 1
c VGA NVIDIA 320x175@42.5  416  222  37.8606 + - DS 15.75  16  32  48  16  1  30  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c 320x175@85.27  416  222  37.8606 + - DS 15.750  16  32  48  16  1  30  [link?:refhttps://gathering.tweakers.net/forum/list_messages/599948]
==== 208x176 13:11  // Nokia Series 60 smartphones (Nokia 7650, plus First and Second Edition models only)
==== 220x176 5:4  // older Java MIDP devices like Sony Ericsson K600
==== 264x176 3:2  // small eink displays, 2.7"; Waveshare/PaPiRus hat for raspi
===L 180-line 180p/25  // historical tv; 180-line television system
H ?x169  ? 180  4.5000  2.2us 20us 2.2us 1
====== 240x180 4:3  // thermal camera sensor
=== QVGA 16:9  320x180 16:9  // ISDB-T portable video
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 320x180@59.36  400  187  22.2000 + - DS 8.880  24  16  40  1  3  3  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 320x180@59.84  400  188  22.5000 - + DS 9.000  12  28  40  1  3  4  from EDID
==== 680x180 34:9  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
a SailorSat usermodes 256x184@60.000  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  26  39  13  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== 140x192p 4:3  // TV-as-monitor, low-end; Apple II HiRes (6 color) and Apple IIe Double HiRes (16 color), grouping subpixels
a SailorSat usermodes 240x192@60.000  320  262  15.7200 - - 5.030  16  32  32  24  34  12  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x192@61.167  320  257  15.7198 - - 5.030  16  32  32  22  32  11  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g Sega Master PAL 248x192@50.000  341  312  - - 5.320  22  25  46  50  3  67  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Master System, ColecoVision
g Sega Master NTSC 248x192@60.000  342  262  - - 5.370  22  25  47  29  3  38  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Master System, ColecoVision
==== 256x192 4:3  // TMS9918 (video controller) modes 1 (e.g. TI-99/4a) and 2, ZX Spectrum, MSX, Nintendo DS (each screen)
g Sega Master PAL 256x192@50.000  341  312  - - 5.320  18  25  42  50  3  67  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Master System, ColecoVision
g Sega Master NTSC 256x192@60.000  342  262  - - 5.370  18  25  43  29  3  38  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Master System, ColecoVision
a SailorSat usermodes 256x192@60.000  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  24  34  12  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g Sega Master (NTSC) 256x192@60.080  297  269  16.1616 + + 4.800  6  17  18  26  22  29  4:3; Sega Master System (NTSC); [ref]
ae raspi Sega Master 256x192@60.080  297  269  16.1616 + + 4.800  6  17  18  26  22  29  4:3; Sega Master System (NTSC); [ref]
==== 280x192 ~4:3  // Apple II HiRes (1 bit per pixel)
==== 288x192 3:2  // 0.5x0.5 576x384, 0.25x0.25 1152x768; some advertising LED screens
==== 320x192 5:3  // Atari 400/800 PAL
==== 384x192 2:1  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
==== 480x192 5:2  // some advertising LED screens
==== 560x192  // Apple II, 15.7 kHz, 60 Hz; Apple IIe Double Hires (1 bit per pixel)
==== 160x200  // text 20x25 (char 8x8)
=== CGA 160x200p 4:3  // 4bpp, 16-colors; artifact colors; VIC-II multicolor, IBM PCjr 16-color, Amstrad CPC
a SailorSat usermodes 160x200@59.923  216  263  15.7598 - - 3.404  16  8  32  20  33  10  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 200x200 1:1  // small eink displays, 1.54"
== CGA/EGA/MCGA/VGA 320x200p 4:3  // cga (ffmpeg); TV-as-monitor, typical; also Atari ST (color broadcast standard), Commodore Amiga
== CGA 320x200  // 4 colors from palette of 16 (bg/green/red/brown, bg/cyan/magenta/white), pixel ratio 1:1.2, BIOS mode 4 ; text 40x25 16 color, 8x8 characters, BIOS mode 0 w/o and mode 1 w/ colorburst; can be used with artifact colors ("160x200"); usable with a television
== CGA // 14.318181 xtal, 15.6998 kHz/59.923 Hz
=== EGA // text 40x25, character 8x8
=== Atari // Atari resolution, 4bit "stlow"
====CGA 320x200  // text 40x25 (char 8x8)
== // VESA standard modes 269/15b,270/16b,271/24b; linux kernel vga=0x30d/15b,0x30e/16b,0x30f/24b; VGA BIOS "Mode 13h"/256col, extensively used in games
ch Atari ST 320x200@50/60? 15.75  -?-? 32.084988  calculated from specs; [ref]
Ch CGA 320x200@59.923  912  262  15.6998 + + 14.318  112  64  96  25  3  34  two clocks per visible pixel, otherwise identical to CGA 640x200
Ch CGA 320x200@59.923  912  262  15.6998 + + 14.318  112  64  96  25  16  21  longer vsync, fixed to 16 in original 6845 chip
a arcade monitor 320x200@59.998  392  262  15.7194 - - 6.162  8  29  35  21  3  38  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
c VGA NVIDIA 320x200@85.272  416  222  37.8606 - + DS 15.75  16  32  48  0  2  20  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 360x200@85.038  468  223  37.9274 - + DS 17.75  18  36  54  0  2  21  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
== CGA/EGA 640x200p // 640x200p a common full-NTSC res on Commodore Amiga; also Atari ST (color broadcast standard)
=== CGA // monochrome, 15.75 kHz, 60 Hz; pixel ratio 1:2.4; 80x25 text, 16 colors, 8x8 characters, mode 2 w/o and mode 3 w/ colorburst; graphics BIOS mode 6; can be used with artifact colors
=== EGA // text 8x25, character 8x8; Atari ST 4 color, CGA mono, Amiga OCS NTSC Hires, Apple IIGS HiRes, Nokia Series 80 smartphones
=== Atari ST // 4-of-512 colors, 2bit, "stmid"; 32.084988 xtal, 15.75 kHz horz, 50/60 Hz vert
=== Amiga // Amiga resolution, OCS "ntsc", ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "euro36", "dblntsc"
==== 640x200  // text 80x25 (char 8x8)
Ch CGA 640x200@59.923  912  262  15.6998 + + 14.31818  112  64  96  25  3  34  [ref]
Ch EGA mode 1  640x200@60  15.75  + + 14.31818  see also 640x350, EGA mode 2
ch Atari ST 640x200@50/60? 15.75  -?-? 32.084988  calculated from specs; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 640x200@60.000  856  262  15.7200 - - 13.456  48  72  96  20  32  10  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 1056x200  // text 132x25 (8x8); ATI EGA/VGA Wonder
==== 1188x200  // text 132x25 (9x8)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 360x202@118.31  440  209  24.7273 + - DS 10.880  24  16  40  2  2  3  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 360x202@119.01  448  211  25.1116 - + DS 11.250  12  32  44  2  2  5  from EDID
==== 208x208 1:1  // Nokia 5500 Sport, Nokia 6230i, Nokia 8800
a SailorSat usermodes 240x208@60.000  320  262  15.7200 - - 5.030  16  32  32  18  27  9  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x208@60.000  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  18  27  9  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x208@61.035  344  258  15.7471 - - 5.417  16  40  32  16  26  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 288x208@60.000  384  262  15.7200 - - 6.036  16  48  32  18  27  9  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 320x208 ~3:2  // UIQ 2.x (Symbian) smartphones
==== 544x208  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
==== 752x208 ~32.5:9  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
a SailorSat usermodes 280x210@60.000  376  262  15.7200 - - 5.911  16  48  32  18  25  9  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 256x212 4:3/~1.20 // MSX2, 1983-era Microsoft home computer
==== 512x212 4:3/~2.41 // MSX2, 1983-era Microsoft home computer
==== 810x216 15:4  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
=== Baird TV, 240  1200x220  // historical TV system, mechanically scanned, British
H old TV, 240 Baird 1200x220@25.012  1336  240  6.003  - - 8.020  10  41  85  1  11  8  old British 240-line TV, "Baird"; [ref]
==== 640x222  // stereographic VGA, old standard; 31.5 kHz, 120 Hz
a SailorSat usermodes 224x224@60.606  296  260  15.7576 - - 4.664  16  24  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 232x224@60.000  312  262  15.7200 - - 4.905  16  32  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x224@60.012  320  262  15.7233 - - 5.031  16  32  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x224@60.000  320  262  15.7200 - - 5.030  16  32  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x224@60.606  320  260  15.7576 - - 5.042  16  32  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 256x224 1:1/8:7  // Nintendo Entertainment System, Super Nintendo Entertainment System
g Nintendo PAL 256x224@50  341  312  - - 5.320  13  25  47  36  3  49  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo NES, fix for unused top/bottom 8 lines
g Super Nintendo PAL 256x224@50  341  312  - - 5.320  18  25  42  36  3  49  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES, most commonly used size
g Nintendo 64 PAL 256x224@50  341  312  - - 5.320  18  25  42  36  3  49  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
g Sega Master PAL 256x224@50  341  312  - - 5.320  18  25  42  36  3  49  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Master System, ColecoVision
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@56.738  344  278  15.7730 - - 5.426  16  40  32  18  27  9  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade Xain Sleena 256x224@57  341  276  15.7  - - 5.370  18  25  42  18  3  31  arcade/game modelines; special game-specific mode
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@57.000  344  276  15.7320 - - 5.412  16  40  32  18  25  9  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@57.500  344  274  15.7550 - - 5.420  16  40  32  16  26  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@58.000  344  272  15.7760 - - 5.427  16  40  32  16  24  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@59.000  344  267  15.7530 - - 5.419  16  40  32  14  22  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@59.186  344  266  15.7434 - - 5.416  16  40  32  14  21  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@59.824  344  263  15.7338 - - 5.412  16  40  32  12  21  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g NES, SNES (NTSC) 256x224@59.978  302  265  15.8940 + + 4.800  8  17  21  7  10  24  4:3; NES, SNES (NTSC); [ref]
ae raspi NES/SNES NTSC 256x224@59.978  302  265  15.8940 + + 4.800  8  17  21  7  10  24  4:3; NES, SNES (NTSC); [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@59.998  344  263  15.7795 - - 5.428  16  40  32  12  21  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@59.999  344  263  15.7798 - - 5.428  16  40  32  12  21  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g Nintendo NTSC 256x224@60  341  262  - - 5.370  13  25  47  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo NES, fix for unused top/bottom 8 lines
g Super Nintendo NTSC 256x224@60  341  262  - - 5.370  18  25  42  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES, most commonly used size
g Nintendo 64 NTSC 256x224@60  341  262  - - 5.370  18  25  42  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
g Sega Master NTSC 256x224@60  341  262  - - 5.370  18  25  42  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Master System, ColecoVision
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 256x224@60  341  262  - - 5.370  18  25  42  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
a 256x224@59.514  368  263  15.6522  5.760  32  32  48  11  3  25  horizontal overscan [ref]
a 256x224@59.97  368  261  15.6522 - - 5.760  32  32  48  10  3  24  works [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@60.000  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@60.098  344  262  15.7458 - - 5.417  16  40  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@60.115  344  262  15.7500 - - 5.418  16  40  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@60.176  344  262  15.7661 - - 5.424  16  40  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@60.606  344  260  15.7576 - - 5.421  16  40  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@60.811  344  259  15.7500 - - 5.418  16  40  32  12  17  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x224@61.247  344  257  15.7404  5.415  16  40  32  12  15  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 260x224@59.542  344  265  15.7786 - - 5.428  16  36  32  14  20  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 272x224@60.000  360  262  15.7200 - - 5.659  16  40  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 272x224@60.606  360  260  15.7576 - - 5.673  16  40  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 280x224@60.000  376  262  15.7200 - - 5.911  16  48  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 288x224@59.700  384  264  15.7608 - - 6.052  16  48  32  14  19  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 288x224@60.000  384  262  15.7200 - - 6.036  16  48  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 288x224@60.606  384  260  15.7576 - - 6.051  16  48  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 PAL 304x224@50  405  312  - - 6.327  15  30  56  38  3  47  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
a SailorSat usermodes 304x224@54.000  408  292  15.7680 - - 6.433  16  56  32  22  35  11  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 NTSC 304x224@60  405  262  - - 6.365  15  30  56  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
a SailorSat usermodes 304x224@60.000  408  262  15.7200 - - 6.414  16  56  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 320x224 ~3:2  // Sega Nomad, Neo Geo AES
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 PAL 320x224@50  426  312  - - 6.660  16  31  59  38  3  47  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
a SailorSat usermodes 320x224@57.551  424  274  15.7689 - - 6.686  16  56  32  16  26  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x224@58.970  424  267  15.7450 - - 6.676  16  56  32  14  22  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x224@59.637  424  264  15.7443 - - 6.676  16  56  32  14  19  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat user mode 320x224@59.186  384  264  15.6250 - - 6.000  7  28  29  16  8  16  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
ae raspi 320x224@60.006  404  264  15.8416 + + 6.400  17  33  34  14  8  18  4:3; [ref]
g Sega Genesis (NTSC) 320x224@60.006  404  264  15.8416 + + 6.400  20  29  35  10  14  16  4:3; Sega Genesis (NTSC); [ref]
ae raspi Sega Genesis 320x224@60.006  404  264  15.8416 + + 6.400  20  29  35  10  14  16  4:3; SEGA Genesis (NTSC); [ref]
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 320x224@60  426  262  - - 6.700  16  31  59  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 NTSC 320x224@60  426  262  - - 6.700  16  31  59  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
a SailorSat usermodes 320x224@60.000  424  262  15.7200 - - 6.665  16  56  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x224@60.054  424  262  15.7342 - - 6.671  16  56  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 321x224@60.054  432  262  15.7342 - - 6.797  16  63  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 376x224@60.000  504  262  15.7200 - - 7.923  32  32  64  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 PAL 384x224@50  512  312  - - 8.000  20  37  71  38  3  47  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards, native
ae raspi CapComPlay 1  384x224@53.275  423  284  15.1300 + + 6.400  0  11  28  30  0  30  4:3; CapcomPlaySystem 1; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x224@59.633  512  264  15.7432 - - 8.061  32  32  64  14  19  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 NTSC 384x224@60  511  262  - - 8.040  19  37  71  12  3  23  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards, native
a SailorSat usermodes 384x224@60.000  512  262  15.7200 - - 8.049  32  32  64  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 416x224@60.000  552  262  15.7200 - - 8.677  32  40  64  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x224@59.091  680  267  15.7773 - - 10.729  32  72  64  14  22  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x224@60.000  680  262  15.7200 - - 10.690  32  72  64  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz cust 768x224@60.577  1056  260  15.7500 - - 16.632  72  72  144  3  3  30  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
ae raspi NeoGeo 1920x224@59.187  2599  264  15.6252 + + 40.610  152  247  280  13  8  19  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi 224p@60  1920x224@60.005  2599  262  15.7214 + + 40.860  152  247  280  8  7  23  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi 216p@60  1920x224@60.005  2599  262  15.7214 + + 40.860  152  247  280  8  7  23  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi 192p@60  1920x224@60.005  2599  262  15.7214 + + 40.860  152  247  280  8  7  23  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi SNES 1920x224@60.108  2566  262  15.7482 + + 40.410  160  200  286  9  8  21  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 336x225@59.923  448  263  15.7598 - - 7.060  16  64  32  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 640x225  // Wang Professional Computer, 4-color
ae raspi 386x226@5.074  441  286  1.4512 + + 0.640  10  15  30  30  0  30  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x228@60.202  680  262  15.7729 - - 10.726  32  72  64  12  16  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
ae raspi PC Engine 256x229@61.367  302  259  15.8940 + + 4.800  8  17  21  0  30  0  4:3; PC Engine (twitches on top); [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x230@60  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  10  17  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
ae raspi 260x230@60.101  306  261  15.6863 + + 4.800  8  17  21  7  24  0  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x231@61.035  344  258  15.7471 - - 5.417  16  40  32  8  15  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 292x231@60.096  392  262  15.7452 - - 6.172  16  52  32  10  16  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 224x232@60  296  262  15.7200 - - 4.653  16  24  32  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x232@60  320  262  15.7200 - - 5.030  16  32  32  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 255x232@60  336  262  15.7200 - - 5.282  16  33  32  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x232@58  344  272  15.7760 - - 5.427  16  40  32  14  19  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x232@60  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x232@61.035  344  258  15.7471 - - 5.417  16  40  32  8  14  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x232@58.97  424  267  15.7450 - - 6.676  16  56  32  12  17  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x232@60  424  262  15.7200 - - 6.665  16  56  32  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 496x232@60  664  262  15.7200 - - 10.438  32  72  64  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
ae raspi PCENGINE 1920x232@59.953  2614  262  15.7077 + + 41.060  158  250  286  4  3  23  4:3; [ref]
==== 320x234 ~4:3  // some LCDs on equipment, eg. Rigol DS1052D
====WQVGA* 480x234 ~16:9  // 0.866 PAR; Variant used commonly for portable DVD players, digital photo frames, GPS receivers and devices such as the Kenwood DNX-5120 and Glospace SGK-70; often marketed as "16:9"
ae raspi 480x234@59.164  610  266  15.7377 + + 9.600  29  35  66  4  10  18  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 272x236@60  360  262  15.7200 - - 5.659  16  40  32  8  14  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x236@60  424  262  15.7200 - - 6.665  16  56  32  8  14  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 294x238@60.096  392  262  15.7452 - - 6.172  16  50  32  8  12  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g Super Nintendo PAL 256x239@50  341  312  - - 5.320  18  25  42  29  3  41  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES, less common mode
g Super Nintendo NTSC 256x239@60  341  262  - - 5.370  18  25  42  5  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES, less common mode
a SailorSat usermodes 316x239@60.096  424  262  15.7452 - - 6.676  16  60  32  8  11  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 318x239@57.551  424  274  15.7689 - - 6.686  16  58  32  12  17  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
ae raspi SNES 1920x239@50.018  2592  312  15.6057 + + 40.450  158  200  314  25  6  42  4:3; [ref]
==L 240p // 525 line, NTSC; variant of 480i, each frame sent twice unchanged; see 288p for PAL; common early arcade videogame format
a SailorSat usermodes 223x240@50.000  296  315  15.7500 - - 4.662  16  25  32  24  39  12  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== 240x240 1:1  // Arduino-class TFTs (SPI, own controller), eg. 1.3", 1.54"; Apple iPod Nano 6G
a SailorSat usermodes 240x240@57.000  320  276  15.7320 - - 5.034  16  32  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x240@57.445  320  274  15.7399 - - 5.037  16  32  32  12  16  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz p 240x240@58.795  310  265  15.5806 - - 4.830  12  24  34  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 240x240@58.795  310  265  31.1613 - - DS 9.660  12  24  34  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 240x240@59.998  296  262  15.7196 - - 4.653  8  22  26  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat usermodes 240x240@60.000  320  262  15.7200 - - 5.030  16  32  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 240x240@117.59  310  265  31.1613 - - 9.660  12  24  34  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 248x240@57.000  328  276  15.7320 - - 5.160  16  32  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 248x240@60.000  328  262  15.7200 - - 5.156  16  32  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g Nintendo PAL 256x240@50.004  341  312  15.6012 - - 5.320  13  25  47  30  3  39  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo NES native resolution (60Hz?)
g Sega Mega Drive PAL 256x240@50.004  341  312  15.6012 - - 5.320  13  25  47  30  3  39  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis) (60Hz?)
a SailorSat usermodes 256x240@57.000  344  276  15.7320 - - 5.412  16  40  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x240@57.410  344  274  15.7303 - - 5.411  16  40  32  12  16  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x240@58.000  344  272  15.7760 - - 5.427  16  40  32  10  17  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x240@59.186  344  266  15.7434 - - 5.416  16  40  32  8  14  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade monitor 256x240@60.004  312  262  15.7212 - - 4.905  8  23  25  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat usermodes 256x240@60.000  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g Nintendo NTSC 256x240@60.106  341  262  15.7478 - - 5.370  13  25  47  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo NES native resolution
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 256x240@60.106  341  262  15.7478 - - 5.370  18  25  42  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
g TurboGrafx-16 NTSC 256x240@60.106  341  262  15.7478 - - 5.370  13  25  47  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, TurboGrafx-16, PC-Engine, game console
a SailorSat 15kHz p 256x240@60.436  336  261  15.7738 - - 5.300  16  24  40  4  3  14  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 256x240@60.436  336  261  31.5476 - - DS 10.600  16  24  40  4  3  14  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x240@61.000  344  258  15.7380 - - 5.414  16  40  32  6  9  3  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 256x240@120.87  336  261  31.5476 - - 10.600  16  24  40  4  3  14  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 260x240@60.000  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  36  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 264x240@60.000  352  262  15.7200 - - 5.533  16  40  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 276x240@60.096  368  262  15.7452 - - 5.794  16  44  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 280x240@60.000  376  262  15.7200 - - 5.911  16  48  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade monitor 288x240@60.0  352  262  15.7188 - - 5.533  8  26  30  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 288x240@59.885  368  265  15.8696 - - 5.840  8  32  40  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 288x240@59.885  368  265  31.7391 - - DS 11.680  8  32  40  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 288x240@119.77  368  265  31.7391 - - 11.680  8  32  40  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 292x240@60.096  392  262  15.7452 - - 6.172  16  52  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade monitor 296x240@60.0  368  262  15.7201 - - 5.785  8  27  37  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 296x240@59.941  376  264  15.8245 - - 5.950  8  32  40  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 296x240@59.941  376  264  31.6489 - - DS 11.900  8  32  40  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 296x240@60.000  392  262  15.7200 - - 6.162  16  48  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 304x240@60.000  408  262  15.7200 - - 6.414  16  56  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 319x240@58.000  424  272  15.7760 - - 6.689  16  57  32  10  17  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 296x240@119.88  376  264  31.6489 - - 11.900  8  32  40  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 304x240@60.0  376  262  15.7207 - - 5.911  8  28  36  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 304x240@59.305  396  264  15.6566 - - 6.200  16  32  44  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 304x240@59.305  396  264  31.3131 - - DS 12.400  16  32  44  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 304x240@118.61  396  264  31.3131 - - 12.400  16  32  44  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
=====! 320x240 4:3  // standard small image size; thermal camera sensor; ToF camera sensor
== SDTV NTSC, CGA, QVGA 320x240p 4:3  // qvga (ffmpeg); PC industry standard; small devices, videogames; Arduino-class TFT LCDs (SPI), range of sizes eg. 2.2",2.8",3.2"; half VGA and 4:3 NTSC in each direction; also VGA, "Mode X"
== // iPod Nano, Samsung i5500, LG Optimus L3-E400, Galaxy Fit, Y and Pocket, HTC Wildfire, Sony Ericsson Xperia X10 Mini and mini pro, Nintendo 3DS bottom screen; ISDB-T portable video; first YouTube resolution
g Sega Mega Drive PAL 320x240@50  426  312  15.4930 - - 6.660  16  31  59  30  3  39  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
g Nintendo 64 PAL 320x240@50  426  312  15.4930 - - 6.660  16  31  59  30  3  39  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 PAL 320x240@50  426  312  15.4930 - - 6.660  16  31  59  30  3  39  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
a SailorSat 15kHz p 320x240@59.014  414  264  15.5797 - - 6.450  16  32  46  2  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 320x240@59.014  414  264  31.1594 - - DS 12.900  16  32  46  2  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz p 336x240@59.749  433  264  15.7737 - - 6.830  16  32  49  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@54.878  424  287  15.7499 - - 6.678  16  56  32  16  23  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@56.000  424  281  15.7360 - - 6.672  16  56  32  14  20  7  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
ae raspi 320x240@56.437  405  280  15.8025 + + 6.400  20  30  35  12  12  16  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@57.000  424  276  15.7320 - - 6.670  16  56  32  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@57.551  424  274  15.7689 - - 6.686  16  56  32  12  16  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@58.000  424  272  15.7760 - - 6.689  16  56  32  10  17  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@59.411  424  265  15.7438 - - 6.675  16  56  32  8  13  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@59.000  424  267  15.7530 - - 6.679  16  56  32  8  15  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
c raspi 320x240@59.925  400  267  16.0000 + + 6.400  16  30  34  2  3  22  4:3; pixel clock 1/3 19.2 MHz (below this must be integer div of this) [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@60.000  424  262  15.7200 - - 6.665  16  56  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 320x240@60  426  262  15.7277 - - 6.700  16  31  59  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
g Nintendo 64 NTSC 320x240@60  426  262  15.7277 - - 6.700  16  31  59  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 NTSC 320x240@60  426  262  15.7277 - - 6.700  16  31  59  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 320x240@60.067  400  262  31.4750 - - DS 12.590  8  48  24  5  1  16  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 320x240@60.115  400  262  31.5000 - - DS 12.60  8  48  24  5  1  16  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
a SailorSat usermodes 320x240@61.000  424  258  15.7380 - - 6.673  16  56  32  6  9  3  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 320x240@73  416  260  37.8606 - - DS 15.75  12  20  64  4  1  15  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 320x240@75  420  250  37.5  - - DS 15.75  8  32  60  0  2  8  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 320x240@85  416  254  43.2692 - - DS 18.00  28  28  40  0  2  12  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c raspi 320x240@89.807  408  262  23.5294 + + 9.600  20  30  38  4  3  15  4:3; pixel clock 1/2 19.2 MHz (below this must be integer div of this) [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 320x240@118.03  414  264  31.1594 - - 12.900  16  32  46  2  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
cf Sun GDM20D10  320x240@137.471  584  442  60.7620 + + 35.485  64  160  40  82  3  117  nonstandard, may die soon [ref]
a arcade monitor 321x240@60.0  392  262  15.7  - - 6.162  8  29  34  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a ArcadeVGA 321x240p@59.4  412  264  - - 6.460  15  32  44  2  3  19  ArcadeVGA modeline
====Atari 336x240  // standard Atari resolution
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 336x240@59.749  433  264  31.5473 - - DS 13.660  16  32  49  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
h Atari standard res 336x240@59.930  456  262  15.7108  7.16  34  52  34  3  16  3  Atari standard-resolution monitor, calculated from timings [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 336x240@59.923  448  263  15.7597 - - 7.060  16  64  32  8  11  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 336x240@60.000  448  262  15.7200 - - 7.043  16  64  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade monitor 336x240@60.0  416  262  15.7212 - - 6.540  8  31  41  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 336x240@119.50  433  264  31.5473 - - 13.660  16  32  49  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
===== 352x240 ~3:2  // common low-res security camera sensor resolution, CIF
== CIF/SIF (525) 352x240  // 0.5x0.5 704x480; VideoCD/CD-i; NTSC-standard VCD, superlongplay DVDs; narrow pixels; VCD (MPEG-1), LDTV (e.g. DMB); NTSC CCTV digital video recorder mode
t SDTV NTSC SIF 525  352x240i@30
t SDTV NTSC 352x240p
g TurboGrafx-16 NTSC 352x240@60  469  262  15.7420 - - 7.383  18  34  65  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, TurboGrafx-16, PC-Engine, game console
a SailorSat usermodes 352x240@60.000  472  262  15.7200 - - 7.420  32  24  64  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 352x240@60.054  472  262  15.7343 - - 7.427  32  24  64  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== WQVGA 360x240 3:2  // 0.5x0.5 720x480; NTSC CCTV digital video recorder mode
a SailorSat usermodes 360x240@57.000  480  276  15.7320 - - 7.551  32  24  64  12  18  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 360x240@59.923  480  263  15.7597 - - 7.565  32  24  64  8  11  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 360x240@60.000  480  262  15.7200 - - 7.546  32  24  64  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz p 368x240@59.196  478  264  15.6276 - - 7.470  16  40  54  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 368x240@59.196  478  264  31.2552 - - DS 14.940  16  40  54  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 368x240@60.0  456  262  15.7193 - - 7.168  8  34  46  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 368x240@118.39  478  264  31.2552 - - 14.940  16  40  54  3  3  18  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
====WQVGA 376x240  // iPod Nano 5G
=== WQVGA 384x240 16:10  // doubles to 768x480
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 PAL 384x240@50  512  312  15.6250 - - 8.000  20  37  71  30  3  39  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
a SailorSat usermodes 384x240@57.430  512  274  15.7358 - - 8.057  32  32  64  12  16  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x240@57.500  512  274  15.7550 - - 8.067  32  32  64  12  16  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x240@57.551  512  274  15.7689 - - 8.074  32  32  64  12  16  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x240@60.000  512  262  15.7200 - - 8.049  32  32  64  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a Neo-Geo CPS1/2 NTSC 384x240@60  511  262  15.7339 - - 8.040  19  37  71  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Neo-Gep CPS1 and CPS2 system boards
a SailorSat 15kHz p 392x240@59.898  504  265  15.8730 - - 8.000  16  40  56  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 392x240@59.898  504  265  31.7460 - - DS 16.000  16  40  56  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 392x240@60.0  480  262  15.7208 - - 7.546  8  35  45  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 392x240@119.80  504  265  31.7460 - - 16.000  16  40  56  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
====WQVGA 400x240 5:3  // Nintendo 3DS; Youtube max res for 240 lines; common on Windows Mobile 6 handsets
a SailorSat usermodes 400x240@60.000  536  262  15.7200 - - 8.426  32  40  64  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== NTSC widescreen 426x240 16:9  // second resolution in early Youtube (first was 320x240), current youtube 240p mode
====WQVGA/WCIF 432x240 9:5  // early touchscreens; Hyundai MB 490i, Sony Ericsson Aino, Samsung Instinct, Apple iPod Nano 7G; some videoconferencing
a arcade monitor 448x240@60.0  552  262  15.7192 - - 8.677  8  41  55  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 448x240@60.010  576  265  15.9028 - - 9.160  16  48  64  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 448x240@60.010  576  265  31.8056 - - DS 18.320  16  48  64  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 448x240@120.02  576  265  31.8056 - - 18.320  16  48  64  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
ae raspi 506x240@59.977  618  259  15.5340 + + 9.600  8  48  56  3  10  6  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x240@45.086  680  349  15.7350 - - 10.700  32  72  64  36  55  18  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz p 512x240@59.973  672  265  15.8929 - - 10.680  32  56  72  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 512x240@59.973  672  265  31.7857 - - DS 21.360  32  56  72  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 512x240@60.0  632  262  15.7199 - - 9.935  8  47  65  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat usermodes 512x240@60.000  680  262  15.7200 - - 10.690  32  72  64  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
g TurboGrafx-16 NTSC 512x240@60  683  262  15.7247 - - 10.740  26  50  95  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; videogame, TurboGrafx-16, PC-Engine, game console
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 512x240@119.95  672  265  31.7857 - - 21.360  32  56  72  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
=== HVGA 8:3  640x240 8:3  // some handheld PC devices
a SailorSat usermodes 640x240@59.923  856  263  15.7597 - - 13.490  48  72  96  8  11  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade TV NTSC 640x240@59.939  784  262  15.7041 - - 12.312  22  57  65  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; EDTV progressive
a SailorSat 15kHz p 640x240@59.960  832  265  15.8894 - - 13.220  32  64  96  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 640x240@59.960  832  265  31.7788 - - DS 26.440  32  64  96  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 640x240@59.998  784  262  15.7194 - - 12.324  8  58  78  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat usermodes 640x240@60.000  856  262  15.7200 - - 13.456  48  72  96  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 640x240@119.92  832  265  31.7788 - - 26.440  32  64  96  3  3  19  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 672x240@59.923  896  263  15.7597 - - 14.121  48  80  96  8  11  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
== half-D1 (NTSC) 720x240  // 1x0.5 720x480; noninterlaced variant for 480i; NTSC CCTV digital video recorder mode
a arcade TV NTSC 720x240@60  880  262  - - 13.820  24  65  71  4  3  15  arcade/game modelines; EDTV progressive
====0.19M6  800x240 10:3  // Nintendo 3DS (upper screen in 3D mode: 2x 400x240 5:3, one for each eye)
S VIC=8 240p 1440x240@59.826  1716  262.5  15.734  27.000  4:3  (pixel=4:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=8
S VIC=9 240pH 1440x240@59.826  1716  262.5  15.734  27.000  16:9 (pixel=16:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=9
ae raspi NES 1920x240@50.018  2592  312  15.6057 + + 40.450  158  200  314  23  6  43  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi Sega 1920x240@59.924  2400  262  15.7000 + + 37.680  48  192  240  3  3  16  4:3; Megadrive/Genesis/Master System; [ref]
ae raspi Playstation 1920x240@60.005  2599  262  15.7214 + + 40.860  152  247  280  1  7  14  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi 240p@60  1920x240@60.005  2599  262  15.7214 + + 40.860  152  247  280  3  7  12  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi NES 1920x240@60.110  2564  262  15.7488 + + 40.380  158  200  286  1  8  13  4:3; [ref]
d TV over VGA 2560x240@60  3080  262  15.7201 - - 48.418  72  232  216  6  8  8  stretched aspect ratio, works for MAME; Intel HD Graphic card, laptop onboard [ref]
a GroovyMAME 2560x240@60.004  3328  261  15.6611 - - 52.120  104  248  416  2  3  16  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
S VIC=35 480p4x 2880x240@59.94  3432  262.5  31.469  108.000  pixel quadrupling; 4:3 (pixel=2:9,4:9,8:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=35
S VIC=36 480p4xH 2880x240@59.94  3432  262.5  31.469  108.000  pixel quadrupling; 16:9 (pixel=8:27,16:27,32:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=36
S VIC=12 240p4x 2880x240@60  3432  262.5  15.734  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 4:3 (pixel=1:9-10:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=12
S VIC=13 240p4xH 2880x240@60  3432  262.5  15.734  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 16:9 (pixel=4:27-40:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=13
==== 288x243  // NTSC video authoring, "multicam"
==== 352x243  // 0.5x0.5 704x468; NTSC video authoring
==== 720x243  // 1x0.5 720x468; NTSC video authoring
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 432x243@59.570  512  250  29.7852 + - DS 15.250  24  16  40  1  3  3  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 432x243@59.915  536  253  30.3172 - + DS 16.250  12  40  52  1  3  6  from EDID
ae raspi 512x244@60.015  620  258  15.4839 + + 9.600  22  32  54  3  5  6  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi 6.4MHz p 336x252@50.031  410  312  15.6098 + + 6.400  10  30  34  15  3  42  4:3; 6.4MHz progressive; [ref]
ae raspi Amiga PAL 320x256@49.956  408  314  15.6863 + + 6.400  14  46  28  17  32  9  4:3; Amiga (PAL); [ref]
ae raspi 1068x256@60.006  1212  264  15.8416 + + 19.200  10  62  72  2  4  2  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi 512x320@45.455  640  330  15.0000 + + 9.600  16  48  64  5  5  0  4:3; flickering stressfull for eyes; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 360x245@57.000  480  276  15.7320 - - 7.551  32  24  64  10  16  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x248@60.000  320  262  15.7200 - - 5.030  16  32  32  4  8  2  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 376x248@59.39  504  265  15.7383 - - 7.932  32  32  64  6  8  3  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x248@55.000  512  286  15.7300 - - 8.054  32  32  64  12  20  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a GroovyMAME 2560x248@60.000  3360  269  16.1399 - - 54.230  112  256  432  2  3  16  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
====== 328x250 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, raw size of 320x240
==== 480x250 4:3/48:25 // Teletext and Viewdata 40×25 character screens (PAL non-interlaced)
ae raspi 224p@58.97  1920x250@56.842  2470  276  15.6883 + + 38.750  50  250  250  8  10  8  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x252@56.738  320  278  15.7731 - - 5.047  16  32  32  8  14  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
ae raspi 6.4MHz p 336x252@50.031  410  312  15.6098 + + 6.400  10  30  34  15  3  42  4:3; 6.4MHz progressive; [ref]
ae raspi 254p@53  1920x254@53.205  2600  294  15.6423 + + 40.670  100  320  260  1  3  36  4:3; [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 319x255@61.035  424  258  15.7471 - - 6.677  16  57  32  0  3  0  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 160x256 4:3  // Acorn BBC 20-column modes
a SailorSat usermodes 240x256@56.75  320  278  15.7765 - - 5.048  16  32  32  8  10  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 240x256@60.000  320  262  15.7200 - - 5.030  16  32  32  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 248x256@57.000  328  276  15.7320 - - 5.160  16  32  32  6  11  3  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 256x256 1:1  // Electronika BK (PDP-11 compatible Soviet home computer, also 512x256)
a SailorSat usermodes 256x256@54.744  344  288  15.7664 - - 5.424  16  40  32  10  17  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x256@55.000  344  286  15.7300 - - 5.411  16  40  32  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x256@56.308  344  280  15.7664 - - 5.424  16  40  32  8  12  4  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x256@57.000  344  276  15.7320 - - 5.412  16  40  32  6  11  3  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade monitor 256x256@59.091  320  275  16.2500 - - 5.200  8  24  32  1  3  15  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 256x256@59.496  330  273  16.2424 - - 5.360  12  24  38  1  3  13  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 256x256@59.496  330  273  32.4848 - - DS 10.720  12  24  38  1  3  13  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 256x256@59.996  330  278  16.6788 - - 5.504  12  24  38  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor, visible-retrace fix
a SailorSat usermodes 256x256@59.997  344  263  15.7792 - - 5.428  16  40  32  2  4  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x256@60.000  344  262  15.7200 - - 5.408  16  40  32  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 256x256@76.294  344  328  25.0244 - - 8.608  16  40  32  24  36  12  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 256x256@118.99  330  273  32.4848 - - 10.720  12  24  38  1  3  13  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 304x256@59.000  408  267  15.7530 - - 6.427  16  56  32  4  5  2  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 304x256@60.000  408  262  15.7200 - - 6.414  16  56  32  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== 320x256p 5:4  // TV-as-monitor, high-end; BBC Master 512 (4-color), Acorn BBC 40 column modes, Amiga OCS PAL Lowres; some advertising LED screens
g Amiga (PAL) 320x256@49.956  408  314  15.6863 + + 6.400  14  46  28  17  32  9  4:3; Amiga (PAL); [ref]
ae raspi Amiga PAL 320x256@49.956  408  314  15.6863 + + 6.400  14  46  28  17  32  9  4:3; Amiga (PAL); [ref]
a arcade monitor 320x256@59.100  400  275  16.2525 - - 6.501  8  31  41  1  3  15  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 320x256@59.917  416  268  16.0577 - - 6.680  20  32  44  1  3  8  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 320x256@59.917  416  268  32.1154 - - DS 13.360  20  32  44  1  3  8  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 320x256@60.000  424  262  15.7200 - - 6.665  16  56  32  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 320x256@119.83  416  268  32.1154 - - 13.360  20  32  44  1  3  8  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 321x256@59.992  416  278  16.6779 - - 6.938  19  32  44  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor, visible-retrace fix
====== 336x256 ~4:3  // thermal camera sensor
a SailorSat usermodes 336x256@60.000  448  262  15.7200 - - 7.043  16  64  32  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a arcade monitor 352x256@59.099  440  275  16.2523 - - 7.151  8  34  46  1  3  15  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 352x256@59.697  450  271  16.1778 - - 7.280  16  32  50  1  3  11  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 352x256@59.697  450  271  32.3556 - - DS 14.560  16  32  50  1  3  11  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 352x256@60.000  450  278  16.6800 - - 7.506  16  32  50  1  3  18  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor, visible-retrace fix
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 352x256@119.39  450  271  32.3556 - - 14.560  16  32  50  1  3  11  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
==== 384x256 3:2  // some advertising LED screens
a SailorSat usermodes 384x256@55.018  512  286  15.7350 - - 8.056  32  32  64  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x256@55.000  512  286  15.7300 - - 8.054  32  32  64  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x256@60.107  512  262  15.7480 - - 8.063  32  32  64  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 384x256@60.000  512  262  15.7200 - - 8.049  32  32  64  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz p 400x256@52.419  519  297  15.5684 - - 8.080  16  40  63  12  3  26  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 400x256@52.419  519  297  31.1368 - - DS 16.160  16  40  63  12  3  26  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 400x256@53.003  496  297  15.7419 - - 7.808  8  37  51  11  3  27  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 400x256@104.84  519  297  31.1368 - - 16.160  16  40  63  12  3  26  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
==== 480x256 15:8  // some advertising LED screens
==== 512x256 2:1  // Electronika BK (PDP-11 compatible Soviet home computer, also 256x256), Polyplay (east Germany arcade cabinet)
a SailorSat usermodes 512x256@55.000  680  286  15.7300 - - 10.696  32  72  64  10  15  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x256@60.000  680  262  15.7200 - - 10.690  32  72  64  2  3  1  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== 640x256  // 640x256p; a common PAL hires on Commodore Amiga OCS, "pal"; Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "dblpal"; Apricot F1/FP, BBC Master 512 (b/w), Acorn BBC 80 column modes
a SailorSat 15kHz cust 640x256@59.962  832  268  16.0697 - - 13.370  32  64  96  1  3  8  soft-15kHz, 15kHz custom, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
ae raspi 1068x256@60.006  1212  264  15.8416 + + 19.200  10  62  72  2  4  2  4:3; [ref]
a GroovyMAME 2560x256@58.482  3360  277  16.1994 - - 54.430  112  256  432  2  3  16  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
ae raspi 240p@55.72  1920x260@55.730  2470  277  15.4372 + + 38.130  50  250  250  4  5  8  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi Amiga 1920x262@50.125  2626  313  15.6893 + + 41.200  180  192  334  14  15  22  4:3; [ref]
a arcade monitor 256x264@58.002  320  280  16.2406 - - 5.197  8  24  32  1  3  12  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 256x264@58.317  330  278  16.2121 - - 5.350  12  24  38  1  3  10  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 256x264@58.317  330  278  32.4242 - - DS 10.700  12  24  38  1  3  10  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 256x264@58.995  330  284  16.7545 - - 5.529  12  24  38  1  3  16  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor, visible-retrace fix
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 256x264@116.63  330  278  32.4242 - - 10.700  12  24  38  1  3  10  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz p 352x264@57.257  452  284  16.2611 - - 7.350  13  40  47  1  3  16  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 352x264@57.257  452  284  32.5221 - - DS 14.700  13  40  47  1  3  16  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 352x264@58.003  440  280  16.2409 - - 7.146  8  34  46  1  3  12  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a arcade monitor 352x264@59.002  452  284  16.7566 - - 7.574  13  40  47  1  3  16  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor, visible-retrace fix
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 352x264@114.51  452  284  32.5221 - - 14.700  13  40  47  1  3  16  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz p 632x264@56.751  824  278  15.7767 - - 13.000  32  64  96  1  3  10  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 632x264@56.751  824  278  31.5534 - - DS 26.000  32  64  96  1  3  10  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 632x264@57.001  784  283  16.1314 - - 12.647  8  59  85  1  3  15  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a arcade monitor 632x264@59.00+ 824  284  16.7561 - - 13.807  32  64  96  1  3  16  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor, visible-retrace fix
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 632x264@113.50  824  278  31.5534 - - 26.000  32  64  96  1  3  10  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a GroovyMAME 2560x264@56.84  3360  285  16.1994 - - 54.430  112  256  432  2  3  16  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
==== 400x270 ~3:2  // TurboExpress, late 1990 handheld videogame console
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 480x270@59.802  560  278  33.2500 + - DS 18.620  24  16  40  1  3  4  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 480x270@59.644  608  281  33.5197 - + DS 20.380  16  48  64  1  3  7  from EDID
=== WQVGA/HVGA 480x272 ~16:9  // Arduino TFTs (SPI, own controller), eg. 4.3"; 1% narrower than 16:9; common on small video players, Sony UMD PSP, Zune HD, Neo Geo X; variant of 288p
e DPI LTE430WQ 480x272@59.933  533  288  17.261  - - 9.2000  8  41  4  4  10  2  Samsung LTE430WQ-F0C parallel/DPI panel; de-active=1, pixelclk-active=1; [ref]
a GroovyMAME 2560x272@55.288  3360  293  16.1994 - - 54.430  112  256  432  2  3  16  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
a GroovyMAME 2560x280@53.819  3360  301  16.1994 - - 54.430  112  256  432  2  3  16  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
==L 288p // 625-line, PAL; variant of 576i, each frame sent twice unchanged; see 240p for NTSC; CIF/SIF (625) common early videogame format
==== 288x288  // PAL video authoring, "multicam"
=====! 352x288  // standard small image size
== SIF 625  352x288i@25  // cif (ffmpeg); VCD (MPEG-1), LDTV (e.g. DMB); ISDB-T portable video; DVD recorder EP quality
== CIF/FCIF 352x288 4:3/11:9  // CCITT/ITU H.261 standard; "full CIF", Common Image Format; PAL; VideoCD/CD-i; videoconferencing, H.261, H.263; doubles to 704 pixels, 576 lines
a arcade monitor 352x288@49.997  432  314  15.6991 - - 6.782  8  32  40  3  3  20  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 352x288@51.116  464  312  15.9483 - - 7.400  16  40  56  1  3  20  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 352x288@51.116  464  312  31.8966 - - DS 14.800  16  40  56  1  3  20  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 352x288@102.23  464  312  31.8966 - - 14.800  16  40  56  1  3  20  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
====CIF 360x288  // 0.5x0.5 720x576, 0.5x1 720x288; PAL CCTV digital video recorder mode
== CIF/FCIF 384x288 4:3  // 0.5x0.5 768x576 lines; less common flavor of CIF
a arcade monitor 384x288@49.997  472  314  15.6992 - - 7.410  8  35  45  3  3  20  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 384x288@51.219  496  309  15.8266 - - 7.850  16  40  56  1  3  17  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 384x288@51.219  496  309  31.6532 - - DS 15.700  16  40  56  1  3  17  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 384x288@102.44  496  309  31.6532 - - 15.700  16  40  56  1  3  17  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
ae raspi EmulationStat. 450x288@48.178  615  324  15.6098 + + 9.600  50  30  85  10  1  25  4:3; EmulationStation [ref]
====Atari 512x288  // Atari extended-resolution monitors
ae raspi 512x288@49.669  640  302  15.0000 + + 9.600  16  48  64  3  5  6  4:3; [ref]
a arcade monitor 512x288@49.998  632  314  15.6994 - - 9.922  8  47  65  3  3  20  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 512x288@50.939  672  312  15.8929 - - 10.680  32  56  72  1  3  20  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 512x288@50.939  672  312  31.7857 - - DS 21.360  32  56  72  1  3  20  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
h Atari extended res 512x288@52.939  646  312  16.5170  10.67  42  85  7  3  17  4  Atari extended-resolution monitor, calculated from timings [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 512x288@59.921  592  296  35.4730 + - DS 21.000  24  16  40  1  3  4  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 512x288@60.00+ 648  299  35.8796 - + DS 23.250  20  48  68  1  3  7  from EDID
a SailorSat usermodes 512x288@60.311  680  415  25.0291 - - 17.020  32  72  64  42  64  21  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 512x288@101.88  672  312  31.7857 - - 21.360  32  56  72  1  3  20  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
==== 576x288 2:1  // some advertising LED screens
a arcade monitor 640x288@50.001  784  314  15.7003 - - 12.309  8  58  78  3  3  20  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz p 640x288@50.955  832  309  15.7452 - - 13.100  32  64  96  1  3  17  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz ds 640x288@50.955  832  309  31.4904 - - DS 26.200  32  64  96  1  3  17  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublescan, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz dr 640x288@101.91  832  309  31.4904 - - 26.200  32  64  96  1  3  17  soft-15kHz, 31kHz doublerefresh, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 648x288@50.0  800  314  15.7  - - 12.560  8  59  85  3  3  20  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
==== 688x288  // common videofile 2.35:1 resolution
== HALF D1 (PAL) 720x288  // 1x0.5 720x576; PAL CCTV digital video recorder mode
a arcade TV PAL 720x288@50.001  888  312  15.6002 - - 13.853  21  65  82  2  3  19  arcade/game modelines; EDTV progressive
==== 768x288  // 384x288, 2x pixels
a arcade TV PAL 768x288@49.999  944  312  15.600+ - - 14.726  22  69  85  2  3  19  arcade/game modelines; EDTV progressive
==== 896x288 28:9  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
ae raspi 1010x288@50.033  1250  307  15.3600 + + 19.200  24  96  120  3  10  6  4:3; [ref]
==== 1024x288 32:9  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
==== 1440x288  // 720x288, 2x pixels
S VIC=23 288p 1440x288@50  1728  313  15.625  27.000  4:3  (pixel=8:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=23
S VIC=24 288pH 1440x288@50  1728  313  15.625  27.000  16:9 (pixel=32:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=24
==== 1920x288  // 320x288, 6x pixels
ae raspi Sega 1920x288@49.707  2400  313  15.5583 + + 37.340  48  192  240  6  3  16  4:3; Megadrive/Genesis/Master System; [ref]
ae raspi Playstation 1920x288@50.009  2579  312  15.6029 + + 40.240  132  247  280  3  3  18  4:3; [ref]
ae raspi 256p@55  1920x288@55.001  2600  293  16.1154 + + 41.900  100  320  260  1  3  1  4:3; [ref]
==== 2560x288  // 640x288, 4x pixels
a GroovyMAME 2560x288@52.425  3360  309  16.1994 - - 54.430  112  256  432  2  3  16  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
==== 2880x288  // 720x288, 4x pixels
S VIC=27 288p4x 2880x288@50  3456  313  15.625  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 4:3 (pixel=1:15-10:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=27
S VIC=28 288p4xH 2880x288@50  3456  313  15.625  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 16:9 (pixel=8:45-80:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=28
====QSVGA 400x300 4:3  // small LCD displays; small eink displays, 4.2"; quarter SVGA 800x600; selectable in some PC shooters
c VGA NVIDIA 400x300@56  512  312  35.1562 + + DS 18.00  12  36  64  0  1  11  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 400x300@56.340  512  312  35.1562 + + DS 18.000  12  36  64  0  1  11  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 400x300@60.317  528  314  37.8788 + + DS 20.000  20  64  44  0  2  12  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 400x300@60  528  314  37.8788 + + DS 20.00  20  64  44  0  2  12  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 400x300@72  520  333  48.0769 + + DS 25.00  28  60  32  18  3  12  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 400x300@75  528  312  46.875  + + DS 24.75  8  40  80  0  2  10  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 400x300@85  524  315  53.7214 + + DS 28.15  16  32  76  0  2  13  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
====Amiga 800x300  // Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "super72"; Wang Professional Computer, 1bpp
==== 720x304  // 2.35:1 videofile resolution
c VGA NVIDIA 416x312@75  576  333  49.7222 - - 28.64  16  32  112  0  2  19  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 320x320 1:1  // Palm (PDA) HiRes, Samsung Galaxy Gear
=====! 480x320 3:2  // standard small image size
=== HVGA 3:2  480x320 3:2  // Arduino-class TFT LCDs (SPI); many early cellphones, first 3 gens of iPod Touch, iPhone; Sony PSP; Texas Instruments picoprojector; Palm Tungsten T3, Apple iPhone, HTC Dream, Palm (PDA) HiRES+
e RGB HX8357  480x320@48.01  554  376  - - 10.0000  60  8  6  40  12  4  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P666; [ref]
ae raspi 512x320@45.455  640  330  15.0000 + + 9.600  16  48  64  5  5  0  4:3; flickering stressfull for eyes; [ref]
====0.2M2:1  640x320 2:1  // Nokia Series 90 smartphones (7700, 7710)
==== 720x334  // Orchid Graphics Adapter, very early PC monochromegraphics card
==== 1056x336  // text 132x28 (8x12)
==== 1188x336  // text 132x28 (9x12)
==== 272x340 4:5  // Apple Watch 38mm
=== Mac Mono 512x342 3:2  // 1st-gen Apple Mac - MAC CL, MAC SE, 9"; TTL signals
cf Macintosh Classic 512x342@60.147  704  370  22.2545 - - 15.6672  14  288 -110  0  4  24  TTL hsync,vsync,data; data must be H when inactive [ref] [ref] [ref]
cf Macintosh Classic 512x342@60.147  704  370  22.2545 - - 15.6672  14  178  0  0  4  24  hsync hanging into video can be apparently ignored; TTL hsync,vsync,data; data must be H when inactive [ref]
==== 696x344 ~2:1  // some advertising LED screens (Blip)
==== 1056x344  // text 132x43 (8x8)
==== 1188x344  // text 132x43 (9x8)
==== 800x345 ~21:9  // smartphones, LG New Chocolate BL40 4"
====== 464x348 4:3  // thermal camera sensor
==== 640x348  // text 80x43 (char 8x8)
====HGC 720x348  // text 80x25 (char 9x14), 90x29 (8x12), 90x43 (8x8)
=== HGC 720x348  // Hercules Graphics Card, graphics mode; introduced in 1982, sharp monochrome; 64kB RAM, 16.000 MHz xtal; emulates MDA, can exist alongside VGA/EGA cards for dual screen
=== // 18.141 kHz/49.84 Hz textmode, 18.519 kHz/50.32 Hz in graphics; pixel ratio 1:1.55 on 4:3 monitor; 80x25 text with 7x11 chars padded to 9x14
Ch Hercules original 720x348@50.322  864  368  16.000  calculated from crystal and parameters
ch Hercules 720x348@42.099  784  356  14.9872  11.750  8  24  32  0  0  8  for old Hercules Mono cards, 3.1.1 XFree server [ref]
ch Hercules 720x348@59.94  800  525  31.4688  25.175  -48  96  32  142  2  33  for old Hercules Mono cards, 3.1.1 XFree server [ref]; line 720 but frontporch starts on 672???
====EGA 320x350  // text 40x25 (char 8x14)
==== 360x350  // IBM 3270 PC, 4-color; IBM 3270 PC, b/w
====EGA 640x350  // text modes 80x25 (8x14 char), 80x43 (8x8 chars, 640x344)
== EGA 640x350p // ega (ffmpeg); 4bpp; EGA adapters have 16.257 MHz pixclock, 21.850 kHz, 60 Hz, +horz, TTL video, -vert, pixel 1:1.37; VGA 1, 31.5 kHz, 70 Hz; HP 12", 25.5 kHz, 60 Hz
Ch EGA mode 2 ("hires") 640x350@60.030  744  364  21.850  + - 16.257  40  80  24  13  see also 640x200, EGA mode 1; pixel 1:1.37 on 4:3 screen
c VGA 640x350@70  EGA compatible on VGA display
C VGA 640x350@70.086  800  449  31.4688 + - 25.175  16  96  48  37  2  60  [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 640x350@85  832  445  37.8606 + - 31.50  32  64  96  32  3  60  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 640x350@85  832  445  37.9  + - 31.5  32  64  96  32  3  60  MHi modelines table
C VESA 640x350@85.080  832  445  37.8606 + - 31.50  32  64  96  32  3  60  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool; [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 640x350@85.08  832  445  37.8606 + - 31.500  32  64  96  32  3  60  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_640X350P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  640x350@85.08  832  445  37.8606 + - 31.500  32  64  96  32  3  60 
==== 720x350  // text 80x25 (9x14 char)
== MDA 720x350 4:3  // Monochrome Display Adapter, original standard of IBM PC/XT with 4kB video RAM (80x25 text-mode only with bright/underlined/blink/reverse, PC mode 7, characters 7x11 padded to 9x14); Orchid Graphics Adapter (1982); Hercules in text mode
=== // 16.257MHz crystal, 18.432 kHz/49.82 Hz freq (cf. 18.432 kHz/49.82 Hz for Hercules text), TTL video
Ch MDA 720x350@49.951  882  369  18.4320  16.257  9  135  18  1  16  2  [ref]
Ch Hercules 720x350@49.951  882  369  18.4320 + - 16.257  9  135  18  1  16  2  [ref]
Ch Hercules text 720x350@49.837  882  364? 16.000  calculated from crystal and parameters
cf IBM 5151 monitor 720x350@50.087  882  368  18.4320 + - 16.257  16  130  16  1  16  1  can be killed with wrong hsync (smokes flyback), too long vsync (overheats transistors); theoretical [ref]
c VGA 720x350@70  900  449  28.322  18  108  54  36  2  MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch); IBM Monochrome Display Adapter
==== 792x350  // text 132x25 (char 6x14)
==== 792x350  // text 132x28 (char 6x13)
==== 1056x350  // text 132x25 (8x14)
==== 1188x350  // text 132x50 (9x14)
====0.15M13:11  416x352 13:11  // Nokia Series 60 smartphones (E60, E70, N80, N90)
==== 624x352  // 640x360 nHD encoding alternative for digital video, only one padded line stored but does not scale so well to HD
==== 640x352  // common videofile 16:9 resolution
==== 720x352  // text 80x25 (9x11 char), 80x44 (9x8)
====0.28M2.273  800x352 25:11  // Nokia E90 Communicator
==== 1056x352  // text 132x44 (8x8)
==== 1188x352  // text 132x44 (9x8)
=====! 480x360 4:3  // standard small image size; camera sensors; thermal imagers
=== HVGA 4:3, "360p" 480x360 4:3  // 360p; uncommon, early low-mid smartphones, intermediate res for 1990's videogames
=====! 640x360 16:9  // standard image size
== nHD, "wide 360p" 640x360 16:9  // 1/9 of 1080p fullHD, 1/4 of 720p HD; not an even multiple of 16x16 macroblock, decoded to 640x368 and cropped; Youtube base resolution, "360p"
== // video-on-demand base SD standard; ad-hoc standard for intermediate-quality/CDR-sized MPEG4 files on P2P networks
== // Nokia 5800, Nokia 5530, Nokia X6, Nokia N97, Nokia N8
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x360@59.325  800  374  22.1875 + - 17.750  48  32  80  3  5  6  from EDID
c CVT 0.23M9-R 640x360@59.320  800  374  22.19  + - 17.750  48  32  80  3  5  6  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x360@59.835  720  370  44.2778 + - DS 31.880  24  16  40  1  3  6  from EDID
c CVT 0.23M9  640x360@59.840  800  376  22.50  - + 18.000  24  56  80  3  5  8  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x360@59.840  800  376  22.5000 - + 18.000  24  56  80  3  5  8  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x360@59.855  832  374  44.7716 - + DS 37.250  32  64  96  1  3  10  from EDID
====HGC 720x360  // text 90x45 (char 8x8); some cellphones
==== 760x360
==== 780x360
====0.26M3  720x364 4:3  // Apple Lisa
==== 1056x364  // text 132x28 (8x13)
==== 1188x364  // text 132x28 (9x13)
====== 464x368 ~5:4  // thermal camera sensor
==L 375-line 375/? // historical tv, Germany
==== 667x375
=== 377i 664x377i@25 5:4  // 405-line TV, two channels; video+audio on 45.0/41.5 MHz or 62.25/58.75 MHz
H old TV, 405-line 664x377i@25  800  405  10.1  - - 8.100  8  82  46  1  12  15  old British 405-line TV; [ref]
H old TV, 405-line 664x377i@25  800  405  10.1  - - 8.100  16  72  48  1  7  20  old British 405-line TV; [ref]
H 405-line, another 664x376i@25.062  800  404  10.1250 - - 8.100  16  72  48  2  6  20  [ref]
==L 383i 441/50i // historical tv, USA; 441-line television system
H 441-line tv, "383i" ?x383  ? 441  11.025  1us 9us 6.3us
a SailorSat usermodes 488x384@58.000  648  431  24.9980 - - 16.199  32  64  64  16  23  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat user mode 496x384@57.524  656  424  24.3902 - - 16.000  45  69  46  7  25  8  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 496x384@58.000  664  431  24.9980 - - 16.599  32  72  64  16  23  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz cust 496x384i@30.002  672  527  15.8110 - - 10.625  30  64  82  21  35  87  soft-15kHz, 15kHz custom, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 25kHz p 496x384@60.000  620  416  24.9600 - - 15.475  12  62  50  2  5  25  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 496x384@60.000  664  417  25.0200 - - 16.613  32  72  64  12  15  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 508x384@59.952  680  417  25.0000 - - 17.000  32  76  64  12  15  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== Apple Mac II 512x384 4:3  // 1/4 of later XGA; Apple Mac II (24.5 kHz, 60 Hz); Macintosh LC (12")/Color Classic (also selectable in many PC shooters); very common videofile resolution for 4:3
=== Atari // Atari medium-resolution and VGA20 monitors
a SailorSat 25kHz p 512x384@59.959  600  410  24.5833 - - 14.750  8  48  32  4  3  19  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 512x384@60.00+ 624  416  24.9599 - - 15.575  8  62  42  1  5  26  arcade/game modelines; fixed 25kHz hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat usermodes 512x384@60.000  680  417  25.0200 - - 17.014  32  72  64  12  15  6  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 512x384@60.004  672  403  48.3631 - - DS 32.500  12  68  80  1  3  15  from EDID
h Atari medium res 512x384@60.096  640  416  25.0000  16.000  64  51  13  5  25  2  Atari medium-resolution monitor, calculated from timings [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x384@60.096  680  416  25.0000 - - 17.000  32  72  64  10  17  5  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 512x384@60  672  403  48.3631 - - 32.50  12  68  80  1  3  15  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 512x384@70  664  403  56.4759 - - 37.50  12  68  72  1  3  15  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
h Atari VGA20  512x384@70.102  634  450  31.5457  20.000  80  34  8  6  29  31  Atari VGA20 monitor, calculated from timings [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 512x384@75  656  400  60.061  + + DS 39.40  8  48  88  0  2  14  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 512x384@85  688  404  68.6773 + + DS 47.25  24  48  104  0  2  18  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 512x384i@43.5  632  408  35.5222 + + DS 22.45  4  88  28  0  4  20  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 560x384  // Mac 12", 24.5 kHz, 60 Hz
====== 576x384  // some lab CCD cameras, CCD sensors, eg. TH7883
=== 576x384 3:2  // 0.5x0.5 1152x768; anamorphic 4:3, common SDTV-class video file resolution; composite-video resolution limit of Sony PS3; some advertising LED screens (incl.Blip)
c VGA NVIDIA 576x384@55  736  403  44.1576 + + DS 32.50  13  68  79  1  3  15  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 640x384 15:9  // analog video; some advertising LED screens; e-ink, Waveshare 7.5"
c VGA NVIDIA 640x384@60  840  397  47.7024 + + DS 40.07  32  68  100  0  2  11  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 680x384@59.806  888  399  47.7252 - + DS 42.380  36  68  104  1  5  9  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 684x384@59.845  764  395  47.2775 + - DS 36.120  24  16  40  1  5  5  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 684x384@59.875  892  399  47.7803 - + DS 42.620  36  68  104  1  5  9  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 680x384@59.960  760  395  47.3684 + - DS 36.000  24  16  40  1  5  5  from EDID
==== 800x384  // some old cellphones
==== 312x390 4:5  // Apple Watch 42mm
===== 584x390  // CCD sensor, TI 4849
==== 720x392  // text 90x28 (char 8x14)
==== 1056x392  // text 132x28 (8x14)
==== 1188x392  // text 132x28 (9x14)
==== 851x393
==== 1056x398  // text 132x44 (8x9)
==== 1188x398  // text 132x44 (9x9)
=== Amiga,MCGA,VGA 320x400  // MCGA text 40x25 (char 8x16); VGA "tweak mode", 320x400, 256-color; Atari ST 4 color, CGA mono, Amiga OCS NTSC Hires, Apple IIGS HiRes, Nokia Series 80 smartphones
====VGA 360x400  // text 40x25 (char 9x16)
====== 400x400 1:1  // CMOS camera sensor; CameraCube chip, with processor
a SailorSat 25kHz cust 512x400@57.00  640  435  24.7950 - - 15.869  64  64  0  4  4  27  soft-15kHz, 25kHz custom, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x400@60.000  680  417  25.0200 - - 17.014  32  72  64  6  8  3  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 528x400  // common videofile 4:3 resolution
== VGA 640x400 4:3/16:10 // Atari ST, high-res, custom noninterlaced monitor, 71.25Hz; Commodore Amiga full NTSC interlaced; PowerBook internal panel
== // VESA standard modes 256/256col, nonstd 289/15b,290/16b,291/24b,292/32b; linux kernel vga=0x300/256col,0x321/15b,0x322/16b,0x323/24b, nonstd 804/32b
== // VGA 2, 31.5 kHz, 70 Hz
=== EGA extended // with more memory
=== Atari ST // monochrome, 1bit, "sthigh"; 32.084988 xtal, 35.7 kHz horz, 71.2 Hz vert, 1V p-p on rgb/sync lines; Amiga OCS NTSC Hires interlaced
=== Amiga // Amiga resolution, OCS "ntsc-lace", ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "euro36-lace","dblntsc-ff","vga70"
====MCGA 640x400  // text 80x25 (char 8x16), 80x50 (8x8)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x400@59.882  840  415  49.7024 - + DS 41.750  36  64  100  1  3  11  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x400@59.982  720  411  49.3056 + - DS 35.500  24  16  40  1  3  7  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 640x400@60  840  414  49.6786 + + DS 41.73  32  68  100  0  2  12  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA 640x400@70  old default BIOS/MSDOS booting screen
C VGA 640x400@70.086  800  449  31.4688 + - 25.175  16  96  48  12  2  35  [ref]; differs in vert front/back porch from 640x350
ch Atari ST 640x400@71.158? 900  501? 35.6500 -?-? 32.084988  calculated from specs; [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 640x400@85  832  445  37.8606 - + 31.50  32  64  96  1  3  41  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 640x400@85  832  445  37.9  - + 31.5  32  64  96  1  3  41  MHi modelines table
C VESA 640x400@85.08  832  445  37.8606 - + 31.500  32  64  96  1  3  41  common X11 modelines
C VESA 640x400@85.08  832  445  37.8606 - + 31.50  32  64  96  1  3  41  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool; [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 640x400@85.08  832  445  37.8606 - + 31.500  32  64  96  1  3  41  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_640X400P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  640x400@85.08  832  445  37.8606 - + 31.500  32  64  96  1  3  41
=== VGA 720x400 4:3  // CRT text for VGA, nonsquare pixels, original VGA @70; PC BIOS boot resolution (80x25 text, 9x16 characters); some video encodings
====VGA 720x400  // text 80x25 (char 9x16)
d HP P1230 monitor 720x400@70.032  898  450  31.5145  28.300  28  48  102  1  4  45  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
S! Est., VGA/IBM 720x400@70.082  900  449  31.4667 - + 28.322  18  108  54  13  2  34  Established Timing; [ref]
c VGA 720x400@70  900  449  28.322  18  108  54  11  2  MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
c VGA VESA 720x400@85  936  446  37.9  - + 35.5  36  72  108  1  3  42  MHi modelines table
c VESA 720x400@85  936  446  37.9274 - + 35.50  36  72  108  1  3  42  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 720x400@85  936  446  37.9274 - + 35.50  36  72  108  1  3  42  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
S DMT (v4l2) 720x400@85.039  936  446  37.9274 - + 35.500  36  72  108  1  3  42  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_720X400P85
S! DMT v1.0 r11, Est. 720x400@85.039  936  446  37.9274 - + 35.500  36  72  108  1  3  42  Established Timing
C VESA 720x400@85.039  936  446  37.9274 - + 35.500  36  72  108  1  3  42  common X11 modelines; [ref]
==== 800x400  // Apricot PC/Xi, Apricot Xen; Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "super72-lace"
==== 1056x400  // text 132x50 (8x8)
==== 1188x400  // text 132x50 (9x8), 132x25 (9x16)
==== 1280x400  // text 160x50 (8x8)
=====! 1280x400 32:10  // standard image size
a GroovyMAME 2560x400i@29.999  3320  521  15.6295 - - 51.890  104  240  416  42  5  74  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
===L 405-line TV 664x377i@25 5:4  // 405-line TV, two channels; video+audio on 45.0/41.5 MHz or 62.25/58.75 MHz; British historical; see 377i
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 720x405@58.988  880  419  24.7159 + - 21.750  48  32  80  3  5  6  from EDID
c CVT 0.29M9-R 720x405@58.99  880  419  24.12  + - 21.75  48  32  80  3  5  6  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 720x405@59.506  896  422  25.1116 - + 22.500  24  64  88  3  5  9  from EDID
c CVT 0.29M9  720x405@59.91  896  422  25.11  - + 22.50  24  64  88  3  5  9  x86 extramodes
==== 752x410  // text 94x29 (8x14); ATI EGA Wonder, 16-color; Everex EV-659 or EV-657-1, 16-color; Video 7 Vega Deluxe, 4-color
==== 560x416  // common videofile 4:3 resolution
a GroovyMAME 2560x416i@29.999  3320  521  15.6295 - - 51.890  104  240  416  34  5  66  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
==== 752x420  // Maxlogic MaxVGA, 16-color
===== 512x424  // Kinect v2 depth camera (color one has 1920x1080)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 576x432@60.064  760  447  53.6974 - + DS 40.810  32  60  92  0  2  13  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 576x432@75  800  450  67.5 DS + + DS 54.00  32  64  128  0  2  16  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 576x432@85  784  455  77.4872 + - DS 60.75  32  64  112  0  2  21  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 768x432 16:9
a GroovyMAME 2560x432i@29.999  3320  521  15.6295 - - 51.890  104  240  416  26  5  58  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
===L 441i ?x441  // historical
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 256x448i@29.996  341  525  15.7478 - - 5.370  18  25  42  24  5  48  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 320x448i@29.958  426  525  15.7277 - - 6.700  16  31  59  24  5  48  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
g Super Nintendo PAL 512x448i@24.999  681  625  15.6241 - - 10.640  36  50  83  72  6  99  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES, less common mode
g Nintendo 64 PAL 512x448i@24.999  681  625  15.6241 - - 10.640  36  50  83  72  6  99  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
a SailorSat 15kHz i 512x448i@29.931  672  527  15.7738 - - 10.600  30  56  74  21  3  55  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
g Super Nintendo NTSC 512x448i@29.952  683  525  15.7247 - - 10.740  36  51  84  24  6  47  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES, less common mode
g Nintendo 64 NTSC 512x448i@29.952  683  525  15.7247 - - 10.740  36  51  84  24  6  47  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
a arcade monitor 512x448i@30.000+ 632  524  15.7199 - - 9.935  8  47  65  19  6  51  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 31kHz p 512x448@59.891  672  527  31.5625 - - 21.210  30  56  74  21  3  55  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x448@60.000  680  525  31.5000 - - 21.420  32  72  64  26  38  13  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 1188x448  // text 132x28 (9x16)
a GroovyMAME 2560x448i@29.999  3320  521  15.6295 - - 51.890  104  240  416  18  5  50  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
==== 640x450  // Cirrus 510/512 chipset
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 700x450@59.880  780  463  55.4487 + - DS 43.250  24  16  40  1  5  7  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 700x450@59.964  924  467  56.0065 - + DS 51.750  40  72  112  1  5  11  from EDID
==== 720x450 16:10
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 720x450@59.887  952  467  55.9349 - + DS 53.250  40  76  116  1  3  13  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 720x450@60  956  473  56.9247 + + DS 54.42  16  204  16  9  4  10  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 800x450 16:9
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 800x450@59.825  880  463  55.3977 + - DS 48.750  24  16  40  1  3  9  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 800x450@59.941  1056  467  55.9848 - + DS 59.120  48  80  128  1  3  13  from EDID
a arcade TV NTSC 5:4  570x456i@29.970  768  525  15.7344 - - 12.084  51  57  90  16  6  47  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC
a arcade TV NTSC 4:3  608x456i@29.970  824  525  15.7342 - - 12.965  55  61  100  16  6  47  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC
a arcade TV NTSC 640x456i@29.969  864  525  15.7338 - - 13.594  58  64  102  16  6  47  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC
a arcade TV NTSC 720x456i@29.971  976  525  15.7346 - - 15.357  65  72  119  16  6  47  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC
a arcade TV NTSC 16:9  812x456i@29.970  1096  525  15.7345 - - 17.245  73  81  130  16  6  47  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC
a arcade TV NTSC 1024x456i@29.970  1384  525  15.7341 - - 21.776  93  102  165  16  6  47  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC
a SailorSat usermodes 480x464@60.000  640  525  31.5000 - - 20.160  32  64  64  20  31  10  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==== 640x464  // some advertising LED screens
a GroovyMAME 2560x464i@29.999  3320  521  15.6295 - - 51.890  104  240  416  10  5  42  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
====VGA 720x473  // text 80x43 (9x11 char); Realtek RTVGA
==== 640x475  // text 80x25 (char 8x19)
==== 720x476  // text 80x34 (9x14 char); WG90C
g Super Nintendo PAL 512x478i@24.999  681  625  15.6241 - - 10.640  36  50  83  58  6  83  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES
g Super Nintendo NTSC 512x478i@29.952  683  525  15.7247 - - 10.740  36  51  84  10  6  31  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo SNES
==L 480i,480p ?x480  // visible scanlines in 525-line systems; NTSC
g Sega Mega Drive PAL 256x480i@25.009  341  625  15.6305 - - 5.330  13  25  47  60  5  80  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 256x480i@29.996  341  525  15.7478 - - 5.370  18  25  42  8  5  32  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
=== Atari, videogames // horz half 640x480; Atari resolution, 8bit "ttlow"
g Sega Mega Drive PAL 320x480i@25.014  426  625  15.6338 - - 6.660  16  31  59  60  5  80  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
g Sega Mega Drive NTSC 320x480i@29.958  426  525  15.7277 - - 6.700  16  31  59  8  5  32  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis)
=== CVD NTSC 352x480 4:3,16:9  // CVD (China Video Disc), NTSC, 480i@29.97; DVD 4:3; NTSC 480i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
t SDTV NTSC 352x480i@29.97  525  - - 6.75  CVD, China Video Disc; DVD
t EDTV NTSC 352x480p@59.94  525  - - 13.5
==== 360x480  // Cirrus 510/520/5320; VGA "tweak" mode, 360x480, 256-color
=== SVCD NTSC 480x480 4:3,16:9  // SVCD (MPEG2) NTSC, 480i@29.97; SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
t SDTV NTSC 480x480i@29.97  572  525  - - 9  10.7  SVCD (MPEG2)
t EDTV NTSC 480x480p@59.94  572  525  - - 18
a SailorSat usermodes 480x480@60.000  640  525  31.5000 - - 20.160  32  64  64  16  21  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a mame.ini 480x480@60.095  600  525  31.5500 - - 18.930  16  72  32  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a SailorSat usermodes 496x480@60.000  664  525  31.5000 - - 20.916  32  72  64  16  21  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
a mame.ini 496x480@59.982  624  525  31.4904 - - 19.650  16  72  40  11  2  32  from mame.ini
==== 512x480  //
a mame.ini 512x480@59.877  648  525  31.4352 - - 20.370  16  80  40  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a SailorSat usermodes 512x480@60.000  680  525  31.5000 - - 21.420  32  72  64  16  21  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
=== SDTV/EDTV 528x480  // NTSC 480i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
t SDTV NTSC 528x480i@29.97  525  - - 9.9
t EDTV NTSC 528x480p@59.94  525  - - 19.8
=== SDTV/EDTV 544x480  // NTSC 480i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
t SDTV NTSC 544x480i@29.993  643  525  15.7465 - - 10.125  12
t EDTV NTSC 544x480p@59.987  643  525  31.4930 - - 20.25  12
a mame.ini 544x480@60.050  688  525  31.5262 - - 21.690  24  80  40  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 576x480@59.942  728  525  31.4698 - - 22.910  24  88  40  11  2  32  from mame.ini
====0.29M4  600x480 5:4  // some older monitors
=====! 640x480 4:3  // standard image size; common small image sensors, 0.3 MPix, security cameras, VGA/4CIF; thermal camera sensors; camera sensors with processors, CameraCube
=====! // raspi camera (v1, OV5647, 4x4 binning, mode 6 42.1-60 fps, mode 7 60.1-90 fps; v2 IMX219, 2x2 binning, mode 7 40-90 fps partial FoV)
== VGA 640x480 4:3  // vga (ffmpeg); VESA 0.31M3, "square pixel NTSC"; "VGA resolution", very common; Apple Mac II @67; Professional Graphics Controller @60 (1984); MCGA (monochrome); 8514/A p@60
== // VESA standard modes 257/256col,272/15b,273/16b,274/24b, nonstd 297/32b; linux kernel vga=0x301/256col,0x310/15b,0x311/16b,0x312/24b, nonstd 809/32b
== // VGA, 31.5 kHz, 60 Hz, common; VESA, 37.9 kHz, 72 Hz; Mac 13/14", 35.0 kHz, 67 Hz, common; standard NTSC SDTV, 4:3 only (see 720x480, 848x480); PAL/NTSC CCTV digital video recorder mode
== SDTV NTSC // NTSC 480i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
=== EGA extended // with more memory
=== Atari // Atari resolution, 1bit "vga2", 2bit "vga4", 4bit "ttmid","vga16", 8bit "vga256"
=== Amiga // Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "multiscan","euro72","vga"
==== 640x480  // text 80x60 (char 8x8), 80x30 (8x16)
g Nintendo 64 PAL 640x480i@25.014  852  625  15.6338 - - 13.320  32  62  118  60  5  80  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
H old SDTV 640x480i@25.05  792  624  15.6313 - - 12.380  19  58  75  52  6  86  [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz i 640x480i@29.768  836  526  15.6579 - - 13.090  32  64  100  1  2  43  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
t SDTV NTSC 640x480i@29.97  780  525  - - 12.27  14.5  4:3 square
a GroovyMAME 640x480i@29.944  832  521  15.6010 - - 12.980  24  64  104  2  5  34  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
a SailorSat 31kHz p 640x480@59.649  836  525  31.3158 - - 26.180  32  64  100  6  3  36  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 640x480i@29.999  784  524  15.7194 - - 12.324  8  58  78  3  6  35  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
t EDTV NTSC 640x480p@59.923  780  525  31.4615 - - 24.54  14.5  4:3 square
t "ATSC-480-59.94p" 640x480p@59.940  760  525  31.4684  23.916  24  72  24  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
S! VIC=1 DMT0659  640x480@59.94  800  525  31.469  25.175  Established Timing; "DMT0659" timing standard; 4:3 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; Industry Standard
S DMT+CEA861 (v4l2) 640x480@59.94  800  525  31.4688 - - 25.175  16  96  48  10  2  33  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_640X480P59_94; HAS_CEA861_VIC; hdmi_mode=1; Established Timing
T EIA/CEA-861B 640x480@59.94  800  525  31.4688 - - 25.175  16  96  48  10  2  33  [ref]
c nGA 640x480@59.94  800  525  31.469  - - 25.175  16  96  48  10  2  33  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
d Toshiba TW40x81  640x480@59.947  1112  563  33.7500 + + 37.530  197  64  211  36  9  38  [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x480@59.952  800  525  31.4750 - - 25.180  16  96  48  10  2  33  from EDID
a mame.ini 640x480@59.995  808  525  31.4975 - - 25.450  24  96  48  11  2  32  from mame.ini
t standard NTSC video 640x480i@29.914  784  525  15.7347 - - 12.336  22  58  64  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC, general purpose, square pixels
a SailorSat tv 640x480i@30.001  784  526  15.7806 - - 12.372  16  64  64  9  6  31  soft-15kHz, TV, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
g Nintendo 64 NTSC 640x480i@29.958  852  525  15.7277 - - 13.400  32  62  118  8  5  32  arcade/game modelines; videogame, Nintendo 64
t "ATSC-480-60p" 640x480p@60.000  760  525  31.5000  23.94  24  72  24  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
e 18bit parallel LCD 640x480@59.94  800  525  31.47  - - 25.1750  24  96  40  11  2  32  dtdi; hsync-active=0, vsync-active=0, pixel-active=0, de-active=1; standard VGA timing; from imx7-colibri-eval-v3.dtsi; [ref]
c VGA 640x480@60  800  525  25.175  16  96  48  11  2  31  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE; default old Windows mode
c VGA 640x480@60  800  525  - - 25.175  16  96  48  9  2  MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
c VGA 640x480@60  800  525  - - 25.175  16  96  48  10  2  33  MHi modelines table
e many LPC processors 640x480@60.401  800  521  31.4688 + + 25.175  16  96  48  10  2  29  [ref]
c VESA 640x480@60  800  525  31.475  - - 25.18  16  96  48  10  2  33  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
C industry standard 640x480@60.00  800  525  31.5000 - - 25.200  16  96  48  10  2  33  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?
C VGA industry standard 640x480@60  800  525  31.5  - - 25.2  16  96  48  10  2  33  MHi modelines table
T! EIA/CEA-861B 640x480@60  800  525  31.5000 - - 25.200  16  96  48  10  2  33  [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 640x480@60  800  525  31.5  - - 25.20  16  96  48  10  2  33  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
e nVidia example 640x480@60  800  525  - - 25.2000  16  96  48  10  2  33  nvidia,h-ref-to-sync=1, nvidia,v-ref-to-sync=1; [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 640x480@60  800  525  31.5000  25.200  25  43  92  1  4  40  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA 640x480@60.00  784  503  39.780  - - 24.823  24  48  72  1  3  19  fb.modes, VIA
t HDTV EDID 640x480@60  800  525  31.4625 - - 25.17  16  96  48  10  2  33  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Toshiba 50H81  640x480p@60  856  525  - - 26.964  64  64  88  6  6  33  MythTV modelines, device-specific
a SailorSat usermodes 640x480@60.000  856  525  31.5000 - - 26.964  48  72  96  16  21  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
d NEC LCD1960NX 640x480@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 - - 108.000  688  112  248  545  3  38  from EDID; same clock and overall resolution for all modes, size by porches
c VGA NVIDIA 640x480@60  900  500  60  + + DS 54.00  48  56  156  0  2  18  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x480@60.000  900  500  60.0000 + + DS 54.000  48  56  156  0  2  18  from EDID
e LVDS on Tegra 640x480@60.987  737  579  31.469  - - 25.176  48  16  33  1  96  2  Colibri-T30 board; [ref]
l Thinkpad X61 lower 640x480@61.99  800  498  24.70  16  64  80  1  3  14
S DMT v1.0 r11  640x480@63.086  784  509  32.1110 - - 25.175  8  96  40  2  2  25  nominal @60 Hz; STD (31 40)h; discrepancy?
cf IBM 6091-19  640x480@66.138  960  504  66.6667 - - DS 64.000  88  128  104  2  2  20  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
C VGA/MAC 640x480@66.6667  864  525  35.0000  30.24  64  64  96  1  3  Established Timing; MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
S! Est., Apple/Mac 640x480@66.6667  864  525  35.0000 - - 30.240  64  64  96  3  3  39  Established Timing; [ref]
d Apple Preforma Plus 640x480@67.001  848  524  35.1085  29.772  40  64  104  13  3  28  [ref]
t "ATSC-480-71.93p" 640x480p@71.927  760  525  37.7618  28.699  24  72  24  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "ATSC-480-72p" 640x480p@72.000  760  525  37.8000  28.728  24  72  24  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
c "VGA 3" 640x480@72  832  520  31.5  24  40  128  9  3  28  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VGA 640x480@72  832  520  31.5  24  40  128  7  3  30  MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
c "VESA 2"? 640x480@72  832  520  37.9  - - 31.5  24  40  128  9  2  29  MHi modelines table
c VGA 640x480@72.12  832  520  37.5  - - 31.2  24  40  128  9  3  28  fb.modes, ATI
C "VESA 2"? 640x480@72.809  832  520  37.8606 - - 31.500  24  40  128  9  2  29  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?; VGA [ref]
S! DMT (v4l2) 640x480@72.809  832  520  37.8606 - - 31.500  24  40  128  9  3  28  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_640X480P60
c VESA 640x480@73  832  520  37.8606 - - 31.50  24  40  128  9  3  28  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 640x480@73  832  520  37.8606 - - 31.50  24  40  128  9  2  29  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA/IBM 640x480@75  800  525  31.05  16  96  48  9  2  34  MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
c VGA 640x480@75  800  525  31.5  16  96  48  11  2  32  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
S! DMT (v4l2) 640x480@75.000  840  500  37.5000 - - 31.500  16  64  120  1  3  16  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_640X480P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  640x480@75.000  840  500  37.5000 - - 31.500  16  64  120  1  3  16  STD (31 4F) non-CVT compliant
S DMT v1.0 r11  640x480@76.593  816  504  38.6029 - - 31.500  16  40  120  1  3  20  nominal @72 Hz; STD (31 4C); discrepancy?
C VESA 640x480@75.00  840  500  37.5000 - - 31.500  16  64  120  1  3  16  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?; VESA [ref]
C VGA VESA 640x480@75.00  840  500  37.5  - - 31.5  16  64  120  1  3  16  MHi modelines table
C VESA 640x480@75  840  500  37.5  - - 31.50  16  64  120  1  3  16  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 640x480@75.00  840  500  37.5  - - 31.50  16  64  120  1  3  16  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA 640x480@75.00  37.5  - - 31.5  16  64  120  1  3  16  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
c VGA 640x480@85  832  509  43.2692  36  32  48  112  1  3  25  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VESA 640x480@85  832  509  43.2692 - - 36.00  56  56  80  1  3  25  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA VESA 640x480@85  832  509  43.3  - - 36.0  56  56  80  1  3  25  MHi modelines table
c VGA 640x480@85.00  832  509  43.269  - - 36  56  56  80  1  3  25  fb.modes, VIA
c VGA NVIDIA 640x480@85  832  509  43.2692 - - 36.00  56  56  80  1  3  25  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
C VESA 640x480@85.008  832  509  43.2692 - - 36.000  56  56  80  1  3  25  common X11 modelines
C SXGA (Mode 101) 640x480@85.008  832  509  43.2692 - - 36.000  56  56  80  1  3  25  SXGA [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 640x480@85.008  832  509  43.2692 - - 36.000  56  56  80  1  3  25  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_640X480P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  640x480@85.008  832  509  43.2692 - - 36.000  56  56  80  1  3  25  STD (31 59) non-CVT compliant
d NEC LCD1850E 640x480@85.008  832  509  43.2692 - - 36.000  56  56  80  1  3  25  [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 640x480@85.111  831  509  43.3213  36.000  30  51  110  1  3  25  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 640x480@85  864  505  85.9375 + + DS 74.25  32  80  112  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d iMac display 640x480@87.352  864  530  46.2963 - - 40.000  32  96  96  8  6  36  [ref]
cf Sun GDM20D10  640x480@89.999  1096  670  60.2993 + + 66.088  104  160  192  76  3  111  [ref]
c VGA 640x480@90.00  832  533  47.969  - - 39.91  32  40  120  14  14  25  fb.modes, ATI
c VGA 640x480@99.71  848  531  52.948  - - 44.9  32  128  48  22  12  17  fb.modes, ATI
c VGA GTF 640x480@100  848  509  50.9  - + 43.16  40  64  104  1  3  25  MHi modelines table
C VESA 640x480@100.00  848  509  50.8998 + + 43.163  40  64  104  1  3  25  common X11 modelines; [ref]
c VGA 640x480@100.00  848  509  50.900  + + 43.163  40  64  104  1  3  25  fb.modes, VIA
d Apple iMac 640x480@116.65  832  514  59.9591 + + 49.886  21  64  107  1  3  30  [ref]
d Apple iMac G3  640x480@116.68  832  514  59.9760 + + 49.900  17  64  111  1  3  30  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  640x480@118.07  832  509  60.0962 + + 50.000  8  48  136  1  3  25  [ref]
c VGA 640x480@120.00  848  515  61.800  +?+? 52.406  40  64  104  1  3  31  fb.modes, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 640x480@160.17  864  534  85.5324  73.900  35  60  129  2  4  48  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
===== 704x480  // analog security cameras, D1/4CIF
=== NTSC525  704x480 4:3,16:9  // 720x480, with 8 pixels on each side blanked; for digitizing analog SDTV to avoid loss on sides
=== // DVD 4SIF 525 4:3; DVD D1 NTSC 4:3,16:9; NTSC 4SIF 525 480i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
t NTSC525  704x480i@29.970  858  525  15.7343 - - 13.500  24  63  67  6  6  33  MythTV modelines, NTSC525 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
t SDTV NTSC 4SIF 525  704x480i@29.970  858  525  15.7343 - - 13.500  16  4:3, 720x480 with 1st/last 8 pixels blanked; DVD
t EDTV NTSC 4SIF 525  704x480p@59.940  858  525  31.4685 - - 27.000  16  4:3, 720x480 with 1st/last 8 pixels blanked; DVD
a mame.ini 704x480@59.996  888  525  31.4977 - - 27.970  24  104  56  11  2  32  from mame.ini
=====! 720x480  // standard image size; analog security cameras, D1/4CIF
====VGA 720x480  // text 80x30 (9x16 char), 80x60 (9x8); Realtek RTVGA
==== 720x480  // DV NTSC source size; 4:3 square pixel size 720x528, 16:9 square pixel size 864x480
== WVGA 3:2/NTSC 480i 720x480 3:2  // CCIR-601 standard NTSC, digital 525/60 video, 13.5 MHz sampling (see also 768x483); also NTSC525; standard DVD/Blu-Ray resolution (4:3, anamorphic 16:9); NTSC CCTV digital video recorder mode; used in video postprodution
== DV NTSC // CCIR/Rec. 601 sampling: 0/255 encodes sync, black=16, white=235, 720 luma and 360 chroma samples per line; D-1 NTSC 480i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
=== // Commodore Amiga max NTSC res; standard NTSC DV resolution; see 848x480 for 16:9
a SailorSat 15kHz i 720x480i@29.967  928  525  15.7328 - - 14.600  32  72  104  6  3  36  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
t "ATSC-480-59.94i" 720x480i@29.970  760  525  15.7342  11.958  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "ATSC-480a-59.94i" 720x480i@29.970  760  525  15.7342  11.958  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
T CCIR-601 sampling 720x480i@29.970  858  525  15.7343  13.5000
T SDTV NTSC D-1 PAL 720x480i@29.970  858  525  15.7342 com 13.5  16  [122] 3  3  16  CCIR-601 sampling standard; 4:3, most common; D-1 NTSC; DVD; VFP/VBP may also be 3.5/16.5; vertical values for half-field
T NTSC525  720x480i@29.970  858  525  15.7342 - - 13.5  16  63  59  6  6  33  MythTV modelines, NTSC525 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
t "NTSC-DVD-59.94i" 720x480i@29.970  858  525  15.7342  13.5  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
t "NTSC-DVD-59.94i" 720x480i@29.971  856  525  15.7348  13.469  40  56  40  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
a arcade monitor 720x480i@29.999  888  524  15.7196 - - 13.959  8  66  94  3  6  35  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat tv 720x480i@29.967  928  525  15.7328 - - 14.600  32  72  104  6  3  36  soft-15kHz, TV, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a NeoGeo linedouble 720x480@59.18  858  528  31.2471 - - 26.810  16  62  60  9  6  33  "MVS_240p_x2" , test of display, 264 lines become 528 when linedoubled [ref]
a PAL Saturn 60Hz 720x480@59.37  858  526  31.2284 - - 26.794  16  62  60  9  6  31  "PAL_Saturn_240p_x2", test of display, PAL Saturn in 60Hz mode, 59.37 Hz vert [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz p 720x480@59.923  928  526  31.5194 - - 29.250  32  72  104  6  3  37  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade TV EDTV 720x480@59.939  1128  525  31.4681 - - 35.496  62  167  179  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC EDTV progressive
t "ATSC-480-59.94p" 720x480@59.940  760  525  31.4684  23.916  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "ATSC-480a-59.94p" 720x480@59.940  760  525  31.4684  23.916  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "NTSC-DVD-59.94p" 720x480p@59.940  856  525  31.4685  26.937  40  56  40  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
S VIC=2 480p 720x480@59.940  858  525  31.4685  27.000  4:3  (pixel=8:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=2
S VIC=3 480pH 720x480@59.940  858  525  31.4685  27.000  16:9 (pixel=32:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=3
S CEA861 (v4l2) 720x480@59.940  858  525  31.4685 - - 27.000  16  62  60  9  6  30  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_720X480P59_94; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_PICTURE_ASPECT,HAS_CEA861_VIC
T EIA/CEA-861B 720x480@59.940  858  525  31.4685 - - 27.000  16  62  60  9  6  30  [ref]
t "NTSC-DVD-59.94p" 720x480@59.940  858  525  31.4685  27.0  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
t EDTV NTSC D-1 PAL 720x480p@59.940  858  525  31.4685 - - 27  16  4:3, common
t HDTV EDID 720x480@59.940  858  525  31.4685 - - 27.00  16  62  60  9  6  30  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Benq PE7700  720x480@59.94* 858  525  31.4685 - - 27.000  16  62  60  9  6  30  4:3; projector; from EDID
d Benq PE7700  720x480@59.94* 858  525  31.4685 - - 27.000  16  62  60  9  6  30  16:9; projector; from EDID
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 720x480@59.94* 858  525  31.4685 - - 27.000  16  58  64  9  6  30
d Toshiba 52HL167  720x480@59.94  858  525  - - 27.00  16  62  60  9  6  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Toshiba TW40x81  720x480@59.947  944  563  33.7500 + + 31.860  82  56  86  35  22  26  [ref]
t "ATSC-480a-60i" 720x480i@30.000  760  525  15.7500  11.97  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "NTSC-DVD-60i" 720x480i@30.000  856  525  15.7500  13.482  40  56  40  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t HDTV EDID 720x480i@30.027  858  524  15.7343 - - 13.50  19  62  57  8  6  30  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
t "NTSC-DVD-60i" 720x480i@30.001  858  525  15.7506  13.514  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
t no-scaling NTSC video 720x480i@29.970  880  525  15.7341 - - 13.846  24  65  71  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC, CCIR-601, avoids 720-to-640px scaling artefacts
a arcade TV NTSC 720x480i@29.970  880  525  15.7341 - - 13.846  24  65  71  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC
t "ATSC-480-60p" 720x480@60.000  760  525  31.5000  23.94  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "ATSC-480a-60p" 720x480@60.000  760  525  31.5000  23.94  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "NTSC-DVD-60p" 720x480p@60.000  856  525  31.5000  26.964  40  56  40  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "NTSC-DVD-60p" 720x480@60.000  858  525  31.5000  27.027  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
T EIA/CEA-861B 720x480@60.000  858  525  31.5000 - - 27.027  16  62  60  9  6  30  [ref]
e many LPC processors 720x480@60.000  858  525  31.5000 + + 27.027  16  62  60  9  6  30  [ref]
c VGA VIA 720x480@60.24  896  498  30.000  +?+? 26.880  16  72  88  1  3  14  fb.modes, VIA
S CEA861 (v4l2) 720x480i@31.343  858  502  15.7343 - - 13.500  19  62  57  4  3  15 4 3 16 linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_720X480I59_94; HALF_LINE,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_PICTURE_ASPECT,HAS_CEA861_VIC
t "NTSC-DVD-71.93p" 720x480p@71.93  856  525  32.324  40  56  40  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "NTSC-DVD-71.93p" 720x480@71.93  858  525  32.4  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
t "ATSC-480-71.93p" 720x480@71.93  760  525  28.699  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
t "NTSC-DVD-72p" 720x480p@72  856  525  32.357  40  56  40  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "NTSC-DVD-72p" 720x480@72  858  525  32.432  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
t "ATSC-480-72p" 720x480@72  760  525  28.728  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
S VIC=48 480p119  720x480@119.88* 858  525  62.9371  54.000  4:3  (pixel=8:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=48 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=49 480p119H 720x480@119.88* 858  525  62.9371  54.000  16:9 (pixel=32:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=49 vfreq=119.88/120
t "NTSC-DVD-119.88p" 720x480@119.880  858  525  62.9371  54.0  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
t "ATSC-480-119.88p" 720x480@119.880  760  525  62.9368  47.832  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
t "NTSC-DVD-120p" 720x480@120.000  858  525  63.0000  54.054  16  64  58  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, DVD ModePool
t "ATSC-480-120p" 720x480@120.000  760  525  63.0000  47.88  24  72  24  4  8  33  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
S VIC=56 480p239  720x480@239.76  858  525  125.874  108.000  4:3  (pixel=8:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=56
S VIC=57 480p239H 720x480@239.76  858  525  125.874  108.000  16:9 (pixel=32:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=57
===== 752x480 47:30  // ~14:9; CMOS camera sensor, some with processor
=== WVGA 16:10  768x480 16:10  // VESA 0.37MA; common resolution of LCD projectors
a arcade TV PAL-M 768x480i@29.969  936  525  15.7340 - - 14.727  26  69  73  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL-M (PAL mode with NTSC timings)
a SailorSat usermodes 768x480@60.000  1024  525  31.5000 - - 32.256  48  112  96  16  21  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
e RGB LG LP097X02  768x480@93.720  2084  512  47.9846 - - 100.0000  260  320  480  16  10  6  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
=====! 800x480 5:3  // standard image size
=== WVGA 5:3  800x480 5:3  // "European widescreen" (also 1280x768); projectors; common touchscreen TFT panels (arduino, raspi); common Android devices
e DPI LCD, TI DRA722  800x480@28.86  1056  525  15.15  - - 16.000  210  30  16  22  13  10  dra72-evm.dts; pixelclk-active=1, de-active=1
e RGB/SPI TJ048NC01CA 800x480@48.40  941  505  - - 23.0000  20  1  120  4  1  20  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888, needs init?; [ref]
e RGB HL070VM 800x480@48.70  1056  525  - - 27.0000  40  10  206  10  10  25  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e RGB TD043MGEA 800x480@48.70  1056  525  - - 27.0000  40  10  206  10  10  25  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_2, OUT_P888; [ref]
e RGB HSD070IDW1  800x480@58.15  832  496  - - 24.0000  12  10  10  8  4  4  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_2, OUT_P888; [ref]
e LVDS HSD070IDW1  800x480@58.16  832  496  - - 24.0000  12  10  10  8  4  4  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_2, needs init; [ref]
e RGB I30  800x480@58.22  976  528  - - 30.0000  40  48  88  13  3  32  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P666; [ref]
e LVDS/RGB SK616  800x480@59.35  1057  526  - - 33.0000  210  1  46  22  1  23  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888, has dsp_lut; [ref]
e LVDS (CVT) 800x480@59.48  992  500  29.74  - + 29.50  24  72  96  3  10  7  Colibri VFX board; [ref]
e RGB WY 800x480@59.52  1056  525  - - 33.0000  210  30  16  22  13  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P666; [ref]
e RGB/SPI ILI9803  800x480@59.74  874  498  - - 26.0000  60  8  6  4  2  12  dclk_pol=1, OUT_P666; [ref]
e RGB TFT 800x480@59.74  874  498  - - 26.0000  60  6  8  4  2  12  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e RGB YQ70CPT9160  800x480@59.86  1050  525  - - 33.0000  210  30  10  22  13  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
a mame.ini 800x480@59.993  1016  525  31.4961 - - 32.000  32  120  64  11  2  32  from mame.ini
e Raspi DSI LCD 800x480@60  849  510  -?-? 25.9794  1  2  46  7  2  21  TC358762XBG DSI-DPI bridge; Raspberry Pi firmware, with HFP=1 plugged in and clock re-computed from that; [ref]
c VGA VIA 800x480@60.00  992  500  29.7379 +?+? 29.500  24  72  96  3  7  10  fb.modes, VIA
e LVDS TP070C01  800x480@60.257  1063  523  31.5146  33.500  164  10  89  10  10  23  AcmepointTP070C01; [ref]
e LVDS TP070C01  800x480@60.257  1063  523  31.5146 - - 33.500  164  10  89  10  10  23  [ref]
e TTL LW700AT9901  800x480@60.257  1063  523  31.5146 - - 33.500  164  10  89  10  10  23  [ref]
e RGB NT35580  800x480@61.30  804  487  - - 24.0000  2  1  1  2  1  4  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888, needs init; [ref]
e LVDS NT35510  800x480@63.41  820  500  - - 26.0000  8  4  8  8  4  8  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888, needs init; [ref]
e RGB CPTclaa038la31xe 800x480@64.06  830  489  - - 26.0000  10  10  10  3  3  3  dclk_pol=0, OUT_P666, needs init; RK29 phone SDK; [ref]
e RGB HSD800X480  800x480@67.16  936  525  - - 33.0000  40  8  88  32  3  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e RGB HDMI 800x480@67.66  929  525  - - 33.0000  40  88  1  13  29  3  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e RGB AT070TN93  800x480@84.42  1056  525  - - 46.8000  210  10  36  22  10  13  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
===== 848x480 16:9  // security camera sensors, 480p; GoPro Hero 4 480p
=== W-PAL/WVGA 848x480 16:9  // wide-PAL; VESA 0.41M9, PDP standard; plasma displays; common Android devices; for 16:9 HDTV set (720x480 for 4:3); 480p
c VGA VIA 848x480@60.00  1056  500  29.830  + + 31.5  24  80  104  3  5  12  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT (v4l2) 848x480@60  1088  517  31.0202 + + 33.750  16  112  112  6  8  23  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_848X480P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  848x480@60.000  1088  517  31.0202 + + 33.750  16  112  112  6  8  23 
=== FWVGA/WVGA 16:9  852x480 16:9  // wvga (ffmpeg); hd480 (ffmpeg); plasma displays, EDTV display panels; 480p
a arcade TV EDTV 852x480i@29.969  1033  525  15.7338 - - 16.253  21  75  85  6  6  33  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC EDTV
a arcade TV EDTV 852x480@59.940  1336  525  31.4686 - - 42.042  74  197  213  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; TV NTSC EDTV progressive
====WVGA 16:9  853x480 ~16:9
=== FWVGA/WVGA 16:9  854x480 ~16:9  // anamorphically unsqueezed NTSC DVD widescreen; projectors; Full WVGA; LCD/plasma TV format, common for cellphones in 2010; common Android devices
=== // several flavors - 848x480, 852x480, 856x480
=== FWVGA/WVGA 16:9  856x480 16:9
d LuckyGold 42PX3RV 856x480@59  1064  505  31.7  40  88  80  1  9  15  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VIA 856x480@60.00  1064  497  29.820  + + 31.728  16  88  104  1  3  13  fb.modes, VIA
a mame.ini 856x480@60.000  1080  525  31.5000 - - 34.020  32  128  64  11  2  32  from mame.ini
d Toshiba TW40x81  856x480@60.252  1088  563  33.9219 - - 36.907  82  24  126  32  31  20  [ref]
===== 864x480 9:5  // standard image size
==== 864x480  // 16:9 square pixel size of 720x480 source size, DV NTSC
t SDTV NTSC 864x480i@29.97  525  - - 16.375
t EDTV NTSC 864x480p@59.94  525  - - 32.75
a mame.ini 864x480@59.996  1088  525  31.4982 - - 34.270  32  128  64  11  2  32  from mame.ini
==== 888x400p 1.85:1  // unscaled/Academy format 480p
d Toshiba 50H81  880x480@59.947  1104  563  + + 37.26  64  104  56  26  14  43  MythTV modelines, device-specific; in540p
==== 912x480  // text 114x60 (char 8x8)
=====! 960x480 2:1  // analog security cameras, 960H
t SDTV NTSC 960x480i@29.970  1144  525  15.7343 - - 18.000  21.5  16:9, most common
t EDTV NTSC 960x480p@59.940  1144  525  31.4685 - - 36.000  21.5  16:9, common
a mame.ini 960x480@59.997  1208  525  31.4983 - - 38.050  32  144  72  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 992x480@59.994  1256  525  31.4968 - - 39.560  40  152  72  11  2  32  from mame.ini
==== 1024x480  // text 128x30 (char 8x16)
a mame.ini 1024x480@59.994  1296  525  31.4969 - - 40.820  40  152  80  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a SailorSat usermodes 1024x480@60.000  1368  525  31.5000 - - 43.092  64  152  128  16  21  8  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
d Sony PCG C1VE 1024x480@86.363  1344  560  48.3631 - - 65.000  8  144  168  8  6  66  [ref]
a mame.ini 1056x480@59.994  1336  525  31.4970 - - 42.080  40  160  80  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1088x480@59.997  1368  525  31.4985 - - 43.090  40  160  80  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1120x480@59.997  1408  525  31.4986 - - 44.350  40  168  80  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1152x480@59.997  1448  525  31.4986 - - 45.610  40  168  88  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1184x480@59.995  1496  525  31.4973 - - 47.120  48  176  88  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1200x480@60.003  1512  525  31.5013 - - 47.630  48  176  88  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1216x480@59.995  1536  525  31.4974 - - 48.380  48  184  88  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1248x480@59.995  1576  525  31.4975 - - 49.640  48  184  96  11  2  32  from mame.ini
=====! 1280x480 24:9  // standard image size
==== 1280x480  // wide image, or double-pixel 640x480
a arcade HDTV 720p 1280x480i@29.969  1560  525  15.7340 - - 24.545  43  115  122  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling
a mame.ini 1280x480@59.995  1616  525  31.4975 - - 50.900  48  192  96  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1296x480@60.002  1632  525  31.5012 - - 51.410  48  192  96  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1312x480@59.998  1648  525  31.4988 - - 51.910  48  192  96  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1344x480@59.996  1696  525  31.4976 - - 53.420  48  200  104  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1376x480@59.996  1736  525  31.4977 - - 54.680  48  208  104  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1392x480@60.002  1752  525  31.5011 - - 55.190  48  208  104  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1408x480@59.996  1776  525  31.4977 - - 55.940  56  208  104  11  2  32  from mame.ini
==== 1440x480  // 720x480, doubled pixels
t HDTV EDID 1440x480i@25  1716  524  15.7343 - - 27.00  38  124  114  8  6  30  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
T EIA/CEA-861B 1440x480i@29.97  1716  525  15.7343 - - 27.000  38  124  114  9  6  30  [ref]
S VIC=6 480i 1440x480i@29.97  1716  525  15.734  27.000  4:3  (pixel=8:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=6
S VIC=7 480iH 1440x480i@29.97  1716  525  15.734  27.000  16:9 (pixel=32:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=7
T EIA/CEA-861B 1440x480@59.94  1716  525  31.4685 - - 54.000  32  124  120  9  6  30  [ref]
S VIC=14 480p2x 1440x480@59.94  1716  525  31.469  54.000  pixel doubling; 4:3 (pixel=4:9,8:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=14
S VIC=15 480p2xH 1440x480@59.94  1716  525  31.469  54.000  pixel doubling; 16:9 (pixel=16:27,32:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=15
T EIA/CEA-861B 1440x480i@30  1716  525  15.7500 - - 27.027  38  124  114  9  6  30  [ref]
T EIA/CEA-861B 1440x480@60  1716  525  31.5000 - - 54.054  32  124  120  9  6  30  [ref]
a mame.ini 1440x480@60.004  1824  525  31.5022 - - 57.460  56  216  112  11  2  32  from mame.ini
S VIC=50 480i59  1440x480i@59.94* 1716  525  31.469  54.000  4:3  (pixel=16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=50 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=51 480i59H 1440x480i@59.94* 1716  525  31.469  54.000  16:9 (pixel=64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=51 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=58 480i119  1440x480i@119.88  1716  525  62.937  108.000  4:3  (pixel=8:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=58
S VIC=59 480i119H 1440x480i@119.88  1716  525  62.937  108.000  16:9 (pixel=32:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=59
a mame.ini 1472x480@60.004  1864  525  31.5021 - - 58.720  56  224  112  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1504x480@59.996  1896  525  31.4979 - - 59.720  56  224  112  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1536x480@59.996  1936  525  31.4979 - - 60.980  56  232  112  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1600x480@59.996  2016  525  31.4980 - - 63.500  56  240  120  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1664x480@60.004  2104  525  31.5019 - - 66.280  64  248  128  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1728x480@59.996  2176  525  31.4982 - - 68.540  64  256  128  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1792x480@59.997  2256  525  31.4982 - - 71.060  64  264  136  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1824x480@59.997  2296  525  31.4983 - - 72.320  64  272  136  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1856x480@60.003  2344  525  31.5017 - - 73.840  72  280  136  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a arcade HDTV 1080i 1920x480i@30  2344  525  15.7342 - - 36.881  65  173  186  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling, rescale vertical to half to avoid interlacing scaling issues
a arcade HDTV 1080p 1920x480i@30  2344  525  15.7342 - - 36.881  65  173  186  8  6  31  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling (misnomer? should be i)
a GroovyMAME 2560x480i@29.999  3320  521  15.6295 - - 51.890  104  240  416  2  5  34  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
==== 2880x480  // 720x480, quadrupled pixels
S VIC=10 480i4x 2880x480i@29.97  3432  525  15.734  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 4:3 (pixel=2:9-20:9); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=10
S VIC=11 480i4xH 2880x480i@29.97  3432  525  15.734  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 16:9 (pixel=8:27-80:27); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=11
=== 768x483  // SMPTE 244M standard, NTSC; 4f(sc) sampling of 525/60 video; non-square pixels; 4x color subcarrier samplerate 14.318182 MHz
T 4f(sc) sampling 768x483i@29.970  910  525  15.7343  14.318182  see also 720x480
t "NTSC-59.94i" 768x483i@29.971  912  525  15.7346  14.35  40  56  48  2  6  34  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "NTSC-59.94p" 768x483p@59.939  912  525  31.468  28.699  40  56  48  2  6  34  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
====== 648x484 ~4:3  // CCD image sensor, CMOS image sensor
====== 768x484 192:121  // ~16:10; CCD image sensor
===L 567-line ?x485  // historical tv; 567-line television system, proposal of Philips of the Netherlands, experimental, not deployed; theoretical res 740x485
==== 768x485  // variant on 768x483, 4f(sc) sampling; see 768x483
==L 486i,486p // variant on 480i,480p; less cutoff of overscan
==== 320x486  // approx. resolution of NTSC VHS, Betamax
==== 380x486  // approx. resolution of NTSC Betamax Superbeta
==== 440x486  // approx. resolution of NTSC
==== 580x486  // approx. resolution of NTSC LaserDisc
=====! 712x486  // some inspection cameras
==== 712x486 4:3  // Clean Aperture area for 4:3D1 NTSC
t NTSC525  712x486i@29.97  858  525  15.7  - - 13.5  24  63  59  6  6  27  MythTV modelines, NTSC525 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
=== D1 NTSC 720x486  // video postprodution; D1 NTSC source size; 4:3 square pixel size 720x534, 16:9 square pixel size 872x486
=== // 525/59.94i uses 270 Mbit/s SDI link, SMPTE 259M-C; see 720x576 for PAL
==== 768x486 4:3  // uses 143 Mbit/s SMPTE 259M-A SDI line, obsolete
c CVT 0.42M9-R 864x486@59.57  1024  500  29.79  + - 30.50  48  32  80  3  5  6  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 864x486@59.57  1024  500  29.7852 + - 30.500  48  32  80  3  5  6  from EDID
c CVT 0.42M9  864x486@59.92  1072  506  30.32  - + 32.50  24  80  104  3  5  12  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 864x486@59.915  1072  506  30.3172 - + 32.500  24  80  104  3  5  12  from EDID
==== 872x486  // 16:9 square pixel size of 720x486 source size, D1 NTSC
==== 960x486 16:9  // 525i/59.94, format for 360 MBit/s SDI, SMPTE 259M-D
== 720x487  // BT.656 resolution, SDI
S SDI (v4l2) 720x487i@31.132  857  506  15.7526 + - 13.500  16  121  0  0  19  0 0 19 0 linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_SDI_720X487I60; FIRST_FIELD_EXTRA_LINE
====== 648x488 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
====== 780x488 ~16:10  // CCD image sensor
==== 1280x490  // IBM PowerPC 4, 63.6 kHz, 120 Hz (stereoscopic?)
====== 656x488 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, some with onboard processor
====== 656x492 4:3  // CMOS image sensor, some with onboard processor
====== 672x492 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
==== 1280x492  // Stereographics SGI, 63.9 kHz, 120 Hz
d SGI GDM20E21  1280x492@120  1680  532  63.8393 - - 107.250  40  120  240  3  3  34  from EDID
====== 656x496 ~4:3  // CCD image sensor; CMOS image sensor, some with onboard camera
a GroovyMAME 664x496i@29.489  872  539  15.8945 - - 13.860  32  64  112  3  5  35  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
a GroovyMAME 664x496i@29.978  872  539  16.1583 - - 14.090  32  64  112  3  5  35  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
a GroovyMAME 2560x496i@29.999  3360  539  16.1696 - - 54.330  112  256  432  3  5  35  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
a mame.ini 688x496@58.234  864  541  31.5046 - - 27.220  24  104  48  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1600x496@58.222  2016  541  31.4980 - - 63.500  56  240  120  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1728x496@58.222  2176  541  31.4982 - - 68.540  64  256  128  11  2  32  from mame.ini
====0.24M3  480x500 4:3/24:25 // Teletext and Viewdata 40×25 character screens (PAL interlaced)
====== 680x500 34:25  // CCD image sensor; uncommon
=== 800x500 16:10  // VESA nonstd modes 367/256col,368/15b,369/16b,370/24b,371/32b; linux kernel vga=0x36f/256col,0x370/15b,0x371/16b,0x372/24b, nonstd 0x373/32b; may not work on some graphics cards
====== 768x506 ~3:2  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
====== 512x512 1:1  // CCD image sensor, CMOS image sensor
==== 512x512  // text 64x32 (char 8x16); Genoa; Avance Logic AL2101; Realtek RTVGA
a mame.ini 512x512@56.437  648  557  31.4352 - - 20.370  16  80  40  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a arcade monitor 512x512i@29.551  632  550  16.2532 - - 10.272  8  48  64  1  6  31  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz i 512x512i@29.116  668  545  15.8683 - - 10.600  26  56  74  1  3  29  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a arcade monitor 512x512i@30.00+ 668  552  16.5599 - - 11.062  26  56  74  1  3  36  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor, visible-retrace fix
a SailorSat 31kHz p 512x512@58.260  668  545  31.7515 - - 21.210  26  56  74  1  3  29  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat usermodes 512x512@60.000  680  525  31.5000 - - 21.420  32  72  64  4  7  2  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
====== 640x512 5:4  // thermal camera sensor
=== Amiga OCS PAL Hires 640x512i // Commodore Amiga OCS full PAL Hires interlaced, "pal-lace"; Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "dblpal-ff"
c VGA NVIDIA 640x512@60  844  533  63.981  + + DS 54.00  24  56  124  0  2  19  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 640x512@60.020  844  533  63.9810 + + DS 54.000  24  56  124  0  2  19  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 640x512@75  844  533  79.9763 + + DS 67.50  8  72  124  0  2  19  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 640x512@85  864  536  91.1458 + + DS 78.75  32  80  112  0  2  22  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
a mame.ini 640x512@56.549  808  557  31.4975 - - 25.450  24  96  48  11  2  32  from mame.ini
====== 680x512 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
a mame.ini 688x512@56.561  864  557  31.5046 - - 27.220  24  104  48  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 712x512@56.545  896  557  31.4955 - - 28.220  24  104  56  11  2  32  from mame.ini
==== 720x512  //
====== 768x512 3:2  // CCD image sensor
a mame.ini 768x512@56.549  968  557  31.4979 - - 30.490  32  112  56  11  2  32  from mame.ini
==== 800x512  // Maxlogic MaxVGA, 16-color
a mame.ini 800x512@56.546  1016  557  31.4961 - - 32.000  32  120  64  11  2  32  from mame.ini
c VGA NVIDIA 800x512@60  835  533  64.012  - - DS 53.45  10  10  15  1  2  18  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 800x512@60.166  832  515  61.9712 + + DS 51.560  0  28  4  0  2  1  from EDID
d SGI flat panel 800x512@62.254  848  515  64.1215 + + DS 54.375  0  40  8  0  2  1  "800x512d32"; HSkew 7; T2R4 (Rev 4) and the Silicon Graphics Flat Panel [ref]
d SGI flat panel 800x512@62.254  848  515  64.1215 + + DS 54.375  0  40  8  0  2  1  "800x512d16"; HSkew 5; T2R4 (Rev 4) and the Silicon Graphics Flat Panel [ref]
d SGI flat panel 800x512@62.254  848  515  64.1215 + + DS 54.375  0  40  8  0  2  1  "800x512d08"; HSkew 1; T2R4 (Rev 4) and the Silicon Graphics Flat Panel [ref]
a mame.ini 856x512@56.553  1080  557  31.5000 - - 34.020  32  128  64  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 864x512@56.550  1088  557  31.4982 - - 34.270  32  128  64  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a SailorSat 15kHz cust 896x512i@29.75  1152  536  15.9462 - - 18.370  32  96  128  2  6  16  soft-15kHz, 15kHz custom, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
==== 912x512 171:96  // videoconferencing
a mame.ini 912x512@56.556  1152  557  31.5017 - - 36.290  32  136  72  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 960x512@56.550  1208  557  31.4983 - - 38.050  32  144  72  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 992x512@56.547  1256  557  31.4968 - - 39.560  40  152  72  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1024x512@56.547  1296  557  31.4969 - - 40.820  40  152  80  11  2  32  from mame.ini
c VGA VIA 1024x512@60.00  1286  531  31.860  + + 41.291  32  104  126  1  3  15  fb.modes, VIA
a mame.ini 1280x512@56.549  1616  557  31.4975 - - 50.900  48  192  96  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1312x512@56.551  1648  557  31.4988 - - 51.910  48  192  96  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1344x512@56.549  1696  557  31.4976 - - 53.420  48  200  104  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1376x512@56.549  1736  557  31.4977 - - 54.680  48  208  104  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1408x512@56.549  1776  557  31.4977 - - 55.940  56  208  104  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1472x512@56.557  1864  557  31.5021 - - 58.720  56  224  112  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1504x512@56.549  1896  557  31.4979 - - 59.720  56  224  112  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1536x512@56.549  1936  557  31.4979 - - 60.980  56  232  112  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1600x512@56.549  2016  557  31.4980 - - 63.500  56  240  120  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1664x512@56.556  2104  557  31.5019 - - 66.280  64  248  128  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1728x512@56.550  2176  557  31.4982 - - 68.540  64  256  128  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1824x512@56.550  2296  557  31.4983 - - 72.320  64  272  136  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1856x512@56.556  2344  557  31.5017 - - 73.840  72  280  136  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 2176x512@56.556  2744  557  31.5015 - - 86.440  80  328  160  11  2  32  from mame.ini
a SailorSat usermodes 704x513@60.000  936  525  31.5000 - - 29.484  48  88  96  4  6  2  soft-15kHz, usermodes [ref]
==L 525/59.94  525  15.750  com 1.5us 4.7us 4.5us 3H 3H 16H raw NTSC timing
==L 525/60  525  15.734  com 1.5us 4.7us 4.5us 3H 3H 16H raw NTSC timing
==== 858x525  // raw resolution of 720x480, for CCIR-601 sampling for NTSC; 13.5 MHz samplerate
==== 910x525  // raw resolution of 768x485, for 4f(sc) sampling for NTSC or 525/60; 14.318182 MHz samplerate
==== 200x525  // NTSC interlaced, 15.73 kHz, 60/30 Hz; NTSC noninterlaced, 15.73 kHz(?), 60 Hz
==== 700x525 4:3  // thumbnails
c VGA NVIDIA 700x525@60  940  541  64.8936 + + DS 61.00  44  76  120  1  6  9  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 700x525@59.976  940  541  64.8936 + + DS 61.000  44  76  120  1  6  9  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 700x525@70  980  550  77.0408 + + DS 75.50  32  96  152  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 700x525@75  956  545  81.4854 + + DS 77.90  32  160  64  1  6  13  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 700x525@85  980  550  93.8776 + + DS 92.00  32  96  152  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 840x525 16:10
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 840x525@59.883  920  540  64.6739 + - DS 59.500  24  16  40  1  3  11  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 840x525@60  1128  543  65.2216 + + DS 73.57  52  92  144  0  2  16  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 840x525@60.005  1120  544  65.2857 - + DS 73.120  52  88  140  1  3  15  from EDID
==== 640x528  // text 80x66 (char 8x8), 80x30 (8x16)
==== 720x528  // 4:3 square pixel size of 720x480 source size, DV NTSC
==== 720x532  // IBM 3472 (terminal), 37.7 kHz, 67 Hz
==== 720x534  // 4:3 square pixel size of 720x486 source size, D1 NTSC
==== 960x536  // common Android devices
==== 1920x538 ~32:9  // very widescreen display, BenQ BH380, 38"; advertising "noodle"
=== 640x540i 32:27  // for digital cameras, anamorphic decompression x1.5 to 16:9; @50 and @100 for cameras; see also 1280x1080i
a arcade TV PAL 640x540i@25.0000  872  625  15.6250 - - 13.625  54  64  114  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
a arcade TV PAL 5:4  675x540i@25.0000  920  625  15.6250 - - 14.375  57  68  120  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
=== EGA extended 720x540  // EGA with more memory, VGA; NTSC square pixel resize from 720x480/486
a arcade TV PAL 4:3  720x540i@25.0000  984  625  15.6250 - - 15.375  61  73  130  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
cf Sun GDM-20D10  720x540@105.99  912  569  60.3070 + + 55.000  8  48  136  1  3  25  [ref]
a arcade TV PAL 768x540i@25.0000  1048  625  15.6250 - - 16.375  65  77  138  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
a arcade TV PAL 800x540i@25.0000  1088  625  15.6250 - - 17.000  68  80  140  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
==== 900x540
=====! 960x540 16:9  // standard image size
=== qHD, HDTV+, 540p 960x540 16:9  // 1/2x1/2 of 1920x1080; projectors; popular for high-end smartphones in early 2011; Playstation Vita, Jolla, Sony Xperia C, HTC Sensation, Motorola Droid RAZR, LG Optimus L9, Microsoft Lumia 535, Samsung Galaxy S4 Mini
=== // HDTV+ (HEVC codec), 16:9
a arcade TV PAL 16:9  960x540i@25.0000  1304  625  15.6250 - - 20.375  81  96  167  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 960x540@59.629  1216  562  33.5115 - + 40.750  32  96  128  3  5  14  from EDID
c CVT 0.52M9  960x540@59.63  1216  562  33.51  - + 40.75  32  96  128  3  5  14  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 960x540@59.818  1120  556  33.2589 + - 37.250  48  32  80  3  5  8  from EDID
c CVT 0.52M9-R 960x540@59.82  1120  556  33.26  + - 37.25  48  32  80  3  5  8  x86 extramodes
d Mitsubishi WT-46809  960x540p@59.95  1104  563  + + 37.26  16  32  96  2  6  15  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 960x540@59.963  1288  560  67.1584 - + DS 86.500  64  100  164  1  3  16  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 960x540@59.988  1040  555  66.5865 + - DS 69.250  24  16  40  1  3  11  from EDID
d Toshiba 42H83  960x540p@60  1176  568  + + 40.86  32  152  32  11  6  11  MythTV modelines, device-specific
a arcade TV PAL 1024x540i@25.0000  1392  625  15.6250 - - 21.750  87  102  179  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
a arcade TV PAL 1072x540i@25.0000  1456  625  15.6250 - - 22.750  91  107  186  16  6  63  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL/SECAM, with borders, H: 4,8/4,8 V: 4/2
=== 1920x540 16:9/32:0 // 1920x1080, doubled lines, 1:2 pixel; can also be a noodle ultrawide stretched display
a arcade HDTV 1080i 1920x540i@24.002  2360  651  15.6250 - - 36.875  55  174  211  32  6  73  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling, rescale vertical to half to avoid interlacing scaling issues
a arcade HDTV 1080i 1920x540i@25.0000  2360  625  15.6250 - - 36.875  55  174  211  23  5  57  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling, rescale vertical to half to avoid interlacing scaling issues
d Benq PE7700  1920x540@50.044  2640  562  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  34  5  -17  projector; from EDID
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 1920x540@50.044  2640  562  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  34  5  -17
d Benq PE7700  1920x540@60.053  2200  562  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  2  5  15  projector; from EDID
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 1920x540@60.053  2200  562  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  2  5  15
c 1920x540  1920x540@60.053  2200  562  33.7500  74.250  88  44  148  2  5  15
a GroovyMAME 728x544i@27.039  952  587  15.8718 - - 15.110  32  72  120  3  5  35  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
====0.52M9  960x544 ~16:9  // PlayStation Vita (PSV)
a GroovyMAME 2560x544i@27.501  3360  587  16.1429 - - 54.240  112  256  432  3  5  35  GroovyMAME arcade emulator
====== 752x548 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
====== 720x560 ~5:4  // CMOS image sensor
====== 728x560 13:10  // CMOS image sensor
==== 800x560  // ATI EGA Wonder, 16-color; text 100x40 (8x14)
===L 567-line 567p/25  // historical tv; 567-line television system, proposal of Philips of the Netherlands, experimental, not deployed; theoretical res 740x485
H 740x485  ? 567  14.1750
==== 225x575  // PAL interlaced, 15.6 kHz, 50/25 Hz; PAL noninterlaced, 15.6 kHz(?), 50 Hz;
==== 948x575  // see 948x576
==== 310x576  // approx. resolution of PAL VHS/Betamax
=== CVD PAL 352x576i@25  // CVD (China Video Disc), PAL, 576i@25; DVD 4:3; DVD recorder LP quality
==== 370x576  // approx. resolution of PAL Betamax Superbeta
==== 420x576  // approx. resolution of PAL S-VHS
====SVCD PAL 480x576 4:3,16:9  // SVCD (MPEG2) PAL, 576i@50; PAL 576i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9; some SAT broadcasts
t SDTV PAL 480x576i@25  - - 9  SVCD (MPEG2)
t EDTV PAL 480x576p@50  - - 18
==== 520x576  // approx. resolution of PAL, PALplus
====SDTV PAL 544x486  // PAL 576i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
t SDTV PAL 544x576i@25.0000  648  625  15.6250 - - 10.125  9
t EDTV PAL 544x576p@50.0000  648  625  31.2500 - - 20.25  9
==== 570x576  // approx. resolution of PAL LaserDisc
===== 704x576  // many PAL cameras
=== 4CIF 704x576 4:3/11:9  // 4cif (ffmpeg); 720x576, with 8 pixels on each side blanked; for digitizing analog SDTV to avoid loss on sides; Panasonic DVD-recorders
=== // DVD 4SIF 625 4:3; videoconferencing, H.263; 4SIF 625 PAL 576i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
t PAL625  702x576i@25.0000  864  625  15.6250 - - 13.5  20  63  79  5  5  39  MythTV modelines, PAL625 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
t PAL625  704x576i@25.0000  864  625  15.6250 - - 13.5  19  63  78  5  5  39  MythTV modelines, PAL625 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
t SDTV PAL 4SIF 625  704x576i@25.0000  864  625  15.6250 - - 13.5  12  720x576 with 1st/last 8 pixels blanked; DVD; also 4CIF, videoconferencing
t EDTV PAL 4SIF 625  704x576p@50.0000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27  12  720x576 with 1st/last 8 pixels blanked; DVD; also 4CIF, videoconferencing
==== 720x576  // D1/DV PAL source size; 4:3 square pixel size 788x576, 16:9 square pixel size 1024x576
== PAL625/576i 720x576  // video postprodution; CCIR-601 standard PAL, digital 625/50 video, 13.5 MHz sampling; D1-PAL; standard PAL DV resolution; DVD/Blu-Ray (4:3, anamorphic 16:9); Commodore Amiga max PAL res
== DV PAL, D1 PAL // 625/50i uses 270 Mbit/s SDI link, SMPTE 259M-C; see 720x486 for NTSC; DVD D-1 PAL, 4:3,16:9; D-1 PAL 576i,p: SDTV, EDTV Rec.601, SMPTE 293M, ATSC DVB, ISDB, 4:3,16:9
== // CCIR/Rec. 601 sampling: 0/255 encodes sync, black=16, white=235, 720 luma and 360 chroma samples per line; DVD recorder SP and XP quality; PAL CCTV digital video recorder mode
a SailorSat 15kHz cust 720x576i@24.969  888  626  15.6306 - - 13.880  22  66  80  4  4  42  soft-15kHz, 15kHz custom, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 15kHz cust 720x576i@24.969  888  626  15.6306 - - 13.880  22  66  80  4  4  42  soft-15kHz, 15kHz custom, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
T CCIR-601 sampling 720x576i@25.000  864  625  15.6250  13.5
t HDTV EDID 720x576i@25.0000  864  624  15.6250 - - 13.50  12  63  69  4  6  38  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
T SDTV PAL D-1 PAL 720x576i@25.0000  864  625  15.6250 - - 13.5  12  [132] 2.5  2.5  19  20 CCIR-601 sampling standard
t PAL625  720x576i@25.0000  864  625  15.6250 - - 13.5  12  63  69  5  5  39  MythTV modelines, PAL625 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
a arcade TV PAL 720x576i@25.000  888  625  15.6250 - - 13.875  21  65  82  5  5  39  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL
t no-scaling PAL video 720x576i@25.000  888  625  15.6250 - - 13.875  21  65  82  5  5  39  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL, CCIR-601, avoids 720-to-768px scaling artefacts
a SailorSat tv 720x576i@25.001  936  648  16.2009 - - 15.164  80  96  40  12  4  56  soft-15kHz, TV, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a PSX 288p mode 720x576@49.761  864  628  31.2500 - - 27.000  12  64  68  5  6  41  "PSX_288p_x2", test of display, 314 lines become 628 when linedoubled [ref]
S VIC=17 576p 720x576@50.000  864  625  31.25  27.000  4:3  (pixel=16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=17
S VIC=18 576pH 720x576@50.000  864  625  31.25  27.000  16:9 (pixel=64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=18
S CEA861 (v4l2) 720x576@50.0000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27.000  12  64  68  5  5  39  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_720X576P50; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_PICTURE_ASPECT,HAS_CEA861_VIC
T EIA/CEA-861B 720x576@50.0000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27.000  12  64  68  5  5  39  [ref]
d Benq PE7700  720x576@50.000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27.000  12  64  68  5  5  39  projector; from EDID
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 720x576@50.000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27.000  12  64  68  5  5  39
t HDTV EDID 720x576@50.0000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27.00  12  64  68  5  5  39  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
t PAL625  720x576@50.0000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27  12  63  69  5  5  39  MythTV modelines, PAL625 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
t EDTV PAL D-1 PAL 720x576p@50.0000  864  625  31.2500 - - 27  12
e many LPC processors 720x576@50.000  864  625  31.2500 + + 27.000  16  62  66  9  6  34  [ref]
a arcade TV 720x576@50.0006  1152  626  31.3003 - - 36.058  54  170  208  5  5  40  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL EDTV progressive
S CEA861 (v4l2) 720x576i@26.042  864  600  15.6250 - - 13.500  12  63  69  2  3  19 2 3 20 linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_720X576I50; HALF_LINE,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_PICTURE_ASPECT,HAS_CEA861_VIC
c VGA VIA 720x576@60.00  912  597  35.820  +?+? 32.668  24  72  96  1  3  17  fb.modes, VIA
S VIC=42 576p100  720x576@100  864  625  62.50  54.000  4:3  (pixel=16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=42
S VIC=43 576p100H 720x576@100  864  625  62.50  54.000  16:9 (pixel=64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=43
S VIC=52 576p200  720x576@200  864  625  125.00  108.000  4:3  (pixel=16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=52
S VIC=53 576p200H 720x576@200  864  625  125.00  108.000  16:9 (pixel=64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=53
====== 768x576 4:3  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
== DC50, PAL 768x576 4:3  // standard PAL; "square pixel PAL", square-pixel 625/50 digital video
t SDTV PAL 768x576i@25.0000  944  625  15.6250 - - 14.75  13  4:3 square
t PAL625  768x576i@25.0000  944  625  15.6250 - - 14.75  21  69  86  5  5  39  MythTV modelines, PAL625 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
t standard PAL video 768x576i@25.0000  944  625  15.6250 - - 14.750  22  69  85  5  5  39  arcade/game modelines; TV PAL, general purpose, square pixels
a SailorSat tv 768x576i@25.001  944  626  15.6504 - - 14.774  16  64  96  5  5  40  soft-15kHz, TV, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
t EDTV PAL 768x576p@50.000  944  625  31.2500 - - 29.50  13  4:3 square
t PAL625  768x576@50.000  944  625  31.2500 - - 29.5  21  69  86  5  5  39  MythTV modelines, PAL625 itu-r/bt: 470 601 656
cf IBM 6091-19  768x576@59.837  1072  608  72.7612 - - DS 78.000  24  96  184  3  6  23  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
C GTF/VESA 768x576@59.999  976  597  35.8197 - + 34.960  24  80  104  1  3  17  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VGA GTF 768x576@60  976  597  35.82  - + 34.96  24  80  104  1  3  17  MHi modelines table
c VGA GTF 768x576@72  992  601  43.27  - + 42.93  32  80  112  1  3  21  MHi modelines table
C GTF/VESA 768x576@72.007  992  601  43.2762 - + 42.930  32  80  112  1  3  21  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
C GTF/VESA 768x576@74.998  1008  602  45.1488 - + 45.510  40  80  120  1  3  22  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VGA GTF 768x576@75  1008  602  45.15  - + 45.51  40  80  120  1  3  22  MHi modelines table
t VGA ATI 768x576@75  1056  621  46.58  - - 49.188  32  128  128  8  5  32  fb.modes, ATI, "for normal tvs"
d TV fullscreen 768x576@79.365  1000  630  50.0000  50.000  64  14  154  14  5  35  [ref]
C GTF/VESA 768x576@85.006  1008  605  51.4286 - + 51.840  40  80  120  1  3  25  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VGA GTF 768x576@85  1008  605  51.42  - + 51.84  40  80  120  1  3  25  MHi modelines table
d TV fullscreen 768x576@99.987  1024  616  61.5918  63.070  32  160  64  2  12  26  [ref]
c VGA GTF 768x576@100  1024  611  61.1  - + 62.57  48  80  128  1  3  31  MHi modelines table
c GTF/VESA 768x576@100.01  1024  611  61.1035 - + 62.570  48  80  128  1  3  31  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 768x576@160.25  1056  640  102.5568  108.300  0  0  288  2  5  57  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
==== 788x576  // 4:3 square pixel size of 720x576 source size, D1/DV PAL
=== 948x576 4:3  // PAL, 4f(sc) sampling of 625/50 digital video; 4x color carrier samplerate 17.734475 MHz, 1135 total samples per line
=== // uses 177 Mbit/s SMPTE 259M-B SDI line, obsolete
T 4f(sc) sampling 948x576i@25.000  1135  625  15.6251  17.734475
t SDTV PAL 960x576i@25.000  1152  625  15.6250 - - 18  16
t EDTV PAL 960x576p@50.000  1152  625  31.2500 - - 36  16
==== 1024x576  // 16:9 square pixel size of 720x570 source size, D1/DV PAL
=== WSVGA, PAL 16:9  1024x576 16:9  // 16:9 square pixel; 7-10" screens; ultramobile PCs, netbooks, tablets; full 1024pix XGA width, full PAL height, for 625/50 video; quadruples to 2048x1152
t SDTV PAL WSVGA 1024x576i@25  625  - - 19.67  16:9 square pixel
a SailorSat 15kHz cust 1024x576i@25.008  1328  626  15.6551 - - 20.790  48  104  152  4  4  42  soft-15kHz, 15kHz custom, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
t EDTV PAL 1024x576p@50  625  - - 39.33  16:9 square pixel
c CVT 0.59M9-R 1024x576@59.82  1184  593  35.47  + - 42.00  48  32  80  3  5  9  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1024x576@59.82  1184  593  35.4730 + - 42.000  48  32  80  3  5  9  from EDID
c CVT 0.59M9  1024x576@59.90  1296  599  35.88  - + 46.50  40  96  136  3  5  15  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1024x576@59.899  1296  599  35.8796 - + 46.500  40  96  136  3  5  15  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1024x576@59.953  1376  597  71.5843 - + DS 98.500  68  108  176  1  3  17  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1024x576@59.963  1104  592  70.9964 + - DS 78.380  24  16  40  1  3  12  from EDID
a arcade HDTV 720p 1280x576i@25.000  1576  625  15.6250 - - 24.625  37  116  143  5  5  39  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling
==== 1440x576  // double-width 720x576 PAL
T EIA/CEA-861B 1440x576i@25  1728  625  15.6250 - - 27.000  24  126  138  5  6  38  [ref]
S VIC=21 576i 1440x576i@25  1728  625  15.625  27.000  4:3  (pixel=16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=21
S VIC=22 576iH 1440x576i@25  1728  625  15.625  27.000  16:9 (pixel=64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=22
t HDTV EDID 1440x576i@25  1728  624  15.625  - - 27.00  24  126  138  4  6  38  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
T EIA/CEA-861B 1440x576@50  1728  625  31.2500 - + 54.000  24  128  136  5  5  39  [ref]
S VIC=29 576p2x 1440x576@50  1728  625  31.25  54.000  pixel doubling; 4:3 (pixel=8:15,16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=29
S VIC=30 576p2xH 1440x576@50  1728  625  31.25  54.000  pixel doubling; 16:9 (pixel=32:45,64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=30
S VIC=44 576i50  1440x576i@50  1728  625  31.250  54.000  4:3  (pixel=16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=44; 100 Hz
S VIC=45 576i50H 1440x576i@50  1728  625  31.250  54.000  16:9 (pixel=64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=45; 100 Hz
S VIC=54 576i100  1440x576i@100  1728  625  62.500  108.000  4:3  (pixel=16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=54; 200 Hz
S VIC=55 576i100H 1440x576i@100  1728  625  62.500  108.000  16:9 (pixel=64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=55; 200 Hz
a arcade HDTV 1080p 1920x576i@25.000  2360  625  15.6250 - - 36.875  55  174  211  5  5  39  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling
==== 2880x576  // quad-width 720x576 PAL
S VIC=25 576i4x 2880x576i@50.00  3456  625  15.6250  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 4:3 (pixel=2:15-20:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=25; 100 Hz
S VIC=26 576i4xH 2880x576i@50.00  3456  625  15.6250  54.000  pixel quadrupling; 16:9 (pixel=16:45-160:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=26; 100 Hz
S VIC=37 576p4x 2880x576@50.00  3456  625  31.2500  108.000  pixel quadrupling; 4:3 (pixel=4:15,8:15,16:15); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=37
S VIC=38 576p4xH 2880x576@50.00  3456  625  31.2500  108.000  pixel quadrupling; 16:9 (pixel=16:45,32:45,64:45); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=38
=== 625-line TV 1500x580i
H old TV, 625-line 1500x580i@25.005  1720  625  15.6279 - - 26.880  8  97  115  2  14  29  old British 625-line TV; [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  720x600@95.574  912  631  60.3070 + + 55.000  8  48  136  0  3  28  [ref]
=====! 800x600 4:3  // common image size; CMOS image sensor, some with onboard processor
==== 800x600  // text 100x37 (char 8x16), 100x40 (8x15), 100x42 (8x14), 100x75 (8x8)
== SVGA 800x600 4:3  // svga (ffmpeg); VESA 0.48M3, established standard; extension to VGA by IBM (1987), VESA standard; projectors; common Android devices
== // VESA standard modes 258/16col,259/256col,275/15b,276/16b,277/24b, nonstd 302/24b; linux kernel vga=0x302/16col,0x303/256col,0x313/15b,0x314/16b,0x315/17b,nonstd 814/32b
== // VESA, 35.2 kHz, 56 Hz; VESA, 37.9 kHz, 60 Hz; VESA, 48.1 kHz, 72 Hz
== // eink 6": standard for older ebooks; Kindle gen7, Pocketbook 360+/Touch/Basic/614, Nook Simple Touch, Cybook Odyssey/Orizon, Movistar, Elonex 621EB, Icarus, Hanlin V5, Kobo Touch 2, eClicto, Manta Ebook04, Pyrus,
a arcade monitor 800x600i@25.001  992  638  15.9506 - - 15.823  8  75  109  1  6  31  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz i 800x600i@25.273  1040  627  15.8462 - - 16.480  40  80  120  2  3  22  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
d Infocus Screenplay 800x600p@49.1  1000  632  31.0  31.00  24  16  160  2  1  29  MythTV modelines, device-specific; Infocus Screenplay X1A
a SailorSat 31kHz p 800x600@50.546  1040  627  31.6923 - - 32.960  40  80  120  2  3  22  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
d Phillips 190b6  800x600@50  960  625  31.25  + + 30  14  70  76  1  5  19  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung HL-R5678W 800x600@56  1040  625  + + 36.018  48  72  120  1  2  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA 800x600@56  1088  619  38.1  32  128  128  1  4  14  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VGA 800x600@56  1024  625  36  24  72  128  -1  1  MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
c VGA 800x600@56  1024  625  + + 36  24  72  128  1  2  22  MHi modelines table
c VESA 800x600@56  1024  625  35.1562 + + 36.00  24  72  128  1  2  22  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@56  1024  625  35.1562 + + 36.00  24  72  128  1  2  22  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VESA 1  800x600@56  1024  625  35.2  + + 36.0  24  72  128  1  2  22  MHi modelines table
C SVGA/VESA 800x600@56.250  1024  625  35.1562 + + 36.000  24  72  128  1  2  22  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?; VESA [ref]
S! DMT (v4l2) 800x600@56.250  1024  625  35.1562 + + 36.000  24  72  128  1  2  22  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_800X600P56
S DMT v1.0 r11  800x600@56.250  1024  625  35.1562 + + 36.000  24  72  128  1  2  22  @56 Hz
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 800x600@56.250  1024  625  35.1562 + + 36.000  24  72  128  1  2  22  from EDID
c VGA ATI 800x600@56.250  1024  625  35.156  + + 36  24  72  128  1  2  22  fb.modes, ATI
e many LPC processors 800x600@56.250  1024  625  35.1562 + + 36.000  24  72  128  1  2  22  [ref]
d Toshiba TW40x81  800x600i@29.716  1704  1125  33.4302 + + 56.965  400  32  472  250  25  250  [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19  800x600@59.904  1080  626  75.0000 - - DS 81.000  4  104  172  4  18  4  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 800x600@59.975  1024  622  37.3047  38.200  0  0  224  1  2  19  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
e RGB A080SN03  800x600@60.26  1057  628  - - 40.0000  210  1  46  2  3  23  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
d Samsung HL-R5678W 800x600@60  1056  628  + + 40.025  56  128  72  1  4  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@60  1080  625  75  + + DS 81.00  32  96  152  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 800x600@60.000  1080  625  75.0000 + + DS 81.000  32  96  152  0  2  23  from EDID
c VGA 800x600@60  1056  628? 40  40  128  88  1  4  23  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VGA 800x600@60  1056  628  40  40  128  88  -1  4  MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
c VGA 800x600@60  1056  628  + + 40  40  128  88  1  4  23  MHi modelines table
c VESA 800x600@60  1056  628  37.8788 + + 40.00  40  128  88  1  4  23  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@60  1056  628  37.8788 + + 40.00  40  128  88  1  4  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c "VESA 5" 800x600@60  1056  628  37.9  + + 40.0  40  128  88  1  4  23  MHi modelines table
t HDTV EDID 800x600@60  1056  628  37.8788 + + 40.00  40  128  88  1  4  23  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
c VGA ATI/VIA 800x600@60.32  1056  628  37.879  + + 40  40  128  88  1  4  23  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
C SVGA/VESA 800x600@60.317  1056  628  37.8788 + + 40.000  40  128  88  1  4  23  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?; VESA [ref]
S! DMT (v4l2) 800x600@60.317  1056  628  37.8788 + + 40.000  40  128  88  1  4  23  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_800X600P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  800x600@60.317  1056  628  37.8788 + + 40.000  40  128  88  1  4  23  STD (45 50)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 800x600@60.317  1056  628  37.8788 + + 40.000  40  128  88  1  4  23  from EDID
d NEC LCD1960NX 800x600@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 + + 108.000  528  112  248  425  3  38  from EDID; same clock and overall resolution for all modes, size by porches
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@65  1080  625  81.25  + + 87.75  32  96  152  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@70  1080  625  87.5  + + 94.50  32  96  152  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA ATI 800x600@70.04  1008  636  44.544  + - 44.9  24  144  40  9  12  15  fb.modes, ATI
d Compaq 171FS 800x600@72  1040  631  - - 47.44  32  176  32  12  7  12  [ref]
c VGA 800x600@72  1040  666  50  56  120  64  37  6  23  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VGA 800x600@72  1040  666? 50  56  120  64  35  6  25? MHi "nonstandard standard" table (+6 to active width, -3 each to front/back porch)
c "VESA 6" 800x600@72  1040  666  48.0769 + + 50.00  56  120  64  37  6  23  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@72  1040  666  48.0769 + + 50.00  56  120  64  37  6  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
C VESA 800x600@72.188  1040  666  48.0769 + + 50.000  56  120  64  37  6  23  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?; VESA [ref]
S! DMT (v4l2) 800x600@72.188  1040  666  48.0769 + + 50.000  56  120  64  37  6  23  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_800X600P72
S DMT v1.0 r11  800x600@72.188  1040  666  48.0769 + + 50.000  56  120  64  37  6  23  STD (45 4C)
c VGA VESA 800x600@72  1040  666  48.1  + + 50.0  56  120  64  37  6  23  MHi modelines table
c VGA ATI 800x600@72.19  1040  666  48.090  + + 50  56  120  64  37  6  23  fb.modes, ATI
l Thinkpad X61 lower 800x600@75.00  1040  627  48.91  40  80  120  1  3  23
e LVDS 800x600@75.0  1040  629  49.00  - + 49.00  40  80  120  3  4  22
c VGA 800x600@75  1056  624  49.5  16  80  160  1  2  21  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
S! DMT (v4l2) 800x600@75.000  1056  625  46.8750 + + 49.500  16  80  160  1  3  21  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_800X600P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  800x600@75.000  1056  625  46.8750 + + 49.500  16  80  160  1  3  21  STD (45 4F)
C VESA 800x600@75.00  1056  625  46.8750 + + 49.500  16  80  160  1  3  21  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?; VESA [ref]
c VESA 800x600@75  1056  625  46.875  + + 49.50  16  80  160  1  3  21  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA VESA 800x600@75  1056  625  46.9  + + 49.5  16  80  160  1  3  21  MHi modelines table
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@75  1056  625  46.875  + + 49.50  16  80  160  1  3  21  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA ATI/VIA 800x600@75.00  1056  625  46.875  + + 49.5  16  80  160  1  3  21  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 800x600@75.071  1055  625  46.9194  49.500  40  68  147  1  2  22  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@75  1080  625  93.75  + + DS 101.25  32  96  152  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
cf Sun GDM20D10  800x600@75.9999  1256  794  60.3439 + + 75.792  104  160  192  81  3  110  [ref]
C SXGA modes 102/103  800x600@85.061  1048  631  53.6737 + + 56.250  32  64  152  1  3  27  SXGA [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 800x600@85.061  1048  631  53.6737 + + 56.250  32  64  152  1  3  27  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_800X600P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  800x600@85.061  1048  631  53.6737 + + 56.250  32  64  152  1  3  27  STD (45 59)
c VGA 800x600@85  1048  631  56.25  32  64  152  1  3  27  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VGA VIA 800x600@85.061  1048  631  53.674  + + 56.25  32  64  152  1  3  27  fb.modes, VIA
c VGA VESA 800x600@85  1048  631  53.7  + + 56.3  32  64  152  1  3  27  MHi modelines table
c VESA 800x600@85  1048  631  53.7214 + + 56.30  32  64  152  1  3  27  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@85  1048  631  53.7214 + + 56.30  32  64  152  1  3  27  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d HP P1230 monitor 800x600@85.002  1048  632  53.7214  56.300  39  66  143  1  3  28  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 800x600@85  1080  625  106.25  + + DS 114.75  32  96  152  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VESA 800x600@85.137  1048  631  53.7214 + + 56.300  32  64  152  1  3  27  common X11 modelines
d NEC LCD1850E 800x600@85.137  1048  631  53.7214 + + 56.300  32  64  152  1  3  27  [ref]
d iMac display 800x600@86.167  1088  640  55.1471 - - 60.000  64  64  160  4  6  30  [ref]
c VGA ATI 800x600@89.92  992  635  57.097  + + 56.64  8  64  120  8  11  16  fb.modes, ATI
d Compaq 171FS 800x600@90  1096  631  - - 62.57  32  232  32  11  9  11  [ref]
d Apple iMac G3  800x600@93.168  1040  644  60.0000 + + 62.400  21  80  139  9  3  32  [ref]
d Apple iMac 800x600@94.871  1040  632  59.9587 + + 62.357  21  80  139  1  3  28  [ref]
c VGA ATI 800x600i@48.195  1064  702  33.835  + + 36  80  128  56  11  12  79  fb.modes, ATI
d Compaq 171FS 800x600@98  1128  631  - - 69.84  32  264  32  10  10  11  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  800x600@98.293  1048  631  62.0229 + + 65.000  16  64  168  0  3  28  [ref]
c 800x600@100.00  1072  636  63.5998 + + 68.179  48  88  136  1  3  32  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 800x600@100  1072  636  63.6  - + 68.18  48  88  136  1  3  32  MHi modelines table
c VESA 800x600@100.001  1072  636  63.6  - + 68.18  48  88  136  1  3  32  VESA [ref] (can be 68.179MHz clock?)
c VGA ATI/VIA 800x600@100.00  1080  625  62.500  + + 67.5  0  64  216  7  4  14  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 800x600@119.97  960  636  76.3021 + - 73.250  48  32  80  3  4  29  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_800X600P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  800x600@119.97  960  636  76.3021 + - 73.250  48  32  80  3  4  29  CVT (RB)
c VGA VIA 800x600@120.00  1088  636  77.160  + + 83.95  56  88  144  1  3  39  fb.modes, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 800x600@160.01  1104  668  106.8841  118.000  0  0  304  2  5  61  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
d Apple Powerbook G3  800x600@186.01  840  640  119.0476 - - 100.000  16  8  16  16  8  16  [ref]
=== 960x600 16:10  // VESA 0.58MA
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 960x600@59.930  1296  622  74.5525 - + DS 96.620  68  100  168  1  3  18  from EDID
c VGA VIA 960x600@60.00  1216  624  37.212  - - 45.250  32  96  128  3  6  15  fb.modes, VIA
c VGA NVIDIA 960x600@60  1296  621  74.5216 + + DS 96.58  64  104  168  0  2  19  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 960x600@60.00+ 1040  617  74.0385 + - DS 77.000  24  16  40  1  3  13  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 960x600@73  1264  625  90.981  - - DS 115.00  8  80  216  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 1000x600  // some sub-HD high-quality video, above 640x480
c VGA VIA 1000x600@60.00  37.320  - +? 48.068  40  104  144  1  3  18  fb.modes, VIA
=== WSVGA 1024x600 128:75  // between 15:9 and 16:9; 7-10" screens; ultramobile PCs, netbooks, tablets; full 1024pix XGA width; common Android devices; Kindle Fire, Nook Color
d 7" Waveshare HDMI 1024x600@43.066  1152  645  27.7778 - - 32.000  40  48  40  13  3  29  from EDID; [ref]
a arcade monitor 1024x600i@25.0  1264  638  16.0  - - 20.161  8  95  137  1  6  31  arcade/game modelines; fixed hsync freq arcade monitor
a SailorSat 15kHz i 1024x600i@25.1  1328  627  15.7380 - - 20.900  48  104  152  7  3  17  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
a SailorSat 31kHz p 1024x600@50.201  1328  627  31.4759 - - 41.800  48  104  152  7  3  17  soft-15kHz, SailorSat's arcade emulator modes [ref]
e RGB BM800480  1024x600@56.37  1313  635  - - 47.0000  119  10  160  9  3  23  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; for BYD 5' LCD BM800480-8545FTGE; [ref]
e LVDS HH070D 1024x600@57.98  1344  770  - - 60.0000  120  100  100  150  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_2; [ref]
e RGB B101AW06  1024x600@58.10  1214  638  - - 45.0000  100  10  80  18  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
e RGB HV070WSA 1024x600@58.59  1344  635  - - 50.0000  120  100  100  15  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_2, OUT_P888; [ref]
d LS-7T display module 1024x600@59.852  1312  624  37.3476 - + 49.000  48  96  144  3  10  11  HDMI/DVI/VGA 7" touchscreen display, buggy EDID [ref]
c VGA VIA 1024x600@60.00  1312  622  37.252  - - 48.875  40  104  144  1  3  18  fb.modes, VIA; commented out
c GTF 1024x600@59.995  1312  622  37.3171 - + 48.960  40  104  144  1  3  18  common X11 modelines
c VGA VIA 1024x600@60.00  1312  622  37.320  - - 48.964  40  104  144  1  3  18  fb.modes, VIA
e RGB E242868  1024x600@60.85  1274  645  - - 50.0000  210  30  10  22  13  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e LVDS/RGB SK616  1024x600@66.79  1344  635  - - 57.0000  160  20  140  12  3  20  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e RGB AT070TNA2  1024x600@68.22  1344  638  - - 58.5000  210  10  100  18  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
e LVDS SKLVDS1024x600  1024x600@70.46  1152  616  - - 50.0000  18  10  100  6  2  8  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e LVDS/RGB SK616  1024x600@70.95  1293  654  - - 60.0000  119  10  140  30  6  18  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888, has dsp_lut; [ref]
e LVDS/RGB HDMI 1024x600@76.57  1234  635  - - 60.0000  160  10  40  12  3  20  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
=== 1064x600 16:9  // VESA 0.64M9
==== 1152x600  //
d Compaq 171FS 1152x600@74  1472  631  - - 69.03  32  256  32  11  8  12  [ref]
a arcade HDTV 720p 1280x600i@24.002  1576  651  15.6250 - - 24.625  37  116  143  5  6  40  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling
c VGA VIA 1280x600@60.00  37.320  - - 61.503  28  128  184  1  3  18  fb.modes, VIA
d Compaq 171FS 1280x600@68  1600  631  - - 68.90  32  256  32  12  7  12  https://how-to.fandom.com/wiki/How_to_deal_with_the_Compaq_171FS_monitor_in_X_Windows
a arcade HDTV 1080p 1920x600i@24.002  2360  651  15.6250 - - 36.875  55  174  211  5  6  40  arcade/game modelines; avoids horizontal scaling
====== 808x608 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
==== 832x608 4:3  // Canon Powershot 600 (1996); 0.5 Mpix
====Atari 896x608  // Atari resolution, 1bit "falh2", 4bit "falh16"
c VGA VIA 1088x612@60.00  1392  636  38.040  - - 52.952  48  104  152  3  5  16  fb.modes, VIA
=== Apple Half Megapix 832x624 4:3  // Apple Macintosh Half Megapixel standard; Apple Mac II, 16", 49.7 kHz, 75 Hz; E-Mach/Quadra, 44.9 kHz, 67 Hz; default for late 1990s iMac
=== // largest res less than 219 and 32-multiple horz, fits to 512kB framebuffer, 32-bit alignment
d NEC LCD1960NX 832x624@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 - - 108.000  496  112  248  401  3  38  from EDID; same clock and overall resolution for all modes, size by porches
d Apple monitors 832x624@74.182  1152  667  49.4792 - - 57.000  44  64  212  1  3  39  [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 832x624@75  1152  667  49.7222 - - 57.28  32  64  224  1  3  39  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d NEC LCD1850E 832x624@74.546  1152  667  49.7222 - - 57.280  32  64  224  1  3  39  [ref]
S! Est., Apple II 832x624@74.546  1152  667  49.7222 + + 57.280  32  64  224  1  3  39  Established Timing; [ref]
c Apple 832x624@74.550  1152  667  49.7250 - - 57.2832  32  64  224  1  3  39  x86 extramodes; Established Timing?; Mac 16" monitors
d Compaq 171FS 1280x624@66  1608  656  43.3147 - - 69.65  32  264  32  12  7  13  [ref]
== 625/50  625  15.625  com 1.5us 4.7us 5.8us 2.5H 2.5H 20H raw PAL timing
==== 864x625  // raw resolution of 720x576, for CCIR-601 sampling for PAL; 13.5 MHz samplerate
==== 1135x625  // raw resolution of 948x575, for 4f(sc) sampling for PAL or 625/50; 17.734475 MHz samplerate
==== 800x640  // text 100x40 (8x16)
=== DVGA 960x640 3:2  // 2x2 HVGA; Meizu MX mobile phone, Apple iPhone 4/4S ("Retina"), 4th Generation iPod Touch
e RGB HJ050NA 960x640@64.69  1145  675  - - 50.0000  130  5  50  12  3  20  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_2, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
=== 0.66MA 1024x640 16:10/8:5 // close to WSVGA 1024x600; VESA nonstd modes 362/256col,363/15b,364/16b,365/24b,366/32b; linux kernel vga=0x36a/256col,0x36b/15b,0x36c/16b,0x36d/24b, nonstd 0x36e/32b; may not work on some graphics cards
d Compaq 171FS 1024x640@76  1344  673  - - 69.07  32  256  32  12  8  13  [ref]
=== WDVGA 1136x640  // 0.73M9; iPhone 5 10cm/4"; "retina" pixel density; Apple iPhone 5, iPhone 5S, iPhone 5C, iPhone SE (1st)
====0.73M9  1148x640 ~16:9  // occasional Chromebook resolution with 96 DPI; see HP Chromebook 14A G5
==== 1152x640 9:5  //
d Compaq 171FS 1152x640@70  1480  673  - - 69.78  32  264  32  12  8  13  [ref]
d Compaq 171FS 1152x640@74  1496  673  - - 74.70  32  280  32  12  8  13  [ref]
d Compaq 171FS 1280x640@64  1600  673  - - 69.22  32  256  32  13  7  13  [ref]
d Compaq 171FS 1152x648@72  1488  681  - - 73.28  32  272  32  12  8  13  [ref]
d Sony KP-46WT520  1160x652@59.999  1664  746  - + 74.48  48  120  336  1  3  90  MythTV modelines, device-specific
=== 896x672  // VESA nonstd modes 303/256col,304/15b,305/16b,306/24b,307/32b; linux kernel vga=0x32f/256col,0x330/15b,0x331/16b,0x332/24b, nonstd 0x333/32b; may not work on some graphics cards
c VGA NVIDIA 896x672@60  1224  697  83.6601 - + DS 102.40  64  100  164  0  2  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 896x672@60.014  1224  697  83.6601 - + DS 102.400  64  100  164  0  2  23  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 896x672@75  1228  708  106.27  - + DS 130.50  48  108  176  0  2  34  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d Panasonic TX-42PX75U 1208x679@60  1650  750  + + 74.25  145  40  257  28  5  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sharp LC-37D6U 1080x680@30.12  1752  758  79.68  412  40  220  42  2  34  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Panasonic TX-32LXD52 1216x684p@60  1648  750  + + 74.160  140  40  252  23  5  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KF-50WE610  1152x648@60.032  1648  750  + + 74.2  136  40  320  41  5  56  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDS-R60XBR1  1152x648@60.032  1648  750  + + 74.2  136  40  320  41  5  56  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LuckyGold 26LC3R 1157x685@50  1980  750  + + 74.25  501  40  282  22  5  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA NVIDIA 928x696@60  1264  719  86.3528 - + DS 109.15  48  112  176  0  2  21  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 928x696@60.051  1264  719  86.3528 - + DS 109.150  48  112  176  0  2  21  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 928x696@75  1280  750  112.5  - + DS 144.00  64  112  176  0  2  52  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d Compaq 171FS 1024x700@70  1352  736  - - 69.70  32  264  32  14  8  14  [ref]
d Sony KDL-26P2530  1216x700@60  1650  750  + + 74.250  142  40  252  14  5  31  MythTV modelines, device-specific
====HDTV 640x720  // HDTV Rec.709, Blu-Ray, DVD, 4:3,16:9
=== SMPTE 720p 960x720  // video postprodution; Panasonic DVCPRO100 for 50/60 Hz over 720p - SMPTE Resolution
=== DVCPRO HD 720p 960x720  // video postprodution; DVCPRO HD 720 source size; 16:9 square pixel size 1280x720; HDTV Rec.709, Blu-Ray, DVD, 4:3,16:9
==== 960x720  // text 120x45 (8x16)
c VGA NVIDIA 960x720@60  1300  750  90  - + DS 117.00  64  104  172  0  2  28  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 960x720@60.000  1300  750  90.0000 - + DS 117.000  64  104  172  0  2  28  from EDID
c VGA NVIDIA 960x720@75  1320  750  112.5  - + DS 148.50  72  112  176  0  2  28  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 960x720@85  1328  756  128.524  - + DS 170.68  76  108  184  0  2  34  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
==== 1088x720 68:45  // teleconferencing
=== 0.83MA 1152x720 16:10  // VESA 0.83MA; VESA nonstd modes 357/256col,358/15b,359/16b,360/24b,361/32b; nonstd linux kernel vga=869/256col,870/15b,871/16b,872/24b,873/32b; may not use on all graphics cards
c VGA VIA 1152x720@60.00  1488  748  44.859  - - 66.75  56  112  168  3  6  19  fb.modes, VIA
==== 1200x720 5:3  // 15:9
VGA VIA 1200x720@60.00  1540  746  44.760  - - 70.184  28  128  184  1  3  22  fb.modes, VIA
=====! 1280x720 16:9  // standard image size; 720p camera sensors, 720p AHD analog cameras, ~1 Mpix, 0.9 Mpix; CMOS image sensor, some with processor; some machine vision cameras (C-mount)
=====! // raspi camera v2, IMX219, mode 6, 2x2 binning, 40-90 fps, partial fov; GoPro Hero 7 720p
==== 1280x720  // 16:9 square pixel size of 960x720 source size, DVCPRO HD 720; Blu-Ray
== 720p, HD-1, HD1  1280x720 16:9  // ATSC standard; hd720 (ffmpeg); WXGA-H/minimum; VESA 1.04M9; very common HDTV resolution; panels often 768 lines with odd WXGA resolutions; 1280x720p30/p60 teleconferencing; projectors; common Android devices
== // HDTV 720p, 45.0 kHz, 60 Hz; "ATVA", early HDTV as proposed by MIT/General Instruments, 59.94 Hz progressive, 16-QAM modulation; "Digital Spectrum Compatible", 4-VSB modulation, by Zenith/AT&T
== // HDTV Rec.709, Blu-Ray, DVD, 16:9
e DPI LCD, TI DRA722  1280x720@20.42  1536  765  15.625  - - 24.000  210  30  16  22  13  10  dra72-evm.dts; pixelclk-active=1, de-active=1
t HDTV NTSC 1280x720p@23.976  4125  750  17.9821 3  74.176  2585
S VIC=60 720p24  1280x720@23.98* 3300  750  18.000  59.400  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=60 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=65 720p24  1280x720@23.98* 3300  750  18.00  59.400  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=65 vfreq=23.98/24
S DMT+CEA861 (v4l2) 1280x720@24.000* 3300  750  18.0000 + + 59.400  1760  40  220  5  5  20  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1280X720P24; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,HAS_CEA861_VIC
t HDTV ATSC 1280x720p@24  4125  750  18.0000 3  74.250  2585
t HDTV CRT 1280x720p@25  1536  750  31.2500 3  48  256  for CRT-based 31.250 kHz horizontal freq HDTVs (framerate discrepancy)
t HDTV CRT 1280x720p@25  1584  750  31.2500 3  49.5  304  for CRT-based 31.250 kHz horizontal freq HDTVs (framerate discrepancy)
t HDTV ATSC 1280x720p@25.000  3960  750  18.7500 3  74.250  2420
S VIC=61 720p25  1280x720@25.000  3960  750  18.7500  74.250  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=61
S VIC=66 720p25  1280x720@25.000  3960  750  18.7500  74.250  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=66
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1280x720@25.000* 3960  750  18.7500 + + 74.250  2420  40  220  5  5  20  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1280X720P25; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
t HDTV NTSC 1280x720p@29.97  3300  750  22.4776 3  74.176  1760
t HDTV ATSC 1280x720p@30.0000  3300  750  22.5000 3  74.250  1760
S VIC=62 720p30  1280x720@29.97* 3300  750  22.5000  74.250  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=62 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=67 720p30  1280x720@29.97* 3300  750  22.5000  74.250  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=67 vfreq=29.97/30
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1280x720@30.00* 3300  750  22.5000 + + 74.250  1760  40  220  5  5  20  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1280X720P30; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
S VIC=108 720p48  1280x720@47.96* 2500  750  36.0000  90.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=108 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=109 720p48  1280x720@47.96* 2500  750  36.0000  90.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=109 vfreq=47.96/48
d Panasonic TX-32LED8F 1280x720@49.97  1980  750  74.2  440  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sanyo PLV Z4/Z5  1280x720@50  1568  757  59.42  32  224  32  15  6  16  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VIA 1280x720@50.00  1632  741  37.050  - - 60.466  48  128  176  1  3  17  fb.modes, VIA
t HDTV ATSC 1280x720p@50.0000  1980  750  37.5000 3  74.250  440  commonly handled natively by projectors, plasma TVs
S VIC=19 720p50  1280x720@50.0000  1980  750  37.5000  74.250  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=19
S VIC=68 720p50  1280x720@50.0000  1980  750  37.5000  74.250  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=68
T EIA/CEA-861B 1280x720@50.0000  1980  750  37.5000 + + 74.250  440  40  220  5  5  20  [ref]
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1280x720@50.000  1980  750  37.5000 + + 74.250  440  40  220  5  5  20  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1280X720P50; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
d Benq PE7700  1280x720@50  1980  750  37.5000 + + 74.250  440  40  220  21  5  4  projector; from EDID
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 1280x720@50  1980  750  37.5000 + + 74.250  440  40  220  21  5  4  native res
d Olevia LT37HVS 1280x720@50.00  1980  750  + + 74.250  440  40  220  21  5  4  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDL-26S3000  1280x720@50  1980  750  + + 74.25  474  40  250  35  5  40  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t HDTV EDID 1280x720@50  1980  750  37.5  + + 74.25  440  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x720@58.84  1696  746  - + 74.453  168  136  112  1  3  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Panasonic PT-AE900U 1280x720@58.99  1676  750  + + 74.52  32  56  308  4  6  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c CVT 0.92M9-R 1280x720@59.74  1440  741  44.27  + - 63.75  48  32  80  3  5  13  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x720@59.745  1440  741  44.2708 + - 63.750  48  32  80  3  5  13  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x720@59.855  1664  748  44.7716 - + 74.500  64  128  192  3  5  20  from EDID
c CVT 0.92M9  1280x720@59.86  1664  748  44.77  - + 74.50  64  128  192  3  5  20  x86 extramodes
d Sony KDF-E42A10  1280x720@59.913  1648  752  + + 74.25  110  40  218  5  7  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
T EIA/CEA-861B 1280x720@59.94  1650  750  44.9545 + + 74.176  110  40  220  5  5  20  [ref]
t "ATSC-720-59.94p" 1280x720p@59.940  1648  750  44.9551  74.086  40  56  272  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t HDTV NTSC 1280x720p@59.940  1650  750  44.9552 3  74.176  110
d InFocus Screenplay 1280x720p@59.940  1650  750  44.9552  74.176  40  56  274  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific; Infocus Screenplay 5000, ATSC
t "ATSC-720-59.94p" 1280x720@59.940  1650  750  44.9552  74.176  40  56  274  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x720@59.991  1360  740  88.7868 + - DS 120.750  24  16  40  1  3  16  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x720@59.999  1744  746  89.5183 - + DS 156.120  96  136  232  1  3  22  from EDID
d Panasonic PT-AE700  1280x720@60  1648  750  - - 74.160  72  40  256  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sanyo PLV Z4/Z5  1280x720@60  1624  757  73.78  32  280  32  15  7  15  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Toshiba HD51  1280x720p@60  1640  751  + + 73.8  40  48  272  2  2  27  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t "ATSC-720-60p" 1280x720p@60.0000  1648  750  45.0000  74.16  40  56  272  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
d LuckyGold DU-37LZ30  1280x720p@60  1648  750  + + 74.16  118  33  305  28  5  45  MythTV modelines, device-specific; ATSC-720-60p-no-over
d Panasonic PT-AX100U 1280x720@60  1672  750  - - 74.160  28  36  328  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t HDTV ATSC 1280x720p@60.0000  1650  750  45.0000 3  74.250  110
S! VIC=4 720p 1280x720@60.0000  1650  750  45.0000  74.250  "720p", CTA-770.3; 16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=4
S VIC=69 720p 1280x720@60.000  1650  750  45.0000  74.250  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=69
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1280x720@60.000* 1650  750  45.0000 + + 74.250  110  40  220  5  5  20  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1280X720P60; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
d Benq PE7700 native 1280x720@60* 1650  750  45.0000 + + 74.250  110  40  220  5  5  20  projector; from EDID
d Dell S3219D 1280x720@60  1650  750  45.0000 + + 74.250  110  40  220  5  5  20  from EDID, upscaled [ref]
d Tevion/Medion 41427  1280x720@60  1650  750  + + 74.20  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Hitachi 42PD380TA 1280x720@60  1650  750  + + 74.250  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Toshiba 52HM84  1280x720@60  1650  750  + + 74.250  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio VO22L 1280x720@60.0  1650  750  + + 74.25  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Toshiba 52HL167  1280x720@60.0  1650  750  + + 74.25  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Toshiba 50H81  1280x720@60  1650  750  + + 74.250  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Infocus Screenplay 1280x720p@60  1650  750  74.25  40  56  274  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific; Infocus Screenplay 5000, ATSC
d Mitsubishi HC-1500  1280x720p@60  1650  750  74.25  112  56  202  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio SV470M 1280x720@60.001  1623  764  + + 74.40  110  30  203  5  5  34  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Toshiba 42A3000A 1280x720@60  1664  746  - + 74.48  56  136  192  1  3  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LuckyGold 32LH3000  1280x720@60  1664  744  - + 74.48  80  112  192  2  2  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia LT32HVE 1280x720@60.00  1664  746  - + 74.48  56  136  192  1  3  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sanyo DP42647  1280x720@60.0  1664  746  + + 74.48  188  136  60  1  3  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VIA 1280x720@60.00  1672  746  44.760  - - 74.481  64  136  192  1  3  22  fb.modes, VIA
t HDTV EDID 1280x720@60  1650  750  44.9576 + + 74.18  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
T EIA/CEA-861B 1280x720@60.0000  1650  750  45.0000 + + 74.250  110  40  220  5  5  20  [ref]
t HDTV EDID 1280x720@60.000  1650  750  45.0000 + + 74.25  110  40  220  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
t "ATSC-720-60p" 1280x720@60.000  1650  750  45.0000  74.25  40  56  274  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
d Toshiba 56HM66 DLP 1280x720@60  1672  750  + + 75.288  117  48  227  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d ViewSonic N2750w 1280x720@60.096  1664  750  75  56  136  192  5  5  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDS-R60XBR1  1280x720@60.347  1646  747  + + 74.2  110  36  220  5  2  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
e MIPI 1280x720@63.27  1392  738  - - 65.0000  82  10  20  4  8  6  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, OUT_P888, needs init; [ref]
l Thinkpad X61 native 1024x768@64.99  1344  798  69.71  56  104  160  1  3  26
d Zenith P60W26  1280x720@70.00  1696  750  - + 89.04  72  136  208  1  3  26  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t "ATSC-720-71.93p" 1280x720p@71.928  1648  750  53.9460  88.903  40  56  272  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "ATSC-720-71.93p" 1280x720@71.928  1650  750  53.9461  89.011  16  64  290  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
t "ATSC-720-72p" 1280x720p@72.0000  1648  750  54.0000  88.992  40  56  272  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "ATSC-720-72p" 1280x720@72.0000  1650  750  54.0000  89.1  16  64  290  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
S VIC=41 720p100  1280x720@100.000  1980  750  45.0000  148.500  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=41
S VIC=70 720p100  1280x720@100.000  1980  750  75.0000  148.500  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=70
t "ATSC-720-119.88p" 1280x720@119.880  1650  750  89.9097  148.351  16  64  290  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
S VIC=47 720p120  1280x720@119.88* 1650  750  90.0000  148.500  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=47 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=71 720p120  1280x720@119.88* 1650  750  90.0000  148.500  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=71 vfreq=119.88/120
t "ATSC-720-120p" 1280x720@120.0000  1650  750  90.0000  148.5  16  64  290  2  6  22  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
==== 1680x720 21:9  // smartphones; Samsung Galaxy Fold 4.6", Sony Xperia L4 (6.2")
S VIC=79 720p2x24  1680x720@23.98* 3300  750  18.00  59.400  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=79 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=80 720p2x25  1680x720@25  3168  750  18.75  59.400  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=80
S VIC=81 720p2x30  1680x720@29.97* 2640  750  22.50  59.400  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=81 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=110 720p2x48  1680x720@47.96* 2750  825  36.00  99.000  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=110 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=82 720p2x50  1680x720@50  2200  750  37.50  82.500  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=82
S VIC=83 720p2x 1680x720@60  2200  750  45.00  99.000  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=83
S VIC=84 720p2x100  1680x720@100  2000  825  82.50  165.000  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=84
S VIC=85 720p2x120  1680x720@119.88* 2000  825  99.00  198.000  64:27 (pixel=64:63); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=85 vfreq=119.88/120
d Compaq 171FS 1016x730@72  1360  767  - - 75.48  32  280  32  14  9  14  [ref]
===== 1296x730 16:9  // raspi camera, v1, OV5647, mode 5, 1..49 fps, 2x2 binning
====== 1312x732 ~16:9  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
==L 819-line 819/50i // historical tv, France; effective 816x737, or 408x737 in reduced-bandwidth (System-F, Belgium, Luxembourgh)
=== 819-line, "736i" 1152x738i@25
H 819-line tv ~816x737  ? 819  20.475  0.5us 2.5us 5us
H old TV, 819-line 1152x738i@25.000+ 1432  819  20.4751 - - 29.3203  16  72  192  6  1  74  old French 819-line TV, "755i"; [ref]
====1M9  1334x750 ~16:9  // iPhone 6 12cm/4.7"; "retina" pixel density; Apple iPhone 6, iPhone 6S, iPhone 7, iPhone 8, iPhone SE (2nd)
==== 1024x758 ~4:3  // eink 6", Pocketbook 616/627, Nook GlowLight, Cybook Odyssey, T62+, Kobo Aura, Boox C65,
=== 1360x765 16:9  // plasma displays
a arcade monitor 512x768i@30.000  624  832  24.9599 - - 15.575  8  62  42  1  10  53  arcade/game modelines; fixed 25kHz hsync freq arcade monitor
=====! 1024x768 4:3  // common image size; image sensor for digital cameras, Olympus D-300L sensor (1996), 0.8 Mpix; some machine vision cameras (C-mount)
==== 1024x768  // text 128x48 (char 8x16)
== XGA/EVGA 1024x768 4:3  // xga (ffmpeg); VESA 0.79M3, established standard; 8514/A cards (1987) i@43.5, industry std; IBM (1990); 16:9 on LCD TVs; EVGA is VESA (1991), max 70Hz, not widely adopted; projectors; common Android devices
== // VESA standard modes 260/16c,261/256c,278/15b,279/16b,280/24b, nonstd 312/32b; linux kernel vga=0x304/16col,0x305/256col,0x316/15b,0x317/16b,0x318/24b, nonstd 824/32b
== // XGA, 57.0 kHz, 70 Hz; XGA, 61.1 kHz, 75.8 Hz; 8514A, 35.5 kHz, 87/43 Hz; VESA, 48.4 kHz, 60 Hz, in RGB202VTG; VESA, 56.4 kHz, 70 Hz; Super Mac, Radius/SuperVGA, 48.0 kHz, 60 Hz; Mac 19", 60.2 kHz, 75 Hz; RasterOps, 60.2 kHz, 75 Hz; IBM PowerPC 5/6, 61.1 kHz, 76 Hz
== // CAD workstations: NCD-17C, 56.3 kHz, 70 Hz; SGI Indigo, 48.0 kHz, 60 Hz; DEC VRM17, 69.9 kHz, 72 Hz; DEC VRM, 57.4 kHz, 72 Hz; some einks 6",8", Icarus 8 (8"), Iriver Story HD,
d Panasonic TH-42PX7A 1024x768@25.89  1344  806  - - 28.043  26  136  158  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, device-specific; 1024x768custom
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1360x768@59.96  1520  790  47.3684 + - 72.000  48  32  80  3  10  9  from EDID
d Sony KDL-32V2000  1024x768@59.992  1344  795  - + 64.1  56  104  160  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
a arcade monitor 1024x768@60.0  1248  832  25.0  - - 31.150  8  125  91  1  10  53  arcade/game modelines; fixed 25kHz hsync freq arcade monitor
d Compaq 171FS 1024x768@60  1328  807  - - 64.56  32  240  32  15  8  16  [ref]
cf HP fixed-freq 1024x768@60.000  1344  795  47.7000 - - 64.1088  64  128  128  3  4  20  HP 98782A/98751A/98753A/98785A/98781A/98786A; sync on green; [ref]
c VGA 1024x768@60  1344  806  65  24  136  160  3  6  29  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VGA 1024x768@60  1344  806  - - 65  24  136  160  3  6  29  MHi modelines table
c VGA ATI/VIA 1024x768@60.00  1344  806  48.363  - - 65  24  136  160  3  6  29  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
c VESA 1024x768@60  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.00  24  136  160  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768@60  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.00  24  136  160  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c HDTV EDID 1024x768@60  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.00  24  136  160  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
C VESA 1024x768@60.004  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.000  24  136  160  3  6  29  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?
S! DMT (v4l2) 1024x768@60.004  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.000  24  136  160  3  6  29  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1024X768P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1024x768@60.004  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.000  24  136  160  3  6  29  STD (61 40)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1024x768@60.004  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.000  24  136  160  3  6  29  from EDID
d Apple iBook2  1024x768@60.004  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.000  24  136  160  3  6  29  [ref]
d Pismo Firewire G3  1024x768@60.004  1344  806  48.3631 - - 65.000  8  144  168  3  6  29  [ref]
c VGA VESA 1024x768@60  1344  806  48.4  - - 65.0  24  136  160  3  6  29  MHi modelines table
d Sharp D65E 1024x768@60  1344  806  48.4  - - 65.0  24  136  160  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, device-specific; VESA
e LVDS HDMI 1024x768@60.004  1344  806  - - 65.0000  210  10  100  18  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
e LVDS HSD100PXN 1024x768@60.004  1344  806  - - 65.0000  210  10  100  18  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_2, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
e RGB HJ080NA 1024x768@60.23  1344  803  - - 65.0000  120  100  100  15  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_2, OUT_P888; [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1024x768@60.035  1400  794  95.3357 - + DS 133.470  76  112  188  0  2  24  from EDID
e LVDS MQ0801D 1024x768@61.85  1344  806  - - 67.0000  300  10  10  30  4  4  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1024x768@60  1344  806  - - 74.871  40  136  144  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768@60  1400  794  95.3357 - + DS 133.47  76  112  188  0  2  24  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
cf Hitachi CM2086A1  1024x768@60.892  1313  813  49.5050 + - 65.000  24  96  169  6  6  33  [ref]
d NEC LCD1960NX 1024x768@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 + + 108.000  304  112  248  257  3  38  from EDID; same clock and overall resolution for all modes, size by porches
d NEC LCD1960NX 1024x768@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 - - 108.000  304  112  248  257  3  38  from EDID; same clock and overall resolution for all modes, size by porches
cf DEC VR297-DA 1024x768@63.876  1272  800  51.1006 - - 65.000  16  128  104  0  3  29
d Compaq 171FS 1024x768@64  1352  807  - - 69.91  32  264  32  15  8  16  [ref]
e MIPI/LVDS B080XAN02  1024x768@65.62  1204  848  - - 67.0000  60  64  56  36  14  30  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), OUT_P666, needs init; [ref]
c VGA 1024x768@70  1328  806  75  24  136  144  3  6  29  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
c VESA 1024x768@70  1328  806  56.4759 - - 75.00  24  136  144  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768@70  1328  806  56.4759 - - 75.00  24  136  144  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
C VESA 1024x768@70.069  1328  806  56.4759 - - 75.000  24  136  144  3  6  29  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?
S! DMT (v4l2) 1024x768@70.069  1328  806  56.4759 - - 75.000  24  136  144  3  6  29  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1024X768P70
S DMT v1.0 r11  1024x768@70.069  1328  806  56.4759 - - 75.000  24  136  144  3  6  29  STD (61 4A)
c VGA VESA 1024x768@70  1328  806  56.5  - - 75.0  24  136  144  3  6  29  MHi modelines table
d Compaq 171FS 1024x768@70  1384  807  - - 78.26  32  296  32  15  9  15  [ref]
c VGA ATI 1024x768@70.07  1328  806  56.476  - - 75  24  136  144  3  6  29  fb.modes, ATI
c VGA ATI 1024x768@72.245  1288  806  58.230  - - 75  24  136  104  3  6  29  fb.modes, ATI
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1024x768@73.314  1316  881  64.5897  85.000  20  120  152  12  3  98  needs hw adapter; [ref]
cf HP fixed-freq 1024x768@74.218  1344  848  62.9368 - - 84.587  64  128  128  4  4  64  HP A1497x/A2287A; sync on green; calculated from specs; [ref]
d iMac display 1024x768@74.314  1312  800  59.4512 + + 78.000  34  96  158  1  3  28  [ref]
cf Sun 1962B monitor 1024x768@74.704  1327  807  60.2864 - - 80.000  48  55  200  3  9  27  [ref]
d Apple iMac 1024x768@74.814  1312  800  59.8514 + + 78.525  25  96  167  1  3  28  [ref]
c VGA 1024x768@75  1312  800  78.75  16  96  176  1  3  28  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
d HP P1230 monitor 1024x768@75.023  1083  800  60.0185  65.000  9  15  35  1  3  28  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA VESA 1024x768@75  1312  800  60.0  + + 78.8  16  96  176  1  3  28  MHi modelines table
S! DMT (v4l2) 1024x768@75.029  1312  800  60.0229 + + 78.750  16  96  176  1  3  28  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1024X768P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1024x768@75.029  1312  800  60.0229 + + 78.750  16  96  176  1  3  28  STD (61 4F)
d SGI GDM20E21  1024x768@75.029  1312  800  60.0229 + + 78.750  16  96  176  1  3  28  from EDID, scaled
c VESA 1024x768@75  1312  800  60.0229 + + 78.75  16  96  176  1  3  28  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA ATI/VIA 1024x768@75.03  1312  800  60.023  + + 78.75  16  96  176  1  3  28  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768@75  1312  800  60.061  + + 78.80  16  96  176  1  3  28  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VESA 1024x768@75.076  1312  800  60.0610 + + 78.800  16  96  176  1  3  28  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768@75  1416  801  120.226  - + DS 170.24  84  112  196  0  2  31  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
cf Hitachi HM-4119  1024x768@75.642  1344  817  61.7999 - - 83.059  8  224  88  7  15  27  Hitachi HM-4119-S-AA-0; [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19  1024x768@76.211  1304  805  61.3497 - + 80.000  3  42  235  4  5  28  historical monitor, 5-BNC; native-ish timing [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962b 1024x768@77.069  1360  805  62.0404 - - 84.375  32  128  176  2  4  31  [ref]
cf NeXT Megapixel 1024x768@78.758  1432  798  62.8492 +?-? 90.000  88  136  184  3  6  21  nonnative; [ref]
cf IBM 6091 mode 3  1024x768@82.826  1376  827  68.4971 - - 94.252  32  192  128  11  15  33  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
cf Sun GDM20D10  1024x768@84.9997  1328  806  68.5098 + + 90.981  8  96  200  0  3  35  [ref]
C VESA 1024x768@84.997  1376  808  68.6773 + + 94.500  48  96  208  1  3  36  common X11 modelines
S DMT (v4l2) 1024x768@84.997  1376  808  68.6773 + + 94.500  48  96  208  1  3  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1024X768P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1024x768@84.997  1376  808  68.6773 + + 94.500  48  96  208  1  3  36  STD (61 59)
d NEC LCD1850E 1024x768@84.997  1376  808  68.6773 + + 94.500  48  96  208  1  3  36  [ref]
c VGA VIA 1024x768@85.00  1372  808  68.677  + + 94.5  48  96  204  1  3  36  fb.modes, VIA
c VESA 1024x768@85  1376  808  68.6773 + + 94.50  48  96  208  1  3  36  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768@85  1376  808  68.6773 + + 94.50  48  96  208  1  3  36  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1024x768@85  1376  808  68.7  + + 94.5  48  96  208  1  3  36  MHi modelines table
c VGA 1024x768@85  1376  808  94.5  48  96  208  1  3  36  Rick Ballantyne, Xilinx Inc. TABLE 1 VGA CORE VIDEO MODE
d Mac Mini 1024x768@84.997  1376  808  68.6773 + + 94.500  48  96  208  1  3  36  [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 1024x768@85.059  1375  808  68.7273  94.500  56  94  201  1  3  36  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768@85  1416  806  137.02  - + DS 194.02  84  112  196  0  2  36  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d Compaq 171FS 1024x768i@43.5  1248  807  - - 44.07  32  160  32  16  6  17  [ref]
c VGA ATI 1024x768i@43.48  1264  817  35.522  + + 44.9  8  176  56  1  8  40  fb.modes, ATI
C industry standard 1024x768i@43.479  1264  817  35.5222 + + 44.900  8  176  56  0  8  41  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?
c VGA industry std 1024x768i@43  1264  817  35.5  + + 44.9  8  176  56  0  8  41  MHi modelines table; INTERLACED!
c VESA 1024x768i@43.5  1264  817  35.5222 + + 44.90  8  176  56  0  8  41  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1024x768i@43.5  1264  817  35.5222 + + 44.90  8  176  56  0  8  41  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
C 8514/A 1024x768i@43.576  1264  817  35.6013  45.000  16  176  48  9  8  32  industry standard, 8514/A XGA controller
S! DMT (v4l2) 1024x768i@44.851  1264  792  35.5222 + + 44.900  8  176  56  0  4  20 0 4 21 Established Timing; "8514A" standard; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1024X768I43
S DMT v1.0 r11  1024x768i@44.851  1264  792  35.5222 + + 44.900  8  176  56  0  4  20  interlaced
cf IBM 6091-19  1024x768@86.265  1500  796  68.6667 - - 103.000  100  240  136  2  12  14  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
c VGA ATI 1024x768@90.20  1312  845  76.220  - - 100  0  96  192  21  15  41  fb.modes, ATI
d 17in Apple Studio 1024x768@98.156  1420  808  79.3099 + + 112.620  52  172  172  0  12  28  [ref]
c VGA ATI 1024x768@99.78  1392  792  79.023  - - 110  0  88  280  0  8  16  fb.modes, ATI; discrepancy in pixclk against VIA
c VGA VIA 1024x768@99.78  1392  792  79.023  - - 113.3  0  88  280  0  8  16  fb.modes, VIA; discrepancy in pixclk against ATI
c 1024x768@100.00  1392  814  81.4001 + + 113.309  72  112  184  1  3  42  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 1024x768@100  1392  814  81.4  - + 113.31  72  112  184  1  3  42  MHi modelines table
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1024x768@100.47  1360  805  80.8824  110.000  32  128  176  2  4  31  [ref]
e LVDS/MIPI 1024x768@109.56  1204  848  - - 67.0000  60  64  56  36  14  30  de-active=0, pixelclk-active=1, out-face=OUT_P666, lvds-format=LVDS_8BIT_2; [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1024x768@119.99  1184  813  97.5507 + - 115.500  48  32  80  3  4  38  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1024X768P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1024x768@119.99  1184  813  97.5507 + - 115.500  48  32  80  3  4  38  CVT (RB)
c 1024x768@120.00  1408  823  98.7599 + + 139.054  80  112  192  1  3  51  common X11 modelines
d HP P1230 monitor 1024x768@154.98  1424  841  130.3371  185.600  0  0  400  2  6  65  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
=== WXGA 3:2  1152x768 3:2  // 0.88M2; Apple PowerBook G4 (original Titanium version); 2x2 576x384
c 1152x768@54.786  1472  806  44.1576 + + 65.000  26  136  158  3  6  29  common X11 modelines
c VGA NVIDIA 1152x768@55  1472  806  44.1576 + + 65.00  26  136  158  3  6  29  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d ATI Radeon 1152x768@60.004  1344  806  48.3631  65.000  14  82  96  3  6  29  Ati Radeon Mobility M6 [ref]
d Apple TI Powerbook 1152x768@68.352  1440  800  54.6813 + + 78.741  21  96  171  1  3  28  [ref]
==== 1224x768 16:10  // VESA 0.94MA
=====! 1280x768 5:3  // standard image size
=== WXGA 5:3/average 1280x768 15:9  // VESA 0.98M9, established standard; "European widescreen" (also 800x480); lowest resolution of "ultrabook" notebooks; compromise between 1024x768 and 1280x1024, higher than 1280x720
c VGA VUA 1280x768@50.00  1620  900  39.550  - - 65.178  28  128  184  1  3  128  fb.modes, VIA
d Mitsubishi HC3000u 1280x768i@29.97  1736  798  - - 83.05  96  128  232  3  7  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific; 1280x768-Mitsubishi
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1280x768@59.87  1664  798  47.7764 - + 79.500  64  128  192  3  7  20  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X768P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x768@59.87  1664  798  47.7764 - + 79.500  64  128  192  3  7  20  CVT (7f 1c 28)
d Sony KDL-32V2000  1280x768@59.973  1680  795  - + 80.1  64  136  200  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1280x768@59.995  1440  790  47.3958 + - 68.250  48  32  80  3  7  12  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X768P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x768@59.995  1440  790  47.3958 + - 68.250  48  32  80  3  7  12  CVT-RB (7f 1c 21)
t HDTV EDID 1280x768@60  1440  790  47.3958 + + 68.25  48  32  80  3  7  12  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x768@60  1664  798  - + 79.464  80  128  176  3  7  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony TAV-L1  1280x768@60  1664  798  - + 79.542  64  128  192  3  7  20  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia LT26HVX 1280x768@60  1640  807  80  32  296  32  15  8  16  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VIA 1280x768@60.00  1654  795  47.700  + + 80.13  48  126  200  1  3  23  fb.modes, VIA
c VGA NVIDIA 1280x768@60  1680  795  47.7024 + + 80.14  64  136  200  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d Olevia LT32HVE 1280x768@60.00  1680  795  - + 80.14  64  136  200  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KLV-S32A10E 1280x768@60.003  1680  795  - + 80.14  64  136  200  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c GTF 1280x768@60.003  1680  795  47.7024 - + 80.140  64  136  200  1  3  23  common X11 modelines
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x768@70  1696  800  - + 95.055  88  136  192  1  3  28  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x768@72  1696  801  - + 97.839  88  136  192  1  3  29  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1280x768@74.893  1696  805  60.2889 - + 102.250  80  128  208  3  7  27  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X768P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x768@74.893  1696  805  60.2889 - + 102.250  80  128  208  3  7  27  CVT (7f 1c 44)
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x768@75  1696  805  - + 102.271  96  128  192  3  7  27  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1280x768@84.837  1712  809  68.6332 - + 117.500  80  136  216  3  7  31  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X768P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x768@84.837  1712  809  68.6332 - + 117.500  80  136  216  3  7  31  CVT (7F 1c 62)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1280x768@119.8  1440  813  97.3958 + - 140.250  48  32  80  3  7  35  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X768P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x768@119.8  1440  813  97.3958 + - 140.250  48  32  80  3  7  35  RB
d HP P1230 monitor 1280x768@155.18  1776  840  130.3491  231.500  0  0  496  2  6  64  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
=== WXGA 7:4  1344x768 7:4  // similar-ish to 16:9
=== HD/WXGA 1360x768 ~16:9  // 15.94:9; "HD ready"; just under 1 MB RAM (cf. 1366x768), line divisible by 8
d Olevia 537h 1360x768@58.42  1560  790  - + 72.000  64  32  104  3  5  14  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio L37HDTV 1360x768@59.219  1798  803  - + 85.5  134  130  174  2  6  27  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LuckyGold 32LG3000  1360x768@59.80  1776  795  47.54  - + 84.43  64  144  208  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LuckyGold 32LG3000  1360x768@59.8  1776  798  47.7  + - 84.75  72  136  208  3  5  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d AWA 81  1360x768@59.92  1776  795  84.6  64  144  208  1  5  21  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia monitor 1360x768@59.965  1768  810  48.5718 + + 85.875  48  112  248  1  3  38
d Sharp LC-40C32U 1360x768@60  1744  807  84.50  32  320  32  15  8  16  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung LA40R81BD 1360x768@60.04  1744  807  + + 84.50  32  320  32  15  8  16  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia 537h 1360x768@60.04  1744  807  84.50  32  320  32  15  8  16  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LuckyGold 32LG3000  1360x768@60.00  1776  795  47.7  - + 84.72  64  144  208  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VIA 1360x768@60.00  1776  798  47.720  - - 84.75  72  136  208  3  5  22  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT (v4l2) 1360x768@60.015  1792  795  47.7121 + + 85.500  64  112  256  3  6  18  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1360X768P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1360x768@60.015  1792  795  47.7121 + + 85.500  64  112  256  3  6  18 
d Sony KDL-32V2000  1360x768@60.015  1792  795  + + 85.5  80  112  240  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Wstghouse VU32L 1360x768@60.015  1792  795  - - 85.50  64  112  256  3  7  17  MythTV modelines, device-specific ; Westinghouse
d Olevia LT26HVX 1360x768@60.55  1776  795  + + 85.50  116  112  188  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t HDTV EDID 1360x768@60  1792  795  47.7121 - - 85.50  64  112  256  3  7  17  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Sharp D65E 1360x768@60  1792  795  47.7121 - - 85.50  64  112  256  3  7  17  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sharp LC-40C32U 1360x768@60  1792  795  + + 85.5  64  112  256  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDL-40S2000  1360x768@60  1792  795  85.500  72  112  248  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDL-32M3000  1360x768@60  1792  795  + + 85.500  64  112  256  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung LNS3241D 1360x768  1792  795  + + 85.50  64  112  256  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific; LNS3241D, LNS3251D
d Samsung LNR328W 1360x768@60.01  1792  795  + + 85.5  56  112  264  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung LA40R81BD 1360x768@60  1792  795  + + 85.800  80  112  240  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung LE32R51B 1360x768@60.02  1792  795  + + 85.500  64  112  256  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific; LE32R51B, LE26Rx, LE37R4, LE40R5, LE32R71
d Sanyo DP24460  1360x768@60  1792  795  - - 85.502  64  112  256  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1360x768@119.97  1520  813  97.5329 + - 148.250  48  32  80  3  5  37  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1360X768P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1360x768@119.97  1520  813  97.5329 + - 148.250  48  32  80  3  5  37  RB
=== 1365x768 16:9  // "Wide XGA", 768-line format; LCD/plasma displays
d NEC PX-50XM5  1365x768@60  1526  788  47.3  + + 72.149  51  50  60  4  4  12  MythTV modelines, device-specific
== HD-Ready, HD/FWXGA 1366x768 ~16:9  // wxga (ffmpeg); Standardized HDTV 720p/1080i displays or "HD ready", used in most cheaper notebooks and low-end LCD TVs; common cheap 18.5" screens; most popular for LCD TVs in 2006; just over 1 MB RAM
c VGA VIA 1366x768@50.00  1766  791  39.550  - - 69.924  56  144  200  1  3  19  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT (v4l2) 1366x768@59.79  1792  798  47.7121 + + 85.500  70  143  213  3  3  24  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1366X768P60
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1360x768@59.799  1776  798  47.7196 - + 84.750  72  136  208  3  10  17  from EDID
d LuckyGold 32LG3000  1366x768@59.81  1798  795  + - 85.500  128  130  174  2  6  19  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio VX37L 1366x768@59.815  1798  795  47.553  - + 85.5  128  130  174  2  6  19  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio VW37L 1366x768@59.815  1798  795  47.553  - + 85.5  128  130  174  2  6  19  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio VX32L 1366x768@59.815  1798  795  - + 85.5  128  130  174  2  6  19  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1368x768@59.853  1528  790  47.2840 + - 72.250  48  32  80  3  10  9  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1368x768@59.882  1784  798  47.7859 - + 85.250  72  136  208  3  10  17  from EDID
S DMT RB (v4l2) 1366x768@60  1500  800  48.0000 + + 72.000  14  56  64  1  3  28  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1366X768P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
d Toshiba 32WL68E 1366x768@60  1786  795  + + 85.50  58  112  250  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VIA 1366x768@60.00  1798  795  47.700  - - 85.86  72  144  216  1  3  23  fb.modes, VIA
d Olevia LT26HVX 1366x768@60.02  1792  795  + + 85.500  80  112  240  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia LT26HVX 1366x768@60.55  1776  795  85.50  112  112  186  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Panasonic TH-50PX60A 1366x768@60.02  1792  795  + + 85.500  80  112  240  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific; TH-50PX600A, TH-50PX60A, TH-50PX70A
c VGA GTF HD 1368x768@60  1800  795  47.7  - + 85.86  72  144  216  1  3  23  MHi modelines table
d Panasonic TH-50PX80A 1366x768@60  1816  808  88.0  40  280  112  0  12  26  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Ventura Wide 1366x768@60.095  1798  795  + + 85.9  72  188  172  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia monitor 1366x768@60.986  1526  793  48.3617 + + 73.800  48  32  80  5  10  10
e Asus EEE LVDS-1  1366x768@61.435  1560  793  - - 76.00  20  10  164  2  3  20  [ref]
e LVDS HDMI 1366x768@70.85  1600  838  - - 95.0000  80  34  120  12  8  50  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_D888_P666; has dsp_lut; [ref]
=== WXGA 1368x768 16:9  // "HD ready"
d LuckyGold 32LG3000  1368x768@59.80  1800  795  47.54  - + 85.57  72  144  216  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio I47  1368x768@59.392  1754  793  + + 82.61  56  155  175  2  -13  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific;# WORKS; 720p
c CVT R 1368x768R@59.85  1528  790  47.28  + - 72.25  48  32  80  3  10  9  x86 extramodes
c CVT 1368x768@59.88  1784  798  47.79  - + 85.25  72  136  208  3  10  17  x86 extramodes
d Fujitsu 50" plasma 1368x768@60  1792  795  + + 85.478  56  112  256  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d ViewSonic N3251w 1368x768@60.0  1792  795  + + 85.478  56  112  256  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
C GTF/VESA 1368x768@60.00  1800  795  47.7000 - + 85.860  72  144  216  1  3  23  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
d LuckyGold 32LG3000  1368x768@60.00  1800  795  47.7  - + 85.86  72  144  216  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia LT32HVE 1368x768@60.00  1800  795  - + 85.86  72  144  216  1  3  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Wstghouse SK-32H240S 1368x768@60.005  1496  816  + - 73.250  40  32  56  3  5  40  MythTV modelines, device-specific; Westinghouse
d Olevia LT26HVX 1368x768@60.55  1776  795  85.50  110  112  186  3  6  18  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Olevia monitor 1368x768@60.849  1800  798  48.5572 - + 87.403  88  136  208  3  10  17
==== 1.23M2.083 1600x768 25:12  // Sony VAIO P series
cf Apollo monitor 1024x776@58.693  1344  824  48.3631  65.000  96  40  184  4  8  36  sync on green; [ref]
===== 1077x788 ~4:3  // some document cameras; Aver 300, Samsung S900DX
=== Amiga 640x800  // Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "euro72-lace","dblntsc-lace"
==== 0.82M3  1024x800 ~4:3  // Sun, @84; Apollo (CAD workstation), 63.9 kHz, 76 Hz
e RGB TX23D88VM 1200x800@61.91  1300  820  - - 66.0000  70  10  20  14  2  4  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
===== 1280x800 16:10  // CMOS image sensor, some with onboard processor; OnSemi AR0140
== WXGA 16:10/max 1280x800 16:10  // common aspect ratio in widescreen notebooks until ca. 2010; useful compromise between 4:3 XGA and 16:9 WXGA; projectors, common; popular for 12"-15" laptops, just under 1MB RAM; became uncommon, displaced by 768-line panels; common Android devices; Wyse Wy-700 (1980); Kindle Fire HD 7", Nexus 7
d Compaq 171FS 1280x800@50  1592  841  - - 67.26  32  248  32  17  7  17  [ref]
e RGB HJ101NA 1280x800@57.79  1466  838  - - 71.0000  16  10  160  12  3  23  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=0, OUT_P888; [ref]
e LVDS HDMI 1280x800@59.11  1320  833  - - 65.0000  20  10  10  13  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
c CVT 1.02MA 1280x800@59.81  1680  831  49.70  - + 83.50  72  128  200  3  6  22  x86 extramodes
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1280x800@59.81  1680  831  49.7024 - + 83.500  72  128  200  3  6  22  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X800P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x800@59.81  1680  831  49.7024 - + 83.500  72  128  200  3  6  22  STD (81 00) CVT (8f 18 28)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x800@59.81  1680  831  49.7024 - + 83.500  72  128  200  3  6  22  from EDID
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1280x800@59.91  1440  823  49.3056 + - 71.000  48  32  80  3  6  14  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X800P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x800@59.91  1440  823  49.3056 + - 71.000  48  32  80  3  6  14  CVT-RB (8f 18 21)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x800@59.91  1440  823  49.3056 + - 71.000  48  32  80  3  6  14  from EDID
c CVT 1.02MA-R 1280x800@59.91  1440  823  49.31  + - 71.00  48  32  80  3  6  14  x86 extramodes
e LVDS AA121TD01  1280x800@59.91  1440  823  71.0000  20  70  70  3  5  15  data-mapping=jeida-24; Mitsubishi; [ref]
e LVDS/RGB DS1006H 1280x800@59.91  1440  823  - - 71.0000  158  1  1  21  1  1  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P888; [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x800@59.972  1360  823  98.7132 + - DS 134.250  24  16  40  1  3  19  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x800@59.987  1752  829  99.4578 - + DS 174.250  100  136  236  1  3  25  from EDID
e LVDS on Tegra 1280x800@59.99  1440  823  49.375  - - 71.1000  60  40  60  7  9  7  pix-clk=1, data-enable=1; nVidia Tegra K1 LVDS, from dts; [ref]
e LVDS LCD_B101ew05  1280x800@61.797  1408  816  - - 71.0000  18  10  100  6  2  8  de-active=0, pixelclk-active=0, out-face=OUT_D888_P666, lvds-format=LVDS_8BIT_2; [ref]
l Amilopro 2055  1280x800@59.998  1680  828  - + 83.46  64  136  200  1  3  24
c GTF/VESA 1280x800@59.998  1680  828  49.6786 - + 83.460  64  136  200  1  3  24  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1280x800@60  1680  828  49.6786 + + 83.46  64  136  200  1  3  24  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA GTF 1280x800@60  1680  828  49.68  - + 83.46  64  136  200  1  3  24  MHi modelines table
c VGA VIA 1280x800@60.00  1800  840  60.000  + + 108  96  112  312  1  3  36  fb.modes, VIA
e LVDS/RGB B101EW05  1280x800@61.80  1408  816  - - 71.0000  18  10  100  6  2  8  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), LVDS_8BIT_2, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1280x800@74.934  1696  838  62.7948 - + 106.500  80  128  208  3  6  29  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X800P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x800@74.934  1696  838  62.7948 - + 106.500  80  128  208  3  6  29  STD (81 0f) CVT (8f 18 44)
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1280x800@84.88  1712  843  71.5537 - + 122.500  80  136  216  3  6  34  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X800P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x800@84.88  1712  843  71.5537 - + 122.500  80  136  216  3  6  34  STD (81 19) CVT (8f 18 62)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1280x800@119.91  1440  847  101.5625 + - 146.250  48  32  80  3  6  38  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X800P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x800@119.91  1440  847  101.5625 + - 146.250  48  32  80  3  6  38  RB
==== 1920x800 12:5  // "21:9"
=====! 2560x800 32:10  // standard image size
====== 1296x808  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1440x810@59.977  1520  833  99.9211 + - DS 151.880  24  16  40  1  3  19  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1440x810@59.994  1968  839  100.6707 - + DS 198.120  108  156  264  1  3  25  from EDID
====== 1296x812  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
====== 1296x816  // CMOS image sensor
==== 819i // 819 line TV, 736/737 visible lines (one is of two halves)
==== 1200x824 ~13:9  // eink 9.7", Kindle DX
==== 1200x825 ~13:9  // eink 9.7", Icarus Excel, Illumina Pro, Onyx Boox M96/N96, Pocketbook Pro 902/903/912; Waveshare 9.7"
====XGA+/NeXT 1120x832 ~11:8  // 0.93M3; NeXT, 61.3 kHz, 68 Hz; NeXT "slab"; 4-level gray, color; NeXT Megapixel display
====1.09M2  1280x854 3:2  // Apple PowerBook G4; some TVs?
=== Digital Cinema 2x 2048x858 2.39:1  // digital film, Digital Cinema 2x; DCI 2K CinemaScope-cropped
==== 1024x864  // workstation, DEC VR, 54.0 kHz, 60 Hz
cf Apollo monitor 1024x864@60.18  1272  904  54.4025 + + 69.200  16  128  104  0  3  37  sync on green [ref]
=== 9CIF 1056x864 4:3/11:9  // videoconferencing
==== 1152x864  // text 144x45 (char 8x16)
=== XGA+, Apple XGA 1152x864 4:3  // Apple Computer 1-megapixel standard; VESA standard
=== // largest 4:3 array yielding less than a binary megapixel (2^20, 1048576 pixels, 1048 decimal kilopixels), greatest "normal" res at common colour depths with a standard amount of video memory; common on 17" CRTs
=== // VESA, 67.5 kHz, 75 Hz
c VGA ATI 1152x864i@43.51  1416  1055  45.904  + + 65  72  128  64  78  9  104  fb.modes, ATI
c VGA ATI 1152x864i@47.4  1448  947  44.890  + + 65  88  128  80  30  9  44  fb.modes, ATI
c VGA ATI 1152x864@59.98  1456  916  54.945  + + 80  64  112  128  6  5  41  fb.modes, ATI
cf DEC VR290-DA VaxSt 1152x864@59.856  1496  900  53.8703 - - 80.590  24  144  176  2  5  29  DEC VR290-DA VaxStation; sync-on-green [ref]
c VGA GTF 1152x864@60  1520  895  53.7  - + 81.62  64  120  184  1  3  27  MHi modelines table
C VESA 1152x864@59.997  1520  895  53.7  - + 81.62  64  120  184  1  3  27  VESA [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1152x864@59.997  1520  895  53.6974 - + 81.620  64  120  184  1  3  27  from EDID
c 1152x864@60.013  1520  895  53.7118 + + 81.642  64  120  184  1  3  27  common X11 modelines
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1152x864@60  1616  900  + + 107.981  80  128  256  1  3  32  MythTV modelines, device-specific
cf Hitachi HM-4119  1152x864@66.000  1456  936  61.7761 - - 89.946  8  96  200  6  15  51  Hitachi HM-4119-S-AA-0; [ref]
c VGA ATI 1152x864@69.99  1512  945  66.138  + + 100  40  152  168  13  11  57  fb.modes, ATI
cf KFC CA-1726  1152x864@73.55  1504  904  66.4894 - - 100.000  48  96  208  2  3  35  old multisync monitor (ca 1997) [ref]
c VGA ATI/VIA 1152x864@74.99  1464  1002  75.137  + + 110  24  144  144  45  8  85  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
S DMT (v4l2) 1152x864@75.000  1600  900  67.5000 + + 108.000  64  128  256  1  3  32  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1152X864P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1152x864@75.000  1600  900  67.5000 + + 108.000  64  128  256  1  3  32  STD (71 4F)
C VESA 1152x864@75.00  1600  900  67.5000 + + 108.000  64  128  256  1  3  32  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VESA 1152x864@75  1600  900  67.5  + + 108.00  64  128  256  1  3  32  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1152x864@75  1600  900  67.5  + + 108.00  64  128  256  1  3  32  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1152x864@75  1600  900  67.5  + + 108.0  64  128  256  1  3  32  MHi modelines table
cf IBM 6091 mode 3  1152x864@76.000  1608  917  69.6915 - - 112.064  72  96  288  2  15  36  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19  1152x864@79.582  1518  894  71.1462 - - 108.000  4  144  218  1  3  26  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19  1152x864@79.582  1518  894  71.1462 - - 108.000  20  144  202  1  3  26  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
c VGA ATI 1152x864@79.74  1440  958  76.389  + + 110  16  112  160  30  7  57  fb.modes, ATI
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1152x864@81.471  1440  895  72.9167  105.000  40  160  88  1  10  20  [ref]
C VESA 1152x864@85.00  1552  907  77.0947 + + 119.651  72  128  200  1  3  39  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VGA GTF 1152x864@85  1552  907  77.1  - + 119.65  72  128  200  1  3  39  MHi modelines table
c VGA NVIDIA 1152x864@85  1568  911  77.4872 + - 121.50  64  128  224  1  3  43  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
cf Sun GDM-1934SG 1152x864@93.629  1519  900  84.2660 + - 128.000  84  104  179  3  3  30  [ref]
c VGA GTF 1152x864@100  1568  915  91.5  - + 143.47  80  128  208  1  3  47  MHi modelines table
C VESA 1152x864@99.9986  1568  915  91.4987 - + 143.47  80  128  208  1  3  47  VESA [ref]
c VESA 1152x864@100.00  1568  915  91.5000 + + 143.472  80  128  208  1  3  47  common X11 modelines
==== 1536x864 16:9  // 6% use as of 2020, 3rd most common; multiply by 1.25 to 1920x1080; 1920x1080 with 125% screen magnification
d 1536x864@58.893  2016  897  52.8274 - + 106.500  80  160  240  3  5  25
d 1536x864@59.971  2032  897  53.7943 - + 109.310  88  160  248  3  5  25
====XGA+/Apple 1152x870 ~4:3  // ~1.32:1; RasterOps/Quadra, Macintosh II two-page-side-by-side 21" CRT monitors, 68.7 kHz, 75 Hz; fits 1MB framebuffer at 8bpp
c 1152x870@54.788  1568  909  49.8023  78.090  16  216  184  0  7  32  Xorg modeline
c 1152x870@63.923  1568  909  58.1059  91.110  16  216  184  0  9  30  Xorg modeline
c 1152x870@73.051  1568  909  66.4031  104.120  16  216  184  0  10  29  Xorg modeline
t 1152x870@75  Established Timing
S! Est., Apple II 1152x870@74.980  1456  916  68.6813 - - 100.000  32  128  144  4  3  39  Established Timing; [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 1152x870@75.031  1455  916  68.7285  100.000  48  81  174  1  4  41  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
d iMac display 1152x870@75.219  1552  908  68.2990 - - 106.000  72  128  200  1  3  34  [ref]
c 1152x870@82.186  1568  909  74.7066  117.140  16  216  184  0  12  27  Xorg modeline
c 1152x870@91.313  1568  909  83.0038  130.150  16  216  184  0  13  26  Xorg modeline
c 1152x870@98.659  1568  909  89.6811  140.620  16  216  184  0  15  24
c 1152x870@100.45  1568  909  91.3074  143.170  16  216  184  0  16  23  Xorg modeline
c 1152x870@108.43  1624  909  98.5653  160.070  16  216  240  0  16  23  Xorg modeline
==== 2142x876 ~22:9  // smartphones; Motorola Razr 2020 (6.2")
cf IBM 6091-19  1152x890@68.227  1494  932  63.5877 - + 95.000  2  99  241  4  4  34  verified; historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
=== XGA+/Sun 1152x900 ~4:3  // 1.28:1; Sun, 61.8 kHz, 66 Hz; Sun, 71.7 kHz, 76 Hz; Sun-2, Sun-3, Sun-4 workstation, early 1980s; fits 1MB framebuffer at 8bpp
cf Sun 16" 76 Hz 1152x900@64.935  1540  940  61.0390  94.000  72  100  216  4  16  20  ballpark [ref]
cf Hitachi HM-4119  1152x900@66.000  1456  936  61.7761 - - 89.946  8  96  200  0  7  29  Hitachi HM-4119-S-AA-0; some folding on top; [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962B 1152x900@66.004  1528  937  61.8455 - - 94.500  40  128  208  2  4  31  [ref]
cf Sun-3 Hitachi 1152x900@66.864  1456  945  63.1868 - - 92.000  64  144  96  1  8  36  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962b 1152x900@67.724  1456  933  63.1868 - - 92.000  8  144  152  1  8  24  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1152x900@75.988  1504  945  71.8085  108.000  34  128  190  12  3  30  needs hw adapter; [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1152x900@75.997  1552  940  71.4369 com 110.870  72  128  200  1  3  36  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962B 1152x900@76.000  1456  943  71.6676 - - 104.348  48  128  128  2  4  37  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962B 1152x900@76.000  1456  943  71.6676 -C- 104.348  48  128  128  2  4  37  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962B 1152x900@76.000  1456  943  71.6676 +C+ 104.348  48  128  128  2  4  37  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962B 1152x900@76.000  1456  943  71.6676 - - 104.348  40  128  136  2  4  37  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962b 1152x900@76.271  1508  939  71.6180 - - 108.000  48  288  20  3  7  29  [ref]
==== 1400x900 14:9  // somewhat common size in between 4:3 and 16:9, intermediate format; laptops, old cheaper semiwidescreens
l Toshiba P25  1400x900@59.882  1424  903  54.0730  77.000  8  8  8  1  1  1  Toshiba Satellite P25 [ref]
c CVT R 1400x900@59.88  1560  926  55.45  + - 86.50  48  32  80  3  10  13  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1400x900@59.88  1560  926  55.4487 + - 86.500  48  32  80  3  10  13  from EDID
c CVT 1400x900@59.96  1848  934  56.01  - + 103.50  80  144  224  3  10  21  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1400x900@59.964  1848  934  56.0065 - + 103.500  80  144  224  3  10  21  from EDID
c 1400x900@59.98  1864  932  55.9013 - + 104.200  80  152  232  1  3  28  [ref]
c GTF 1440x900@59.999  1904  932  55.9191 - + 106.470  80  152  232  1  3  28  common X11 modelines
l ASUS MV50M-A1  1440x900@59.999  1904  932  55.9191 - + 106.470  80  152  232  1  3  28  [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1440x900@59.887  1904  934  55.9349 - + 106.500  80  152  232  3  6  25  from EDID
=== WXGA+/WSXGA 16:10  1440x900 16:10  // common aspect ratio on 12.1..17" widescreen notebooks and many 19" LCDs until ca 2010; WXGA(II), mislabeled "WXGA"
=== // VESA nonstd modes 352/256col,353/15b,354/16b,355/24b,356/32b; nonstd linux kernel vga=864/256col,865/15b,866/16b,867/24b,868/32b; may not work on all graphics cards; 864 on some laptops selects 1280x800/8bit
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1440x900@59.887  1904  934  55.9349 - + 106.500  80  152  232  3  6  25  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1440X900P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1440x900@59.887  1904  934  55.9349 - + 106.500  80  152  232  3  6  25  STD (95 00) CVT (C1 18 28)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1440x900@59.901  1600  926  55.4688 + - 88.750  48  32  80  3  6  17  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1440X900P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1440x900@59.901  1600  926  55.4688 + - 88.750  48  32  80  3  6  17  CVT (RB) CVT (c1 18 21)
c VGA GTF 1440x900@60  1904  932  55.9191 - + 106.47  80  152  232  1  3  28  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1440x900@60  1912  946  56.9247 + + 108.84  32  408  32  18  9  19  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c CVT 1.30MA 1440x900@59.89  1904  934  55.93  - + 106.50  88  144  232  3  6  25
c VGA VIA 1440x900@60.00  1904  989  55.935  + + 106.5  80  152  232  3  6  80  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1440x900@74.984  1936  942  70.6353 - + 136.750  96  152  248  3  6  33  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1440X900P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1440x900@74.984  1936  942  70.6353 - + 136.750  96  152  248  3  6  33  STD (95 0f) CVT (C1 18 44)
c VGA VIA 1440x900@75.00  1936  942  70.635  + + 136.75  96  152  248  3  6  33  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1440x900@84.842  1952  948  80.4303 - + 157.000  104  152  256  3  6  39  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1440X900P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1440x900@84.842  1952  948  80.4303 - + 157.000  104  152  256  3  6  39  STD (95 19) CVT (C1 18 68)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1440x900@119.85  1600  953  114.2188 + - 182.750  48  32  80  3  6  44  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1440X900P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1440x900@119.85  1600  953  114.2188 + - 182.750  48  32  80  3  6  44  RB
=== HDTV+, HD+, 900p 1600x900 16:9  // HD Plus; common cheap 19" screens; HDTV+ (HEVC codec), 16:9; see also 1600x1000 but 1680x1050 more common
c CVT 1.44M9-R 1600x900@59.82  1760  926  55.40  + - 97.50  48  32  80  3  5  18  x86 extramodes
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1600x900@59.825  1760  926  55.3977 + - 97.500  48  32  80  3  5  18  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1600x900@59.942  1680  926  111.0119 + - DS 186.500  24  16  40  1  3  22  from EDID
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1600x900@59.946  2112  934  55.9896 - + 118.250  96  160  256  3  5  26  from EDID
d DELL S2009W 1600x900@59.978  1760  926  55.5398 + - 97.750  48  32  80  3  5  18  from EDID [ref]
c CVT 1.44M9  1600x900@59.95  2112  934  55.99  - + 118.25  96  160  256  3  5  26  x86 extramodes
c VGA VIA 1600x900@60.00  2112  934  55.990  - - 118.25  88  168  256  3  5  26  fb.modes, VIA
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1600x900@59.988  2200  932  111.8182 - + DS 246.000  128  172  300  1  3  28  from EDID
S DMT RB (v4l2) 1600x900@60.000  1800  1000  60.0000 + + 108.000  24  80  96  1  3  96  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1600X900P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
d Flatron E2042  1600x900@60.000  1800  1000  60.0000 + + 108.000  24  80  96  1  3  96  [ref]
===== 1800x900 2:1  // CMOS image sensor; OV10650, IMX224,
=== CWSXGA 2880x900 32:10  // 16:5; NEC CRV43, Ostendo CRVD, Alienware Curved Display
===== 1216x912 4:3  // one megapixel sensor example
a mame.ini 1216x912i@30.001  1536  1049  31.4714 - - 48.340  48  184  88  45  4  88  from mame.ini
===== 1640x922 16:9  // raspi camera v2, IMX 219, mode 5, 2x2 binning, 0.1-40 fps
a mame.ini 1240x928i@29.999  1568  1047  31.4094 - - 49.250  48  184  96  36  4  79  from mame.ini
====== 1820x940 ~31:16  // CMOS image sensor
a mame.ini 1264x944i@29.999  1600  1049  31.4688 - - 50.350  48  192  96  29  4  72  from mame.ini
====== 1828x948 ~31:16  // CMOS image sensor; automotive
=== Amiga 640x960  // Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "multiscan-lace"
====== 1080x960 9:8  // CMOS image sensor
=====! 1280x960 4:3  // standard image size, 1Mpix; image sensor in Fujifilm DS-300 (1997), 1.3 Mpix; iphone 6/SE front cam; security cameras, 1.2 Mpix; 960p; CMOS image sensors, some with processors; Omnivision OV9716, OnSemi AR0132/AR0136; GoPro Hero 7 960p
==== 1280x960  // text 160x60 (char 8x16)
=== SXGA-/UVGA/960p 1280x960p 4:3  // VESA 1.23M3, 4:3 alternative to 1280x1024; 2x2 640x480; 4:3 square-pixel variant of 1280x1024 5:4; popular LCD panel size
=== Atari // Atari TT mode, custom noninterlaced ECL monitor, 1bpp, 70Hz, "tthigh"
a mame.ini 1280x960i@29.951  1616  1051  31.4790 - - 50.870  48  192  96  22  4  65  from mame.ini
d Compaq 171FS 1280x960i@30  1512  1009  - - 45.97  32  168  32  22  5  22  [ref]
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x960@59.99  1800  1000  + + 107.981  112  112  296  5  3  32  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA 1280x960@60  1712  994  - + 102.1  80  136  216  1  3  30  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 1280x960@60.000  1800  1000  60.0000 + + 108.000  96  112  312  1  3  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X960P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x960@60.000  1800  1000  60.0000 + + 108.000  96  112  312  1  3  36  STD (81 40)
C VESA 1280x960@60.00  1800  1000  60.0000 + + 108.000  96  112  312  1  3  36  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1280x960@60  1800  1000  60  + + 108.00  96  112  312  1  3  36  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1280x960@60  1800  1000  60  + + 108.00  96  112  312  1  3  36  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1280x960@60  1800  1000  60.0  + + 108.0  96  112  312  1  3  36  MHi modelines table
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x960@60.000  1800  1000  60.0000 + + 108.000  96  112  312  1  3  36  from EDID
cf IBM 6091-19  1280x960@71.215  1720  996  70.9302 - - 122.000  44  392  4  3  11  22  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
c VGA GTF 1280x960@71.9997  1728  1001  72.0718 - + 124.54  88  136  224  1  3  37  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA ATI 1280x960@74.788  1680  1000  74.788  + + 125.644  32  144  224  1  3  36  fb.modes, ATI
c VESA 1280x960@75.00  1728  1002  75.1499 + + 129.859  88  136  224  1  3  38  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 1280x960@75  1728  1002  75.15  - + 129.86  88  136  224  1  3  38  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
d iMac display 1280x960@75.433  1728  1005  75.8102 - - 131.000  88  136  224  1  3  41  [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 1280x960@85.002  1728  1011  85.9375 + + 148.500  64  160  224  1  3  47  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X960P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x960@85.002  1728  1011  85.9375 + + 148.500  64  160  224  1  3  47  STD (81 59)
C VESA 1280x960@85.002  1728  1011  85.9375 + + 148.500  64  160  224  1  3  47  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1280x960@85  1728  1011  85.9375 + + 148.50  64  160  224  1  3  47  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1280x960@85  1728  1011  85.9  + + 148.5  64  160  224  1  3  47  MHi modelines table
c VESA 1280x960@85  1728  1011  85.9375 + + 148.50  64  160  224  1  3  47  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA GTF 1280x960@100  1760  1017  101.7  - + 178.99  96  144  240  1  3  53  MHi modelines table
c 1280x960@100.00  1760  1017  101.7000 + + 178.992  96  144  240  1  3  53  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1280x960@119.84  1440  1017  121.8750 + - 175.500  48  32  80  3  4  50  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X960P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x960@119.84  1440  1017  121.8750 + - 175.500  48  32  80  3  4  50  RB
==== 1408x960 22:15  // "DigiCipher" as proposed, early HDTV by General Instruments; 59.94 Hz interlaced, 16-QAM modulation
=== WSXGA 3:2, HDTV 1440 1440x960 3:2  // 1.38M2; "HDTV 1440"; ATRC-Consortium "Advanced Digital Television" as proposed, early HDTV, 59.94 Hz interlaced, SS-QAM modulation; Apple PowerBook G4
c 1440x960@59.983  1904  996  59.7426 - + 113.750  88  144  232  3  10  23  [ref]
d Toshiba TW40x81  1440x960i@29.972  1816  1125  33.7181 + + 61.232  119  40  217  64  27  74  [ref]
==== 1536x960 16:10  // VESA 1.47MA
==== 1704x960 16:9  // VESA 1.64M9
d Mitsubishi WS-55513  1760x960@29.97  2208  1126  - - 74.5  128  208  112  52  16  98  MythTV modelines, device-specific; in1080i
d Toshiba 50H81  1760x960i@29.973  2208  1126  - - 74.52  128  208  112  52  16  98  MythTV modelines, device-specific;interlace; in1080i
====== 1288x968 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
===== 1344x968 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor; automotive, common; OnSemi AR0143
===== 1296x972 4:3  // raspi camera, v1, OV5647, mode 4, 1..42 fps, 2x2 binning
====== 1296x976 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
a mame.ini 1304x976i@29.505  1640  1067  31.4817 - - 51.630  48  192  96  22  4  65  from mame.ini
a mame.ini 1328x992i@29.070  1672  1083  31.4833 - - 52.640  48  200  96  22  4  65  from mame.ini
====== 1000x1000 1:1  // CCD image sensor
==== 1600x1000 16:10  // older 20-22" CRT monitors; 1680x1050 more common
c 1600x1000@60.00  2144  1035  62.0998 + + 133.142  104  168  272  1  3  31  common X11 modelines
c 1600x1000@75.00  2160  1044  78.3000 + + 169.128  104  176  280  1  3  40  common X11 modelines
c 1600x1000@84.997  2176  1050  89.2472 + + 194.202  112  176  288  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
c 1600x1000@100.00  2192  1059  105.9001 + + 232.133  120  176  296  1  3  55  common X11 modelines
==== 1776x1000 ~16:9  // available in some monitors/TVs
d Toshiba TW40x81  1776x1000i@29.970  2328  1125  33.7161 + + 78.491  182  56  314  56  21  48  [ref]
==== 728x1008  // MDSI Genius Card, 2-color
a mame.ini 1344x1008i@28.644  1696  1099  31.4800 - - 53.390  48  200  104  22  4  65  from mame.ini
====Amiga 640x1024  // Amiga resolution, ECS (2bpp)/AGA (8bpp) chipsets, "dblpal-lace"
==== 768x1024  // text 96x64 (char 8x16)
===== 1024x1024 1:1  // image sensor in Nikon NASA F4 (1991), 1 Mpix; CCD image sensors, eg. TC 215; CMOS image sensor
====1.05M1:1  1024x1024  // Realtek RTVGA, Network Computing Devices thin client
cf IBM 6091-19 Mode 1  1024x1024@60.00  1408  1056  63.3599 - - 89.2108  21  160  203  3  3  26  native, from timing [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19 mode 1  1024x1024@60.000  1408  1056  63.3599 - + 89.211  21  160  203  3  3  26  native; when clock/videoram limits horz res; historical monitor, 5-BNC; native-ish timing [ref]
=====! 1280x1024 5:4  // some 1.3Mpix digital camera sensors (1999-2000); security cameras, 1.3 Mpix; CMOS camera sensors, some with processors; some machine vision cameras (C-mount)
== SXGA 1280x1024 5:4  // UNIX workstations standard; VESA 1.31M4, established standard; native for standard 17" and 19" LCDs; introduced with XGA-2; Apple/Sony 17" 5:4 CRTs; at 24bpp fits 4MB RAM; Sun @76
== // sxga (ffmpeg); VESA standard modes 262/16col,263/256col,281/15b,282/16b,283/24b, nonstd 317/32b; linux kernel vga=0x306/16col,0x307/256col,0x319/15b,0x31a/16b,0x31b/24b, nonstd 829/32b
== // VESA, 64.0 kHz, 60 Hz; VESA, 91.1 kHz, 85 Hz; IBM PowerPC 1/2, 81.3 kHz, 77 Hz; IBM PowerPC 3, 75.8 kHz, 72 Hz; IBM PowerPC 9/10, 63.6 kHz, 60 Hz
== // old CAD workstations; SGI, 63.9 kHz, 60 Hz; SGI, 77.0 kHz, 72 Hz; IBM RS, 63.4 kHz, 60 Hz; DEC VR, 69.9 kHz, 66 Hz; DEC VR319, 70.7 kHz, 66 Hz; DEC VR320, 77.1 kHz, 72 Hz; Sun, 81.0 kHz, 76 Hz; Extron, 92 kHz, 86.8 Hz
==== 1280x1024  // text 160x64 (char 8x16), 160x128 (8x8)
d Phillips 190b6  1280x1024@50  1680  1125  56.25  94.5  40  140  220  1  3  97  MythTV modelines, device-specific
cf HP fixed-freq 1280x1024@59.979  1708  1056  63.3378 - - 108.181  44  184  200  3  3  26  HP 98784A/98752A/98754A/98789A; sync on green; calculated from specs; [ref]
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  + + 107.981  64  112  232  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  + + 108  48  112  248  1  3  38  MHi modelines table
c VGA VESA 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  64.0  + + 108.0  48  112  248  1  3  38  MHi modelines table
d Phillips 170S 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  64.0  + + 108.0  48  112  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Phillips 190S 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  64.0  + + 108.0  48  112  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Phillips 190b8  1280x1024@60  1600  1125  67.5  108  48  112  160  1  3  97  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S DMT (v4l2) 1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 + + 108.000  48  112  248  1  3  38  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X1024P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 + + 108.000  48  112  248  1  3  38 
C VESA 1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 + + 108.000  48  112  248  1  3  38  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
t HDTV EDID 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  63.981  + + 108.00  48  112  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
c VESA 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  63.981  + + 108.00  48  112  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  63.981  + + 108.00  48  112  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA ATI/VIA 1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.981  + + 108  48  112  248  1  3  38  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 + + 108.000  48  112  248  1  3  38  from EDID
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 - - 108.000  48  112  248  1  3  38
d NEC LCD1960NX 1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 + + 108.000  48  112  248  1  3  38  from EDID, native; same clock and overall resolution for all modes, size by porches
d NEC LCD1960NX 1280x1024@60.02  1688  1066  63.9810 - - 108.000  48  112  248  1  3  38  from EDID; same clock and overall resolution for all modes, size by porches
d Sharp D65E 1280x1024@60  1688  1066  64.0  + + 108.0  48  112  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific; VESA
d HP P1230 monitor 1280x1024@60.055  1687  1066  64.0190  108.000  65  109  233  1  3  38  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
cf Hitachi CM2081A3  1280x1024@60.05  1720  1065  63.9535 + - 110.000  24  120  296  3  3  35  untested; [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1280x1024@60.818  1716  1054  64.1026  110.000  60  184  192  1  3  26  needs hw adapter; [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19 Mode 2  1280x1024@60.002  1760  1056  63.3625 - - 111.518  26  200  254  3  3  26  native, from timing [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19 native 1280x1024@60.002  1760  1056  63.3625 - + 111.518  26  200  254  3  3  26  native timing; historical monitor, 5-BNC [ref]
cf HP 98752A 1280x1024@60.767  1729  1066  64.7773 +?+? 112.000  32  193  224  3  3  36  [ref]
cf KFC CA-1726  1280x1024@60.96  1712  1054  64.2523  110.000  8  184  240  1  3  26  old multisync monitor (ca 1997) [ref]
d Dell UltraScan-17FS 1280x1024@60.960  1712  1054  64.2523  110.000  48  184  200  1  3  26  [ref]
cf Sony GDM-1960  1280x1024@66.101  1696  1069  70.6621 + - 119.843  32  160  224  3  3  39  [ref]
cf IBM 6091 mode 3  1280x1024@67.001  1696  1048  70.2176 - - 119.089  16  160  240  3  3  18  historical monitor, 5-BNC [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19 mode 3  1280x1024@67.003  1696  1056  70.7547 - + 120.000  32  160  224  3  3  26  native timing; historical monitor, 5-BNC [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19 Mode 3  1280x1024@67.003  1696  1056  70.7547 - - 120.0000  32  160  224  3  3  26  native, from timing [ref]
cf Apollo monitor 1280x1024@68.243  1696  1080  73.7028  125.000  32  192  192  3  3  50  sync on green;[ref]
cf Sun GDM-1962b 1280x1024@68.367  1616  1059  72.4010 - - 117.000  20  112  204  2  8  25  [ref]
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x1024@70  1728  1066  - + 128.862  104  136  208  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA ATI 1280x1024@70.02  1688  1066  74.645  + + 126  80  112  216  1  5  36  fb.modes, ATI
cf IBM 6091-19  1280x1024@70.104  1773  1062  74.4501 - + 132.000  67  133  293  4  4  30  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing; stable image, takes time to sync [ref]
cf Sony GDM-1960  1280x1024@71.703  1696  1069  76.6509 + - 130.000  20  160  236  3  3  39  [ref]
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x1024@72  1728  1067  - + 133.038  104  136  208  1  3  39  MythTV modelines, device-specific
cf HP fixed-freq 1280x1024@72.005  1728  1085  78.1250 - - 135.000  64  192  192  3  3  55  HP 98774A/A1097x/A2088A/A2094A/A4032x/A4033x/A4330x/A4331x; sync on green; calculated from specs; [ref]
d SGI GDM-20E21  1280x1024@72.239  1680  1065  76.9345 - - 129.250  30  140  230  2  8  31  from EDID, scaled
cf Sun GDM-1934SG 1280x1024@72.296  1664  1064  76.9231 + - 128.000  32  104  248  3  3  34  [ref]
cf Apollo monitor 1280x1024@72.557  1696  1063  77.1285 + + 130.810  32  160  224  3  3  33  sync on green [ref]
c VGA ATI 1280x1024@74.11  1712  1064  78.855  + + 135  32  144  256  0  30  10  fb.modes, ATI
c VGA ATI 1280x1024@74.958  1688  1066  79.905  + + 134.88  64  112  232  1  3  38  fb.modes, ATI
d Phillips 190b8  1280x1024@75  1600  1050  78.75  126  48  112  160  1  3  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Hires Apple Studio 1280x1024@75.019  1688  1066  79.9698 + + 134.989  37  112  259  1  3  38  [ref]
S! DMT (v4l2) 1280x1024@75.025  1688  1066  79.9763 + + 135.000  16  144  248  1  3  38  Established Timing; linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X1024P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x1024@75.025  1688  1066  79.9763 + + 135.000  16  144  248  1  3  38  STD (81 8f) CFT
C VESA 1280x1024@75.025  1688  1066  79.9763 + + 135.000  16  144  248  1  3  38  common X11 modelines; Established Timing?; VESA [ref]
d SGI GDM20E21  1280x1024@75.025  1688  1066  79.9763 + + 135.000  16  144  248  1  3  38  from EDID, scaled
c VESA 1280x1024@75  1688  1066  79.9763 + + 135.00  16  144  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1280x1024@75  1688  1066  79.9763 + + 135.00  16  144  248  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d NEC LCD1850E 1280x1024@75.025  1688  1066  79.9763  135.000  16  144  248  1  3  38  [ref]
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1280x1024@75  1688  1066  + + 135.126  32  144  232  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VESA 1280x1024@75  1688  1066  80.0  + + 135.0  16  144  248  1  3  38  MHi modelines table
c VGA VIA 1280x1024@75.02  1688  1066  79.976  + + 135  16  144  248  1  3  38  fb.modes, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 1280x1024@75.069  1687  1066  80.0237  135.000  65  109  233  1  3  38  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
d iMac display 1280x1024@75.248  1728  1069  80.4398 - - 139.000  88  136  224  1  3  41  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1280x1024@75.344  1684  1064  80.1663  135.000  48  144  212  3  3  34  needs hw adapter; [ref]
d SGI GDM-20E21  1280x1024@75.924  1712  1079  81.9217 - - 140.250  32  176  224  3  3  49  from EDID, scaled
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1280x1024@75.9998  1688  1060  80.5598 + + 135.985  48  112  248  1  3  32  [ref]
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1280x1024@75.999  1744  1070  81.3188 com 141.820  96  136  232  1  3  42  [ref]
d Hires Apple Studio 1280x1024@76.25  1664  1064  81.1298  135.000  8  104  272  3  3  34  [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 1280x1024@85.024  1728  1072  91.1458 + + 157.500  64  160  224  1  3  44  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X1024P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x1024@85.024  1728  1072  91.1458 + + 157.500  64  160  224  1  3  44  STD (81 99) CVT
c VESA 1280x1024@85.024  1728  1072  91.1458 + + 157.500  64  160  224  1  3  44  common X11 modelines; VESA [ref]
c VGA VESA 1280x1024@85  1728  1072  91.1  + + 157.5  64  160  224  1  3  44  MHi modelines table
c VGA NVIDIA 1280x1024@85  1728  1072  91.1458 + + 157.50  64  160  224  1  3  44  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VESA 1280x1024@85  1728  1072  91.1458 + + 157.50  64  160  224  1  3  44  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA VIA 1280x1024@85.02  1728  1072  91.146  + + 157.5  64  160  224  1  3  44  fb.modes, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 1280x1024@85.043  1726  1073  91.2514  157.500  71  120  255  1  4  44  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA ATI 1280x1024i@43.51  1600  1149  50.000  + + 80  80  80  160  50  10  65  fb.modes, ATI
c VGA ATI 1280x1024i@47.49  1600  1053  50.000  + + 80  80  80  160  1  10  18  fb.modes, ATI
c VESA 1280x1024@100.00  1760  1085  108.5000 + + 190.960  96  144  240  1  3  57  common X11 modelines
C VESA 1280x1024@100.00  1760  1085  108.5000 - + 190.960  96  144  240  1  3  57  VESA [ref]
c VGA GTF 1280x1024@100  1760  1085  108.5  - + 190.96  96  144  240  1  3  57  MHi modelines table; usable for LCD-shutter stereo (SGI workstations)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1280x1024@119.96  1440  1084  130.0347 + - 187.250  48  32  80  3  7  50  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1280X1024P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1280x1024@119.96  1440  1084  130.0347 + - 187.250  48  32  80  3  7  50  RB
c 1280x1024@120.00  1776  1097  131.6402 + + 233.793  104  144  248  1  3  69  common X11 modelines
cf Apollo monitor 1320x1024@69.556  1664  1080  75.1202  125.000  80  104  160  3  3  50  sync on green;[ref]
===== 1360x1024 ~4:3  // some scientific cameras, document cameras
=== "SXGA"/"SXGA+" 1360x1024 ~4:3  // slightly wider variant on 1280x1024; IBM RS (PowerPC), 70.8 kHz, 67 Hz
d "DILA-47.95p" 1360x1024p@47.95  1800  1060  91.493  104  144  192  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d "DILA-48p" 1360x1024p@48  1800  1060  91.584  104  144  192  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d "DILA-50p" 1360x1024p@50  1800  1060  95.4  104  144  192  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d "DILA-59.94p" 1360x1024p@59.94  1800  1060  114.366  104  144  192  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d "DILA-60p" 1360x1024p@60  1800  1060  114.48  104  144  192  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d "DILA-71.93p" 1360x1024p@71.93  1800  1060  137.239  104  144  192  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d "DILA-72p" 1360x1024p@72  1800  1060  137.376  104  144  192  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d "DILA-MarkR-71.997" 1360x1024p@71.997  1824  1060  139.202  104  144  216  2  2  32  MythTV modelines, DILA-Projector-NativeModes
d VisionmasterPro 450  1360x1024@105  1752  1072  197.8  10  110  272  7  15  22  from Linux Study Guide 2009
==== 1366x1024 ~4:3
cf IBM 6091-19  1408x1024@61.047  1844  1066  65.0759 - + 120.000  4  120  312  4  4  34  verified [ref]
==== 1.47M5  1440x1024 ~7:5  // similar to A4 paper format with ~123 dpi
====== 1536x1024 3:2  // CCD image sensor, 1.6 Mpix
=== 1536x1024 3:2  // Microsoft Surface Laptop Go (12.4")
=== WSXGA 1600x1024 25:16  // wsxga (ffmpeg); 1.64M10; SGI 1600SW (flatpanel monitor, OpenLDI interface (based on FPD-Link)); few early widescreens
c VGA NVIDIA 1600x1024@60  1670  1067  64.018  - - 106.91  20  20  30  3  3  37  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1600x1024@60  2144  1060  - + 136.617  112  168  264  1  3  32  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1600x1024@60  2144  1060  - + 136.617  112  168  264  1  3  32  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA VIA 1600x1024@60.00  2144  1060  63.600  - - 136.358  104  168  272  1  3  32  fb.modes, VIA
d Apple Cinema disp. 1600x1024@60.001  2144  1060  63.6007 - + 136.360  104  168  272  1  3  32  GTF; [ref]
c 1600x1024@60.012  2144  1060  63.6124 + + 136.385  104  168  272  3  3  30  common X11 modelines
d SGI Multilink+panel 1600x1024@60.019  1704  1056  63.3803 - - 108.000  16  40  48  3  3  26  "1600x1024g"; option OverridePolarity 1; SGI Multilink Adapter and the SiliconGraphics Flat Panel display [ref]
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1600x1024@60.166  1664  1030  61.9712 + + 103.120  0  56  8  0  5  1  from EDID
d SGI flat panel 1600x1024@60.169  1664  1030  61.9742 + + 103.125  0  56  8  0  5  1  "1600x1024d32"; HSkew 7; T2R4 (Rev 4) and the Silicon Graphics Flat Panel [ref]
d SGI flat panel 1600x1024@60.169  1664  1030  61.9742 + + 103.125  0  56  8  0  5  1  "1600x1024d16"; HSkew 5; T2R4 (Rev 4) and the Silicon Graphics Flat Panel [ref]
d SGI flat panel 1600x1024@60.169  1664  1030  61.9742 + + 103.125  0  56  8  0  5  1  "1600x1024d08"; HSkew 1; T2R4 (Rev 4) and the Silicon Graphics Flat Panel [ref]
c 1600x1024@74.981  2176  1069  80.1544 + + 174.416  112  176  288  1  3  41  common X11 modelines
c 1600x1024@76.001  2096  1070  81.3216 + + 170.450  32  160  304  3  3  40  common X11 modelines
c 1600x1024@85.00  2176  1075  91.3750 + + 198.832  112  176  288  3  3  45  common X11 modelines
==== 1920x1024 15:8  // wider than 16:9, a bit wider (1.875) than 1.85:1 movie format
d ViewSonic N4280p 1920x1024@60.0  2200  1125  + + 148.500  88  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
====== 1286x1030 ~5:4  // CMOS image sensor
== 1035i // visible lines in Hi-Vision/MUSE; 1125 scanlines
==== 1440x1035  // effective resolution of Hi-Vision (MUSE); HDTV, 33.75 kHz, 59.94(60.00?) Hz, 1125-line, interlaced; Japan; 16.2 MHz samplerate, 1122(static)/748(moving) pixels/line
==== 1920x1035  // approx. resolution of Hi-Vision (MUSE); HDTV, 33.75 kHz, 59.94 Hz, interlaced; Japan
====== 1304x1036 ~5:4  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
=== SXGA+ 1400x1050 4:3  // VESA 1.47M3, 4:3 1080-line format; PC industry standard; first seen on notebooks; common on 14" and 15" notebook LCDs
=== // nonstd linux kernel vga=835/256col,837/16b,838/32b, 834/?
d MAG DX1495  1400x1050@59.833  1960  1100  65.8163 + + 129.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1400x1050@59.948  1560  1080  64.7436 + - 101.000  48  32  80  3  4  23  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1400X1050P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1400x1050@59.948  1560  1080  64.7436 + - 101.000  48  32  80  3  4  23 
l Sharp SHP139A 1400x1050@60.02  1688  1066  - - 108.000  44  112  132  0  3  13  panel for eg. Thinkpad T60; [ref]
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1400x1050@59.978  1864  1089  65.3165 - + 121.750  88  144  232  3  4  32  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1400X1050P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1400x1050@59.978  1864  1089  65.3165 - + 121.750  88  144  232  3  4  32  STD (90 40) CVT (0c 20 28)
l M9 laptop 1400x1050@59.976  1880  1082  64.8936 + + 122.000  88  152  240  2  12  18  common X11 modelines
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1400x1050@59.976  1880  1082  64.8936 + + 122.000  88  152  240  2  12  18  from EDID
c VGA VIA 1400x1050@59.99  1864  1089  65.317  - - 122.75  88  144  232  3  4  32  fb.modes, VIA
c VGA NVIDIA 1400x1050@60  1880  1082  64.8936 + + 122.00  88  152  240  2  12  18  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA 1400x1050@60  1880  1087  65.2180 - + 122.61  88  152  240  1  3  33  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA GTF 1400x1050@60  1880  1087  65.2180 - + 122.61  88  152  240  1  3  33  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VESA GTF 1400x1050@60  1880  1082  65.5  + + 122.0  88  152  240  2  12  18  x86 extramodes
cf IBM 6091-19  1400x1050@63.999  1912  1090  69.7594 - - 133.380  80  320  112  2  12  26  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1400x1050@70  1960  1100  77.0408 + + 151.00  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d MAG DX1495  1400x1050@70.037  1960  1100  77.0408 + + 151.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  [ref]
c GTF 1400x1050@71.998  1896  1094  78.7658 - + 149.340  96  152  248  1  3  40  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 1400x1050@72  1896  1094  78.77  - + 149.34  96  152  248  1  3  40  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1400x1050@74.867  1896  1099  82.2785 - + 156.000  104  144  248  3  4  42  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1400X1050P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1400x1050@74.867  1896  1099  82.2785 - + 156.000  104  144  248  3  4  42  STD (90 4f) CVT (0c 20 44)
c VGA VIA 1400x1050@74.867  1896  1099  82.278  - - 156  104  144  248  3  4  42  fb.modes, VIA
c VGA NVIDIA 1400x1050@75  1912  1090  81.4854 + + 155.80  64  320  128  2  12  26  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c GTF 1400x1050@74.999  1896  1096  82.1994 - + 155.850  96  152  248  1  3  42  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 1400x1050@75  1896  1096  82.2  - + 155.85  96  152  248  1  3  42  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VESA GTF 1400x1050@75  1912  1090  82.2  + + 155.8  64  320  128  2  12  26  x86 extramodes
d MAG DX1495  1400x1050@75.139  1960  1100  82.6531 + + 162.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  [ref]
c GTF 1400x1050@85.00  1912  1103  93.7552 - + 179.260  104  152  256  1  3  49  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 1400x1050@85  1912  1103  93.7552 - + 179.26  104  152  256  1  3  49  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1400x1050@84.96  1912  1105  93.8808 - + 179.500  104  152  256  3  4  48  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1400X1050P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1400x1050@84.96  1912  1105  93.8808 - + 179.500  104  152  256  3  4  48  STD (90 59) CVT (0c 20 62)
c VGA NVIDIA 1400x1050@85  1960  1100  93.8776 + + 184.00  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d MAG DX1495  1400x1050@85.343  1960  1100  93.8776 + + 184.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  [ref]
c GTF 1400x1050@99.998  1928  1112  111.1981 - + 214.390  112  152  264  1  3  58  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 1400x1050@99.998  1928  1112  111.1981 - + 214.39  112  152  264  1  3  58  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1400x1050@119.9  1560  1112  133.3333 + - 208.000  48  32  80  3  4  55  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1400X1050P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1400x1050@119.9  1560  1112  133.3333 + - 208.000  48  32  80  3  4  55  CVT (RB)
c VGA VIA 1440x1050@60.00  1936  1087  65.220  + + 125.1  96  152  248  1  3  33  fb.modes, VIA
c GTF 1440x1050@60.002  1936  1087  65.2221 - + 126.270  96  152  248  1  3  33  common X11 modelines
=== WSXGA+ 1680x1050 16:10  // VESA 1.76MA; many 20",21",22" LCDs, larger notebooks; not approved by organizations but was very common before displaced by 1920x1080; widescreen version of SXGA+; next is WUXGA; in between of 1440x900 and 1920x1200
c 1680x1050@48.998  2224  1080  52.9182  117.690  96  176  272  1  3  26
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1680x1050@59.883  1840  1080  64.6739 + - 119.000  48  32  80  3  6  21  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1680X1050P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1680x1050@59.883  1840  1080  64.6739 + - 119.000  48  32  80  3  6  21  CVT (RB) CVT (0c 28 21)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1680x1050@59.883  1840  1080  64.6739 + - 119.000  48  32  80  3  6  21  from EDID
c CVT 1.76MA-R 1680x1050@59.88  1840  1080  64.67  + - 119.00  48  32  80  3  6  21  x86 extramodes
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1680x1050@59.954  2240  1089  65.2902 - + 146.250  104  176  280  3  6  30  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1680X1050P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1680x1050@59.954  2240  1089  65.2902 - + 146.250  104  176  280  3  6  30  STD (b3 00) CVT (0c 28 28)
d LM133LF5L01(scaled) 1680x1050@59.954  2240  1089  65.2902 - + 146.250  104  176  280  3  6  30  from EDID
c CVT 1.76MA 1680x1050@59.95  2240  1089  65.29  - + 146.25  104  176  280  3  6  30  x86 extramodes
c VGA VIA 1680x1050@59.954  2240  1089  65.290  + + 146.25  104  176  280  3  6  30  fb.modes, VIA
e 2LVDS AUOG220SVN01.0 1680x1050@59.954  2240  1089  65.2902 - + 146.250  104  176  280  3  6  30  dual LVDS AUO G220SVN01.0; [ref]
c VGA GTF 1680x1050@60  2256  1087  65.22  - + 147.14  104  184  288  1  3  33  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1680x1050@60  2256  1087  65.2216 + + 147.14  104  184  288  1  3  33  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c GTF 1680x1050@60.002  2256  1087  65.2216 - + 147.140  104  184  288  1  3  33  common X11 modelines
d Vizio VO22L 1680x1050@60.002  2256  1087  + + 147.14  104  184  288  1  3  33  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d imac? 1680x1050@60.002  2256  1087  65.2216 - + 147.140  104  184  288  1  3  33  [ref]
d ViewSonic VG2230wm 1680x1050@69.69  2240  1089  + + 170.00  104  176  280  3  6  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1680x1050@74.892  2272  1099  82.3063 - + 187.000  120  176  296  3  6  40  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1680X1050P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1680x1050@74.892  2272  1099  82.3063 - + 187.000  120  176  296  3  6  40  STD (b3 0f) CVT (0c 28 44)
c VGA VIA 1680x1050@74.892  2272  1099  82.306  + + 187  120  176  296  3  6  40  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1680x1050@84.941  2288  1105  93.8593 - + 214.750  128  176  304  3  6  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1680X1050P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1680x1050@84.941  2288  1105  93.8593 - + 214.750  128  176  304  3  6  46  STD (b3 19) CVT (0c 2c 68)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1680x1050@119.99  1840  1112  133.4239 + - 245.500  48  32  80  3  6  53  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1680X1050P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1680x1050@119.99  1840  1112  133.4239 + - 245.500  48  32  80  3  6  53  CVT-RN.
==== 1864x1050  // VESA 1.96M9
==== 1448x1072 ~4:3  // eink 6"/300dpi, Kindle Paperwhite 4, Pocketbook 632, Hannah F1, Nook Glowlight 3, Cybok Muse HD, Tolino page 2, Kobo Clara HD, Kobo Glo HD, tolino vision 4 HD
====HDTV 960x1080  // HDTV Rec.709, Blu-Ray, DVD, 4:3,16:9,2.21:9
====== 1200x1080 10:9  // CCD image sensor, 2.1 Mpix
====== 1280x1080 32:27  // CMOS image sensor
==== 1280x1080  // DVCPRO HD 1080 source size; 16:9 square pixel size 1920x1080; Blu-Ray (anamorphic 16:9); plasma screens
=== DVCPRO HD 1080 60i 1280x1080 32:27  // video postprodution; Movietone camera ratio, Panasonic DVCPRO, DV camcorders; few Hitachi 42" and 50" TVs from 2007
=== // HDTV Rec.709, Blu-Ray, DVD, 4:3,16:9,2.21:9
t HDTV NTSC 1280x1080p@23.976  1833.3 1125  3  49.450549  425.3
t HDTV ATSC 1280x1080p@24  1833.3 1125  3  49.5  425.3
t HDTV CRT 1280x1080i@25  1536  1250  - 48  21  for CRT-based 31.250 kHz horizontal freq HDTVs
t HDTV ATSC 1280x1080i@25  1760  1125  3  49.5  352
t HDTV ATSC 1280x1080p@25  1760  1125  3  49.5  352
t HDTV NTSC 1280x1080i@29.97  1466.7 1125  3  49.450549  58.7
t HDTV NTSC 1280x1080p@29.97  1466.7 1125  3  49.450549  58.7
t HDTV ATSC 1280x1080i@30  1466.7 1125  3  49.5  58.7
t HDTV ATSC 1280x1080p@30  1466.7 1125  3  49.5  58.7
t HDTV ATSC 1280x1080p@50  1760  1125  3  99  352
t HDTV NTSC 1280x1080p@59.94  1466.7 1125  3  98.901099  58.7
t HDTV ATSC 1280x1080p@60  1466.7 1125  3  99  58.7
==== 1430x1080  // eink 6", Kindle Paperwhite 3rd gen, Kindle Voyage, Nook Glowlight+, Kobo Aura H2O (6.8")
==== 1440x1080  // eink 6", Kindle Oasis, 6.8", Kobo Aura HD, Onyx Boox T68
=====! 1440x1080 4:3  // standard image size
====HDV 1080i/p 1440x1080  // video postprodution; HDCAM/HDV source size; 16:9 square pixel size 1920x1080; Blu-Ray (anamorphic 16:9); Panasonic DVCPRO HD 1080, 50i; Sony HDCAM SR
====HDTV HDV 1440x1080 4:3  // HDTV Rec.709, Blu-Ray, DVD, 4:3,16:9,2.21:9
t HDTV NTSC 1440x1080p@23.976  2062.5 1125  3  55.6319  478.5
t HDTV ATSC 1440x1080p@24  2062.5 1125  3  55.6875  478.5
t HDTV CRT 1440x1080i@25  1728  1250  - 54  24  for CRT-based 31.250 kHz horizontal freq HDTVs
t HDTV ATSC 1440x1080i@25  1980  1125  3  55.6875  396
t HDTV ATSC 1440x1080p@25  1980  1125  3  55.6875  396
t HDTV NTSC 1440x1080i@29.97  1650  1125  3  55.6319  66
t HDTV NTSC 1440x1080p@29.97  1650  1125  3  55.6319  66
t HDTV ATSC 1440x1080i@30  1650  1125  3  55.6875  66
t HDTV ATSC 1440x1080p@30  1650  1125  3  55.6875  66
t HDTV ATSC 1440x1080p@50  1980  1125  3  111.375  396
t HDTV NTSC 1440x1080p@59.94  1650  1125  3  111.2638  66
t HDTV ATSC 1440x1080p@60  1650  1125  3  111.375  66
c GTF 1440x1080@75  1952  1128  84.6004 - + 165.140  96  160  256  1  3  44
==== 1728x1080 16:10  // VESA 1.87MA
d Sony KDL-40W4100  1919x1080@59.973  2201  1125  + + 148.50  111  22  149  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
=====! 1920x1080 16:9  // 1080p/HD camera sensors; security cameras, 2.07 Mpix; 1080p AHD analog security cameras; CMOS camera sensors, some with processors; some machine vision cameras (C-mount)
=====! // raspi camera (v1 OV5647, mode 1, 1-30 fps, partial fov; v2 IMX219, mode 1, 0.1-30 fps partial fov); GoPro Hero 7 1080p
==== 1920x1080  // 16:9 square pixel size of 1280x1080 source size, DVCPRO HD 1080
== 1080i, 1080p, FHD 1920x1080 16:9  // ATSC standard; hd1080 (ffmpeg); VESA 2.07M9; FullHD, very common; ~2 megapixel, exactly 50% larger in each size than 720p; 1080p30 teleconferencing; Blu-Ray (i), Blu-Ray UltraHD with HEVC compression (p)
== // video postprodution; see also 1920x540 for pseudo-1920x1080i, 16:9 with 1:2 pixels (may also be actual 32:9 format); projectors
== // HDTV Rec.709, Blu-Ray, DVD, 16:9,2.21:9; MPEG-4 level 2 (30p/30i, 10bit 4:2:2, max 600 Mbit/s), level 3 (30p/30i, 12bit 4:4:4, max 900 Mbit/s)
== // Sun, 84.4 kHz, 72 Hz; HDTV 1080p, 67.5 kHz, 60 Hz; HDTV 1080p, 56.2 kHz, 50 Hz; HDTV 1080i, 33.75 kHz, 60/30 Hz; HDTV 1080i, 28.12 kHz, 50/25 Hz
e some embedded 1920x1080@24.001  1995  1086  + - 52.0000  25  25  25  2  2  2  pixelclk-active=1; [ref]
t HDTV NTSC 1920x1080p@23.976  2750  1125  3  74.176  638
t HDTV ATSC 1920x1080p@24  2750  1125  3  74.25  638
S VIC=32 1080p24  1920x1080@23.98* 2750  1125  27.00  74.250  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=32 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=72 1080p24  1920x1080@23.98* 2750  1125  27.00  74.250  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=72 vfreq=23.98/24
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1920x1080@24.000* 2750  1125  27.0000 + + 74.250  638  44  148  4  5  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1920X1080P24; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@23.976  2750  1125  26.9727 + + 74.175  638  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080@24  2750  1125  26.9673 + + 74.16  638  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Panasonic TH-P50G10A 1920x1080@24  2750  1125  + + 74.16  638  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sharp LC-46X20E 1920x1080@24  2752  1125  + + 74.250  640  48  144  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDL-46X3100  1920x1080@24  2752  1125  + + 74.250  640  48  144  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@24  2750  1125  27.0000 + + 74.250  638  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
S VIC=33 1080p25  1920x1080@25  2640  1125  28.125  74.250  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=33
S VIC=73 1080p25  1920x1080@25  2640  1125  28.125  74.250  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=73
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1920x1080@25.000  2640  1125  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  4  5  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1920X1080P25; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@25  2640  1125  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080@25  2640  1125  28.125  + + 74.25  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
t HDTV ATSC 1920x1080p@25  2640  1125  3  74.25  528
e DPI LCD, TI DRA722  1920x1080@29.41  2176  1125  33.088  - - 72.000  210  30  16  22  13  10  dra72-evm.dts; pixelclk-active=1, de-active=1
t HDTV NTSC 1080p 1920x1080p@29.97  2200  1125  3  74.176  88
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@29.97  2200  1125  33.7159 + + 74.176  88  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@30  2200  1125  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
S VIC=34 1080p30  1920x1080@29.97* 2200  1125  33.75  74.250  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=34 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=74 1080p30  1920x1080@29.97* 2200  1125  33.75  74.250  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=74 vfreq=29.97/30
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1920x1080@30.000* 2200  1125  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  5  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1920X1080P30; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
t HDTV ATSC 1920x1080p@30  2200  1125  3  74.25  88
d Sony KDF-E42A10  1920x1080@30.107  2200  1121  + + 74.25  88  44  148  8  3  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080@30  2640  1125  33.7159 + + 89.01  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
l pnp CMN15C3  1920x1080@40.005  2080  1112  44.4856 + - 92.530  48  32  80  3  5  24  HP 450G2 screen; from EDID; detailed timing 1
S VIC=111 1080p48  1920x1080@47.96* 2750  1125  54.00  148.500  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=111 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=112 1080p48  1920x1080@47.96* 2750  1125  54.00  148.500  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=112 vfreq=47.96/48
d LM133LF5L01(native) 1920x1080@47.999  2080  1111  53.3269 - - 110.920  48  32  80  3  5  23  from EDID
t HDTV CRT 1920x1080i@25  2304  1250  - 72  32  for CRT-based 31.250 kHz horizontal freq HDTVs
S VIC=39 1080i25  1920x1080i@25  2304  1250  31.250  72.000  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=39
t HDTV CRT 1920x1080i@25  2376  1250  - 74.25  38  for CRT-based 31.250 kHz horizontal freq HDTVs
t HDTV ATSC 1920x1080i@25  2640  1125  3  74.25  528
S VIC=20 1080i25  1920x1080i@25  2640  1125  28.125  74.250  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=20
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080i@25  2640  1125  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  5  10  30  [ref]
d some LG 4K TV 1920x1080i@25.000  2640  1125  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  4  10  31  from EDID [ref]
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080i@25  2640  1124  28.125  + + 74.25  528  44  148  4  10  30  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 1920x1080i@25.022  2640  1124  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  68  10  -34
d LuckyGold 37LG7000  1920x1080@50  2490  1113  + - 138.5  458  32  80  3  7  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t CVT 1920x1080@50  2544  1114  55.62  - + 141.50  112  200  312  3  5  26  MythTV modelines, CVT ModePool
S VIC=31 1080p50  1920x1080@50  2640  1125  56.25  148.500  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=31
S VIC=75 1080p50  1920x1080@50  2640  1125  56.25  148.500  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=75
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1920x1080@50.000  2640  1125  56.2500 + + 148.500  528  44  148  4  5  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1920X1080P50; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@50  2640  1125  56.2500 + + 148.500  528  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
t HDTV ATSC 1920x1080p@50  2640  1125  3  148.5  528
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080@50  2640  1125  56.25  + + 148.50  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d some LG 4K TV 1920x1080@50.000  2640  1125  56.2500 + + 148.500  528  44  148  4  5  36  from EDID [ref]
d Sharp LC-46X20E 1920x1080@50  2640  1125  + + 148.500  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Panasonic TH-P50G10A 1920x1080@50  2640  1125  + + 148.50  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDL-46X3100  1920x1080@50  2640  1125  + + 148.500  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sharp LC-37X20E 1920x1080@50.0  2640  1125  + - 148.5  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung LA46M1BDX 1920x1080@50  2640  1125  148.50  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1920x1080i@25.522  2640  1102  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  2  5  15 2 5 16 linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1920X1080I50; HALF_LINE,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
d Benq PE7700  1920x1080i@25.022  2640  1124  28.1250 + + 74.250  528  44  148  68  10  -34  projector; from EDID
t HDTV NTSC 1080i 1920x1080i@29.97  2200  1125  3  74.176  88
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080i@29.97  2200  1125  33.7159 + + 74.175  88  44  148  5  10  30  [ref]
t "ATSC-1080-59.94i" 1920x1080i@29.97  2200  1125  74.176  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "ATSC-1080-59.94i" 1920x1080i@29.97  2200  1125  74.176  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
d some LG 4K TV 1920x1080i@29.972  2200  1125  33.7182 + + 74.180  88  44  148  4  10  31  from EDID [ref]
e DPI LCD, TI DRA722  1920x1080@58.01  2176  1125  65.257  - - 142.000  210  30  16  22  13  10  dra72-evm.dts; pixelclk-active=1, de-active=1
c CVT 2.07M9-R 1920x1080@59.93  2080  1111  66.59  + - 138.50  48  32  80  3  5  23  x86 extramodes
d Vizio SV470M 1920x1080@59.934  2080  1111  + + 138.50  48  32  80  3  5  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Vizio SV472XVT 1920x1080@59.934  2080  1111  + - 138.5  48  32  80  3  5  23  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LM133LF5L01(native) 1920x1080@59.934  2080  1111  66.5865 - - 138.500  48  32  80  3  5  23  from EDID
d Wstghouse LVM-42W2  1920x1080@59.934  2080  1111  138.5  48  32  80  2  5  24  MythTV modelines, device-specific; Westinghouse
t "ATSC-1080-59.94p" 1920x1080p@59.94  2200  1125  148.352  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "ATSC-1080-59.94p" 1920x1080@59.94  2200  1125  148.352  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t HDTV NTSC 1920x1080p@59.94  2200  1125  3  148.35  88
d Vizio GV47L 1920x1080@59.94  2200  1125  + + 148.35  88  44  148  5  5  35  MythTV modelines, device-specific; 1920x1080_60-GV47L
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@59.94  2200  1125  67.4318 + + 148.352  88  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  67.4318 + + 148.35  88  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
d Sharp LC-46D92U 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  + + 148.35  88  44  148  5  5  35  MythTV modelines, device-specific; 1920x1080_60-Sharp_D92U
d Sony KDL-40V2500  1920x1080p@60  2200  1125  + + 148.35  88  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Wstghouse LVM-37W1  1920x1080@59.94  2200  1125  148.352  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, device-specific; Westinghouse
c CVT 2.07M9  1920x1080@59.96  2576  1120  67.16  - + 173.00  128  200  328  3  5  32  x86 extramodes
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080i@30  2200  1124  33.7182 + + 74.18  88  44  148  4  10  30  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
t HDTV ATSC 1920x1080i@30  2200  1125  3  74.25  88
t "ATSC-1080-60i" 1920x1080i@30  2200  1125  74.25  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
t "ATSC-1080-60i" 1920x1080i@30  2200  1125  74.25  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
d LuckyGold DU-37LZ30  1920x1080i@30  2200  1125  + + 74.25  121  103  198  42  16  57  MythTV modelines, device-specific; ATSC-1080-60i
d Apex LD 4088  1920x1080i@30  2200  1124  + + 74.25  88  44  148  4  10  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific; 40" Apex LD 4088 LCD screen
d Mitsubishi WS-48313  1920x1080i@30  2200  1124  + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  10  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Tatung 81  1920x1080i@30.0  2200  1125  + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  10  31  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Phillips 50PF9631D 1920x1080i@30  2272  1135  77.60  32  288  32  24  6  25  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDS-R60XBR1  1920x1080i@30.087  2200  1121  + + 74.2  88  44  148  8  3  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific; interlace
S VIC=5 1080i 1920x1080i@30  2200  1125  33.750  74.250  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=5
S CEA861 (v4l2) 1920x1080i@30.626* 2200  1102  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  2  5  15 2 5 16 linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1920X1080I60; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,HALF_LINE,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080i@30  2200  1125  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  5  10  30  [ref]
d Benq PE7700  1920x1080i@30.027* 2200  1124  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  10  30  projector; from EDID
d Dell S3219D 1920x1080i@30  2200  1125  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  10  31  from EDID, upscaled [ref]
d some LG 4K TV 1920x1080i@30.000  2200  1125  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  10  31  from EDID [ref]
d Camboard HDMIxDVI 1920x1080i@30.027* 2200  1124  33.7500 + + 74.250  88  44  148  4  10  30
d Toshiba TW40x81  1920x1080i@30.000  2200  1125  33.7500 + + 74.250  40  64  176  20  5  20  [ref]
d Wstghouse VOJ320F1A 1920x1080@59.991  2048  1111  + + 136.5  32  32  64  1  3  27  MythTV modelines, device-specific; Westinghouse
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1920x1080@60  2096  1111  + - 138.407  64  32  80  2  5  24  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung LNT4661F 1920x1080@59.955  2083  1109  + - 138.500  40  35  88  2  5  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific; LNT4661F, LNT4061F, LNT4065F, LNT4665F, LNT5265F
d Samsung LE40F8  1920x1080@60  2083  1109  + - 138.5  40  35  88  2  5  22  MythTV modelines, device-specific
e LVDS display, i.MX8  1920x1080@61.775  2018  1111  68.63  - - 138.5000  48  32  80  3  5  23  dtdi; hsync-active=0, vsync-active=0, pixel-active=0; data-mapping=jeida-18; [ref]
t CVT 1920x1080@60  2080  1111  66.587  + - 138.500  48  32  80  3  5  23  MythTV modelines, CVT ModePool
l pnp CMN15C3 native 1920x1080@60.005  2080  1112  66.7260 + - 138.790  48  32  80  3  5  24  HP 450G2 screen; from EDID; native timing
d some LG 4K TV 1920x1080@59.939  2200  1125  67.4318 + + 148.350  88  44  148  4  5  36  from EDID [ref]
S! VIC=16 1080p 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  67.50  148.500  "1080p", SMPTE 274M; 16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=16
S VIC=76 1080p 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  67.50  148.500  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=76
S DMT+CEA861 (v4l2) 1920x1080@60.000* 2200  1125  67.5000 + + 148.500  88  44  148  4  5  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_1920X1080P60; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
T EIA/CEA-861B 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  67.5000 + + 148.500  88  44  148  4  5  36  [ref]
d Sony KDL-46X3100  1920x1080@60  2200  1125  + + 148.500  88  48  144  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sharp LC-42D64U 1920x1080p@60  2200  1125  148.5  85  56  139  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Toshiba 52HL167  1920x1080@60.0  2200  1125  + + 148.50  88  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sony KDL-40W4000  1920x1080@60  2640  1125  + + 148.50  528  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific // discrepancy?
d Vizio E3D470VX 1920x1080@60.0  2200  1125  148.5  30  56  194  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, device-specific; ATSC
t HDTV ATSC 1920x1080p@60  2200  1125  3  148.5  88
d Dell P2411H 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  + + 148.50  88  44  148  4  4  37  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t HDTV EDID 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  67.5  - - 148.50  88  44  148  4  4  37  MythTV modelines, HDTV EDID ModePool
t "ATSC-1080-60p" 1920x1080p@60  2200  1125  148.5  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "ATSC-1080-60p" 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  148.5  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Standard Modes
d Fujitsu 3230T 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  + + 148.5  88  44  148  9  6  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d LuckyGold 32LG3000  1920x1080@60.0  2200  1125  67.5  + + 148.5  88  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Panasonic TH-P50G10A 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  + + 148.50  88  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Sharp LC-46X20E 1920x1080@60  2200  1125  + + 148.500  88  48  144  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d some LG 4K TV 1920x1080@60.000  2200  1125  67.5000 + + 148.500  88  44  148  4  5  36  from EDID [ref]
d Sceptre X37SV-Naga 1920x1080p@60  2200  1124  - - 148.500  104  48  128  4  10  30  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c 1920x1080@60.365  2160  1234  74.4907  160.900  60  60  120  1  3  150  [ref]
c 1920x1080@60.00  2576  1118  67.0800 - - 172.798  120  208  328  1  3  34  common X11 modelines
d Sharp LC-46D64U 1920x1080@65  2200  1125  + + 160.875  88  44  148  4  5  36  MythTV modelines, device-specific
t "ATSC-1080-71.93i" 1920x1080i@35.965  2200  1125  89.011  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
t "ATSC-1080-71.93p" 1920x1080p@71.93  2200  1125  178.022  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
t "ATSC-1080-71.93p" 1920x1080@119.88  2200  1125  178.022  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes (rate discrepancy?)
t "ATSC-1080-72i" 1920x1080i@36  2200  1125  89.1  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes
t "ATSC-1080-72p" 1920x1080p@72  2200  1125  178.2  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, DTV-PCTweakedModes
c 1920x1080@72.00  2608  1126  81.0721 + + 211.436  136  208  344  1  3  42  common X11 modelines
S VIC=40 1080i50  1920x1080i@50  2640  1125  56.250  148.500  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=40
S VIC=64 1080p100  1920x1080@100  2640  1125  112.50  297.000  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=64
S VIC=77 1080p100  1920x1080@100  2640  1125  112.50  297.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=77
S VIC=46 1080i60  1920x1080i@59.94* 2200  1125  67.500  148.500  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=46 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=63 1080p120  1920x1080@119.88* 2200  1125  135.00  297.000  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=63 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=78 1080p120  1920x1080@119.88* 2200  1125  135.00  297.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=78 vfreq=119.88/120
t "ATSC-1080-72p" 1920x1080@120  2200  1125  178.2  40  56  184  2  6  37  MythTV modelines, ATSC Movie Modes (rate discrepancy?)
d Mac Mini 1920x1080@144  2056  1098  158.1128 + + 325.080  24  32  80  3  5  10  [ref]
=== Digital Cinema 2x 1998x1080 1.85:1  // digital film, Digital Cinema 2x; DCI 2K, flat-cropped
== DCI 2K 2048x1080 256:135  // ~19:10, ~17:9; native for DCI-compliant 2K projectors/displays; Digital Film projection standard, DLP Cinema Technology; 48bpp@24
==== 2.33M2:1  2160x1080 18:9  // Univisium film format; many smartphones since 2018, Xiaomi Mi MIX 2
==== 2220x1080 18.5:9  // Samsung "Infinity" display ratio, FullHD+
==== 2.46M2.10:1  2280x1080 19:9  // 2.11:1 Samsung Galaxy S10e
==== 2520x1080 21:9  // smartphones; Sony Xperia 10/10 II (6"), 5 (6.1"), 10+ (6.5"), Motorola One Vision/Action (6.3")
==== 2.74M1AD 2538x1080 2.35:1  // Avielo Optix SuperWide 235 projector, 1.017 PAR
=== UW-FHD, WFHD 2560x1080 64:27  // "21:9" 21:9 aspect ratio; "1080p ultrawide", Cinemascope ratio; FullHD extended by 1/3 in width; can be divided to two 1280x1080 screens
S VIC=86 1080p2x24  2560x1080@23.98* 3750  1100  26.40  99.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=86 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=87 1080p2x25  2560x1080@25  3200  1125  28.12  90.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=87
S VIC=88 1080p2x30  2560x1080@29.97* 3520  1125  33.75  118.800  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=88 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=113 1080p2x48  2560x1080@47.96* 3750  1100  52.80  198.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=113 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=89 1080p2x50  2560x1080@50  3000  1125  56.25  185.625  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=89
c 2560x1080  2560x1080@52.096  2720  1128  58.7647 - - 159.840  48  32  80  7  29  12  [ref]
d LG 29UM69G 2560x1080@59.978  2720  1111  66.636  - - 159.840  48  32  80  3  10  18  [ref]
S VIC=90 1080p2x 2560x1080@60  3000  1100  66.00  198.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=90
d LG 29UM69G 2560x1080@74.991  2720  1119  83.915  - - 159.840  48  32  80  3  10  18  [ref]
S VIC=91 1080p2x100  2560x1080@100  2970  1250  125.00  371.250  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=91
S VIC=92 1080p2x120  2560x1080@119.88* 3300  1250  150.00  495.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=92 vfreq=119.88/120
==== 2636x1080 ~22:9  // smartphones; Samsung Galaxy Z-Flip, 6.7"
=== DFHD 3840x1080 32:9  // Dual Full HD; "4K"; "super wide 32:9 1080" two FHD side by side or vertical half of 4K UHD; close to 3.6:1 ratio of IMAX UltraWideScreen 3.6; see also 3840x1200/1600/2160/2400
c VGA GTF 3840x1080@60.001  5152  1118  67.0807 - + 345.600  240  416  656  1  3  34
====== 1928x1088 ~16:9  // CMOS image sensor
====== 2048x1088 ~19:10  // CMOS image sensor
====== 1932x1092 23:13  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
====== 1472x1096 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
====== 1936x1096 ~16:9  // CMOS image sensor, OV2775 (Omnivision HDR)
====== 1952x1096 244:137  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
cf IBM 6091-19  1464x1098@61.369  1976  1138  69.8381 - - 138.000  60  320  132  2  12  26  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
===== 1942x1116 ~16:9  // CMOS image sensor; Samsung SSK3B5XX (automotive)
===L x1125  // 1125 scanlines, Japanese MUSE TV; 1035 visible lines
==== 2.74M2.165 2436x1125 ~13:6  // 2.165:1, "19.5:9", iPhone X
cf IBM 6091-19  1408x1126@60.584  1916  1163  70.4593 - + 135.000  52  135  321  4  4  29  verified [ref]
==== 1040x1152  // approx. resolution of HD-MAC
==== 1394x1152  // sampling grid of HD-MAC Bandwidth Restoration Decoder in receiver
=== 16CIF 1408x1152 4:3/11:9 // 16cif (ffmpeg); videoconferencing, H.263
=== 1440x1152 5:4  // DVB standard in 625/50 markets, 2x2 720x576; 1250 scanlines; 32us line, 26.67us long visible line (1728x1250?); anamorphic 16:9; sampled at 77 MHz to 1920 pixels, converted to 1440 (4:3 ratio)
c 1536x1152@69.05  2048  1188  82.0312  168.000  80  144  288  2  4  30
c GTF 1536x1152@74.999  2096  1203  90.2242 - + 189.110  112  168  280  1  3  47
=== 1920x1152 16:9nsq // 1152-line version of 1920x1080, nonsquare pixels (square ratio 15:9)
=== QWXGA, "HD+" 2048x1152 16:9  // DVB-T standard, European HDTV format; 2x2 1024x576; some 23" and 27" LCDs, discontinued as of 2011; square-pixel variant of 1440x1152; some DLP chips (covers also 1035 and 1080 lines)
c CVT 2.36M9  2048x1152@59.90  2752  1195  71.58  - + 197.00  136  216  352  3  5  35  x86 extramodes
c CVT 2.36M9-R 2048x1152@59.91  2208  1185  70.99  + - 156.75  48  32  80  3  5  25  x86 extramodes
d Samsung 2343BW 2048x1152@59.91  2208  1185  - + 156.75  48  32  80  3  5  25  MythTV modelines, device-specific
S DMT RB (v4l2) 2048x1152@60.000  2250  1200  72.0000 + + 162.000  26  80  96  1  3  44  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_2048X1152P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
=====! 1536x1180 ~4:3  // common digital photo size
====== 1936x1188  // CMOS image sensor
==== 1.3M0.9  1080x1200 9:10  // HTC Vive (per eye)
cf IBM 6091-19  1408x1200@57.331  1916  1229  70.4593 - + 135.000  56  135  317  4  4  21  historical monitor, 5-BNC; nonstandard timing [ref]
cf IBM 6091-19  1408x1200@57.896  1916  1217  70.4593 - + 135.000  56  135  317  8  4  5  verified [ref]
=====! 1200x1200 1:1  // standard image size (Instagram?)
=====! 1600x1200 4:3  // standard image size, 2Mpix; 2Mpix image sensors, security cameras 1.9 Mpix; CCD image sensors; CMOS image sensors, some with onboard processors; some machine vision cameras (C-mount); OV2640, MT9D111
==== 1600x1200  // text 200x75 (char 8x16), 200x100 (8x14), 200x150 (8x8)
== UXGA/UGA 1600x1200 4:3  // uxga (ffmpeg); VESA 1.92M3, established standard, 2x2 800x600; many 20" LCDs, high-end 21" CRTs; was in 15+" laptops, ThinkPad A21p, A30p, A31p, T42p, T43p, T60p, Dell Inspiron 8000/8100/8200 and Latitude/Precision equivalents; Panasonic Toughbook CF-51; and the original Alienware Area 51m
== // VESA nonstd modes 284/256col,285/15b,286/16b,287/24b,322/32b; nonstd linux kernel vga=796/256col,797/15b,798/16b,799/24b,834/32b; may not work on some graphics cards
== // VESA, 75.0 kHz, 60 Hz; VESA, 87.5 kHz, 70 Hz; VESA, 106.3 kHz, 85 Hz; eink 13.3"/150dpi, Onyx Boox Max, Pocketbook CAD Reader/Reader Flex
d NEC 2090UXi 1600x1200@50  1920  1250  62.5  120  28  160  132  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c 1600x1200@58.664  1792  1239  72.6842  130.250  48  32  112  3  4  32  [ref]
d NEC 2090UXi 1600x1200@60  1920  1250  75  144  28  160  132  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c VGA ATI/VIA 1600x1200@60.00  2048  1270  76.200  - - 156  32  160  256  10  8  52  fb.modes, ATI, VIA
S DMT (v4l2) 1600x1200@60.000  2160  1250  75.0000 + + 162.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1600X1200P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1600x1200@60.000  2160  1250  75.0000 + + 162.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  STD (a9 40)
C VESA 1600x1200@60.00  2160  1250  75.0000 + + 162.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1600x1200@60  2160  1250  75  + + 162.00  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA VESA 1600x1200@60  2160  1250  75.0  + + 162.0  64  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1600x1200@60  2160  1250  75  + + 162.00  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA 1600x1200@60  2160  1250  + + 162  64  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1600x1200@60.000  2160  1250  75.0000 - - 162.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  needs hw adapter; [ref]
d SGI GDM-20E21  1600x1200@62.476  2000  1250  78.0950 - - 156.190  44  120  236  5  6  39  from EDID, native
S DMT (v4l2) 1600x1200@65.000  2160  1250  81.2500 + + 175.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1600X1200P65
S DMT v1.0 r11  1600x1200@65.000  2160  1250  81.2500 + + 175.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  STD (a9 45)
C VESA 1600x1200@65.00  2160  1250  81.2500 + + 175.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1600x1200@65  2160  1250  81.25  + + 175.50  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1600x1200@65  2160  1250  81.25  + + 175.50  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1600x1200@65  2160  1250  81.25  + + 175.5  64  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA ATI 1600x1200@66.00  2080  1253  82.700  - - 172  40  136  304  3  3  47  fb.modes, ATI
S DMT (v4l2) 1600x1200@70.000  2160  1250  87.5000 + + 189.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1600X1200P70
S DMT v1.0 r11  1600x1200@70.000  2160  1250  87.5000 + + 189.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  STD (a9 4a)
C VESA 1600x1200@70.00  2160  1250  87.5000 + + 189.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1600x1200@70  2160  1250  87.5  + + 189.00  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1600x1200@70  2160  1250  87.5  + + 189.00  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1600x1200@70  2160  1250  87.5  + + 189.0  64  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 1600x1200@75.000  2160  1250  93.7500 + + 202.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1600X1200P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1600x1200@75.000  2160  1250  93.7500 + + 202.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  STD (a9 4f)
C VESA 1600x1200@75.00  2160  1250  93.7500 + + 202.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1600x1200@75  2160  1250  93.75  + + 202.50  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1600x1200@75  2160  1250  93.75  + + 202.50  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1600x1200@75  2160  1250  93.75  + + 202.5  64  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA VIA 1600x1200@75.00  2160  1250  93.750  + + 202.5  64  192  304  1  3  46  fb.modes, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 1600x1200@75.01  2158  1251  93.8369  202.500  89  150  319  2  4  45  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA ATI 1600x1200@76.00  2080  1250  95.200  - - 198  40  136  304  3  5  42  fb.modes, ATI
d iMac display 1600x1200@75.002  2192  1253  93.9781 - - 206.000  120  176  296  1  3  49  [ref]
c GTF 1600x1200@74.999  2192  1253  93.9735 - + 205.990  120  176  296  1  3  49
S DMT (v4l2) 1600x1200@85.000  2160  1250  106.2500 + + 229.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1600X1200P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1600x1200@85.000  2160  1250  106.2500 + + 229.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  STD (a9 59)
C VESA 1600x1200@85.00  2160  1250  106.2500 + + 229.500  64  192  304  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1600x1200@85  2160  1250  106.25  + + 229.50  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA VESA 1600x1200@85  2160  1250  106.25  + + 229.5  64  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1600x1200@85  2160  1250  106.25  + + 229.50  64  192  304  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
d HP P1230 monitor 1600x1200@85.011  2158  1251  106.3485  229.500  89  150  319  2  4  45  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA GTF 1600x1200@100  2208  1271  127.1014 - + 280.64  128  176  304  1  3  67  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c GTF 1600x1200@100.00  2208  1271  127.1014 - + 280.640  128  176  304  1  3  67  common X11 modelines
d HP P1230 monitor 1600x1200@100.05  2154  1342  134.2618  289.200  0  0  554  3  10  129  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1600x1200@119.92  1760  1271  152.4148 + - 268.250  48  32  80  3  4  64  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1600X1200P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1600x1200@119.92  1760  1271  152.4148 + - 268.250  48  32  80  3  4  64 
===== 1920x1200 16:10  // CMOS camera sensor; common, some with processors; IMX174
=== WUXGA 1920x1200 16:10  // wuxga (ffmpeg); PC industry standard; VESA 2.30MA; projectors; high-end 15"/17" notebooks, 23-27" LCDs, until ca.2010; Kindle Fire HD 9"
=== // popular for home cinema projectors; highest single-link DVI @60/24bpp; good for two text pages side by side; some phablets
=== // nonstd linux kernel vga=893/256col
=== // Sun, 87.1 kHz, 70 Hz; Sun, 93.6 kHz, 75 Hz
e DPI LCD, TI DRA722  1920x1200@29.16  2176  1245  36.305  - - 79.000  210  30  16  22  13  10  dra72-evm.dts; pixelclk-active=1, de-active=1
d Dell 2405FPW 1920x1200@30  4040  1232  - 151.138  40  32 2048  1  3  28  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d NEC PA243  1920x1200@50  2080  1250  62.5  130  48  32  80  3  6  41  MythTV modelines, device-specific
e DPI LCD, TI DRA722  1920x1200@58.32  2176  1245  72.610  - - 158.000  210  30  16  22  13  10  dra72-evm.dts; pixelclk-active=1, de-active=1
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1920x1200@59.885  2592  1245  74.5563 - + 193.250  136  200  336  3  6  36  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1200P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1200@59.885  2592  1245  74.5563 - + 193.250  136  200  336  3  6  36  STD (d1 00) CVT (57 28 28)
c CVT 2.30MA 1920x1200@59.88  2592  1245  74.56  - + 193.25  136  200  336  3  6  36  x86 extramodes
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1920x1200@59.95  2080  1235  74.0385 + - 154.000  48  32  80  3  6  26  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1200P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1200@59.95  2080  1235  74.0385 + - 154.000  48  32  80  3  6  26  RB CVT (57 28 21)
c CVT 2.30MA-R 1920x1200@59.95  2080  1235  74.04  + - 154.00  48  32  80  3  6  26  x86 extramodes
d Dell 2405FPW 1920x1200@59.97  2184  1235  - - 161.75  100  32  132  2  6  27  MythTV modelines, device-specific
c 1920x1200@59.976  2160  1242  74.4907  160.900  60  60  120  1  3  38  [ref]
d NEC PA243  1920x1200@60  2000  1250  75  150  16  32  32  3  6  41  MythTV modelines, device-specific
d Samsung HL-R5678W 1920x1200@60  2080  1235  + - 153.918  64  32  64  3  6  26  MythTV modelines, device-specific
cf Sun GDM-20D10  1600x1200@60.000  2160  1250  75.0000  162.000  64  192  304  1  3  46  [ref]
c 1920x1200@60.00  2592  1242  74.5201 + + 193.156  128  208  336  1  2  39  common X11 modelines
c VGA GTF 1920x1200@60  2592  1242  74.52  - + 193.16  128  208  336  1  3  38  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1920x1200@60  2592  1242  74.5216 + + 193.16  128  208  336  1  3  38  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VIA 1920x1200@60.00  2592  1245  74.556  + + 193.25  136  200  336  3  6  36  fb.modes, VIA
c 1920x1200@60.386  2160  1242  75.0000  162.000  60  60  120  1  3  38  [ref]
e MIPI/LVDS LD089WU1  1920x1200@60.68  2000  1236  - - 150.0000  24  16  40  16  10  10  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), OUT_P888, needs init; [ref]
e LVDS/RGB b101uano 1920x1200@65.50  2012  1214  - - 160.0000  1  1  90  1  1  12  den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1(LVDS)/0(RGB), LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_D888_P666; [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1920x1200@73  2528  1250  90.981  - - 230.00  16  160  432  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1920x1200@74.93  2608  1255  94.0376 - + 245.250  136  208  344  3  6  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1200P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1200@74.93  2608  1255  94.0376 - + 245.250  136  208  344  3  6  46  STD (d1 0f) CVT (57 28 44)
c 1920x1200@75.00  2624  1253  93.9748 + + 246.590  144  208  352  1  2  50  common X11 modelines
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 1920x1200@84.932  2624  1262  107.1837 - + 281.250  144  208  352  3  6  53  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1200P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1200@84.932  2624  1262  107.1837 - + 281.250  144  208  352  3  6  53  STD (d1 19) CVT (57 28 62)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1920x1200@119.91  2080  1271  152.4038 + - 317.000  48  32  80  3  6  62  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1200P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1200@119.91  2080  1271  152.4038 + - 317.000  48  32  80  3  6  62  CVT-RB
==== 2128x1200 16:9  // VESA 2.55M9
==== 2.59M9  2160x1200 18:10  // 9:5; HTC Vive, Oculus Rift (both eyes)
=== WFHD+ 2880x1200 12:5  // "21:9"
=== DFHD+ 3840x1200 16:5  // 32:10; "super wide 16:5 1200"; some insanely wide bent displays, Samsung 43CJ85
=== SWFFHD+ 4320x1200 18:5  // 36:10; "super wide 18:5 1200"; some insanely wide bent displays, Samsung 43CJ85
====== 1608x1208 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
====== 1928x1208 ~16:10  // CMOS image sensor
====== 1632x1212 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
====== 1616x1216 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, some with onboard processor
===== 1640x1232 4:3  // raspi camera v2 IMX219, mode 4, 2x2 binning, 0.1-40 fps
==== 1680x1264 ~4:3  // eink 7"/300dpi, Kindle Oasis 7", Tolino vision 5,
cf IBM 9504  1640x1268@76.993  2212  1326  102.0931 + + 225.830  16  166  390  1  3  54  [ref]
=== 2.05M4  1600x1280 5:4  // (VESA 2.05M4) Sun3 Hi-res Monochrome
=== // CAD workstations: Cornerstone, 105.1 kHz, 76.2 Hz; Sun, 89.3 kHz, 67 Hz; Extron, 95 kHz, 70.9 Hz; monitor Sony GDM-5402; PowerPC 11, 61.1 kHz, 76 Hz; PowerPC 12, 79.8 kHz, 60 Hz
c CVT 1600x1280@59.92  2160  1327  79.5139 - + 171.750  112  168  280  3  7  37
c GTF 1600x1280@75.001  2192  1336  100.2007 - + 219.640  120  176  296  1  3  52
c GTF 1600x1280@78.25  2192  1339  104.7765 - + 229.670  120  176  296  1  3  55
=== FHD+ 1920x1280 3:2  // on Microsoft Surface 3 tablet
==== 2.62MA 2048x1280 16:10  // supported by some GPUs, monitors, and games
====== 2160x1280 27/16  // CMOS image sensor
=====! 2304x1296 16:9  // image sensors of security cameras, 3Mpix 16:9
===== 2012x1324 3:2  // image sensor of Nikon D1, 2.74 Mpix
=== DCI, Academy 2x 1828x1332  // postproduction; digital film, Academy 2x
=== 2.41M3  1792x1344 4:3  // many 19" and 21" monitors; supported by some monitors and games; todo: find
c VGA VIA 1792x1344@60.00  2432  1391  83.460  + + 202.975  128  192  320  1  3  43  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT (v4l2) 1792x1344@60.000  2448  1394  83.6397 - + 204.750  128  200  328  1  3  46  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1792X1344P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1792x1344@60.000  2448  1394  83.6397 - + 204.750  128  200  328  1  3  46  STD (c1 40)
c VESA 1792x1344@60.014  2448  1394  83.6601 - + 204.800  128  200  328  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
d HP P1230 monitor 1792x1344@60.033  2449  1393  83.6260  204.800  105  177  375  1  4  44  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VESA 1792x1344@60  2448  1394  83.6601 - + 204.80  128  200  328  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1792x1344@60  2448  1394  83.6601 - + 204.80  128  200  328  1  3  46  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1792x1344@60  2448  1394  83.6  - + 204.8  128  200  328  1  3  46  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 1792x1344@74.997  2456  1417  106.2704 - + 261.000  96  216  352  1  3  69  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1792X1344P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1792x1344@74.997  2456  1417  106.2704 - + 261.000  96  216  352  1  3  69  STD (c1 4f)
C VESA 1792x1344@74.997  2456  1417  106.2704 - + 261.000  96  216  352  1  3  69  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1792x1344@75  2456  1417  106.27  - + 261.00  96  216  352  1  3  69  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1792x1344@75  2456  1417  106.27  - + 261.00  96  216  352  1  3  69  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1792x1344@75  2456  1417  106.3  - + 261.0  96  216  352  1  3  69  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 1792x1344@75.027  2455  1417  106.3136  261.000  106  179  378  2  6  65  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1792x1344@119.97  1952  1423  170.7223 + - 333.250  48  32  80  3  4  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1792X1344P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1792x1344@119.97  1952  1423  170.7223 + - 333.250  48  32  80  3  4  72  CVT-RB
===== 2432x1366 ~16:9  // Blackmagic Cinema camera
===== 2448x1377 16:9  // Sony PMW-F3, Sony NEX-FS100U
=== 1856x1392 4:3  // todo: find
S DMT (v4l2) 1856x1392@59.995  2528  1439  86.3331 - + 218.250  96  224  352  1  3  43  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1856X1392P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1856x1392@59.995  2528  1439  86.3331 - + 218.250  96  224  352  1  3  43  STD (c9 40)
c VGA VESA 1856x1392@60  2528  1439  86.3  - + 218.3  96  224  352  1  3  43  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VESA 1856x1392@60.009  2528  1439  86.3528 - + 218.300  96  224  352  1  3  43  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1856x1392@60  2528  1439  86.3528 - + 218.30  96  224  352  1  3  43  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1856x1392@60  2528  1439  86.3528 - + 218.30  96  224  352  1  3  43  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VIA 1856x1392@60.00  2528  1439  86.460  + + 218.571  136  200  336  1  3  45  fb.modes, VIA
S DMT (v4l2) 1856x1392@75.000  2560  1500  112.5000 - + 288.000  128  224  352  1  3  104  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1856X1392P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1856x1392@75.000  2560  1500  112.5000 - + 288.000  128  224  352  1  3  104  STD (c9 4f)
C VESA 1856x1392@75.00  2560  1500  112.5000 - + 288.000  128  224  352  1  3  104  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1856x1392@75  2560  1500  112.5  - + 288.00  128  224  352  1  3  104  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA VESA 1856x1392@75  2560  1500  112.5  - + 288.0  128  224  352  1  3  104  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1856x1392@75  2560  1500  112.5  - + 288.00  128  224  352  1  3  104  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1856x1392@119.97  2016  1474  176.8353 + - 356.500  48  32  80  3  4  75  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1856X1392P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1856x1392@119.97  2016  1474  176.8353 + - 356.500  48  32  80  3  4  75  CVT-RB
==== 2.58M3  1856x1392 4:3  // supported by some GPUs, monitors, and games
d HP P1230 monitor 1880x1400@65.039  2519  1576  102.5010  258.200  0  0  639  4  13  159  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 1880x1400@75.016  2519  1577  118.3009  298.000  0  0  639  4  13  160  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 1880x1400@85.035  2519  1577  134.1008  337.800  0  0  639  4  13  160  xorg modeline, community-supported [ref]
==== 1872x1404 4:3  // eink, 7.8": Pocketbook 740, Pocketbook 1040, Icarus Illumina XL, Boyue Likebook Plus, Tolink epos; eink 10.3": reMarkable, Onyx Book Nova Pro, Waveshare 10.3" flexible
==== 2.07M1  1440x1440 1:1  // Windows Mixed Reality headsets (per eye)
==== 2.59M4  1800x1440  // Extron, 105 kHz, 70 Hz; supported by some GPUs, monitors, and games
c VGA 1800x1440@64.53  2392  1490  96.15  + + 230  96  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table
c (unchecked) 1800x1440@64.533  2392  1490  96.1538 + + 230.000  96  192  304  1  3  46  common X11 modelines
c VGA 1800x1440@70.14  2392  1490  104.515  + + 250  96  192  304  1  3  46  MHi modelines table
=== TXGA 1920x1400 ~7:5  // Tesselar XGA (2007, between UXGA and QXGA)
=====! 1440p 1920x1440 4:3  // digital video cameras, 1440p; GoPro Hero 7 1440p
=== 2.76M3  1920x1440 4:3  // VESA 2.76M3, established standard; 4:3 superset of 1080p, common on highres CRTs; supported by some GPUs, monitors, and games; similar to TXGA, 1920x1400; eink 8", Tolino epos 2
c 1920x1200@58.756  2112  1241  72.9167  154.000  48  32  112  3  6  32  [ref]
c 1920x1440@58.892  2112  1486  87.5133  184.828  48  32  112  3  4  39  [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 1920x1440@60.000  2600  1500  90.0000 - + 234.000  128  208  344  1  3  56  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1440P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1440@60.000  2600  1500  90.0000 - + 234.000  128  208  344  1  3  56  STD (d1 40)
C VESA 1920x1440@60.00  2600  1500  90.0000 - + 234.000  128  208  344  1  3  56  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1920x1440@60  2600  1500  90  - + 234.00  128  208  344  1  3  56  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA NVIDIA 1920x1440@60  2600  1500  90  - + 234.00  128  208  344  1  3  56  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VESA 1920x1440@60  2600  1500  90.0  - + 234.0  128  208  344  1  3  56  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA VIA 1920x1440@60.00  2600  1500  90.000  + + 234  128  208  344  1  3  56  fb.modes, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 1920x1440@60  2600  1500  90.0000  234.000  108  183  389  2  5  53  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
d iMac display 1920x1440@65.381  2568  1489  97.3520 - - 250.000  104  200  344  1  3  45  [ref]
S DMT (v4l2) 1920x1440@75.000  2640  1500  112.5000 - + 297.000  144  224  352  1  3  56  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1440P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1440@75.000  2640  1500  112.5000 - + 297.000  144  224  352  1  3  56  STD (d1 4f)
C VESA 1920x1440@75.00  2640  1500  112.5000 - + 297.000  144  224  352  1  3  56  common X11 modelines
c VESA 1920x1440@75  2640  1500  112.5  - + 297.00  144  224  352  1  3  56  MythTV modelines, VESA ModePool
c VGA VESA 1920x1440@75  2640  1500  112.5  - + 297.0  144  224  352  1  3  56  MHi modelines table; VESA [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1920x1440@75  2640  1500  112.5  - + 297.00  144  224  352  1  3  56  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VIA 1920x1440@75.00  2640  1500  112.500  + + 297  144  224  352  1  3  56  fb.modes, VIA
d HP P1230 monitor 1920x1440@75.045  2428  1630  122.3229  297.000  81  137  290  4  14  172  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
c VGA NVIDIA 1920x1440@85  2656  1512  128.52  - + 341.35  152  216  368  1  3  68  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VESA GTF 1920x1440@85  2656  1512  128.5  - + 341.35  152  216  368  1  3  68  x86 extramodes
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 1920x1440@119.96  2080  1525  182.9327 + - 380.500  48  32  80  3  4  78  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_1920X1440P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  1920x1440@119.96  2080  1525  182.9327 + - 380.500  48  32  80  3  4  78  RB
==== 3.11M2  2160x1440 3:2  // Microsoft Surface Pro 3
==== 3.32MA 2304x1440 16:10  // VESA 3.32MA; Maximum resolution of the Sony GDM-FW900, Hewlett Packard A7217A and the Retina Display MacBook
=====! 2560x1440 16:9  // security camera sensors, 1440p, 4 Mpix (3.69 Mpix)
== HDTV+/1440p/QHD/WQHD 2560x1440 16:9  // VESA 3.69M9; Quad HD; native for many highend 27" IPS LCDs, second most common to 1920x1080 (2020); many smartphones, common since mid 2010s; 4 times the 720p HD, 4x3 VGA; 27" Apple Thunderbolt display; cellphone displays, some SLA 3d printers (Anycubic Photon)
== // HDTV+ (HEVC codec), 16:9
d Intel HD3000, CVT 2560x1440@29.935  3328  1468  43.9453 - + 146.250  120  264  384  3  5  20  [ref]
d Fujitsu P27T-6  2560x1440@29.935  3328  1468  43.9453 - + 146.250  120  264  384  3  5  20  [ref]
d Fujitsu P27T-6  2560x1440@54.926  2720  1478  81.1809 - - 220.812  48  32  80  3  5  30  reduced blanking [ref]
c older slower cards 2560x1440@54.973  2720  1478  81.2500 + - 221.000  48  32  80  3  4  31  [ref]
c CVT 3.69M9-R 2560x1440@59.95  2720  1481  88.79  + - 241.50  48  32  80  3  5  33  x86 extramodes
d some LG 4K TV 2560x1440@59.951  2720  1481  88.7868 + + 241.500  48  32  80  3  5  33  from EDID [ref]
d Dell U2713HM 2560x1440@60  3488  1490  89.4008 - + 311.83  184  280  464  1  3  46  [ref]
c CVT 3.69M9  2560x1440@59.96  3488  1493  89.52  - + 312.25  192  272  464  3  5  45  x86 extramodes
d Apple iMac 2560x1440@59.951  2720  1481  88.7868 + - 241.500  48  32  80  3  5  33  PnP ID APPA007; [ref]
d Dell S3219D 2560x1440@74.995  2720  1455  109.1176 + - 296.800  48  32  80  3  5  7  from EDID, native [ref]
=====! 2.7K Cin 2704x1524 ~17:9  // GoPro
==== 4.15M2:1  2880x1440 18:9  // 2:1, LG G6, LG V30 and Pixel 2 XL smartphones; Windows Mixed Reality headset
==== "Infinity Display" 2960x1440 18.5:9  // Samsung Galaxy S8 and Samsung Galaxy Note 8 smartphones; "Infinity" display family ratio; QuadHD+, WQHD+
==== 3040x1440 19:9  // Samsung Galaxy S10
==== 3120x1440 19.5:9  //
==== 3200x1440 20:9
=== UWQHD/WQHD 3440x1440 21.5:9  // 43:18, "21:9"; "1440p ultrawide", Cinemascope ratio; since 2013; common-ish large screen size; LG, Samsung, Acer, HP and Dell UltraWide monitors
=== DQHD 5120x1440 32:9  // "super wide 32:9 1440"; ultra-wide screens; dual QHD, 2x1 2560x1440
d AOC Agon 49UCX 5120x3440@59.98  5280  1481  88.83  + - 469.00  48  32  80  3  10  28  CVT, reduced blanking; needs "overclock" via hdmi_pixel_freq_limit, hdmi_enable_4kp60=1; [ref]
====== 2184x1472 ~3:2  // CCD image sensor
=====! 1952x1472 ~4:3  // security cameras, 2.8 Mpix
==== 3.39MA 2256x1504 8:5/3:2  // Surface Laptop, 1.067 PAR
=====! 2688x1512 16:9  // standard image size
=====! 2688x1520 ~16:9  // image sensors of security cameras, 4 Mpix; CMOS camera sensors, some with processors
=====! 2704x1520 16:9  // image sensors for 2.7K video; GoPro Hero 7 2.7K; GoPro Hero 4 2K
=====! 2.7K 2704x1524 16:9  // GoPro Hero 7 2.7K
==== 2718x1528 ~16:9  // matrix size on many pixel-shifting 4K projectors
=====! 2048x1536 4:3  // standard image size, 3Mpix; image sensor of early digital cameras, security cameras, 3 Mpix 4:3, 3.1 Mpix; CMOS image sensors, some with processors; some machine vision cameras (C-mount); IMX252, OV3640, OV3660
=== QXGA/SUXGA 2048x1536 4:3  // qxga (ffmpeg); VESA standard; VESA 3.15M3, Quad XGA, 2x2 1024x768; iPad 3/4 Retina display (9/7"); Extron, 115 kHz, 71.8 Hz
c 2048x1536@60.00  2800  1589  95.3400 + + 266.952  152  224  376  1  3  49  common X11 modelines
c VESA GTF 2048x1536@60  2800  1589  95.3  - + 266.95  152  224  376  1  3  49  x86 extramodes
c VGA NVIDIA 2048x1536@60  2800  1589  95.3393 - + 266.95  152  224  376  1  3  49  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VGA VIA 2048x1536@60.00  2800  1592  95.446  + + 267.25  152  224  376  3  4  49  fb.modes, VIA
c VESA GTF 2048x1536@75  2832  1603  120.2  - + 340.48  168  224  392  1  3  63  x86 extramodes
c VGA NVIDIA 2048x1536@75  2832  1603  120.226  - + 340.48  168  224  392  1  3  63  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
c VESA GTF 2048x1536@85  2832  1612  137.0  - + 388.04  168  224  392  1  3  72  x86 extramodes
c VGA NVIDIA 2048x1536@85  2832  1612  137.02  - + 388.04  168  224  392  1  3  72  MythTV modelines, NVIDIA Driver ModePool
e RGB LP097QX1  2048x1536@59.94  2208  1549  - - 205.0000  150  5  5  3  1  9  x=2047 if CONFIG_ARCH_RK3066B; den_pol=0, dclk_pol=1, LVDS_8BIT_1, OUT_P666, has dsp_lut; [ref]
d HP P1230 monitor 2048x1536@85.044  2832  1611  137.0056  388.000  125  211  448  2  6  67  xorg modeline, factory-supplied [ref]
====== 2304x1536 3:2  // CMOS image sensor
==== 2454x1536 16:10  // VESA 3.77MA
==== 2728x1536 16:9  // VESA 4.19M9
=== DCI, Full Ap.Nat.2x 2048x1556  // film postproduction; digital film, Full Aperture Native 2x
=== WQXGA, "2.5K" 2560x1600 16:10  // woxga (ffmpeg); version of XGA, native for many 30" widescreen LCDs; MacBook Pro with Retina (13.3"); highest with dual-link DVI @60/24bpp; 2x2 1280x800 WXGA; cellphone displays, some SLA 3d printers
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 2560x1600@59.972  2720  1646  98.7132 + - 268.500  48  32  80  3  6  37  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_2560X1600P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  2560x1600@59.972  2720  1646  98.7132 + - 268.500  48  32  80  3  6  37  CVT-RB CVT (1f 38 21)
c CVT 4.10MA-R 2560x1600@59.97  2720  1646  98.71  + - 268.50  48  32  80  3  6  37  x86 extramodes
c CVT 4.67M9-R 2880x1620@59.97  3040  1666  99.92  + - 303.75  48  32  80  3  5  38  x86 extramodes
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 2560x1600@59.987  3504  1658  99.4578 - + 348.500  192  280  472  3  6  49  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_2560X1600P60
S DMT v1.0 r11  2560x1600@59.987  3504  1658  99.4578 - + 348.500  192  280  472  3  6  49  CVT (1f 38 28)
c CVT 4.10MA 2560x1600@59.99  3504  1658  99.46  - + 348.50  200  272  472  3  6  49  x86 extramodes
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 2560x1600@74.972  3536  1672  125.3535 - + 443.250  208  280  488  3  6  63  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_2560X1600P75
S DMT v1.0 r11  2560x1600@74.972  3536  1672  125.3535 - + 443.250  208  280  488  3  6  63  CVT (1f 38 44)
S DMT+CVT (v4l2) 2560x1600@84.951  3536  1682  142.8874 - + 505.250  208  280  488  3  6  73  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_2560X1600P85
S DMT v1.0 r11  2560x1600@84.951  3536  1682  142.8874 - + 505.250  208  280  488  3  6  73  CVT (1f 38 62)
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 2560x1600@119.96  2720  1694  203.2169 + - 552.750  48  32  80  3  6  85  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_2560X1600P120_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S DMT v1.0 r11  2560x1600@119.96  2720  1694  203.2169 + - 552.750  48  32  80  3  6  85  RB
=== UW4K/UWQHD+/WQHD+ 3840x1600 12:5  // 21.6:9, "21:9", 2.4:1; "4K"; QHD+; common on UltraHD Blu-Ray discs; common in cinematic 4K cropped vertically to widescreen 2.4:1
=== DQHD+ 5120x1600 16:5  // 32:10; "super wide 16:5 1600"; some insanely wide bent displays, Samsung 43CJ85
=== SWQHD+ 5760x1600 18:5  // 36:10; "super wide 18:5 1600"
==== 4.67MA 2880x1620 16:9  // Lenovo Thinkpad W541
c CVT 4.67M9  2880x1620@59.96  3936  1679  100.67  - + 396.25  216  312  528  3  5  51  x86 extramodes
=== 3840x1644 ~21:9  // smartphones; Sony Xperia 1; some computer screens
====== 2464x1648 3:2  // image sensor of Canon 1D, 4.1 Mpix
==== 2200x1650 4:3  // eink 13.3"/207dpi, Onyx Book Max 2/3, Sony DPT-RP1
=====! 2240x1680 4:3  // common digital photo size, 4Mpix; standard size
====== 1710x1696 ~1:1  // CMOS image sensor
==== 4.35M2  2560x1700 ~3:2  // Pixel C (android tablet)
====== 2272x1704 4:3  // image sensor, Olympus Stylus 410, Contax i4R; 4 MPix; sensor CCD square 2272x2272
==== 2560x1707 ~3:2  // some TVs
==== 4096x1714  // digital film, Digital Cinema 4x
=== DCI 4x 4096x1716  // DCI 4K (4096x2160) cropped to CinemaScope ratio
==== 3.98M3  2304x1728 4:3  // some displays, graphics cards
===== 3072x1728 16:9  // security cameras, 5Mpix 16:9
====== 2312x1736 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
====== 2336x1752 4:3  // CCD image sensor
====== 2640x1760x3 3:2  // image sensor Foveon X3
==== 1600x1800  // Cornerstone, 105 kHz, 76 Hz
==== 4.61M1.422  2560x1800 64:45  // Pixel C (android tablet)
==== QWXGA+, 5.18MA 2880x1800 16:10  // MacBook Pro with Retina (15.4"); double the 1440x900
=== HDTV+, QHD+, WQXGA+ 3200x1800 16:9  // 4 times 1600x900 HD+; HP Envy TouchSmart 14, Fujitsu Lifebook UH90/L, Lenovo Yoga 2 Pro
=== 1800p // HDTV+ (HEVC codec), 16:9
c CVT 5.76M9-R 3200x1800@59.94  3360  1852  111.01  + - 373.00  48  32  80  3  5  44  x86 extramodes
c CVT 5.76M9  3200x1800@59.96  4400  1865  111.82  - + 492.00  256  344  600  3  5  57  x86 extramodes
d Intel HD3000 on 4K 3200x1800@59.982  3360  1852  111.0863 + - 373.250  48  32  80  3  4  45  scaled up in monitor; DELL P2415Q monitor, fits Thinkpad X220 clock limit (389 MHz, Intel HD 3000) [ref]
=== UW 1800  4320x1800 12:5  // "21:9", "ultrawide 1800"
=== 16:5 5K 5760x1800 16:5  // 32:10; "super wide 16:5 1800"
=== 32:9 6K 6400x1800 18:5  // 36:10; "super wide 18:5 1800"
==== 4.99M2  2736x1824 3:2  // on Microsoft Surface Pro 4 tablet
=====! 2560x1920 4:3  // common digital photo size, 5Mpix; security cameras, 1920p, 5 Mpix; image sensor in digital cameras, 5 Mpix, 4.9 Mpix
=== 4.92M3  2560x1920 4:3  // VESA 4.92M3, 2x2 1280x960; Max. CRT resolution, supported by the Viewsonic P225f and some graphics cards; some TVs
==== 3072x1920 16:10  // VESA 5.90MA
==== 3408x1920 16:9  // VESA 6.54M9
=====! 3840x1920 2:1  // cameras, 360-degree; Ricoh Theta SC2
===== 2576x1932 4:3  // iphone 6s front camera, 5Mpix
=====! 2592x1944 4:3  // standard image size; security cameras, 5Mpix 4:3; CMOS sensors, very common, may have processor; raspi camera (v1, OV5647, native resolution, mode 2 1-15 fps, mode 3 0.16-1 fps)
====== 2688x1944 112:81  // ~11:8; CMOS image sensor, some with onboard processor
==== 3000x2000 3:2  // on Microsoft Surface Book tablet, Huawei MateBook X Pro
===== 3008x2000 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 6 Mpix
=====! 3032x2008 3:2  // common digital photo size, 6Mpix;
===== 2704x2028 4:3  // digital cameras, 2.7K; GoPro Hero 7 2.7K 4:3
====== 2048x2048 1:1  // CCD image sensor, 4.2 Mpix; CMOS image sensors; some machine vision cameras (C-mount), 4 Mpix
===== 2456x2048 6:5  // image sensor in digital cameras, 5 Mpix, IMX250
==== 2048x2048  // Chromatics, 127 kHz, 60 Hz
d TSI Raptor 2000  2048x2048@60  2816  2114  126.8395  357.180  40  320  408  3  3  60  [ref]
=== QSXGA 2560x2048 5:4  // qsxga (ffmpeg); Quad SXGA; 2x2 SXGA 1280x1024
====== 2592x2048 81:64  // ~5:4; CMOS image sensor, some with onboard processor
==== 5.6M3  2732x2048 4:3  // iPad Pro 12.9"
=====! 3072x2048 3:2  // image sensor in some Canon EOS digital cameras, 6.3 Mpix; security cameras, 6 Mpix; CCD image sensor
====== 2592x2056 ~5:4  // CMOS image sensor
=== WQSXGA 3200x2048 25:16  // ~16:10; wqsxga (ffmpeg)
===== 2452x2054 ~6:5  // some machine vision cameras (C-mount), 5 Mpix
====== 2084x2085 ~1:1  // CCD image sensor
====== 2096x2096 1:1  // CCD image sensor
=== QSXGA+ 2800x2100 4:3  // Quad SXGA+
===== 2816x2112 4:3  // image sensor in digital cameras, 5.9 Mpix
====== 2832x2128 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
==== 1920x2160 8:9  // half of 4K UHD; some early monitors appear as pair of this
=== UHDTV 2880x2160 4:3  // format of some "4K" dash cameras; UHDTV Rec.2020, Ultra HD Blu-Ray, 16:9
==== 7M2  3240x2160 3:2  // Microsoft Surface Book 2, 15"
=====! 4K/UHD 3840x2160 16:9  // standard image size; 4K/2160p security cameras, 8 Mpix (8.29 Mpix); CMOS sensors, common; GoPro Hero 7 4K
== 4K UHD, UHD-1  3840x2160 16:9  // 4Kx2K; 2x2 1080p, 3x3 720p, lowest common multiple; DVB-UDHTV; UHDTV1 (SMPTE ST 2036-1), 4K UHDTV (ITU-R BT.2020), UHD-1 (DVB), Blu-Ray UltraHD with HEVC compression; needs dual DVI, cat.2 HDMI, DisplayPort or Thunderbolt
== // UHDTV Rec.2020, Ultra HD Blu-Ray, 16:9; projectors; some SLA 3d printers (13.3", EPAX 133)
== // HDMI 1.4a up to 30 fps, HDMI2.0 up to 60 fps
d Intel HD3000, CVT 3840x2160@19.982  4992  2188  43.7200 - + 218.250  184  392  576  3  5  20  low-rate [ref]
S VIC=93  2160p24  3840x2160@23.98* 5500  2250  54.00  297.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=93 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=103 2160p24  3840x2160@23.98* 5500  2250  67.50  297.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=103 vfreq=23.98/24
S CEA861 (v4l2) 3840x2160@24.000* 5500  2250  54.0000 + + 297.000  1276  88  296  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_3840X2160P24; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC,HAS_HDMI_VIC
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@23.976  5500  2250  53.9455 + + 296.700  1276  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@24.000  5500  2250  54.0000 + + 297.000  1276  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
c Intel HD4000 card 3840x2160@23.980  4000  2194  52.612  + - 210.45  48  32  80  23  5  6  Intel HD4000, reduced blanking for its max 225 MHz pixel clock; [ref]
c Intel HD4000 card 3840x2160@24.000  4000  2194  52.656  + - 210.62  48  32  80  23  5  6  Intel HD4000, reduced blanking for its max 225 MHz pixel clock; [ref]
c Intel HD4000 card 3840x2160@25.000  4000  2194  54.980  + - 219.40  48  32  80  23  5  6  Intel HD4000, reduced blanking for its max 225 MHz pixel clock; [ref]
d raspi4 alt 3840x2160@25.000  4400  2250  56.2500 + + 247.500  176  88  296  8  10  72  alternative timing [ref]
d HDMI1.4a 3840x2160@25.000  5088  2191  54.7759 - + 278.700  216  408  624  1  3  27  Dell Inspiron 13-5379, Ubuntu and 4K monitor [ref]
S VIC=94  2160p25  3840x2160@25  5280  2250  56.25  297.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=94
S VIC=104 2160p25  3840x2160@25  5280  2250  56.25  297.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=104 (clock discrepancy?)
S CEA861 (v4l2) 3840x2160@25.000  5280  2250  56.2500 + + 297.000  1056  88  296  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_3840X2160P25; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC,HAS_HDMI_VIC
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@25.000  5280  2250  56.2500 + + 297.000  1056  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@29.970  4400  2250  67.4318 + + 296.700  176  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
S VIC=95  2160p30  3840x2160@29.97* 4400  2250  67.50  297.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=95 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=105 2160p30  3840x2160@29.97* 4400  2250  67.50  297.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=105 vfreq=29.97/30
S CEA861 (v4l2) 3840x2160@30.000* 4400  2250  67.5000 + + 297.000  176  88  296  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_3840X2160P30; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC,HAS_HDMI_VIC
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@30.000  4400  2250  67.5000 + + 297.000  176  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
d Raspi 4, dual, GTF 3840x2160@30.000  5152  2197  65.9103 - + 339.570  240  416  656  1  3  33  dual 4K@30 on Raspberry Pi 4 [ref]
d Intel HD3000  3840x2160@41.988  4000  2203  92.5000 + - 370.000  48  32  80  3  4  36  DELL P2415Q monitor, fits Thinkpad X220 clock limit (389 MHz, Intel HD 3000) [ref]
d Intel HD3000 limit 3840x2160@44.104  4000  2205  97.2500 + - 389.000  48  32  80  3  4  38  DELL P2415Q monitor, fits Thinkpad X220 clock limit (389 MHz, Intel HD 3000) [ref]
S VIC=114 2160p48  3840x2160@47.96* 5500  2250  108.00  594.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=114 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=116 2160p48  3840x2160@47.96* 5500  2250  108.00  594.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=116 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=96  2160p50  3840x2160@50  5280  2250  112.50  594.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=96
S VIC=106 2160p50  3840x2160@50  5280  2250  112.50  594.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=106
S CEA861 (v4l2) 3840x2160@50.000  5280  2250  112.5000 + + 594.000  1056  88  296  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_3840X2160P50; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@50.000  5280  2250  112.5000 + + 594.000  1056  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@59.940  4400  2250  134.8659 + + 593.410  176  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
c 3840x2160@59.94  4000  2223  133.25  + - 533.00  48  32  80  3  5  55  [ref]
c CVT 8.29M9-R 3840x2160@59.97  4000  2222  133.25  + - 533.00  48  32  80  3  5  54  x86 extramodes
d Dell P2415Q 3840x2160@59.97  4000  2222  133.25  + - 533.00  48  32  80  3  5  54  device-specific, reduced blanking; CVT 8.29M9-R; [ref]
c CVT 8.29M9  3840x2160@59.98  5312  2237  134.18  - + 712.75  320  416  736  3  5  69  x86 extramodes
S VIC=97 2160p60  3840x2160@60  4400  2250  135.00  594.000  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=97
S VIC=107 2160p 3840x2160@60  4400  2250  135.00  594.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=107
S CEA861 (v4l2) 3840x2160@60.000* 4400  2250  135.0000 + + 594.000  176  88  296  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_3840X2160P60; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
c CVT 8.29M9  3840x2160@60.00  5312  2237  134.18  - + 712.75  320  416  736  3  5  69  [ref]
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@59.997  4000  2222  133.3125 + - 533.250  48  48  64  3  5  54  from EDID [ref]
d some LG 4K TV 3840x2160@60.000  4400  2250  135.0000 + + 594.000  176  88  296  8  10  72  from EDID [ref]
c 3840x2160@60  4000  2222  + - 533.250  48  32  80  3  5  54  [ref]
S VIC=117 2160p100  3840x2160@100  5280  2250  225.00  1188.000  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=117
S VIC=119 2160p100  3840x2160@100  5280  2250  225.00  1188.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=119
S VIC=118 2160p120  3840x2160@119.88* 4400  2250  270.00  1188.000  16:9 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=118 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=120 2160p120  3840x2160@119.88* 4400  2250  270.00  1188.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=120 vfreq=119.88/120
=== Digital cinema 4x 3996x2160 1.85:1  // DCI 4K (4096x2160), flat-cropped (see also 4096x1716, Cinemascope crop); digital film, Digital Cinema 4x; not seen on displays?
=====! 4K Cin 4096x2160 256:135  // ~19:10, CMOS image sensor, DCI 4K, common; IMX255
== DCI 4K, 4K Cin 4096x2160 256:135  // 1.9:1, ~19:10, ~17:9; Cinema 4K, 4Kx2K; DCI 4K container format; digital film, Digital Cinema Initiative, native res; HDMI 1.4 supports 4096x2160@24, 2.0 supports 4096x2160@60; projectors
S VIC=98 2160p24  4096x2160@23.98* 5500  2250  67.50  297.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=98 vfreq=23.98/24
S CEA861 (v4l2) 4096x2160@24.000* 5500  2250  54.0000 + + 297.000  1020  88  296  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_4096X2160P24; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC,HAS_HDMI_VIC
S VIC=99 2160p25  4096x2160@25  5280  2250  56.25  297.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=99
S CEA861 (v4l2) 4096x2160@25.000  5280  2250  56.2500 + + 297.000  968  88  128  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_4096X2160P25; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
S VIC=100 2160p30  4096x2160@29.97* 4400  2250  67.50  297.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=100 vfreq=29.97/30
S CEA861 (v4l2) 4096x2160@30.000* 4400  2250  67.5000 + + 297.000  88  88  128  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_4096X2160P30; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
S VIC=115 2160p48  4096x2160@47.96* 5500  2250  108.00  594.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=115 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=101 2160p50  4096x2160@50  5280  2250  112.50  594.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=101
S CEA861 (v4l2) 4096x2160@50.000  5280  2250  112.5000 + + 594.000  968  88  128  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_4096X2160P50; IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
d LG 31MU97C-B 4096x2160@50.000  4736  2222  111.1001 + + 526.170  536  64  40  48  8  6  [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 4096x2160@59.94  4176  2222  133.1868 + - 556.188  8  32  40  48  8  6  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_4096X2160P59_94_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
d LG 31MU97C-B 4096x2160@59.998  4176  2222  133.3166 + + 556.730  8  32  40  48  8  6  [ref]
S DMT+CVT RB (v4l2) 4096x2160@60.000  4176  2222  133.3199 + - 556.744  8  32  40  48  8  6  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_DMT_4096X2160P60_RB; REDUCED_BLANKING
S VIC=102 2160p 4096x2160@60.000  4400  2250  135.00  594.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=102
S CEA861 (v4l2) 4096x2160@60.000* 4400  2250  135.0000 + + 594.000  88  88  128  8  10  72  linux/v4l2-dv-timings.h V4L2_DV_BT_CEA_4096X2160P60; CAN_REDUCE_FPS,IS_CE_VIDEO,HAS_CEA861_VIC
S VIC=218 2160p100  4096x2160@100  5280  2250  225.00  1188.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=218
S VIC=219 2160p120  4096x2160@119.88* 4400  2250  270.00  1188.000  256:135 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=219 vfreq=119.88/120
=== 5K2K WUHD 5120x2160 64:27  // 21.33:9, ~21:9; ultra-wide 5K; "4K", 2x2 2560x1080, 4K UHD wider by 33%; 105" TVs (LG 105UC9, Samsung UN105S9W), 34" LG 34WK95U
S VIC=121 2160p2x24  5120x2160@23.98* 7500  2200  52.80  396.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=121 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=122 2160p2x25  5120x2160@25  7200  2200  55.00  396.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=122
S VIC=123 2160p2x30  5120x2160@29.97* 6000  2200  66.00  396.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=123 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=124 2160p2x48  5120x2160@47.96* 6250  2450  118.80  742.500  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=124 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=125 2160p2x50  5120x2160@50  6600  2250  112.50  742.500  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=125
c CVT-RB 5120x2160@59.985  5280  2222  133.2860 + - 703.750  48  32  80  3  10  49
c CVT 5120x2160@59.987  7072  2237  134.1912 - + 949.000  416  560  976  3  10  64
S VIC=126 2160p2x 5120x2160@60  5500  2250  135.00  742.500  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=126
S VIC=127 2160p2x100  5120x2160@100  6600  2250  225.00  1485.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=127
S VIC=193 2160p2x120  5120x2160@119.88* 5500  2250  270.00  1485.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=193 vfreq=119.88/120
==== 5160x2160 43:18  // 21.5:9, "21:9"; unseen on displays
==== 5760x2160 24:9  // 3x2 1920x1080; video walls, virtual monitors
=== DUHD 7680x2160 32:9  // "8K"; "32:10"; "super wide 32:9 2160"
====== 8182x2160 ~34:9  // Sony F65
=== "12K gaming" 11520x2160 48:9  // "12K", 3x1 4K
====== 3002x2210  // CMOS image sensor
====== 4112x2248 ~16.5:9  // CMOS image sensor
=====! 3072x2304 4:3  // common digital photo size, 7Mpix; image sensor in digital cameras, 7 Mpix
===== 3456x2304 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 8 Mpix, Canon EOS
=====! 4096x2304 16:9  // standard image size
=== "UltraFine 4K" 4096x2304 16:9  // "real 4k"; "LG UltraFine 4K", 21.5" 4K Retina iMac; limit of raspberry pi 4 HVS
c CVT 9.44M9-R 4096x2304@59.98  4256  2370  142.15  + - 605.00  48  32  80  3  5  58  x86 extramodes
c CVT 9.44M9  4096x2304@59.99  5680  2386  143.13  - + 813.00  344  448  792  3  5  74  x86 extramodes
===== 3088x2320 ~4:3  // iphone 7/8 front camera, 7Mpix
===== 3504x2336 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 8.2 Mpix, Canon EOS
===== 3520x2344 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 8.25 Mpix, Canon EOS
l IBM T221, VS VP2290  1920x2400@25.00  2048  2434  60.8496 + + 124.620  8  52  68  1  2  31  common X11 modelines
l IBM T221, VS VP2290  1920x2400@29.999  2044  2434  73.0186 + + 149.250  8  54  62  2  2  30  common X11 modelines
=====! 3200x2400 4:3  // standard image size; some machine vision cameras (C-mount)
=== QUXGA 3200x2400 4:3  // VESA 7.68M3, 2x2 1600x1200, 4x4 800x600
====== 3600x2400 3:2  // CCD image sensor
=== WQUXGA 3840x2400 16:10  // wquxga (ffmpeg); VESA 9.22MA; "4K"; 2x2 1920x1200; IBM T220/T221 LCD monitors supported this resolution - discontinued and no longer available; cellphone displays, some SLA 3d printers
d IBM T221  3840x2400@12.709  4816  2418  30.7309  148.000  104  384  488  1  3  14
d 3840x2400@15  4096  2424  36.3601 + + 148.931  8  104  144  1  2  21  [ref]
d IBM T221  3840x2400@17.11  4008  2406  41.1677 + + 165.000  8  32  128  2  2  2  limited by single-link DVI cable; [ref]
d IBM T221, 2x1920  1920x2400@48  2640  2466  118.3674 - + 312.490  152  208  360  1  3  62  3840x2000@48
==== 4264x2400 16:9  // VESA 10.23M9
=== UW 5K 5760x2400 12:5  // "21:9", "ultrawide 2400"
=== DUHD+ 7680x2400 16:5  // 32:10; "super wide 16:5 2400"
=== 18:5 8K 8640x2400 18:5  // 36:10; "super wide 18:5 2400"
====== 4320x2432 ~16:9  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
=====! 3264x2448 4:3  // common digital photo size, 8Mpix; image sensor in digital cameras, 8 Mpix; CMOS camera sensor, common, some with processor; iphone 6 back camera; Zenfone M2 front camera
====== 3296x2460 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
=====! 3280x2464 4:3  // CMOS image sensor; raspi camera (v2, IMX219, native resolution, mode 2,3, 0.1-15 fps)
====== 3296x2472 4:3  // CCD image sensor
====== 3360x2496 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
====== 3326x2504 ~4:3  // CCD image sensor
==== RED Digital Cinema 4520x2540 ~16:9  // 2540p, RED Digital Cinema format
==== 4096x2560 16:10  // "4K"; Canon DP-V3010 reference monitor for cinema footage postprojection reviewing
==== 5120x2560 2:1  // "5K"
===== 4900x2580 16:9  // image sensor in digital cameras, 12.6 Mpix; Red One Mysterium
===== 3872x2592 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 10 Mpix
===== 3888x2592 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 10.1 Mpix
====== 3488x2616 4:3  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
=== Academy 4x 3656x2664  // digital cinema, postproduction; digital film, Academy 4x
====== 4008x2672 3:2  // CCD image sensor
==== 4800x2700 16:9  // "5K", 5x5 qHD (960x540)
===== 5120x2700 256:135  // image sensor in digital cameras, 13.8 Mpix, Red Mysterium-X
=== 5120x2700 256:135  // "5K", same aspect ratio as DCI-4K and DCI-2K
=====! 4064x2704 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 11 Mpix; standard size
===== 3648x2736 4:3  // image sensor in digital cameras, 10 Mpix
====== 3856x2764 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
===== 4256x2832 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 12.1 Mpix
===== 4272x2848 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 12.2 Mpix
===== 4288x2848 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 12.2 Mpix
====== 2856x2856 1:1  // CCD image sensor
==== 2560x2880 8:9  // half of 5K UHD, "Square Double QHD"; LG DualUp 28MQ780, 27.6"; some early 5K UHD monitors appear as pair of this
=== 3840x2880 4:3  // VESA 11.06M3, 2x2 1920x1440
==== 4608x2880 16:10  // VESA 13.27MA
== 5K UHD/5K/UHD+ 5120x2880 16:9  // VESA 14.75M9; 5K, 5Kx3K; 2x2 WQHD 2560x1440, 33% larger than 4K UHD; on Apple's late-2014 27" iMac Retina 5K Display; lines least common multiple of 480 and 576 (6x NTSC, 5x PAL)
== // other 5K res is horz 5120 (lowest common multiple 1024 and 1280), 4800 (800 and 960)
c CVT 5120x2880@29.99  6960  2932  87.9310 - + 612.000  368  552  920  3  5  44
c CVT 14.75M9-R 5120x2880@59.99  5280  2962  177.70  + - 938.25  48  32  80  3  5  74  x86 extramodes
c CVT 14.75M9  5120x2880@59.99  7136  2982  178.88  - + 1276.50  440  568 1008  3  5  94  x86 extramodes
c CVT 14.75M9  5120x2880@60.00  7136  2982  178.88  - + 1276.50  440  568 1008  3  5  94  http://forums.debian.net/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=130839
=== UW 6K 6880x2880 43:18  // 21.5:9, "21:9"; "ultrawide 2880"
===== 4368x2912 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 12.7 Mpix
=====! 2976x2976 1:1  // standard image size (instagram?)
=====! 5.3K 5312x2988 16:9  // 5.3K cameras
=====! 4000x3000 4:3  // standard image size; image sensor in digital cameras, 12 Mpix; security cameras, 12 Mpix; 4K 4:3; CMOS sensor, common; GoPro Hero 7 4K 4:3; IMX253
==== 4500x3000 3:2  // on Microsoft Surface Studio tablet
====== 4256x3016 ~7:5  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
====== 3024x3024 1:1  // CCD image sensor
===== 4032x3024 4:3  // image sensor in digital cameras, 12.2 Mpix; iphone SE/7/8 back camera, ipad
===== 4056x3040 ~4:3  // raspi camera HQ, IMX477, native resolution
====== 4560x3048 ~3:2  // CMOS image sensor
====== 3056x3056 1:1  // CCD image sensor
====== 3072x3072 1:1  // CMOS image sensor
===== 4096x3072 4:3  // CMOS image sensor, 12.5 Mpix, common
=== HXGA 4096x3072 4:3  // Hex[adecatuple] Extended Graphics Array; "4K"; max Youtube upload resolution as of 2020
===== 4672x3104 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 14.5 Mpix
=== Full Aperture 4x 4096x3112  // digital cinema, postproduction; digital film, Full Aperture 2x
===== 4160x3120 4:3  // Asus Zenfone M2 back camera
====== 4208x3120 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, 13 Mpix
====== 4224x3136 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
===== 6144x3160 ~17.5:9  // Red, Epic X Dragon, Scarlet Dragon
== 6K 6144x3160  // digital film, 6K
====== 4256x3168 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
====== 4384x3168 ~4:3  // CMOS image sensor
===== 4752x3168 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 15.1 Mpix
=== WHXGA 5120x3200 16:10  // Wide Hex XGA; 4x4 1280x800
=== UW8K, UW 7K 7680x3200 12:5  // "21:9"; ultra-wide 8K; "ultrawide 3200"
====== 4864x3232 ~3:2  // CCD image sensor
==== 7680x3240 64:27  // "8K"
====== 4872x3248 3:2  // CCD image sensor
===== 4896x3264 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 16.0 Mpix; CCD image sensor
===== 4928x3264 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 16.1 Mpix
====== 4384x3288 4:3  // CMOS image sensor
====== 4416x3312 4:3  // CMOS image sensor, onboard processor
===== 4992x3328 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 16.6 Mpix
==== 6016x3384 16:9  // 32" Apple Pro Display XDR Nano-texture Glass
===== 5184x3456 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 17.9 Mpix
===== 5270x3516 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 18.5 Mpix; CCD image sensor
=== UW 8K 8640x3600 12:5  // "21:9", "ultrawide 3600"
===== 5472x3648 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 19.9 Mpix
===== 4928x3696 4:3  // image sensor in digital cameras, 18.2 Mpix
===== 5616x3744 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 21.0 Mpix
====== 5120x3840 4:3  // CMOS image sensor; some machine vision cameras (JAI Spark SP-20000, 20 Mpix)
==== 5120x3840 4:3  // "5K"; 5x5 XGA (1024x768)
===== 5760x3840 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 22.1 Mpix; Canon 5d Mk III
===== 4080x4080 1:1  // image sensor in digital cameras, 16.6 Mpix; Hasselblad 503CWD
===== 6000x4000 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 24 Mpix (some extra pixels on side for 24.3 Mpix; it's Sony so no datasheets for the unwashed plebes)
===== 6016x4000 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 24.1 Mpix
=== UW 9K 9600x4000 12:5  // "ultrawide 4000"
===== 6048x4032 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 24.4 Mpix
===== 6060x4040 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 24.5 Mpix
====== 4096x4096 1:1  // CCD image sensor; CMOS image sensor
=== HSXGA 5120x4096 5:4  // hsxga (ffmpeg); Hex SXGA, 4x4 1280x1024
== IMAX Digital 5616x4096  // digital film, IMAX Digital
=== WHSXGA 6400x4096 25:16  // whsxga (ffmpeg); ~16:10; Wide Hex SXGA
===== 6244x4168 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 26 Mpix
== 8K UHD, UHD-2  7680x4320 16:9  // 4320p, "Super Hi-Vision"; DVB-UHDTV; UHDTV2 (SMPTE ST 2036-1), 8K UHDTV (ITU-R BT.2020), UHD-2 (DVB); 2x2 4K UHD, 4x4 1080p FHD; intended to provide effectively "pixel-less" imagery even on extra-large LCD or projection screens
== 4320p // UHDTV Rec.2020, Ultra HD Blu-Ray, 16:9
S VIC=194 4320p24  7680x4320@23.98* 11000  4500  108.00  1188.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=194 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=202 4320p24  7680x4320@23.98* 11000  4500  108.00  1188.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=202 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=195 4320p25  7680x4320@25  10800  4400  110.00  1188.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=195
S VIC=203 4320p25  7680x4320@25  10800  4400  110.00  1188.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=203
S VIC=196 4320p30  7680x4320@29.97* 9000  4400  132.00  1188.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=196 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=204 4320p30  7680x4320@29.97* 9000  4400  132.00  1188.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=204 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=197 4320p48  7680x4320@47.96* 11000  4500  216.00  2376.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=197 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=205 4320p48  7680x4320@47.96* 11000  4500  216.00  2376.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=205 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=198 4320p50  7680x4320@50  10800  4400  220.00  2376.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=198
S VIC=206 4320p50  7680x4320@50  10800  4400  220.00  2376.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=206
c CVT 33.18M9-R 7680x4320@59.99  7840  4443  266.55  + - 2089.75  48  32  80  3  5  115  x86 extramodes
c CVT 33.18M9  7680x4320@59.99  10784  4471  268.22  - + 2892.50  696  856 1552  3  5  143  x86 extramodes
S VIC=199 "8K60" 7680x4320@60  9000  4400  264.00  2376.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=199
S VIC=207 "8K60" 7680x4320@60  9000  4400  264.00  2376.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=207
S VIC=200 4320p100  7680x4320@100  10560  4500  450.00  4752.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=200
S VIC=208 4320p100  7680x4320@100  10560  4500  450.00  4752.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=208
S VIC=201 4320p120  7680x4320@119.88* 8800  4500  540.00  4752.000  16:9  (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=201 vfreq=119.88/120
S VIC=209 4320p120  7680x4320@119.88* 8800  4500  540.00  4752.000  64:27 (pixel=4:3); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=209 vfreq=119.88/120
== DCI 8K 8192x4320 256:135  // DCI, full format
=== 10K, UW10K 10240x4320 64:27  // ultrawide 10K; spec by CTA-861-G (2017), not part of UHDTV broadcast standard; 10K is usually 9600 or 10240 pixels wide
S VIC=210 4320p2x24  10240x4320@23.98  12500  4950  118.80  1485.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=210 vfreq=23.98/24
S VIC=211 4320p2x25  10240x4320@25  13500  4400  110.00  1485.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=211
S VIC=212 4320p2x30  10240x4320@29.97* 11000  4500  135.00  1485.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=212 vfreq=29.97/30
S VIC=213 4320p2x48  10240x4320@47.96* 12500  4950  237.60  2970.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=213 vfreq=47.96/48
S VIC=214 4320p2x50  10240x4320@50  13500  4400  220.00  2970.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=214
S VIC=215 4320p2x 10240x4320@60  11000  4400  270.00  2970.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=215
S VIC=216 4320p2x100  10240x4320@100  13200  4500  450.00  5940.000  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=216
S VIC=217 4320p2x120  10240x4320@119.88* 11000  4500  540.00  + + 5940.000  288  176  296  16  20  144  64:27 (pixel=1:1); EIA/CEA-861 standard; hdmi_mode=217 vfreq=119.88/120
====== 6576x4384 3:2  // CCD image sensor, 28.8 Mpix
====== 6576x4408 ~3:2  // CCD image sensor, 28.8 Mpix
==== 8192x4608 16:9  // "8K"
===== 6940x4640 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 32.2 Mpix
=== HUXGA 6400x4800 4:3  // Hex UXGA, 4x4 1600x1200
=== WHUXGA 7680x4800 16:10  // whuxga (ffmpeg)
====== 10440x4800 87:40  // CCD image sensor
===== 7360x4912 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 36.2 Mpix
===== 7500x5000 3:2  // image sensor in digital cameras, 37.5 Mpix
===== 11250x5000 9:4  // image sensor in digital cameras, 56.3 Mpix
====== 5120x5120 1:1  // CMOS image sensor, 25 Mpix
==== 8192x5120 16:10  // "8K"
===== 5140x5